Breeding Crop Plants

The founders of the art of plant breeding; The relation of certain biologie principles to plant breeding; The value of crop improvement in relation to a more efficient agriculture; Plant genetics; Biometrical methods; Field-plot technic; ...

Author: Herbert Kendall Hayes

Publisher:

ISBN:

Category: Plant breeding

Page: 438

View: 165

The founders of the art of plant breeding; The relation of certain biologie principles to plant breeding; The value of crop improvement in relation to a more efficient agriculture; Plant genetics; Biometrical methods; Field-plot technic; Soil heterogeneity; Climatic variations; Summary of field-plot technic; The mode of reproduction in relation to breeding; Naturally self-pollinated plants; Often cross-pollinated plants; Naturally cross-pollinated plants; Controlling pollination; Some results of selection with self-fertilized crops; Some results of crossing as a means of improving self-fertilized crops; Methods of breeding small grains; Classification and inheritance in wheat; Classification and inheritance of small grains other than wheat; Cowpeas, soybeans, and velvet beans; Flax and tobacco; Cotton and sorghum; Inheritance in maize; Maize breeding; Grasses, clover, and alfalfa; Potato improvement; Breedng of vegetables; Fruit breeding; Farmers methods of producing pure seeds.

Genetics Cytogenetics and Breeding of Crop Plants Pulses and oilseeds

This text focuses on the genetics, cytogenetics and breeding of crop plants. It covers crops such as rice, chickpea, piegeonpea and lentil.

Author: P. N. Bahl

Publisher: Science Pub Incorporated

ISBN:

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 313

View: 151

This text focuses on the genetics, cytogenetics and breeding of crop plants. It covers crops such as rice, chickpea, piegeonpea and lentil.

Breeding Field Crops

The blend of the theoretical with the practical has set this book apart from other plant-breeding textbooks. The basic structure and the objectives of the earlier editions remain un changed.

Author: John M. Poehlman

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9401572712

Category: Juvenile Nonfiction

Page: 724

View: 728

While preparing the first edition of this textbook I attended an extension short course on writing agricultural publications. The message I remember was "select your audience and write to it. " There has never been any doubt about the audience for which this textbook was written, the introductory course in crop breeding. In addition, it has become a widely used reference for the graduate plant-breeding student and the practicing plant breeder. In its prepa ration, particular attention has been given to advances in plant-breeding theo ry and their utility in plant-breeding practice. The blend of the theoretical with the practical has set this book apart from other plant-breeding textbooks. The basic structure and the objectives of the earlier editions remain un changed. These objectives are (1) to review essential features of plant re production, Mendelian genetic principles, and related genetic developments applicable in plant-breeding practice; (2) to describe and evaluate established and new plant-breeding procedures and techniques, and (3) to discuss plant breeding objectives with emphasis on the importance of proper choice of objec tive for achieving success in variety development. Because plant-breeding activities are normally organized around specific crops, there are chapters describing breeding procedures and objectives for the major crop plants; the crops were chosen for their economic importance or diversity in breeding sys tems. These chapters provide a broad overview of the kinds of problems with which the breeder must cope.

Molecular Breeding of Crop Plants

The book throws light on the advancements in the genomics and the bioinformatics of plant breeding and also introduces the concepts of population genetics to the readers.

Author: Rajesh Singh

Publisher: Delve Publishing

ISBN: 9781774073469

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 290

View: 471

Molecular Breeding of Plants discusses the various fundamentals of plant breeding with the readers and informs them about the application of genomic tools in the breeding of plant. The book throws light on the advancements in the genomics and the bioinformatics of plant breeding and also introduces the concepts of population genetics to the readers. Also discussed in the book are the methods for developing molecular markers, the introduction to the marker assisted crop improvement, plant transformation methods and identification of mutagenized plant population. These topics give and insight on the breeding of plants at molecular levels for the better understanding of the readers.

PLANT BREEDING METHODS

The book will be of immense use to undergraduate and postgraduate students of Agricultural Sciences and Botany for their course study. Besides, research scholars and professionals will also find the book as an excellent source of reference.

Author: MAHABAL RAM

Publisher: PHI Learning Pvt. Ltd.

ISBN: 8120348508

Category: Science

Page: 724

View: 923

This comprehensive book provides a detailed account of the plant breeding methodology, covering particularly pre- and post-Green Revolution era. It elaborates on plant breeding and gene manipulation, utilization of self-incompatibility in developing hybrids, different plant breeding methods for development of crop varieties and hybrids in self- and cross-pollinated crops, nature of gene action and genotype–environment interaction. The text discusses gene manipulation in the crop plant and transfer of genes from wild species to cultivated crops, application of biotechnology in plant breeding, and genetic engineering and transgenic molecular markers as breeding tools and their limitations. It concludes with a discussion on physiologic breeding approach and new plant ideotype concepts which are new and emerging areas of interest in plant breeding research. The book will be of immense use to undergraduate and postgraduate students of Agricultural Sciences and Botany for their course study. Besides, research scholars and professionals will also find the book as an excellent source of reference.

Genetics Cytogenetics and Breeding of Crop Plants Cereal and commercial crops

This volume provides reviews on the topics pertinent for advances in breeding research. Concepts and approaches relating to genetics, cytogenetics and breeding aspects are dealt with.

Author: P. N. Bahl

Publisher: Science Pub Incorporated

ISBN:

Category: Science

Page: 357

View: 699

This volume provides reviews on the topics pertinent for advances in breeding research. Concepts and approaches relating to genetics, cytogenetics and breeding aspects are dealt with.

Plant Breeding

India's green revolution which has led to major surpluses offood grains and othercommodities like sugar and cotton has been made possible by the work of one of the largest groups of plant breeders working in a coordinated network.

Author: H.K. Jain

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9400710402

Category: Science

Page: 811

View: 384

The Indian Society of Genetics and Plant Breeding was established in 1941 in recognition of the growing contribution of improved crop varieties to the country's agriculture. Scientific plant breeding had started inIndia soon after the rediscovery of Mendel's laws of heredity. The Indian Agricultural Research Institute set up in 1905 and a number of Agricultural Colleges in different parts of the country carried out some of the earliest work mostly inthe form of pure-line selections. In subsequent years, hybridization programmes in crops like wheat, rice, oilseeds, grain legumes, sugarcane and cotton yielded a large number of improved cultivars with significantly higher yields. A turning point came in the 1960s with the development of hybrids in several crops including inter-specific hybrids in cotton. And when new germplasm with dwarfing genes became available in wheat and rice from CIMMYT and IRRI, respectively,Indian plant breeders quickly incorporated these genes into the genetic background of the country's widely grown varieties with excellent grain quality and other desirable traits. This was to mark the beginning of modem agriculture in India as more and more varieties were developed, characterized by a high harvest index and response to modem farm inputs like the inorganic fertilizers . India's green revolution which has led to major surpluses offood grains and othercommodities like sugar and cotton has been made possible by the work of one of the largest groups of plant breeders working in a coordinated network.

General Plant Breeding

Author: A.R. Dabholkar

Publisher: Concept Publishing Company

ISBN: 9788180692420

Category: Plant breeding

Page: 482

View: 933


Molecular Marker Systems in Plant Breeding and Crop Improvement

Successful release of new and better crop varieties increasingly requires genomics and molecular biology. This volume presents basic information on plant molecular marker techniques from marker location up to gene cloning.

Author: Horst L?rz

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9783540740063

Category: Science

Page: 476

View: 321

Successful release of new and better crop varieties increasingly requires genomics and molecular biology. This volume presents basic information on plant molecular marker techniques from marker location up to gene cloning. The text includes a description of technical approaches in genome analysis such as comparison of marker systems, positional cloning, and array techniques in 19 crop plants. A special section focuses on converting this knowledge into general and specific breeding strategies, particularly in relation to biotic stress. Theory and practice of marker assisted selection for QTL, gene pyramiding and the future of MAS are summarized and discussed for maize, wheat, and soybean. Furthermore, approaches in silviculture on the examples of Fagus, Populus, Eucalyptus, Picea and Abies are presented. The volume ends with a comprehensive review of the patents relevant for using molecular markers and marker assisted selection.

Plants Genes and Crop Biotechnology

This book integrates many fields to help students understand the complexity of the basic science that underlies crop and food production.

Author: Maarten J. Chrispeels

Publisher: Jones & Bartlett Learning

ISBN: 9780763715861

Category: Science

Page: 562

View: 738

This book integrates many fields to help students understand the complexity of the basic science that underlies crop and food production.

Principles and Procedures of Plant Breeding

Covering traditional and emerging breeding procedures, this book explores the scientific bases and details of breeding plants.

Author: G. S. Chahal

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9780849313219

Category: Science

Page: 604

View: 807

Covering traditional and emerging breeding procedures, this book explores the scientific bases and details of breeding plants. It puts a special emphasis on the further refinements possible in the light of the latest developments in molecular biology. Specific breeding methods in self and cross-pollinated crops, their genetic basis and scope of further refinements, concepts and techniques of tissue culture, molecular biology and production of transgenic plants, commonly used experimental designs in plant breeding, seed production, and implications of plant breeder's rights are other highlights.

Phenotyping for Plant Breeding

Keeping this in mind, we described in this book the best phenomic tools available for trait improvement in some of the world’s most important crop plants.

Author: Siva Kumar Panguluri

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1461483204

Category: Science

Page: 211

View: 588

Plant phenotyping is the thorough assessment of plant traits such as growth, development, adaptation, yield, quality, tolerance, resistance, architecture, and the basic measurement of individual quantitative parameters that form the basis for understanding of traits. Genetic approaches to understand plant growth and development have always benefitted from phenotyping techniques that are simple, rapid and measurable in units. The forward genetics approach is all about understanding the trait inheritance using the phenotypic data and in most cases it is the mutant phenotypes that formed the basis for understanding of gene functions. With rapid advancement of genotyping techniques, high throughput genotyping has become a reality at costs people never imagined to be that low, but the phenotypic methods did not receive same attention. However, without quality phenotyping data the genotyping data cannot be effectively put to use in plant improvement. Therefore efforts are underway to develop high-throughput phenotyping methods in plants to keep pace with revolutionary advancement in genotyping techniques to enhance the efficiency of crop improvement programs. Keeping this in mind, we described in this book the best phenomic tools available for trait improvement in some of the world’s most important crop plants.

Plant Breeding Reviews

Plant Breeding Reviews presents state-of-the-art reviews on plant genetics and the breeding of all types of crops by both traditional means and molecular methods.

Author: Jules Janick

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9780471254461

Category: Science

Page: 352

View: 241

Plant Breeding Reviews presents state-of-the-art reviews on plant genetics and the breeding of all types of crops by both traditional means and molecular methods. At a time when methods of molecular biology are leading to genetically engineered crops, and when the supply of wild varieties of many crops are threatened, this series provides the most current and important information available on the subject.

Principles of Plant Genetics and Breeding

Up-to-date edition of this bestselling book incorporating the most recent technologies in the field Combines both theory and practice in modern plant breeding Updated industry highlights help to illustrate the concepts outlined in the text ...

Author: George Acquaah

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118313690

Category: Science

Page: 760

View: 205

To respond to the increasing need to feed the world's population as well as an ever greater demand for a balanced and healthy diet there is a continuing need to produce improved new cultivars or varieties of plants, particularly crop plants. The strategies used to produce these are increasingly based on our knowledge of relevant science, particularly genetics, but involves a multidisciplinary understanding that optimizes the approaches taken. Principles of Plant Genetics and Breeding, 2nd Edition introduces both classical and molecular tools for plant breeding. Topics such as biotechnology in plant breeding, intellectual property, risks, emerging concepts (decentralized breeding, organic breeding), and more are addressed in the new, updated edition of this text. Industry highlight boxes are included throughout the text to contextualize the information given through the professional experiences of plant breeders. The final chapters provide a useful reference on breeding the largest and most common crops. Up-to-date edition of this bestselling book incorporating the most recent technologies in the field Combines both theory and practice in modern plant breeding Updated industry highlights help to illustrate the concepts outlined in the text Self assessment questions at the end of each chapter aid student learning Accompanying website with artwork from the book available to instructors

Plant Breeding in New Zealand

The book is divided into four parts, which are dealing with cropping, horticulture, forestry and soil conservation, and pasture. The text first covers crop plants such as wheat, barley, and potatoes.

Author: G.S. Wratt

Publisher: Butterworth-Heinemann

ISBN: 148310348X

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 309

View: 177

Plant Breeding in New Zealand is a collection of papers that covers selecting and breeding of crops, pastures, fruits, timbers, and soil conservation plants in New Zealand. The book is divided into four parts, which are dealing with cropping, horticulture, forestry and soil conservation, and pasture. The text first covers crop plants such as wheat, barley, and potatoes. The next part deals with horticulture produce, such as apples, berries, and citrus. Next, the book discusses forestry, soil conservation, and genetic techniques in plant improvement. The last part talks about the plants used in pastures, which include white and red clover, lucerne, and lotus and other legumes. The book will be of great use to botanists, agriculturists, and horticulturists who wish to be aware of the plant selection and breeding methods used in New Zealand.

Breeding Field Crops

The plant breeder and his work; Reproduction in crop plants; Genetics and plant breeding: gene recombination; Genetics and plant breeding: variations in chromosome number; Genetics and plant breeding: mutation; Fertility regulating ...

Author: John Milton Poehlman

Publisher:

ISBN:

Category: Crops

Page: 483

View: 516

The plant breeder and his work; Reproduction in crop plants; Genetics and plant breeding: gene recombination; Genetics and plant breeding: variations in chromosome number; Genetics and plant breeding: mutation; Fertility regulating mechanisms and their manipulation; Plant introduction, acclimatization and germ plasm conservation; Methods of breeding: self-pollinated crops; Methods of breeding: cross-polinated crops, asexually propagated crops; Techniques in breeding field crops; Breeding wheat and triticale breeding wheat; Breeding rice; Breeding barley and oats breeding barley; Breeding soybeans; Breeding corn; Breeding sorghum and millet breeding sorghum; Breeding cotton; Breeding sugar beets; Breeding forage crops; Seed production practices.

History of Plant Breeding

Finally, this book presents information on approaches to the sustainability of breeding and to cope with climatic changes as well as the growing world population.

Author: Rolf H. J. Schlegel

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1351588958

Category: Science

Page: 312

View: 341

While there has been great progress in the development of plant breeding over the last decade, the selection of suitable plants for human consumption began over 13,000 years ago. Since the Neolithic era, the cultivation of plants has progressed in Asia Minor, Asia, Europe, and ancient America, each specific to the locally wild plants as well as the ecological and social conditions. A handy reference for knowing our past, understanding the present, and creating the future, this book provides a comprehensive treatment of the development of crop improvement methods over the centuries. It features an extensive historical treatment of development, including influential individuals in the field, plant cultivation in various regions, techniques used in the Old World, and cropping in ancient America. The advances of scientific plant breeding in the twentieth century is extensively explored, including efficient selection methods, hybrid breeding, induced polyploidy, mutation research, biotechnology, and genetic manipulation. Finally, this book presents information on approaches to the sustainability of breeding and to cope with climatic changes as well as the growing world population.

Introduction to Plant Breeding

Perspectives in plant breeding.

Author: Fred N. Briggs

Publisher:

ISBN:

Category: Plant breeding

Page: 426

View: 536

Perspectives in plant breeding. The evolution of cultivated plants. Plant introductions. Mode of reproduction in relation to plant-breeding methods. Variability in plants. Genes and qualitative characters. Genes and qualitative characters. Quantitative inheritance. Role of the environment in plant breeding. Selection in self-pollinated crops. Hybridization and gene combinations. Breeding self-pollinated crops by hybridization and pedigree selection. Bulk population method of breeding self-pollinated plants. The backcross method of breeding. Cross-pollinated crops. Control of cross-pollination. Selection in cross-pollinated crops. Inbreeding and heterosis. Hybrid varieties. Recurrent selection. Synthetic varieties. Autoploidy in plant breeding. Alloploidy.Aneuploids. Mutagens and crop improvement. Interspecific hybridization. Interspecific transfer of characters. Genetics of resistance to diseases and insects. Breeding for resistance to diseases and insects. Maintenance and distribution of varieties. Field-plot technique and experimental design.

Alien Gene Transfer in Crop Plants Volume 2

While some crops have benefited tremendously from this approach, others are less successful. This book provides a comprehensive reference on the practical aspects of alien introgressions in agricultural crops.

Author: Aditya Pratap

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1461495725

Category: Science

Page: 424

View: 753

Genetic engineering and biotechnology along with conventional breeding have played an important role in developing superior cultivars by transferring economically important traits from distant, wild and even unrelated species to the cultivated varieties which otherwise could not have been possible with conventional breeding. There is a vast amount of literature pertaining to the genetic improvement of crops over last few decades. However, the wonderful results achieved by crop scientists in food legumes’ research and development over the years are scattered in different journals of the World. The two volumes in the series ‘Alien Gene Transfer in Crop Plants’ address this issue and offer a comprehensive reference on the developments made in major food crops of the world. These volumes aim at bringing the contributions from globally renowned scientists at one platform in a reader-friendly manner. The second volume entitled, “Alien Gene Transfer in Crop Plants: Achievements and Impact” will deal more with the practical aspects. This volume will cover achievements of alien gene transfer in major food crops of the world and their impact on development of newer genetic variability and additional avenues for selection; development of superior cultivars for increased yield, resistance to biotic and abiotic stresses, improved nutritional and industrial quality; innovation of new techniques and positive as well as negative environmental implications. This volume has been divided into four groups with an aim to cover all major cereals, pulses, oilseeds and other crops (vegetable and horticultural crops) which are of economic importance.

Crop Breeding A Contemporary Basis

The aim of this book is to gather together, in an integrated manner, information on the physiology and technology of contemporary plant breeding.

Author: P. B. Vose

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 0444597603

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 452

View: 331

The aim of this book is to gather together, in an integrated manner, information on the physiology and technology of contemporary plant breeding. The approach is multidisciplinary, with special emphasis being placed on the application of theoretical knowledge to the solution of practical problems concerned with the improvement of crop yield through the breeding of plants better suited to their environment. The role of modern techniques, such as tissue culture and induced mutation are discussed in detail