American Playgrounds

CHAPTER 1 History : Pre - 1960 " he playground is a relatively new concept with
a distinctly urban character . European and American playgrounds for children
began to emerge as discrete entities in late - nineteenth - century cities . By the ...

Author: Susan G. Solomon

Publisher: UPNE

ISBN: 9781584655176

Category: Architecture

Page: 251

View: 925

A compelling history, a manifesto, and a manual for change.

American Playgrounds

Chronology of Modern Playground , Outdoor Gymnasium 1 and Public
Recreation Events in the United States of America . This information has been
compiled by the editor of “ American Playgrounds ” from numerous sources and
is believed ...

Author: Everett Bird Mero



Category: Playgrounds

Page: 270

View: 926

From Playgrounds to PlayStation

67. 68. Solomon, American
Playgrounds, p. 82. 69. New York Times, May 20, 1999. 70. New York Times, July
4, 1954. 71. New York Times, May 16, 1965. 72. Solomon, American
Playgrounds, p.

Author: Carroll Pursell

Publisher: JHU Press

ISBN: 1421416506

Category: History

Page: 216

View: 530

In this romp through the changing landscape of nineteenth- and twentieth-century American toys, games, hobbies, and amusements, senior historian of technology Carroll Pursell poses a simple but interesting question: What can we learn by studying the relationship between technology and play? From Playgrounds to PlayStation explores how play reflects and drives the evolution of American culture. Pursell engagingly examines the ways in which technology affects play and play shapes people. The objects that children (and adults) play with and play on, along with their games and the hobbies they pursue, can reinforce but also challenge gender roles and cultural norms. Inventors—who often talk about "playing" at their work, as if motivated by the pure fun of invention—have used new materials and technologies to reshape sports and gameplay, sometimes even crafting new, extreme forms of recreation, but always responding to popular demand. Drawing from a range of sources, including scholarly monographs, patent records, newspapers, and popular and technical journals, the book covers numerous modes and sites of play. Pursell touches on the safety-conscious playground reform movement, the dazzling mechanical innovations that gave rise to commercial amusement parks, and the media’s colorful promotion of toys, pastimes, and sporting events. Along the way, he shows readers how technology enables the forms, equipment, and devices of play to evolve constantly, both reflecting consumer choices and driving innovators and manufacturers to promote toys that involve entirely new kinds of play—from LEGOs and skateboards to beading kits and videogames.

List of References on Play and Playgrounds

Also in part , under title A proper playground , in Journal of education , 77 : 429–
30 , April 17 , 1913 . Treats of ... CHAMPLIN , W. D. Playground surfacing . ...
American playgrounds , their construction , equipment , maintenance and utility .




Category: Play


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Urban Masses and Moral Order in America 1820 1920

See also Henry S. Curtis, "Athletics in the Playground," American City, 3 (July
1910), 21-25, a strong plea for a "trained ... 100; Lawrence Veiller, "The Social
Value of Playgrounds in Crowded Districts," Charities and the Commons, 18 (Aug

Author: Paul Boyer

Publisher: Harvard University Press

ISBN: 9780674931107

Category: History

Page: 387

View: 340

Explores the links between the urban reforms of the Progressive era and the long efforts of prior generations to tame the cities. Boyer integrates the ideologies of urban crusades with an examination of the careers and mentalities of a group of vigorous activists.

The Origins and History of the All American Girls Professional Baseball League

Chicago, Jacob Riis in New York, and Joseph Lee in Boston were a few of the
most vocal reformers to advocate and work for the establishment and support of
neighborhood playgrounds by municipal governments.28 The organization of
sport ...

Author: Merrie A. Fidler

Publisher: McFarland

ISBN: 1476604282

Category: Sports & Recreation

Page: 400

View: 599

This in-depth treatment of the organization and operation of the All-American Girls Professional Baseball League draws on primary documents from league owner Arthur Meyerhoff and others for a unique perspective inside the AAGPBL. The study begins with a brief history of women’s softball, an important precursor to, and talent pool for, women’s professional baseball. Next the book investigates league administration and organization as well as publicity and promotion. Later chapters cover team administrative structures, managers, chaperones, player backgrounds, and league policies. Finally, discussion focuses on the activities of the AAGPBL Players’ Association from 1980 onward. Informed by many years of research and insights from former players, this exhaustive history contains 149 photographs.

Skiing The National Forests America s Playgrounds

America ' s Winter Playgrounds Although skiing is the most popular of the many
winter sports found in the National Forests , there is fun for all . On separate hills
little folk try out new sleds and spin over the crust on flying saucers . On frozen ...

Author: United States. Forest Service



Category: Forest reserves

Page: 20

View: 958

Skiing the National Forests America s Playgrounds

America ' s Winter Playgrounds Although skiing is the most popular of the many
winter sports found in the National Forests , there is fun for all . On separate hills
little folk try out new sleds and spin over the crust on flying saucers . On frozen ...




Category: Skis and skiing

Page: 22

View: 100

Once Upon a Playground

A Celebration of Classic American Playgrounds, 1920-1975 Biondo, Brenda.
March. 2013. inspire and fuel their imaginations and set them up for educational
success— and playgrounds provide that outlet. The problem is that playgrounds
are ...

Author: Biondo, Brenda

Publisher: ForeEdge

ISBN: 1611685125

Category: Photography

Page: 188

View: 458

Before today's safety-minded structures of wood and plastic, America's playgrounds were full of tottering seesaws, dizzying merry-go-rounds, and towering metal slides. Documenting the evolution of American playgrounds between 1920 and 1975, Once Upon a Playground is a visual tribute to these iconic structures, celebrating their place in our culture and the collective memories of generations. In it, contemporary photos of vintage pieces of playground equipment are juxtaposed with images of the very same pieces as they were shown in classic catalogs, postcards, and photographs. The result is a haunting time capsule showing a rapidly vanishing part of our country's cultural heritage. Whatever the playgrounds of your childhood looked like, the gorgeous photographs in this book will transport you back in time and remind you of just how important play can really be.

Roaming American Playgrounds

Author: John Thomson Faris



Category: United States

Page: 331

View: 975

The Complete Playground Book

6 Between 1973 and 1989 it was estimated that 276 children were killed on
American playgrounds or about seventeen deaths per year . This means that the
chance of being killed at home or in the street as a pedestrian are roughly forty ...

Author: Arlene Brett

Publisher: Syracuse University Press

ISBN: 9780815602712

Category: Family & Relationships

Page: 214

View: 861

A guide to the design and creation of playgrounds looks at their history and purpose, visits playgrounds around the world, examines current research, and suggests playground activities

The Science of Play

How to Build Playgrounds That Enhance Children's Development Susan G.
Solomon ... ten-foot drop onto sand would also ally American playgrounds with
the reality of German playgrounds, which have adhered to that standard without
severe ...

Author: Susan G. Solomon

Publisher: University Press of New England

ISBN: 1611686113

Category: Architecture

Page: 232

View: 896

Poor design and wasted funding characterize today's American playgrounds. A range of factors--including a litigious culture, overzealous safety guidelines, and an ethos of risk aversion--have created uniform and unimaginative playgrounds. These spaces fail to nurture the development of children or promote playgrounds as an active component in enlivening community space. Solomon's book demonstrates how to alter the status quo by allying data with design. Recent information from the behavioral sciences indicates that kids need to take risks; experience failure but also have a chance to succeed and master difficult tasks; learn to plan and solve problems; exercise self-control; and develop friendships. Solomon illustrates how architects and landscape architects (most of whom work in Europe and Japan) have already addressed these needs with strong, successful playground designs. These innovative spaces, many of which are more multifunctional and cost effective than traditional playgrounds, are both sustainable and welcoming. Having become vibrant hubs within their neighborhoods, these play sites are models for anyone designing or commissioning an urban area for children and their families. The Science of Play, a clarion call to use playground design to deepen the American commitment to public space, will interest architects, landscape architects, urban policy makers, city managers, local politicians, and parents.

Studies in American Social Conditions

867–868 ; Playgrounds , p . 898 . Braucher , H. S. Social Worker and Playground
Association of America . In National Conferences of Charities and Correction pp .
219-222 . Hanger , G. W. W. Public Baths in the United States . In U. S. Labor ...






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In the Course of Performance

Improvisation in African - American Girls ' Singing Games EVE HARWOOD In
North American playgrounds , back yards , and front stoops , children acquire
through oral tradition a body of children's lore including folk stories , jokes ...

Author: Bruno Nettl

Publisher: University of Chicago Press

ISBN: 9780226574103

Category: Music

Page: 413

View: 818

In the Course of Performance is the first book in decades to illustrate and explain the practices and processes of musical improvisation. Improvisation, by its very nature, seems to resist interpretation or elucidation. This difficulty may account for the very few attempts scholars have made to provide a general guide to this elusive subject. With contributions by seventeen scholars and improvisers, In the Course of Performance offers a history of research on improvisation and an overview of the different approaches to the topic that can be used, ranging from cognitive study to detailed musical analysis. Such diverse genres as Italian lyrical singing, modal jazz, Indian classical music, Javanese gamelan, and African-American girls' singing games are examined. The most comprehensive guide to the understanding of musical improvisation available, In the Course of Performance will be indispensable to anyone attracted to this fascinating art. Contributors are Stephen Blum, Sau Y. Chan, Jody Cormack, Valerie Woodring Goertzen, Lawrence Gushee, Eve Harwood, Tullia Magrini, Peter Manuel, Ingrid Monson, Bruno Nettl, Jeff Pressing, Ali Jihad Racy, Ronald Riddle, Stephen Slawek, Chris Smith, R. Anderson Sutton, and T. Viswanathan.

Public Places and Spaces

Playgrounds located in parks were especially popular because they were used in
conjunction with other park settings: trees for ... In 1975, it was estimated that 23
children were killed on American playgrounds during a 15-month period (U.S. ...

Author: Irwin Altman

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1468456016

Category: Psychology

Page: 334

View: 427

This tenth volume in the series addresses an important topic of research, de sign, and policy in the environment and behavior field. Public places and spaces include a sweeping array of settings, including urban streets, plazas and squares, malls, parks, and other locales, and natural settings such as aquatic environments, national parks and forests, and wilderness areas. The impor tance of public settings is highlighted by difficult questions of access, control, and management; unique needs and problems of different users (including women, the handicapped, and various ethnic groups); and the dramatic re shaping of our public environments that has occurred and will continue to occur in the foreseeable future. The wide-ranging scope of the topic of public places and spaces demands the attention of many disciplines and researchers, designers, managers, and policymakers. As in previous volumes in the series, the authors in the present volume come from a variety of disciplinary backgrounds, research and design orientations, and affiliations. They have backgrounds in or are affiliated with such fields as architecture, geography, landscape architecture, natural re sources, psychology, sociology, and urban design. Many more disciplines ob viously contribute to our understanding and design of public places and spaces, so that the contributors to this volume reflect only a sample of the possibilities and present state of knowledge about public settings.

Creating Outdoor Classrooms

Although the research indicates benefits for children through manipulation of the
environment in play, American ... As playgrounds and schoolyards in America
adhere to safety guidelines in an attempt to prevent injuries and reduce lawsuits,

Author: Lauri Macmillan Johnson

Publisher: University of Texas Press

ISBN: 0292779690

Category: Gardening

Page: 211

View: 803

Schoolyards have come a long way from the barren playgrounds that many people remember. Today's school campuses often feature gardens in which students can learn about native plants and wildlife, grow vegetables and fruit, explore cultural traditions, practice reading and math skills, and use their imaginations to create fun play spaces. And for a growing number of urban students, these schoolyard gardens offer the best, if not the only, opportunity to experience the natural world firsthand and enjoy its many benefits. This book is a practical, hands-on guide for creating a variety of learning environments in the arid Southwest. Filled with clear, easy-to-use information and illustrated with photographs, drawings, and plans, the book covers everything necessary to create schoolyard gardens: An introduction to schoolyards as outdoor classrooms and several types of habitats, including art gardens, cultural history gardens, ecological gardens, literacy gardens, and vegetable gardens Design theory, including a history of garden styles, and design principles and design elements Beginning the design process, including identifying participants and writing a design program that sets out goals and requirements Conducting site research and synthesizing design elements to arrive at a final design Design essentials, including project funding and design features, maintenance, accessibility, safety, and project evaluation and revision Wildlife ecology, including elements needed for survival such as food and shelter Creating gardens for pollinators and other wildlife, including hummingbirds, butterflies, bees, moths, bats, and flies, as well as pest control Lists of native plants for various kinds of habitats and nurseries that sell native plants, as well as books, web sites, and other resources for learning more about native plants and wildlife This guide will be essential for landscape architects, school personnel, parents, and students. Indeed, its principles can be used in designing schoolyard habitats across the country, while its information on gardening with native plants and wildlife will be useful to homeowners across the Southwest.

Urban Green

De Groot, E. B. “Suggestions to Instructors in Municipal Playgrounds and
Gymnasiums.” In American Playgrounds: Their Construction, Equipment,
Maintenance and Utility, edited by Everett B. Mero, 98–105. Boston: American
Gymnasia, 1908.

Author: Colin Fisher

Publisher: UNC Press Books

ISBN: 1469619962

Category: Nature

Page: 248

View: 472

In early twentieth-century America, affluent city-dwellers made a habit of venturing out of doors and vacationing in resorts and national parks. Yet the rich and the privileged were not the only ones who sought respite in nature. In this pathbreaking book, historian Colin Fisher demonstrates that working-class white immigrants and African Americans in rapidly industrializing Chicago also fled the urban environment during their scarce leisure time. If they had the means, they traveled to wilderness parks just past the city limits as well as to rural resorts in Wisconsin and Michigan. But lacking time and money, they most often sought out nature within the city itself--at urban parks and commercial groves, along the Lake Michigan shore, even in vacant lots. Chicagoans enjoyed a variety of outdoor recreational activities in these green spaces, and they used them to forge ethnic and working-class community. While narrating a crucial era in the history of Chicago's urban development, Fisher makes important interventions in debates about working-class leisure, the history of urban parks, environmental justice, the African American experience, immigration history, and the cultural history of nature.

Encyclopedia of Recreation and Leisure in America Magazines zoos index




Category: Leisure


View: 902

Journal of American Folklore

Certainly , in the context in which " Jinks ” appears on the playground , it would
seem to be a mild oath expressing ... The fact , however , that " Jinks ” seems to
have gained general currency on American playgrounds only since World War
Two ...




Category: Folklore


View: 153

American Municipal Progress

Annual Report of the Massachusetts Civic League for the year ending October 31
, 19 10. Playground Law of 191 2 Applicable to Towns of over 5000 Population. (
Massachusetts) Chapter 223. Mero, Everett B. American Playgrounds. 3d ed.






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