Contemporary Issues in Biomedical Ethics

The titles of the sections capture the themes shared by papers in each. All of the papers, however, fall into two general categories. Some deal primarily with metaethical issues, that is, with how moral decisions in biomedical ethics ...

Author: John W. Davis

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1461262399

Category: Medical

Page: 300

View: 965

Not long ago, a colleague chided me for using the term "the biological revolution. " Like many others, I have employed it as an umbrella term to refer to the seemingly vast, rapidly-moving, and fre quently bewildering developments of contemporary biomedicine: psy chosurgery, genetic counseling and engineering, artificial heart-lung machines, organ transplants-and on and on. The real "biological revo lution," he pointed out, began back in the nineteenth century in Europe. For it was then that death rates and infant mortality began to decline, the germ theory of disease was firmly established, Darwin took his famous trip on the Beagle, and Gregor Mendel stumbled on to some fundamental principles of heredity. My friend, I think, was both right and wrong. The biological revolution did have its roots in the nineteenth century; that is when it first began to unfold. Yet, like many intellectual and scientific upheav als, its force was not felt for decades. Indeed, it seems fair to say that it was not until after the Second World War that the full force of the earlier discoveries in biology and medicine began to have a major impact, an impact that was all the more heightened by the rapid bi omedical developments after the war.

Contemporary Issues in Bioethics

Principles of Biomedical Ethics (Sixth Edition), Oxford University Press ISBN-13:978-0-19-533570-5, New York Bentham, ... USA 3 Neuroenhancement – A Controversial Topic in Contemporary Medical Ethics Contemporary Issues in Bioethics 38.

Author: Peter A. Clark

Publisher: BoD – Books on Demand

ISBN: 9535101692

Category: Medical

Page: 164

View: 895

The main strength of this book is the international exchange of ideas that will not only highlight many of these crucial bioethical issues but will strengthen the discipline of bioethics both nationally and globally. A critical exchange of ideas allows everyone to learn and benefit from the insights gained through others experiences. Analyzing and understanding real medical-ethical issues and cases and how they are resolved is the basis of education in bioethics for those who will have to make these decisions in the future. The more we examine, analyze, and debate these bioethical issues and cases, the more knowledge will be gained and hopefully, we will all gain more practical wisdom.

Contemporary Issues in Bioethics

Containing current essays and actual medical and legal cases written by outstanding scholars from around the globe, this book provides readers with diverse range of standpoints, including those of medical researchers and practitioners, ...

Author: Tom L. Beauchamp


ISBN: 9780534011024

Category: Bioethics

Page: 614

View: 867

This anthology represents all of the most important points of view on the most pressing topics in bioethics. Containing current essays and actual medical and legal cases written by outstanding scholars from around the globe, this book provides readers with diverse range of standpoints, including those of medical researchers and practitioners, legal exerts, and philosophers.

Issues in Biomedical Ethics

Issues in biomedical ethics / by Lisa Yount p . cm .— ( Contemporary issues ) Includes bibliographic references and index . Summary : Examines some of the ethical questions raised by the capabilities of modern science , in such areas as ...

Author: Lisa Yount


ISBN: 9781560064763

Category: Juvenile Nonfiction

Page: 128

View: 572

Examines some of the ethical questions raised by the capabilities of modern science, in such areas as health care allocation, the hastening of a patient's death, the use of animals in research, and the altering of human genes.

The Patient as Victim and Vector

Tom L. Beauchamp and LeRoy Walters, eds., Contemporary Issues in Bioethics (Encino, CA: Dickenson, 1978), 58. 9. John W. Davis, Barry Hoffmaster, and Sarah Shorten, eds., Contemporary Issues in Biomedical Ethics (Clifton, ...

Author: M. Pabst Battin

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 019533583X

Category: Medical

Page: 561

View: 486

Bioethics emerged at a time when infectious diseases were not a major concern. Thus bioethics never had to develop a normative framework sensitive to situations of disease transmission. The Patient as Victim and Vector explores how traditional and new issues in clinical medicine, research, public health, and health policy might look different in infectious disease were treated as central. The authors argue that both practice and policy must recognize that a patient with a communicable infectious disease is not only a victim of that disease, but also a potential vector- someone who may transmit an illness that will sicken or kill others. Bioethics has failed to see one part of this duality, they document, and public health the other: that the patient is both victim and vector at one and the same time. The Patient as Victim and Vector is jointly written by four authors at the University of Utah with expertise in bioethics, health law, and both clinical practice and public health policy concerning infectious disease. Part I shows how the patient-centered ethic that was developed by bioethics- especially the concept of autonomy- needs to change in the context of public health, and Part II develops a normative theory for doing so. Part III examines traditional and new issues involving infectious disease: the ethics of quarantine and isolation, research, disease screening, rapid testing, antibiotic use, and immunization, in contexts like multi-drug-resistant tuberculosis, syphilis, hepatitis, HIV/AIDS, and HPV. Part IV, beginning with a controversial thought experiment, considers constraint in the control of infectious disease, include pandemics, and Part V 'thinks big' about the global scope of infectious disease and efforts to prevent, treat, or eradicate it. This volume should have a major impact in the fields of bioethics and public health ethics. It will also interest philosophers, lawyers, health law experts, physicians, and policy makers, as well as those concerned with global health.

Practical And Professional Ethics vol 3 Bio Medical Ethics

Contemporary Issues In Bioethics , Wadsworth , Belmont , 1999 . Mahowald , Mary B. , “ Biomedical Ethics : A Precocious Youth ” , in J.P. De Marco and R. M. Fox ( eds . ) , New Directions in Ethics : The Challenge of Applied Ethics ...

Author: Debashis Guha

Publisher: Concept Publishing Company

ISBN: 9788180693670

Category: Applied ethics

Page: 265

View: 296

Covenantal Biomedical Ethics for Contemporary Medicine

It is also interesting that secular bioethicists have been searching for moral common ground but one of a very ... particularly Christian and Judaic, were drawn into bioethical discourse over emerging contemporary issues such as organ ...

Author: James J. Rusthoven

Publisher: Wipf and Stock Publishers

ISBN: 1625640021

Category: Religion

Page: 330

View: 176

Principles-based biomedical ethics has been a dominant paradigm for the teaching and practice of biomedical ethics for over three decades. Attractive in its conceptual and linguistic simplicity, it has also been criticized for its lack of moral content and justification and its lack of attention to relationships. This book identifies the modernist and postmodernist worldviews and philosophical roots of principlism that ground the moral minimalism of its common morality premise. Building on previous work by prominent Christian bioethicists, an alternative covenantal ethical framework is presented in our contemporary context. Relationships constitute the core of medicine, and understanding the ethical meaning of those relationships is important in providing competent and empathic care. While the notion of covenant is articulated through the richness of meaning taught in the Christian Scriptures, covenantal commitment is also appreciated in Islamic, Jewish, and even pagan traditions as well. In a world of increasing medical knowledge and consequent complexity of care, such commitment can help to resist enticements toward the pursuit of self-interest. It can also improve relationships among caregivers, each of whose specific expertise must be woven into a matrix of care that constitutes optimal medical practice for each vulnerable and needy patient.

Islamic Bioethics Current Issues And Challenges

However, to be able to address bioethical issues and dilemmas in the Islamic context, capacity building in Islamic bioethics is necessary. In developing Islamic bioethics, the task should focus on the methodological approach in ...

Author: Bagheri Alireza

Publisher: World Scientific

ISBN: 1783267518

Category: Science

Page: 272

View: 499

Islamic Bioethics presents a wide variety of perspectives and debates on how Islamic societies deal with the ethical dilemmas raised by biomedicine and new technologies. The book is a "constructive dialogue" between contributors selected from a multidisciplinary group of Muslim and non-Muslim scholars from different Islamic countries. The 11 chapters illuminate the diversity and complexity of the issues discussed in Islamic bioethics and pave the way to a better understanding of Islamic bioethics and dialogue in the global bioethics community. The chapters take both theoretical and practical approaches to the topic, and each covers an emerging issue in Islamic bioethics. This book will be useful for academics and professional institutions in both Islamic and non-Islamic countries, and will be instrumental in providing researchers, scholars, students, policymakers and medical professionals with access to the latest issues and debates related to Islamic bioethics. Contributors include: Tariq Ramadan, Abdallah Daar, Ali Albar, Mohsin Ebrahim, Baharouddin Azizan Alastair Campbel, Bagher Larijani, Carol Taylor, Gamal Serour, James Rusthoven, Ilhan Ilkilic, Ingrid Mattson, Hassan Chamsi-Pasha, Jonathan Crane, Hakan Ertin, Mehunisha Suleman. Contents: Islamic Ethics: Sources, Methodology and Application (T Ramadan)Islamic Bioethics: Infrastructure and Capacity Building (A Bagheri)What Islamic Bioethics Can Offer to Global Bioethics (A Bagheri et al.)Gender and Sexuality in Islamic Bioethics (I Mattson)Physician-Patient Relationship in Islamic Context (M Al Bar & H Chamsi-Pasha)Islamic Perspective on Brain Death and Organ Transplantation (M Ebrahim)The Stem Cell Debate in Islamic Bioethics (H Ertin & I Ilkilic)Environmental Ethics in Islam (A Baharuddin & M N Musa)Animal Rights in Islam (B Larijani et al.)Biomedical Research Ethics in the Islamic Context: Reflections on and Challenges for Islamic Bioethics (M Suleman)Challenges in Islamic Bioethics (K Alali et al.) Readership: Healthcare professionals, health policy makers, physicians and nurses, lawyers academics, researchers, graduate students and lay public. Keywords: Islamic Bioethics;Bioethics;Biomedical Ethics;Medical Ethics;IslamReview: Key Features: Provides a platform for a better understanding of bioethical issues in Islamic context and how an ethical dilemma is dealt with and how decisions are made in Islamic bioethics from a multidisciplinary group of scholarsBioethical topics presented in this volume are the most critical issues in Islamic bioethics as well as global bioethicsEach chapter presents an update of a bioethical topic and/or challenges in Islamic bioethics from an authoritative bioethics/religious scholarIn an innovative approach this volume presents a constructive dialogue between prominent Muslim and Non-Muslim scholars on Islamic bioethics

Ethics Issues In Contemporary Nursing E Book

Principles of biomedical ethics (7th ed.). New York, NY: Oxford University Press. Beauchamp, T. L., Walters, L., Kahn, J. P., & Mastroianni, A. C. (2013). Contemporary issues in bioethics (8th ed.). New York, NY: Cengage.

Author: Margaret Burkhardt

Publisher: Elsevier Health Sciences

ISBN: 0323697348

Category: Medical

Page: 401

View: 246

Learn how to think beyond the theoretical in any environment. Ethics & Issues in Contemporary Nursing, 1st Edition examines the latest trends, principles, theories, and models in patient care to help you learn how to make ethically sound decisions in complex and often controversial situations. Written from a global perspective, examples throughout the text reflect current national and international issues inviting you to explore cases considering socio-cultural influences, personal values, and professional ethics. Historical examples demonstrate how to think critically while upholding moral and professional standards, as well as the law. Key topics throughout explore advocacy and rights, diversity, nurse burnout, mass casualty events, social media, violence in the workplace, medication error prevention, opioid and other substance use, HIPAA, and healthcare reform. In addition, this new title contains supplemental case studies and review questions to further challenge and prepare you to make morally sound decisions in any healthcare setting. NEW! Case Presentations from the United States and around the World address ethical dilemmas across the practice of nursing. NEW! Think About It boxes present provocative questions within every case presentation. NEW! Thoroughly up-to-date and well referenced content ensures material presented is accurate. NEW! Straightforward and conversational writing style makes content interesting and understandable. NEW! Review questions on Evolve allow students to practice what they have learned. NEW! Case studies on Evolve help students apply the theoretical concepts they have learned. NEW! Ask Yourself questions integrated into each chapter help students understand the relevance of the material. NEW! Discussion questions and Activities within every chapter encourage students to think beyond the theoretical. NEW! Summary and Highlights within every chapter make it easier for students to thoroughly understand key elements.

Religious Methods and Resources in Bioethics

TEXT AND TRADITION IN CONTEMPORARY JEWISH BIOETHICS JEWISH ETHICS IN THE MODERN WORLD Modern Jewish ethics may be defined as the effort to develop positions on contemporary moral problems continuous with the values and norms expressed ...

Author: P.F. Camenisch

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9401583625

Category: Religion

Page: 345

View: 281

A volume on religious/theological methods in biomedical ethics inevitably of whether the methodological dimension can be distin raises the question guished from the various other things that go on in ethical discourse. It is difficult to answer this question definitively since many elements in moral conversation can be interpreted in different ways. Barbara Hilkert Andolsen illustrates this issue in this volume when she defines one of her crucial cate gories, gender justice, as being both procedural and substantive/normative. This difficulty of finally separating the methodological from the normative arises in many areas of contemporary ethical writing, both feminist and otherwise. Nevertheless, it seems that in many cases we can separate out the method ological issues with considerable precision. Albert Jonsen and James Childress achieve just such a sharp focus in their essays. This does not mean that a careful dissecting of their papers would not reveal normative elements lurking about their methodological points. It is simply to say that the issues they analyze and the positions they take are, at least prima facie, overwhelmingly method ological. They are much more about how we think about ethical matters than they are about what we think about them.