Department of State. Foreign Relations of the United States, 1945-1950: Emergence of the Intelligence Establishment. ... Department of Defense. Dictionary of Military and Associated Terms. Washington, 224 CREATING THE SECRET STATE.
Author: David F. Rudgers
Category: Political Science
Formerly a staff archivist for the National Archives and a senior intelligence analyst with the Central Intelligence Agency, Rudgers challenges the popular view that the Agency was principally the brainchild of former OSS chief William J. Donovan. Rather, he explains, the centralization of intelligence was part of a larger reorganization of the US government during the transition from World War II to the Cold War. He also documents how it swerved from its original purpose of guarding against sneak attacks to taking part in clandestine activity against the Soviet Union. Annotation copyrighted by Book News, Inc., Portland, OR
Cited in Rudgers, Creating the Secret State, 150. “Minutes_of_the_Meeting_20_Nov_1947.PDF,”Creating Global Intelligence, https://www.cia.gov/library/readingroom/docs/Minutes_of_the_Meeting_20_ Nov_1947.PDF.
Author: Brent Durbin
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
This book presents a thorough analysis of US intelligence reforms and their effects on national security and civil liberties.
Rudgers, Creating the Secret State, 38–39, 42; and Andrew, For the President's Eyes Only, 164. 33. Miller, Plain Speaking, 391. 34. Andrew, For the President's Eyes Only, 159. 35. Clifford with Holbrooke, Counsel to the President, 165; ...
Author: Richard E. Schroeder
Publisher: University of Missouri Press
Category: Political Science
This highly accessible book provides new material and a fresh perspective on American National Intelligence practice, focusing on the first fifty years of the twentieth century, when the United States took on the responsibilities of a global superpower during the first years of the Cold War. Late to the art of intelligence, the United States during World War II created a new model of combining intelligence collection and analytic functions into a single organization—the OSS. At the end of the war, President Harry Truman and a small group of advisors developed a new, centralized agency directly subordinate to and responsible to the President, despite entrenched institutional resistance. Instrumental to the creation of the CIA was a group known colloquially as the “Missouri Gang,” which included not only President Truman but equally determined fellow Missourians Clark Clifford, Sidney Souers, and Roscoe Hillenkoetter.
19 He singled out 'incompleteness' as the 'most important limitation on intelligence': Much ingenuity and effort is spent on making secret information difficult to acquire and hard to analyse. Although the intelligence process may ...
Author: Peter Hennessy
Publisher: Penguin UK
This updated edition of The Secret State revises Hennessy's picture of the Soviet threat that was presented to ministers from the last days of the Second World War to the 1960s. He maps the size and shape of the Cold War state built in response to that perceived threat, and traces the arguments successive generations of ministers, the military and civil servants have used to justify the British nuclear capability. He also adds new material exploring the threats presented by the IRA and radical Islamic terrorists post 9/11. In what circumstances would the Prime Minister authorize the use of nuclear force and how would his orders be carried out? What would the Queen be told and when? In this captivating new account, Peter Hennessy provides the best answers we have yet had to these questions.
... was paid to the question of the secret investigation by the Czechoslovak State Security (StB) between 1950 and 1951, its main limitation being the overseeing agency, the communist secret police, making their findings opposed to ...
Author: Václava Jandecková
Publisher: LIT Verlag Münster
"Jandečková pulls back the curtain to give us a glimpse of the inner workings of Communist Czechoslovakias secret police in connection both with the false border operation Kamen and the mysterious circumstances surrounding the death of Foreign Minister Jan Masaryk. A fascinating study that enhances our understanding of this tragic period." James R. Felak, University of Washington "The author has long experience with security police archives and brings together material never before presented in a joint analysis. The text will be very valuable to all who are interested in the operations of Soviet-style authorities and in secret police methods generally." Geoffrey Hosking, School of Slavonic and East European Studies, University College London "This study is a meticulously researched and convincingly argued masterpiece. It is also immensely readable and full of fascinating depictions of the personalities involved. It is a marvelous piece of work, a major contribution to our understanding of the early postwar years of the Cold War." Igor Lukes, Pardee School of Global Studies, Boston University
14 Robin W. Winks, Cloak and Gown: Scholars in the Secret War, 1939–1961 (New Haven, CT: Yale University Press, 2nd ed., 1996), 15–18. 15 David Rudgers, Creating the Secret State: The Origins of the Central Intelligence Agency, ...
Author: Richard H. Immerman
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
Category: Political Science
The Hidden Hand is a succinct accessible and up-to-date survey of the Central Intelligence Agency’s history from its inception in 1947 to the present. Covers both aspects of the CIA’s mission – the collection and analysis of intelligence and the execution of foreign policy through covert, paramilitary operations De-mythologizes the CIA’s role in America’s global affairs while addressing its place within American political and popular culture Written by an esteemed scholar and high-ranking officer in the intelligence community, drawing on the latest research Assesses the agency’s successes and failures, with an eye to the complex and controversial nature of the subject
The Secret State Police [ GESTAPO ] The first step towards the creation of a Secret State Police replacing the Political Police Forces of the various federal states was undertaken in Prussia by the law concerning the establishment of a ...
Author: United States. Office of Chief of Counsel for the Prosecution of Axis Criminality
conference to create a bipartisan coalition government . ” The fact that both the Liberals and Unionists were divided internally on important issues ( the Liberals on defence and foreign policy , the Unionists over protection and ...
Author: Richard C. Thurlow
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
This is a history of the secret activities of the British government in response to threats to the nation's well-being and stability during the twentieth century. It is based on intensive and widespread research in private and public archives and on documents many of which have only recently come to light or been made available. The dangers perceived by the state have been manifold and various, coming from within and from abroad. Anarchists, fascists, socialists, communists, the IRA, trades-unionists and animal activists as well as spies, terrorists and saboteurs have been the subject of undercover investigation, along with almost every large-scale movement from suffragettes to campaigners for peace and nuclear disarmament. The author describes the methods and people employed, and the mixed nature of their results. The British state has always seen itself as civil and liberal, but as Dr Thurlow shows it has sometimes been far from open. The government has had many weapons at its disposal, from public order acts, censorship, internment and proscription on the one hand, to covert operations, infiltration and manipulation on the other. Yet when examined in the light of new evidence, the activities of the state are fully comprehensible only in terms of those who comprised it. The author shows the tensions among the departments (between MI5, MI6, SIS and the Special Branch, for example), and the crucial part played by individuals whose motives were often far from what the government supposed them to be. This is an at times disturbing, at others almost comical, but always fascinating account. It throws light on the inmost workings of the state, as well as on the movements and people subject to investigation and action.
Quoted in David F. Rudgers, Creating the Secret State: The Origins of the Central Intelligence Agency, 1943–1947 (University Press of Kansas, 2000), 194. 5. Walter Trohan, “New Deal Plans Super Spy System: Sleuths Would Snoop on U.S. ...
Author: Mary Graham
Publisher: Yale University Press
A “succinct and well-written” look at how presidents use secrecy to protect the nation, foster diplomacy—and gain power (The Wall Street Journal). Ever since the nation’s most important secret meeting—the Constitutional Convention—presidents have struggled to balance open, accountable government with necessary secrecy in military affairs and negotiations. For the first one hundred and twenty years, a culture of open government persisted, but new threats and technology have long since shattered the old bargains. Today, presidents neither protect vital information nor provide the open debate Americans expect. Mary Graham tracks the rise in governmental secrecy that began with surveillance and loyalty programs during Woodrow Wilson’s administration, explores how it developed during the Cold War, and analyzes efforts to reform the secrecy apparatus and restore oversight in the 1970s. Chronicling the expansion of presidential secrecy in the Bush years, Graham explains what presidents and the American people can learn from earlier crises, why the attempts of Congress to rein in stealth activities don’t work, and why presidents cannot hide actions that affect citizens’ rights and values. “Engrossing . . . chilling and fascinating.” —Publishers Weekly (starred review)
Where Troy's 1970s - vintage Donovan and the CIA is encyclopedic in its presentation of the evidence , Creating the Secret State is a more readable primer — and the only full - length one - on CIA's origins . Rudgers's Creating the ...
Category: Intelligence service