Arms and Influence

The author concentrates in this book n the way in which military capabilities real or imagined are used, skillfully of clumsily, as bargaining power.

Author: Thomas Schelling

Publisher: Yale University Press

ISBN: 9780300002218

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 293

View: 306

The author concentrates in this book n the way in which military capabilities real or imagined are used, skillfully of clumsily, as bargaining power. He sees the steps taken by the U.S. during the Berlin and Cuban crises as not merely preparations for engagement, but as signals to and enemy, with reports from the adversary's own military intelligence as our most important diplomatic communications.

Arms and Influence

The author concentrates in this book on the way in which military capabilities--real or imagined--are used, skillfully or clumsily, as bargaining power.

Author: Thomas C. Schelling

Publisher: Yale University Press

ISBN: 0300186703

Category: Political Science

Page: 303

View: 494

Traditionally, Americans have viewed war as an alternative to diplomacy, and military strategy as the science of victory. Today, however, in our world of nuclear weapons, military power is not so much exercised as threatened. It is, Mr. Schelling says, bargaining power, and the exploitation of this power, for good or evil, to preserve peace or to threaten war, is diplomacy--the diplomacy of violence. The author concentrates in this book on the way in which military capabilities--real or imagined--are used, skillfully or clumsily, as bargaining power. He sees the steps taken by the U.S. during the Berlin and Cuban crises as not merely preparations for engagement, but as signals to an enemy, with reports from the adversary's own military intelligence as our most important diplomatic communications. Even the bombing of North Vietnam, Mr. Schelling points out, is as much coercive as tactical, aimed at decisions as much as bridges. He carries forward the analysis so brilliantly begun in his earlier The Strategy of Conflict (1960) and Strategy and Arms Control (with Morton Halperin, 1961), and makes a significant contribution to the growing literature on modern war and diplomacy. Stimson Lectures.Mr. Schelling is professor of economics at Harvard and acting director of Harvard's Center for International Affairs. "An exemplary text on the interplay of national purpose and military force."--Book Week. "A grim but carefully reasoned and coldly analytical book. . . . One of the most frightening previews which this reviewer has ever seen of the roads that lie just ahead in warfare."--Los Angeles Times. "A brilliant and hardheaded book. It will frighten those who prefer not to dwell on the unthinkable and infuriate those who have taken refuge in the stereotypes and moral attitudinizing."--New York Times Book Review.

Contemporary Strategy

16. See F.L. Schuman, The Cold War.: Retrospect and Prospect (Baton Rouge:
Louisiana State University Press, 1967), p. 72. 17. Schelling, Arms and Influence,
op. cit., p. 120. 18. Snyder, op. cit., p. 240. 19. This dilemma is dealt with at some

Author: John Baylis

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1000262499

Category: History

Page: 328

View: 814

This book, first published in 1975, is a comprehensive examination of specialised strategic studies, and deals with the theoretical and policy aspects of the topic. It argues that military power is an intrinsic part of the international system, with strategy being the means by which military power may be used to achieve political objectives. Hence, given the destructiveness of modern weapons it is the prime aim of the strategic doctrines of the major powers not to wage war, but to use their military potential to further their interests by less catastrophic means. However, outside the Cold War superpower confrontation, strategy exhibits many of its traditional aspects. This book analyses both types of strategy variations.

Otherworldly Politics

Schelling, Arms and Influence, 65. 21. Ibid., 2. 22. Gaddis, Strategies, 125–196.
23. Schelling, Arms and Influence, 190–192. 24. Schelling, Strategy of Conflict, 6.
25. Schelling, Arms and Influence, 35–91. 26. Schelling, Strategy of Conflict, ...

Author: Stephen Benedict Dyson

Publisher: JHU Press

ISBN: 1421417170

Category: Political Science

Page: 176

View: 744

To help students think critically about international relations and politics, Stephen Benedict Dyson examines the fictional but deeply political realities of three television shows: Star Trek, Game of Thrones, and Battlestar Galactica. Deeply familiar with the events, themes, characters, and plot lines of these popular shows, students can easily draw parallels from fictive worlds to contemporary international relations and political scenarios. In Dyson’s experience, this engagement is frequently powerful enough to push classroom conversations out into the hallways and onto online discussion boards. In Otherworldly Politics, Dyson explains how these shows are plotted to offer alternative histories and future possibilities for humanity. Fascinated by politics and history, science fiction and fantasy screenwriters and showrunners suffuse their scripts with real-world ideas of empire, war, civilization, and culture, lending episodes a compelling intricacy and contemporary resonance. Dyson argues that science fiction and fantasy television creators share a fundamental kinship with great minds in international relations. Creators like Gene Roddenberry, George R. R. Martin, and Ronald D. Moore are world-builders of no lesser creativity, Dyson argues, than theorists such as Woodrow Wilson, Kenneth Waltz, and Alexander Wendt. Each of these thinkers imagines a realm, specifies the rules of its operation, and by so doing seeks to teach us something about ourselves and how we interact with one another. A vital spur to creative thinking for scholars and an accessible introduction for students, this book will also appeal to fans of these three influential shows. -- Patrick James, University of Southern California, coauthor of The International Relations of Middle-earth: Learning from The Lord of the Rings

Thomas Schelling and the Nuclear Age

The latter, Schelling's Arms and Influence, appeared when the United States was
fighting a war in South-east Asia, though it was not the kind of war concerning
which most of the intellectual leaders of the 'golden age' had much of obvious ...

Author: Robert Ayson

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1135770166

Category: History

Page: 248

View: 857

An illuminating insight into the work of Thomas Schelling, one of the most influential strategic thinkers of the nuclear age. By the time of the Cuban Missile Crisis and the United States' early forays into Vietnam, he had become one of the most distinctive voices in Western strategy. This book shows how Schelling's thinking is much more than a reaction to the tensions of the Cold War. In a demonstration that ideas can be just as significant as superpower politics, Robert Ayson traces the way this Harvard University professor built a unique intellectual framework using a mix of social-scientific reasoning, from economics to social theory and psychology. As such, this volume offers a rare glimpse into the intellectual history which underpins classical thinking on nuclear strategy and arms control - thinking which still has an enormous influence in the early twenty-first century.

The Activity of Politics and Related Essays

... not thinking at all in terms of a minuet of threats at the brink of nuclear
escalation,17 but it also drove our military tactics — still grounded in the
Hobbesian threat of violent death — against the urbane civilian strategy of "arms
and influence.

Author: Wendell John Coats

Publisher: Susquehanna University Press

ISBN: 9780941664950

Category: Political Science

Page: 170

View: 389

Animated by the single theme of the nature of politics, this collection of ten essays addresses such diverse topics as liberalism; education; arms control; the relation of politics to armed force; the theories of Michael Oakeshott, Karl Marx, John Dewey, and Alberto Moravia; and the challenges to politics in a republic.

The Strategy of Conflict

'In eminently lucid and often charming language, Professor Schelling's work opens to rational analysis a crucial field of politics, the international politics of threat, or as the current term goes, of deterrence.

Author: Thomas C. Schelling

Publisher: Harvard University Press

ISBN: 9780674840317

Category: Political Science

Page: 309

View: 439

Analyzes the nature of international disagreements and conflict resolution in terms of game theory and non-zero-sum games.

Israel s Reprisal Policy 1953 1956

Thomas Schelling, Arms and Influence (New Haven, CT: Yale University Press,
1966), p. 141. Ibid., p. 102. Mordechai Bar-On, 'Reprisal Operations as a System
of Deterrence', in Motti Golani (ed.), BlackArrow: The Gaza Operation and Israel ...

Author: Ze'ev Drory

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1135754055

Category: History

Page: 240

View: 380

Following Israel's War of Independence in 1948 and 1949, the anticipated peace did not materialize and the new nation soon found itself embroiled in protracted military conflict with neighbouring Arab states. Demobilization of its armed forces led to the formation of special elite unit under the command of Ariel Sharon to cope with cross-border infiltration, pillage and murder. A policy of deterrence was governed by the tactic of retaliation, which contained the seeds of escalation. At the same time, a military dynamic unfolded in which the logic of field unit response dictated both military and political policy and caught the imagination of a demoralized and war-weary Israeli society. The myth of the Israeli paratroopers at the beginning of the 1950s, and their heroic deeds in the reprisal raids, embodied the new Zionist ethos for which the current Prime Minister of Israel, Ariel Sharon, claims much of the credit. The book thus provides historical insight into some of the most intractable developments of the current Arab-Israeli conflict.

The Battle for Hearts and Minds

See Thomas A. Schelling, Arms and Influence (New Haven: Yale University
Press, 1966); Alexander L. George and W. E. Simons, eds., The Limits of
Coercive Diplomacy (Boulder, Colo.: Westview Press, 1994); Robert A. Pape,
Bombing to ...

Author: Alexander T. Lennon

Publisher: MIT Press

ISBN: 9780262621793

Category: Political Science

Page: 392

View: 902

The limits of military power / Rob de Wijk / - The future of international coalitions : how useful? How manageable? / Paul Dibb / - Forging an indirect strategy in southeast Asia / Barry Desker / - The imbalance of terror / Thérese Delpech / - The new nature of nation-state failure / Robert I. Rotberg / - Democracy by force : a renewed commitment to nation building / Karin von Hippel / - Sierra Leone : the state that came back from the dead / Michael Chege / - Toward postconflict reconstruction / John J. Hamre and Gordon R. / - Building better foundations : security in postconflict reconstruction / Scott Feil / - Dealing with demons : justice and reconciliation / Michèle Flournoy / - Governing when chaos rules : enhancing governance and participation / Robert Orr / - Public diplomacy comes of age / Christopher Ross / - Deeds speak Louder than words / Lamis Andoni / - A broadcasting strategy to win media wars / Edward Kaufman / - Compassionate conservatism confronts global poverty / Lae ...

Nuclear Weapons and Strategy

2 Thomas C. Schelling , Arms and Influence ( New Haven , CT .: Yale University
Press , 1966 ) , p . 109 . 3 Schelling , Arms and Influence , pp . 69–91 . 4
Alexander L. George , “ The Development of Doctrine and Strategy , ” Ch . 1 in
George ...

Author: Stephen J. Cimbala

Publisher: Taylor & Francis

ISBN: 9780415701990

Category: History

Page: 124

View: 545

This book focuses on the evolution of nuclear weapons as components of US military strategy and arms control by contrasting their roles in the early and later information ages.


For sophisticated realist arguments about the "interdependence of commitments"
for credibility reasons, see Thomas C. Schelling, Arms and Influence (New Haven
: Yale University Press, 1966), 55-6; and Michael Mandelbaum, The Fate of ...

Author: Benjamin Frankel

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1135068216

Category: History

Page: 472

View: 992

Realism has been the subject of critical scrutiny for some time and this examination aims to identify and define its strengths and shortcomings, making a contribution to the study of international relations.

The F deralist

... latitude to those who wish to define it precisely and comprehensively . At
present I mean only to consider it as it respects security for the preservation of
peace and tranquillity , as well against dangers from foreign arms and influence ,
as from ...





Page: 615

View: 740

Flawed Logics

Arms and Influence. New Haven: Yale University Press. Schweller, Randall L.
1994. Bandwagoning for Profit: Bringing the Revisionist State Back In.
International Security 19 (Summer): 72–107. Seaborg, Glenn T. 1981. Kennedy,
Khrushchev ...

Author: James H. Lebovic

Publisher: JHU Press

ISBN: 1421411032

Category: Political Science

Page: 312

View: 309

James H. Lebovic explores the logic of seeking peace in an arms race. Flawed Logics offers a compelling intellectual history of U.S.-Russian strategic nuclear arms control. Lebovic thoroughly reviews the critical role of ideas and assumptions in U.S. arms control debates, tying them to controversies over U.S. nuclear strategy from the birth of the atomic age to the present. Each nuclear arms treaty—from the Truman to the Obama administration—is assessed in depth and the positions of proponents and opponents are systematically presented, discussed, and critiqued. Lebovic concludes that the terms of these treaties with the Russians were never as good as U.S. proponents claimed nor as bad as opponents feared. The comprehensive analysis in Flawed Logics is objective and balanced, challenging the logic of hawks and doves, Democrats and Republicans, and theorists of all schools with equal vigor. Lebovic’s controversial argument will promote debate as to the very plausibility of arms control.

US Foreign Policy and the Iran Hostage Crisis

Moreover, Vance and Carter utilized the same strategy of graduated threats
which Lyndon Johnson had used earlier in the Pueblo case, described by
Thomas Schelling as 'graduated compellence' in his classic work Arms and

Author: David Patrick Houghton

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521805094

Category: History

Page: 252

View: 840

An analysis of one of the greatest foreign policy disasters.

History and Strategy

2 See, for example: Thomas Schelling, Arms and Influence (New Haven, Conn.,
1966), pp. 221-25; Graham Allison, Albert Carnesale, and Joseph Nye, eds.,
Hawks, Doves, and Owls: An Agenda for Avoiding Nuclear War (New York, 1985)
, pp ...

Author: Marc Trachtenberg

Publisher: Princeton University Press

ISBN: 9780691023434

Category: History

Page: 292

View: 360

This work is a powerful demonstration of how historical analysis can be brought to bear on the study of strategic issues, and, conversely, how strategic thinking can help drive historical research. Based largely on newly released American archives, History and Strategy focuses on the twenty years following World War II. By bridging the sizable gap between the intellectual world of historians and that of strategists and political scientists, the essays here present a fresh and unified view of how to explore international politics in the nuclear era. The book begins with an overview of strategic thought in America from 1952 through 1966 and ends with a discussion of "making sense" of the nuclear age. Trachtenberg reevaluates the immediate causes of World War I, studies the impact of the shifting nuclear balance on American strategy in the early 1950s, examines the relationship between the nuclearization of NATO and U.S.-West European relations, and looks at the Berlin and the Cuban crises. He shows throughout that there are startling discoveries to be made about events that seem to have been thoroughly investigated.

Averting Global War

More likely, however, French arms sales would provide China a European option
for arms (in a EU-Chinese “Red Eiffel Tower” alliance), thus cutting into Russian
arms sales and influence but not weakening Beijing's drive for unification with ...

Author: H. Gardner

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 0230108717

Category: Political Science

Page: 285

View: 235

Averting Global War examines major regional disputes and conflicts throughout the world as they impact upon both American domestic and foreign policy. These include: The ongoing _war on terrorism_; NATO enlargement to Russian borders; US intervention in Iraq; US confrontation with Iran; the feud between Israel and the Palestinians; the widening _zone of conflict_ from Central Asia to sub-Saharan Africa; the global ramifications of North Korea_s nuclear program and China_s claims to Taiwan; Venezuela_s _Bolivarian Revolution_ and the _war on drugs_ in Latin America, the domestic socio-political effects of Latin American immigration upon the US. The book_s goal is to articulate an irenic American strategy intended to resolve, or at least transform, a number of these disputes and conflicts so as to prevent them from further _deepening_ or _widening__and to avert the real possibility of major power confrontation involving both clandestine and overt methods of warfare.

Having it So Good

of which was the Czech arms deal with Egypt which was announced on 27
September 1955.44 President Tito of Yugoslavia ... and Syria were the main
worries for those concerned to keep Soviet bloc arms and influence out of the
Middle East.

Author: Peter Hennessy

Publisher: Penguin UK

ISBN: 0141929316

Category: History

Page: 768

View: 520

Winner of the Orwell Prize for Political Writing, Peter Hennessy's Having it So Good: Britain in the Fifties captures Britain in an extraordinary decade, emerging from the shadow of war into growing affluence. The 1950s was the decade in which Roger Bannister ran the four-minute mile, Bill Haley released 'Rock Around the Clock', rationing ended and Britain embarked on the traumatic, disastrous Suez War. In this highly enjoyable, original book, Peter Hennessy takes his readers into front rooms, classrooms, cabinet rooms and the new high-street coffee bars of Britain to recapture, as no previous history has, the feel, the flavour and the politics of this extraordinary time of change. 'Utterly engaging ... a treat. It breathes exhilaration' Libby Purves, The Times 'If the Gods gossip, this is how it would sound' Philip Ziegler, Spectator Books of the Year 'A particular treat ... fine, wise and meticulously researched' Andrew Marr 'Stands clear of the field as our best narrative history of this decisive decade' Peter Clarke, Sunday Times 'A compelling narrative ... Hennessy's love of the flesh and blood of politics breathes on every page' Tim Gardam, Observer 'The late Ben Pimlott once described Hennessy as "something of a national institution". You can forget the first two of those five words' Guardian

Woman Her Education and Influence

But this is not all , -her children , as well as her fortune , are the property of her
husband . They are torn from her maternal arms , and remain at his disposal ,
who “ lates and wrongs ” their mother , “ the woman he has sworn to love and
cherish .

Author: Mrs. Hugo Reid



Category: Women

Page: 192

View: 323

Not by War Alone

ARAB - ISRAELI CONFLICT We Arabs — we ... For a relevant discussion of "
coercive warfare " and " compellence , " see Thomas C . Schelling , Arms and
Influence ...

Author: Paul Jabber

Publisher: Univ of California Press

ISBN: 9780520040502

Category: History

Page: 212

View: 342

Tobacco Arms and Politics

These were politicians who championed the cause of the refugees in order to
gain political influence . Kondilis became one of the most important refugee
fathers in the inter - war period and is a good example of the close political
relationship ...

Author: Mogens Pelt

Publisher: Museum Tusculanum Press

ISBN: 9788772894508

Category: Political Science

Page: 342

View: 284

This is the first comprehensive analysis of the political and economic effects of Germany's policy towards Greece in the crisis-ridden decade prior to the axis occupation in April 1941. Based on extensive research into declassified official archives in Germany, Britain and Greece as well as records from private firms, it examines the objectives and implementation of Germany's policy and the responses to it in Greece. By analysing especially the trade in tobacco and arms, the main items in Greek-German commercial exchange, it maintains that the impact of the German policy towards Greece played an important part in the establishment of the Metaxas dictatorship in 1936. - and urthermore that Berlin saw Metaxas as a valuable asset to German interests in Greece and her objectives in south-eastern Europe. Showing that the war industry in Greece was based on German technology and know-how developed into the by far largest and most important branch in Greek industry and the biggest and most modern in the Balkans and the Near East, it also maintains that Hermann Göring used Greece to further his own objectives in the ongoing power struggle in the German state and the rivalry among the two axis powers: Germany and Italy.