Critical Appraisal of Medical Literature

CHAPTER 13 INTRODUCTION TO CRITICAL APPRAISAL OF MEDICAL
LITERATURE The first part of this book contains a background necessary to
determine how close to the truth the medical information written in an article is.

Author: David Marchevsky

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1461542057

Category: Medical

Page: 288

View: 532

Critical Appraisal of Medical Literature provides a step-by-step approach to help the reader reach a good level of proficiency in systematic critical appraisal of medical information. To this end, the book covers all the elements that are necessary to develop these skills and is a comprehensive guide to the subject. The book is written in three parts. The first part focuses on the logical justification and the validity of medical information. Its chapters present basic working definitions and discussions on relevant basic topics of statistics and epidemiology. The second part focuses on the complementary aspects of critique, common study designs and articles whose main topics are treatment, diagnosis, prognosis, aetiology, reviews, medical guidelines, audit, and qualitative research. The third part presents some statistical techniques that are commonly used in published articles. Critical Appraisal of Medical Literature is intended for those interested in developing critical appraisal skills such as psychiatric trainees preparing for the Critical Review Paper of the MRCPsych Examination in the UK, other practitioners as part of their preparation for examinations, and medical professionals and students as part of their introduction to aspects of systematic critical appraisal of medical information.

Evidence Based Medicine Workbook

The key purpose of this book is to enable the student to develop practical skills in clinical problem solving by reading and appraising published scientific literature in the form of exercises that begin and end with a clinical scenario.

Author: James Munro

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9780750625906

Category: Medical

Page: 224

View: 192

The key purpose of this book is to enable the student to develop practical skills in clinical problem solving by reading and appraising published scientific literature in the form of exercises that begin and end with a clinical scenario. Critical appraisal has become a vital skill for today's health professional. This book is aimed at all those who want or need to be able to use available research evidence to inform their professional practice. In a unique format, this book provides engaging and practical exercises in critically appraising scientific papers, leading the reader step by step through real examples from the medical literature. The exercises are designed to provide practice in key critical appraisal skills as well as to introduce new concepts and test understanding, and will appeal to readers from a wide range of backgrounds. Additional explanation is provided on the major topics in each exercise, together with references to suggested reading for those who wish to explore further. Also included are critical appraisal checklists which can be used in the appraisal and scoring of other published papers. The nine exercises are designed to complement one another and together they provide worked examples for each of the study designs in common use in clinical and health services research. 'Evidence-based Medicine: a critical appraisal for clinical problem-solving' will interest all medical students, public health specialists and clinicians interested in Evidence-Based Medicine. Teachers of Epidemiology and Medical Statistics will also find this a useful purchase.

Basic Medical Literature Critical Appraisal 101

Author:

Publisher:

ISBN: 9781300956884

Category:

Page:

View: 325


A Z of Medical Statistics

The book provides clear and succinct explanations of those terms frequently encountered in medical statistics, clarifying their meaning and showing the inter-dependency between various important concepts.

Author: Filomena Pereira-Maxwell

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9780340719404

Category: Medical

Page: 128

View: 721

Readers of medical literature are often overwhelmed by the language of statistics and research methodology while trying to extract the best clinical evidence available. 'A-Z of Medical Statistics' is an essential medical statistics dictionary for non-statisticians, and is therefore an invaluable companion for reading medical literature and critically appraising what is read. Statistics and research methods explained in the book's user-friendly A - Z format allow the reader to locate the information required and avoid the time-consuming process of scanning through whole chapters for relevant information. The book provides clear and succinct explanations of those terms frequently encountered in medical statistics, clarifying their meaning and showing the inter-dependency between various important concepts.

Nursing Research

The American Journal of Nursing (AJN) Book of the Year Awards recognized the 8th edition with a first-place award in the Nursing Research category.

Author: Geri LoBiondo-Wood

Publisher: Elsevier Health Sciences

ISBN: 0323100864

Category: Medical

Page: 598

View: 691

Now in full color, this easy-to-understand textbook offers a comprehensive introduction to nursing research concepts and methods. Evidence-based practice is emphasized throughout, with clear guidelines for evaluating research and applying scientific evidence to practice.

Pocket Guide to Critical Appraisal

This highly practical guide is written in a lively and jargon-free style and will be an indispensable companion to all health professionals and students.

Author: Iain Crombie

Publisher: BMJ Books

ISBN: 9780727910998

Category: Medical

Page: 78

View: 101

Everything you need to know to assess medical research is contained in this practical, accessible handbook. It provides a basic introduction to the principles and processes involved in critical appraisal, helping the researcher to make sense of the overwhelming mass of medical literature available

Medical Statistics

Holistic approach to understanding medical statistics This hands-on guide is much more than a basic medical statistics introduction.

Author: Jennifer Peat

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 0470755202

Category: Medical

Page: 336

View: 857

Holistic approach to understanding medical statistics This hands-on guide is much more than a basic medical statistics introduction. It equips you with the statistical tools required for evidence-based clinical research. Each chapter provides a clear step-by-step guide to each statistical test with practical instructions on how to generate and interpret the numbers, and present the results as scientific tables or graphs. Showing you how to: analyse data with the help of data set examples (Click here to download datasets) select the correct statistics and report results for publication or presentation understand and critically appraise results reported in the literature Each statistical test is linked to the research question and the type of study design used. There are also checklists for critically appraising the literature and web links to useful internet sites. Clear and concise explanations, combined with plenty of examples and tabulated explanations are based on the authors’ popular medical statistics courses. Critical appraisal guidelines at the end of each chapter help the reader evaluate the statistical data in their particular contexts.

FRCEM FINAL

Nowadays, the amount of health care research undertaken has grown significantly, especially over the past decades. Each year, hundreds of Medical journals are published containing thousands of reports of research studies.

Author: Moussa Issa

Publisher: Pgb Group Limited

ISBN: 9781999957551

Category: Medical

Page: 200

View: 247

Nowadays, the amount of health care research undertaken has grown significantly, especially over the past decades. Each year, hundreds of Medical journals are published containing thousands of reports of research studies.

Fundamentals of Evidence Based Medicine

This is a basic book on evidence-based medicine (EBM).

Author: Kameshwar Prasad

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 8132208315

Category: Medical

Page: 154

View: 688

This is a basic book on evidence-based medicine (EBM). It starts with an introduction to the topic. It outlines the relationship between EBM and research and quality of care. Then It goes on to cover the most commonly used modules of EBM, i.e. therapy, diagnosis, prognosis and meta-analysis. Each module starts with an introduction to fundamental concepts, and description of the related research process, and then follows the critical appraisal of related type of research artcle. At the end, it covers the different systems of grading of level of evidence and strength of recommendations. The book also has three examples of critical appraisal on diagnosis, therapy, and meta-analysis.​

Pocket Medical Statistics

Now presented in a handy pocket format, this expanded second edition is an invaluable companion for the reading and critical appraisal of medical literature, the latter now widely recognised to be a practical lifelong skill required by all ...

Author: Filomena Pereira-Maxwell

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9781444167344

Category: Medical

Page: 272

View: 730

This concise dictionary of essential statistical terminology is an invaluable jargon-free aid to critical appraisal, which has been designed specifically with the needs of the clinician and health care practitioner in mind. Avoiding the complex language that is so often a feature of statistics and research methodology, Pocket Medical Statistics provides clear and succinct explanations, clarifying meaning and showing the interdependencies between important concepts. Now presented in a handy pocket format, this expanded second edition is an invaluable companion for the reading and critical appraisal of medical literature, the latter now widely recognised to be a practical lifelong skill required by all medical practitioners and researchers.

The Doctor s Guide to Critical Appraisal

This work includes exercises for the reader to work through independently to improve their technique. It uses case scenarios, diagrams and tables to illustrate various points.

Author: Narinder Kaur Gosall

Publisher: PasTest Ltd

ISBN: 9781905635023

Category: Evidence-based medicine

Page: 174

View: 750

Provides a range of sample comparative journal extracts enabling Foundation Year doctors and MRCGP and MRCPsych candidates to practise their critical appraisal skills. This work includes exercises for the reader to work through independently to improve their technique. It uses case scenarios, diagrams and tables to illustrate various points.

Nursing and Midwifery Research

The text has been restructured into three sections. Section 1 Research Awareness sets the scene for the importance of nursing and midwifery research and provides an overview of research theory and practice as processes.

Author: Dean Whitehead

Publisher: Elsevier Health Sciences

ISBN: 0729581373

Category: Medical

Page: 432

View: 383

The new edition upholds the premise that knowledge about research process and design is mandatory in today's health care arena, and that all nurses and midwives need to understand research findings and their implication for changing practice. It is completely revised with many new chapters. The text has been restructured into three sections. Section 1 Research Awareness sets the scene for the importance of nursing and midwifery research and provides an overview of research theory and practice as processes. Chapters on searching for and reviewing the literature provide detailed advice for undergraduates and facilitate access to research articles online. One of the new chapters discusses ethical issues in Australia and New Zealand. Section 2 Appreciation and Application provides a detailed discussion of qualitative, quantitative and mixed methods research approaches with many useful examples from the clinical area. Section 3 Conducting primary research is new and is designed to accommodate both undergraduate and postgraduate students in their research effort. Writing research proposals may be a requirement for undergraduates in their research program and postgraduates will find the information useful for undertaking a higher degree or applying for university or external funding. This final Section is also useful as a guide on disseminating and publishing conducted research findings. Combined Australian and New Zealand editorship ensures greater trans-Tasman coverage, awareness and relevance. Contributions from international luminaries are balanced by a heightened focus on research conducted within Australia and New Zealand. New edition conscientiously recognises midwifery research as related to but independent from nursing. The research process-driven approach is directed towards ‘consumers' of research, and the comprehensive coverage extends from undergraduate through to a postgraduate level of knowledge. Expanded pedagogy includes Key Terms and Learning Outcomes at the beginning of each chapter; Icons throughout that direct readers to web-based material; Evidence-based Tips, Research in Brief boxes and Points to Ponder for constant reinforcement that links evidence to practice. Integrated Tutorial Triggers with suggested answers provided and Multiple Choice Questions enable students to assess their understanding of key points. Evolve Website provides True/False questions and access to journal articles cited in the text, with additional reflective questions. Australian adaptation of Nursing Research: Lobiondo-Wood & Haber

How to Read a Paper

This is a text that explains the meaning of critical appraisal and terms such as 'numbers needed to treat', 'how to search the literature', 'evaluate the different types of papers' and 'put the conclusions to clinical use'.

Author: Trisha Greenhalgh

Publisher: BMJ Books

ISBN: 1405139765

Category: Medical

Page: 248

View: 905

How to Read a Paper is one of the bestselling texts on evidence-based medicine, used by health care professionals and medical students worldwide. Trisha Greenhalgh’s ability to explain the basics of evidence-based medicine in an accessible and readable way means the book is an ideal introduction for all, from first year students to experienced practitioners. This is a text that explains the meaning of critical appraisal and terms such as 'numbers needed to treat', 'how to search the literature', 'evaluate the different types of papers' and 'put the conclusions to clinical use'. New features of the third edition include: New discussion putting evidence-based medicine into the current context, with more emphasis on patient perspectives Increased coverage of qualitative research in evidence-based medicine New information on literature sources and search mechanisms

Doing A Literature Review In Health And Social Care A Practical Guide

This popular book demystifies literature reviewing and answers the questions students have about how to tackle the process.

Author: Aveyard, Helen

Publisher: McGraw-Hill Education (UK)

ISBN: 0335263070

Category: Medical

Page: 190

View: 730

This popular book demystifies literature reviewing and answers the questions students have about how to tackle the process.

Essential Evidence based Medicine with CD ROM

This is an ideal introductory text for medical students, health sciences students and a wide range of other healthcare professionals.

Author: Dan Mayer

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521712415

Category: Medical

Page: 445

View: 536

Essential Evidence-Based Medicine teaches the principles of research study methodology and design so that the reader can become better at critically analysing scientific and clinical studies. It describes the basic elements needed to understand biostatistics and epidemiology as applied to health care studies, and how to become a more discriminating reader of the medical literature by adopting the skills of critical appraisal. This new edition is extensively edited and updated, and includes two entirely new chapters on critical appraisal of qualitative research and communicating risks and evidence to patients. The text is geared towards the new learner, and assumes little clinical experience, starting with the basic principles of critical appraisal. A CD-ROM accompanies the book to enable students to test their learning through a series of questions, with answers provided. This is an ideal introductory text for medical students, health sciences students and a wide range of other healthcare professionals.

A Critical Appraisal of yurvedic Material in Buddhist Literature with Special Reference to Tripi aka

It can reasonably be assumed that numerous medical treatises must have existed
in the ages preceding the composition of these sainhitās but , since this literature
has not been preserved , historians of Indian Medicine are completely ...

Author: Jyotirmitra

Publisher:

ISBN:

Category: Medicine

Page: 512

View: 963


Essential Evidence Based Medicine

This is an ideal introductory text on Evidence Based Medicine (EBM) for medical students and all health-care professionals.

Author: Dan Mayer

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521540278

Category: Medical

Page: 381

View: 140

This is an ideal introductory text on Evidence Based Medicine (EBM) for medical students and all health-care professionals.

Bulletin of the Medical Library Association

The growth rate of the medical literature , the volume of unpursued clinical
questions , and the increasing time constraints faced by ... As illustrated by this
analysis of questions addressed by CICS librarians , trained information
specialists working in the clinical context ... evidence - based medicine and
function as the " critical link between the huge body of information hidden away in
the medical literature ...

Author: Medical Library Association

Publisher:

ISBN:

Category: Classification

Page:

View: 787


Research in Medical Education

Thus , physicians need to be trained to identify the relevant medical literature ( i .
e . , information - seeking skills ) and to apply " critical appraisal ” techniques to
analyze potentially useful articles culled from the literature search . There is little
 ...

Author:

Publisher:

ISBN:

Category: Medical education

Page:

View: 841


Evidence based Medicine

The final three chapters consist of a guide on how to appraise and evaluate
scientific papers and other types of evidence in a critical , constructive and
practical way . For further comment on the critical appraisal of medical literature
by GPs ...

Author: Lesley Grayson

Publisher: Psychology Press

ISBN:

Category: Clinical medicine

Page: 124

View: 308

What is evidence-based medicine? - Evidence-based medicine as a policy issue : Government interest ; The National Health Service response - Source of evidence : Centre for Evidence-Based Medicine ; Health Technology Assessment Programme ; NHS Centre for Reviews and Dissemination ; UK Clearing House for Information on the Assessment of Health outcomes ; UK Cochrane Centre/Cochrane Collaboration - Getting evidence into practice : the professional debate ; Teaching and learning EBM ; Audit and guidelines ; The role of libraries - The patient perspective