Active Matter

"Active matter is a newly emerging field focused on physical materials that can assemble themselves, transform autonomously, and sense, react, or compute based on internal and external information"--page 11.

Author: Skylar Tibbits

Publisher: MIT Press

ISBN: 0262036800

Category: Architecture

Page: 350

View: 770

The past few decades brought a revolution in computer software and hardware; today we are on the cusp of a materials revolution. If yesterday we programmed computers and other machines, today we program matter itself. This has created new capabilities in design, computing, and fabrication, which allow us to program proteins and bacteria, to generate self-transforming wood products and architectural details, and to create clothing from "intelligent textiles" that grow themselves. This book offers essays and sample projects from the front lines of the emerging field of active matter. Active matter and programmable materials are at the intersection of science, art, design, and engineering, with applications in fields from biology and computer science to architecture and fashion. These essays contextualize current work and explore recent research. Sample projects, generously illustrated in color, show the range of possibilities envisioned by their makers. Contributors explore the design of active material at scales from nano to micro, kilo, and even planetary. They investigate processes of self-assembly at a microscopic level; test new materials that can sense and actuate themselves; and examine the potential of active matter in the built environment and in living and artificial systems. Active Matter is an essential guide to a field that could shape the future of design.

Active Matter Within and Around Us

For the natural philosophers of the Enlightenment, the notion of active matter
would be associated with the gnawing question of whether the newly discovered
laws of mechanics could be extended to life itself. There were strong theological
 ...

Author: Len Pismen

Publisher:

ISBN: 3030684210

Category: Electronic books

Page: 236

View: 128


Lattice Models for Fluctuating Hydrodynamics in Granular and Active Matter

This principle obviously holds for any kind of active particle that we will see below
, such as animals, bacteria, robots and so on. When many active particles move
together in a united system we talk about active matter. In this case the particles ...

Author: Alessandro Manacorda

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319950800

Category: Science

Page: 200

View: 853

This book investigates the common nature of granular and active systems, which is rooted in their intrinsic out-of-equilibrium behavior, with the aim of finding minimal models able to reproduce and predict the complex collective behavior observed in experiments and simulations. Granular and active matter are among the most studied systems in out-of-equilibrium statistical physics. The book guides readers through the derivation of a fluctuating hydrodynamic description of granular and active matter by means of controlled and transparent mathematical assumptions made on a lattice model. It also shows how a macroscopic description can be provided from microscopic requirements, leading to the prediction of collective states such as cooling, swarming, clustering and the transitions among them. The analytical and numerical results shed new light on the physical connection between the local, microscopic properties of few particles and the macroscopic collective motion of the whole system.

Active Matter from Collective Self propelled Rods to Cell like Particles

Author: Clara Abaurrea Velasco

Publisher:

ISBN:

Category:

Page:

View: 400


Active Matter

Author:

Publisher:

ISBN:

Category:

Page:

View: 541


Popular Science

from the rate at which the activity of the emanation decays ; and, more important
still, since it is found to emit both alpha and beta rays while the emanation emits
only alpha rays, it seems necessary to conclude that this film of active matter is a
 ...

Author:

Publisher:

ISBN:

Category:

Page: 94

View: 935

Popular Science gives our readers the information and tools to improve their technology and their world. The core belief that Popular Science and our readers share: The future is going to be better, and science and technology are the driving forces that will help make it better.

Membranes to Molecular Machines

This story is told through the lens of membrane research, an unwritten history at the crossroads of molecular biology, biochemistry, physiology, and the neurosciences, that directly feeds into today's synthetic biology as well as nano- and ...

Author: Mathias Grote

Publisher: University of Chicago Press

ISBN: 022662529X

Category: Science

Page: 304

View: 425

Today's science tells us that our bodies are filled with molecular machinery that orchestrates all sorts of life processes. When we think, microscopic "channels" open and close in our brain cell membranes; when we run, tiny "motors" spin in our muscle cell membranes; and when we see, light operates "molecular switches" in our eyes and nerves. A molecular-mechanical vision of life has become commonplace in both the halls of philosophy and the offices of drug companies, where researchers are developing “proton pump inhibitors” or medicines similar to Prozac. Membranes to Molecular Machines explores just how late twentieth-century science came to think of our cells and bodies this way. This story is told through the lens of membrane research, an unwritten history at the crossroads of molecular biology, biochemistry, physiology, and the neurosciences, that directly feeds into today's synthetic biology as well as nano- and biotechnology. Mathias Grote shows how these sciences not only have made us think differently about life, they have, by reworking what membranes and proteins represent in laboratories, allowed us to manipulate life as "active matter" in new ways. Covering the science of biological membranes in the United States and Europe from the mid-1960s to the 1990s, this book connects that history to contemporary work with optogenetics, a method for stimulating individual neurons using light, and will enlighten and provoke anyone interested in the intersection of chemical research and the life sciences—from practitioner to historian to philosopher.

Acoustic Trapping of Active Matter

Author: Sho C. Takatori

Publisher:

ISBN:

Category:

Page:

View: 595


NBS Special Publication

... Rec . for Surface Active Agents in Powder Form : Preparation of a Reduced ISO
ination of the Cloud Point Temperature of Nonionic Surface Active Agents
Obtained from Ethylene Oxide ( 1969 ) / Erm ISO Glycols and Nonionic Active
Matter ...

Author:

Publisher:

ISBN:

Category: Weights and measures

Page:

View: 208


Turbulence and Pattern Formation in Continuum Models for Active Matter

Living and nonliving active matter, ranging from flocks of birds to active colloids, exhibit a fascinating range of physical phenomena such as order-disorder transitions and density waves in flocking phases, chaotic states and pattern ...

Author: Martin James

Publisher:

ISBN:

Category:

Page:

View: 918

Living and nonliving active matter, ranging from flocks of birds to active colloids, exhibit a fascinating range of physical phenomena such as order-disorder transitions and density waves in flocking phases, chaotic states and pattern formation. While the properties of flocking phases have received considerable attention, other active matter phases are relatively less explored. In this dissertation, we theoretically and computationally investigate turbulence and crystalline patterns, as well as transitions between these phases, in two-dimensional active matter. In the first half, we study t...

Active Matter on Asymmetric Substrates

Author:

Publisher:

ISBN:

Category:

Page:

View: 807


Statistical Mechanics of Colloids and Active Matter in and Out of Equilibrium

Author: Andrew Balin

Publisher:

ISBN:

Category:

Page:

View: 574


The Electrical World

The air is thus mechanical application of the active matter to the support
circulated through the entire machine , and is , in this years ago . The Lungen
stroke bell we illustrate , manplate in any form ; that is , no matter what the form of
way ...

Author:

Publisher:

ISBN:

Category: Electrical engineering

Page:

View: 386


The Mechanics of Active Matter

Author: David Saintillan

Publisher:

ISBN: 9781108830515

Category:

Page:

View: 412


Self organization of Active Matter The Role of Interactions

Author: Andreas Fischer

Publisher:

ISBN:

Category:

Page:

View: 143


Aniruddha s Commentary and the Original Parts of Ved ntin Mah deva s Commentary on the S khya S tras

[ The author ] maintains [ his doctrine ] , though the invisible [ power ] be not the
cause ( of the activity of primitive Matter ] : 68 . Though it be ... As a dancing girl ,
so also active [ Matter ] ' ceases after the accomplishment of the end . As a
dancing ...

Author: Aniruddha

Publisher:

ISBN:

Category: Sankhya

Page: 320

View: 118


The Pharmaceutical Journal

... powder yield 61.2 grains to spirit of the same strength . Difference 11.2 . What
is the nature of these few grains of matter taken up from the powder in excess of
that from an equivalent of extract ? Is it chlorophyll only , or also active matter ?

Author:

Publisher:

ISBN:

Category: Pharmacy

Page:

View: 641


First principles of agriculture

111 . ] ACTIVE AND DORMANT MATTER . 23 38 . Whilst the active ingredients of
the soil are useful for the immediate requirements of vegetation , the dormant
ingredients have also their duties to fulfil . These constitute the reserve fund of the
 ...

Author: Henry Tanner (F.C.S.)

Publisher:

ISBN:

Category:

Page:

View: 473


Active Matter in a Critical State

Author:

Publisher:

ISBN: 9789180091343

Category:

Page:

View: 123


Phase Field Crystal Modeling of Active Matter

Author: Francesco Alaimo

Publisher:

ISBN:

Category:

Page:

View: 426