This comparative study of social stratification, work patterns and research productivity: Examines eleven national, higher education systems across Europe (Austria, Finland, Germany, Ireland, Italy, The Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal ...
Author: Marek Kwiek
European academics have been at the centre of ongoing higher education reforms, as changes in university governance and funding have led to changes in academic work and life. Discussing the academic profession, and most importantly, its increasing stratification across Europe, Changing European Academics explores the drivers of these changes as well as their current and expected results. This comparative study of social stratification, work patterns and research productivity: Examines eleven national, higher education systems across Europe (Austria, Finland, Germany, Ireland, Italy, The Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Switzerland and the United Kingdom) Provides a panoramic view of the European academic profession Confronts misconceptions of academic work and life with compelling results and detailed analyses Discusses new dilemmas inherent to the changing social and economic environments of higher education A thoughtful and comprehensive study of the changing academic profession in Europe, this book will be of interest to higher education practitioners, managers and policy makers, both in Europe and globally. Changing European Academics will benefit anyone whose work relates to changing academic institutions and changing academic careers.
Indeed Sloterdijk, whose last name ironically invokes the Dutch engineering
tradition, is one of the leading European academics embracing a post-humanist
philosophy and treating attachment of self to place, especially the modern nation
Author: Vanessa Pupavac
Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield Publishers
Category: Political Science
Goethe’s 1832 poem Faust offers a vision of humanity realising freedom and prosperity through transcending natural adversity. Changing European Visions of Disaster and Development returns to Faust as a way of exploring the rise and fall of European humanist aspirations to build free and prosperous national political communities protected from natural disasters. Faust stories emerged in early modern Europe linked to the shaking of the traditional religious and political order, and the pursuit of new areas of human knowledge and activity which led to a shift from viewing disasters as acts of God to acts of nature. Faust’s dam building and land reclamation project in Goethe’s poem was inspired by Dutch hydro-engineering and in turn inspired others. Faustian dreams of an engineered future were pursued by the American Yugoslav inventor Nikola Tesla and the country of his birth towards establishing its national independence and escaping the fate of being a borderland. Faust remains a compelling reference point to explore European visions of disaster and development. If Faust captured the European spirit of earlier centuries, what is today’s outlook? Ambitious Faustian development visions to eradicate natural disasters have been replaced by anti-Faustian risk cosmopolitanism sceptical towards human activity in ways counter to building collective protection from disaster. Tesla’s country of birth fears returning to being an insecure borderland of Europe. This powerful and timely book calls for a rekindling of European humanism and Faust’s vision of ‘free people standing on free land’.
This book explores the perceptions of academic staff and representatives of institutional leadership about the changes in academic careers and academic work experienced in recent years.
Author: Tatiana Fumasoli
This book explores the perceptions of academic staff and representatives of institutional leadership about the changes in academic careers and academic work experienced in recent years. It emphasizes standardisation and differentiation of academic career paths, impacts of new forms of quality management on academic work, changes in recruitment, employment and working conditions, and academics’ perceptions of their professional contexts. The book demonstrates a growing diversity within the academic profession and new professional roles inhabiting a space which is neither located in the core business of teaching and research nor at the top level management and leadership. The new higher education professionals tend to be important change agents within the higher education institutions not only fulfilling service and bridging functions but also streamlining academic work to make a contribution to the reputation and competitiveness of the institution as a whole. Based on interviews with academic staff, this book explores the situation in eight European countries: Austria, Croatia, Finland, Germany, Ireland, Poland, Romania, and Switzerland.
The Fabrication of the Homo Academicus Europeanus? Romuald Normand. of
truth and the academic institution by showing the differential that exists between
prescription and reality or in showing the contradictions between different forms
Author: Romuald Normand
This book examines the transformations of epistemic governance in education, the way in which some actors are shaping new knowledge, and how that new knowledge impacts other actors in charge of implementing this knowledge in the context of the decision-making process and practice. The book describes knowledge-based and evidence-based technologies that produce new modes of representation, cognitive categories, and value-based judgements which determine and guide actions and interactions between researchers, experts and policy-makers. It explores several major social theories and concepts, analysing the transformation of the relationship between educational and social sciences and politics. In the light of epistemic governance being linked to transformations of academic capitalism, the book describes the ways in which academics engaged in heterogeneous networks are capable of developing new interactions as well as facing new trials imposed on them by the changing conditions of producing knowledge in their scientific community and within their institutions. Knowledge is power. It is materialized in metrics, policy instruments and embedded in networks. The governance of European higher education, insightfully argues Romuald Normand, is not structured by hierarchical public policies, by governmental exercise of authority or heroic decision making. Normand makes a sophisticated intellectual argument, building upon the work of Foucault, Latour (Sociology of science), and the pragmatic sociology of Boltanski and Thévenot (sociology of justification) in order to precisely analyse Europe‘s higher education through the circulation of ideas and instruments. Based upon precise research, the book is a major contribution to the understanding of high education in a capitalist Europe, beyond the simple idea of neo liberalism. Normand, provocatively, even suggests the making of a European Homo Academicus. This is an innovative and important book for public policy, European Studies and the sociology of Education. Patrick le Galès, FBA, CNRS Research Professor, Centre d’Etudes Européennes, Sciences Po, Paris, France
Social Psychological Analyses of Social Change Richard G. Lyons Glynis Marie
Breakwell, Evanthia Lyons ... This has constrained the extent of cross - European
research activity and the access for academics to new theoretical approaches ...
Author: Richard G. Lyons
Publisher: Psychology Press
The political structure of Europe has changed and continues to do so. The changing allegiances of the popluations of Europe pose problems and challenges for social psychological theory. Changing European Identities explores these issues using social identity theory and alternative models such as alienation theory and representational identity theory. It provides a highly topical and relevant context for exploring the validity and limits of current theories. Providing a valuable new perspective on people's reactions to change in Europe, it will be useful for advanced scholars in psychology and other social and political sciences.
This assimilation was possible on sufficiently common ground so long as many
American academics were in fact European emigrants . But the social and
cultural conditions of the American environment changed their terms of reference
, even ...
Author: Ulrich Teichler
Publisher: Jessica Kingsley Pub
This book explores the competing pressures facing policymakers across Europe as they struggle to respond to these complex challenges.
Author: European Observatory on Health Care Systems
Publisher: European Observatory on Health
* What roles do hospitals play in the health care system and how are these roles changing? * If hospitals are to optimize health gains and respond to public expectations, how should they be configured, managed, and sustained? * What lessons emerge from experiences of changing hospital systems across Europe? Hospitals of the future will confront difficult challenges: new patterns of disease, rapidly evolving medical technologies, ageing populations, and continuing budget constraints. This book explores the competing pressures facing policymakers across Europe as they struggle to respond to these complex challenges. It argues that hospitals, as part of a larger health system, should focus on enhancing health outcomes while also responding to public expectations. Adopting a cross-national, cross-disciplinary perspective, the study assesses recent evidence on the factors driving hospital reform and the strategies used to improve organizational performance. It reviews the evidence from eastern as well as western Europe and combines academic research with real-world policy experience. It looks at the role of hospitals in enhancing health rather than simply processing patients. The book concludes that hospitals cannot be managed in isolation from society and the wider health system, and that policymakers have a responsibility to define the broader health care goals that hospitals should strive to meet. Hospitals in a Changing Europe synthesizes current evidence in a readable and accessible form for all practitioners, policy-makers, academics and graduate level students concerned with health reform.
This volume explores the various issues that have an impact on the academic career of professionals in European higher education.
Author: Maria de Lourdes Machado-Taylor
This volume explores the various issues that have an impact on the academic career of professionals in European higher education. Higher Education Institutions (HEIs) are currently subject to profound uncertainties and are more challenged than ever on quality issues, both with regard to their conceptual nature and in the extension and amendment of their mission. Divided into three parts, the first part of the book deals with the challenges and issues in higher education academic careers. It addresses such topics as the influence of European policies and changes, the cultural differences in the preferences of academics for teaching or research, the increasing inequality in working conditions for academics, and the changing nature of academic strategy in the transformational world of higher education with its implications for academic structures, work and careers. The second part of the book analyses the findings of a national study on satisfaction of academics in Portuguese higher education, carried out at the Centre for Research on Higher Education Policies (CIPES). The third part offers a comparative analysis of a number of national European case studies, focusing on the changing relevance of and increasing expectations around academic careers. The concluding chapter discusses whether the academic profession is merely an artificial term that has to do with a heterogeneous range of occupations, or if there are important common elements of the academic profession across European Higher Education systems.
Changing Contexts and Conditions Jürgen Enders. The influence of the
European Union is more important than one would expect . Up to now ,
academics gained their international esteem through participation in international
Author: Jürgen Enders
Higher education is going through a turbulent period of change. In this work, distinguished experts from fourteen European countries highlight recent developments that affect today's academic environment. Based on a research project coordinated by Junger Enders at the University of Kassel in Germany, the book higlights the changes taking place in higher education.
Cooperation between African and Central and Eastern European academics is
likely to contribute to the search for a model for democracy in Africa . The
overwhelming impact of the democratic changes in Eastern Europe and their
Author: Margaretha von Troil
Publisher: Scandinavian Institute of African Studies
"Events during the past few years have challenged established conceptions of politics and ideology. Ideas take long to change, and this book is one contribution to the reconsideration of previous notions that has to be done." "The book is based on the proceedings from a Workshop, jointly organised by the Scandinavian Institute of African Studies, Uppsala, and the Patrice Lumumba People's Friendship University, Moscow, in May 1991."--BOOK JACKET.Title Summary field provided by Blackwell North America, Inc. All Rights Reserved
SOCIAL SCIENCES AND HUMANITIES Europe's changing attitudes A stronger
collaboration among European nations ... Efforts are now under way to ensure
research Overall , European academics , researchers and policy - makers will
golden mean if such a thing exists – through critical , interdisciplinary academic
discourse . The themes of the lectures in the Intensive Programme “ Religion and
Political Change in Europe : Past and Present " and the chapters published in ...
Author: Ausma Cimdiņa
This book sets out to examine the changing role of women in higher education with an emphasis on academic and leadership issues.
Author: Heather Eggins
This book sets out to examine the changing role of women in higher education with an emphasis on academic and leadership issues. The scope of the book is international, with a wide range of contributors, whose expertise spans sociology, social science, economics, politics, public policy and linguistic studies, all of whom have a major interest in global education. The volume examines the ways in which the leadership role and academic roles of women in higher education are changing in the twenty first century, offering an up-to-date policy discussion of this area. It is in some sense a sequel to the earlier volume by the same Editor, Women as Leaders and Managers in Higher Education, but with very different emphases. The pressures now are to respond to the demands of the technological age and to those of the global economy. Today there are more highly qualified and experienced female academics, and more expectation of their gaining the highest posts. Challenges still remain, particularly in terms of the top posts, and in equal pay. The discussion of global policy issues affecting the role of women in higher education is combined with country case studies, several of which are comparative. Together they examine and unpack the particular situations of women in a wide range of higher education systems, from Brazil to the US to Europe to Africa and the Far East, noting the shift towards more flexibility, more personal choice and a greater acceptance by society of their abilities. This volume is a useful and influential addition to published work in this area, and is aimed at the intelligent general reader as well as the scholar interested in this topic.
The book looks at how outdoor education has been transformed into an increasingly global field where established and influenced practices have been introduced into modernising and democratising nations.
Author: Peter Becker
Publisher: Routledge Research in Education
Category: Adventure education
The Changing World of Outdoor Learning in Europe sets out to provide a comprehensive analysis of the economical and political changes that have occurred in European outdoor culture in the preceding two decades, from a diverse range of perspectives including institutional, theoretical, national and educational views. The book looks at how outdoor education has been transformed into an increasingly global field where established and influenced practices have been introduced into modernising and democratising nations. With contributions from the members of the board of the European Institute of Outdoor Adventure Eduation and Experiential Learning and representatives of the networks that stand behind it, this unique book provides thorough factual analyses and examinations of outdoor learning that have never been presented before. The book contains contributions from across Europe, with authors from the UK, Germany, Finland, Sweden, Slovenia, Poland, Norway and the Czech Republic. Chapters within the volume by non - European authors provide another perspective on the European story in a wider context. As a whole, the book will stimulate the ongoing debate about the nature, function and organisation of outdoor education around the globe. The Changing World of Outdoor Learning in Europe will be of great interest to academics, researchers and postgraduate students in the fields of outdoor education, leadership and recreation; and outdoor, sport, environmental and leisure studies. It should also be essential reading for those involved in outdoor organisations in Europe and worldwide.
Articles in English " Academic Freedom and Tenure : Statements of Principle , "
umerican Association of University Professors ... Le " Universities and academic
Systems in Modern Societies , " European Journal of Sociology III , 1962 , pp .
Author: William K. Cummings
Publisher: Garland Pub
Category: College teachers
PERSPECTIVES ON EUROPE CONTEMPORARY INTERDISCIPLINARY
RESEARCH This collection of essays , written by academics from eight different
European universities explores some of the key elements of change taking place
Author: Angus Erskine
Category: Social Science
This collection of essays written by academics from eight different European universities explores some of the key elements of change taking place within the social and political structures of Europe. The essays cover issues such as class structure; political alignment; gender relations; forms of production; industrial relations and national identities. It also discusses the nature of changes in schooling in Europe; the challenge to existing forms of income maintenance and the role of social policy in the transformation from planned to market economies."
The strong practical reform agenda of this group of academics came in not only
for political criticism but also for scientific opposition in the course of the
development of sociology as an academic discipline . Max Weber , who has had
a lasting ...
Author: Walter Lorenz
Category: Social Science
Walter Lorenz believes that social work has a vital role to play in promoting effective European integration. Social work can do much to help the development of a civil society that integrates cultural diversity and personal identity - above all, by confronting racism at all levels and by taking part in the transformation of welfare structures towards user-controlled services. Lorenz gives a descriptive view of the current state of social work in Europe, looking at the historical and conceptual origins of social work in different countries and showing how these account for differences in practice. He draws on the rich diversity of European social work traditions to inform readers about the variety of approaches across Europe, and to consider how social work will respond to the challenge of the 'New Europe'.
Some firms bave even stopped recruiting career candidates with no academic
degree . ... Old changing technological environments . fashioned European
universities , furthermore , are not believed to filter talent into It also has to be ...
Category: Vocational education
The volume will be a useful resource for academics, advanced undergraduate
students, professional economists and policy ... in a Changing Europe
Undoubtedly Europe is changing and growing both in geographical and
Category: European communities
( quoted in Kreisler 1998 ) In most European democracies , academics are less
influential compared with their US colleagues . As well , whether in the United
States , Europe , or elsewhere , the link between academia and governmental ...
Publisher: Lynne Rienner Pub
Category: Political Science
Jorn Dosch explores the profound political changes that have occurred in recent years both within Southeast Asia and in its international relations. Chapters consider the origins of insurgencies and terrorism, and responses to national and international security threats."