Agriculture in Capitalist Europe 1945 1960

This volume brings together scholars working on this period of dramatic technical, commercial and political change in agriculture, from the end of the Second World War to the emergence of the Common Agricultural Policy in the early 1960s.

Author: Carin Martiin

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1315465922

Category: History

Page: 298

View: 252

In the years before the Second World War agriculture in most European states was carried out on peasant or small family farms using technologies that relied mainly on organic inputs and local knowledge and skills, supplying products into a market that was partly local or national, partly international. The war applied a profound shock to this system. In some countries farms became battlefields, causing the extensive destruction of buildings, crops and livestock. In others, farmers had to respond to calls from the state for increased production to cope with the effects of wartime disruption of international trade. By the end of the war food was rationed when it was obtainable at all. Only fifteen years later the erstwhile enemies were planning ways of bringing about a single agricultural market across much of continental western Europe, as farmers mechanised, motorized, shed labour, invested capital, and adopted new technologies to increase output. This volume brings together scholars working on this period of dramatic technical, commercial and political change in agriculture, from the end of the Second World War to the emergence of the Common Agricultural Policy in the early 1960s. Their work is structured around four themes: the changes in the international political order within which agriculture operated; the emergence of a range of different market regulation schemes that preceded the CAP; changes in technology and the extent to which they were promoted by state policy; and the impact of these political and technical changes on rural societies in western Europe.

Agriculture in Capitalist Europe 1945 1960

This volume brings together scholars working on this period of dramatic technical, commercial and political change in agriculture, from the end of the Second World War to the emergence of the Common Agricultural Policy in the early 1960s.

Author: Carin Martiin

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781032402468

Category:

Page: 0

View: 764

This volume brings together scholars working on this period of dramatic technical, commercial and political change in agriculture, from the end of the Second World War to the emergence of the Common Agricultural Policy in the early 1960s. Their work is structured around four themes: the changes in the international political order within which agri

Agriculture in Capitalist Europe 1945 1960

Author: Carin Martiin

Publisher:

ISBN: 9781472487087

Category: Agriculture and state

Page:

View: 597


The Political Economy of the Common Agricultural Policy

“Updated national and global estimates of distortions to agricultural incentives, 1955 to 2011”, ... The European model of agriculture. ... In Agriculture in capitalist Europe, 19451960: from food shortages to food surpluses, eds.

Author: Fernando Collantes

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1000055434

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 118

View: 347

What is the balance of the European Union’s Common Agricultural Policy more than half a century after its birth? Does it illustrate the virtues of the European model of coordinated capitalism, as opposed to US-style liberal capitalism? Or is it an incoherent set of instruments that exert diverse negative impacts and, like Frankenstein’s monster, seems to have escaped the control of its designers? The Political Economy of the Common Agricultural Policy does not criticize the CAP from the liberal standpoint that views most public interventions in the economy as bad for efficiency and welfare. The CAP has been costly to Europeans, both as consumers and as taxpayers, and has also generated a number of negative impacts upon third countries, but these costs and impacts have been more moderate than is suggested. This book proposes that the issue with the CAP is not a generic problem of coordinating capitalism but, instead, a more specific problem of low-quality coordination. The text argues that profound reform of the European Union’s institutions and policies is required to counter the rapid rise of a more Eurosceptical state of mind but – in the case of agricultural policy – history casts serious doubts on the capacity of the European network of agriculture-related politicians to lead such a reform. This key work is essential reading for researchers, graduate students, and master’s level docents of the Common Agricultural Policy and – more broadly – European Union policy and reform.

Governing the Rural in Interwar Europe

In Agriculture in Capitalist Europe, 19451960: From Food Shortages to Food Surpluses, edited by Carin Martiin, Juan Pan-Montojo and Paul Brassley, 209–28. Abingdon: Routledge, 2016. Halfacree, Keith H. “Locality and Social ...

Author: Liesbeth van de Grift

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1315525593

Category: History

Page: 292

View: 651

This book examines how rural Europe as a hybrid social and natural environment emerged as a key site of local, national and international governance in the interwar years. The post-war need to secure and intensify food production, to protect contested border areas, to improve rural infrastructure and the economic viability of rural regions and to politically integrate rural populations, gave rise to a variety of schemes aimed at modernizing agriculture and remaking rural society. The volume examines discourses, institutions and practices of rural governance from a transnational perspective, revealing striking commonalities across national and political boundaries. From the village town hall to the headquarters of international organizations, local authorities, government officials and politicians, scientific experts and farmers engaged in debates about the social, political and economic future of rural communities. They sought to respond to both real and imagined concerns over poverty and decline, backwardness and insufficient control, by conceptualizing planning and engineering models that would help foster an ideal rural community and develop an efficient agricultural sector. By examining some of these local, national and international schemes and policies, this volume highlights the hitherto under-researched interaction between policymakers, experts and rural inhabitants in the European countryside of the 1920s and '30s.

Agricultural Development in the World Periphery

International agricultural markets after the War, 1945–1960. In C. Martiin, J. Pan-Montojo, & P. Brassley (Eds.), Agriculture in Capitalist Europe, 19451960. From food shortages to food surpluses (pp. 64–84). London: Routledge.

Author: Vicente Pinilla

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319660209

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 507

View: 872

This book brings together analysis on the conditions of agricultural sectors in countries and regions of the world’s peripheries, from a wide variety of international contributors. The contributors to this volume proffer an understanding of the processes of agricultural transformations and their interaction with the overall economies of Africa, Asia and Latin America. Looking at the nineteenth and twentieth centuries – the onset of modern economic growth – the book studies the relationship between agriculture and other economic sectors, exploring the use of resources (land, labour, capital) and the influence of institutional and technological factors in the long-run performance of agricultural activities. Pinilla and Willebald challenge the notion that agriculture played a negligible role in promoting economic development in the nineteenth and twentieth centuries, when the impulse towards industrialization in the developing world was more impactful.

The European Rescue of the Franco Regime 1950 1975

Agriculture in Capitalist Europe , 1945-1960 : from food shortages to food surpluses , London and New York , Routledge , 2016 . Martín - Aceña , Pablo . Historia del Fondo Monetario Internacional , Madrid , Catarata , 2019 .

Author: Fernando Guirao

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0192605453

Category: History

Page: 304

View: 534

The European Rescue of the Franco Regime, 1950-1975 explores how the governments of the founding members of the European Coal and Steel Community and the European Economic Community, acting collectively via the European Communities, assisted in the consolidation of the Franco regime. It explains how the Six (the Nine after 1972) implemented a set of policy measures that facilitated the subsistence of the Franco regime, proving that trade with the Six improved Spain's overall economic performance, which in turn secured Franco's rule. The Six provided the Spanish economy with a stable supply of essential raw materials and capital goods and with outlet markets for the country's main export commodities. Through these mechanisms the European Communities assisted Spanish economic development and supported the stabilization of the non-democratic political regime ruling Spain. The Franco regime was never threatened by European integration and the Six/Nine managed to isolate meaningful Community negotiations with Spain from mounting political disturbance. The European Rescue of the Franco Regime, 1950-1975 shows that without unremitting material assistance from Western Europe, it would have been considerably more challenging for the Franco regime to attain the stability that enabled the dictator to maintain his rule until he died peacefully at 82 years old.

Food Security Agricultural Policies and Economic Growth

Christiansen, T., 'From food surplus to even more food surplus: agrarian politics and prices in Denmark, 1945–1962', in C. Martin, J. Pan-Montojo & P. Brassley (eds), Agriculture in capitalist Europe, 19451960: from food shortages to ...

Author: Niek Koning

Publisher: Taylor & Francis

ISBN: 131762257X

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 274

View: 564

Using a political-economic approach supplemented with insights from human ecology, this volume analyzes the long-term dynamics of food security and economic growth. The book begins by discussing the nature of preindustrial food crises and the changes that have occurred since the 19th century with the ascent of technical science and the fossil fuel revolution. It explains how these changes improved living standards but that the realization of this improvement was usually dependent on government support for smallholder modernization. The author sets out how the evolution of food security in different regions has been influenced by farm policy choices and how these choices were shaped by local societal characteristics, international relations and changing configurations in metropolitan countries. Separate chapters are devoted to the interaction of this evolution with debates on food security and economic growth and with international economic policies. The final chapters highlight the new challenges for global food security that will arise as traditional sources of biomass production and the more easily extractable reserves of fossil biomass become depleted or can no longer be used. Overall, the book emphasizes the inadequacy of current explanations with regard to these challenges. It explores what is needed to ensure a sustainable future and calls for a rethinking of these issues; a necessary reflection in today's unstable global political situation.

The Long Land War

... and Paul Brassley, “European Agriculture, 1945–1965: An Introduction,” in Martiin, Juan Pan-Montojo, and Paul Brassley, eds., Agriculture in Capitalist Europe, 19451960: From Food Shortages to Food Surpluses (London: Routledge, ...

Author: Jo Guldi

Publisher: Yale University Press

ISBN: 030025668X

Category: Political Science

Page: 600

View: 559

The Long Land War tells the story of a global struggle to bring food, water, and shelter to all. Reviewing movements for giving reparations in land to formerly colonized people, marches to control the cost of rent for urban tenants, indigenous land movements, the machinations of development analysts, and the squatters who took matters into their own hands, the book traces the origins of modern proposals for state-engineered "land reform" from Ireland in 1881 through their assassination by the United States in 1974. 0 The book peers into the success and failure of postcolonial programs to protect small farmers in dialogue with the United Nations, World Bank, private institutions, and grassroots movements alike. Touching on the promise and pitfalls of modern ideologies-including international bureaucracies, market ideology, nonviolent protest, and participatory democracy-Jo Guldi provides a definitive narrative of land redistribution and offers an unflinching critique of its failures, working out the promise of politics for how we own property, govern, and adjudicate justice on a changing planet.

International Development

... Economic Development, 34–36; Juan Pan-Montojo, “International institutions and European agriculture: From the IIA to the FAO,” in Carin Martiin, Juan Pan-Montojo and Paul Brassley, eds., Agriculture in Capitalist Europe, 1945-1960: ...

Author: Corinna R. Unger

Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing

ISBN: 1472576314

Category: History

Page: 272

View: 399

International Development: A Postwar History offers the first concise historical overview of international development policies and practices in the 20th century. Embracing a longue durée perspective, the book describes the emergence of the development field at the intersection of late colonialism, the Second World War, the onset of decolonization, and the Cold War. It discusses the role of international organizations, colonial administrations, national governments, and transnational actors in the making of the field, and it analyzes how the political, intellectual, and economic changes over the course of the postwar period affected the understanding of and expectations toward development. By drawing on examples of development projects in different parts of the world and in different fields, Corinna R. Unger shows how the plurality of development experiences shaped the notion of development as we know it today. This book is ideal for scholars seeking to understand the history of development assistance and to gain new insight into the international history of the 20th century.