Democracy and Constitutional Politics in Iran

The book explicates the paradox that after over a hundred years of struggle for freedom, the Iranian people currently have less of it than they did a hundred years ago at this time.

Author: Farshad Malek-Ahmadi

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 1137413948

Category: Social Science

Page: 221

View: 799

An inquisitive socio-historical analysis of the long road Iran has traveled in quest of constitutionalism and democracy. The book explicates the paradox that after over a hundred years of struggle for freedom, the Iranian people currently have less of it than they did a hundred years ago at this time.

Democracy in Iran

In this book, Ali Gheissari and Vali Nasr look at the political history of Iran in the modern era, and offer an in-depth analysis of the prospects for democracy to flourish there.

Author: Ali Gheissari

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780198040873

Category: Political Science

Page: 232

View: 951

Today Iran is once again in the headlines. Reputed to be developing nuclear weapons, the future of Iraq's next-door neighbor is a matter of grave concern both for the stability of the region and for the safety of the global community. President George W. Bush labeled it part of the "Axis of Evil," and rails against the country's authoritarian leadership. Yet as Bush trumpets the spread of democracy throughout the Middle East, few note that Iran has one of the longest-running experiences with democracy in the region. In this book, Ali Gheissari and Vali Nasr look at the political history of Iran in the modern era, and offer an in-depth analysis of the prospects for democracy to flourish there. After having produced the only successful Islamist challenge to the state, a revolution, and an Islamic Republic, Iran is now poised to produce a genuine and indigenous democratic movement in the Muslim world. Democracy in Iran is neither a sudden development nor a western import, Gheissari and Nasr argue. The concept of democracy in Iran today may appear to be a reaction to authoritarianism, but it is an old idea with a complex history, one that is tightly interwoven with the main forces that have shaped Iranian society and politics, institutions, identities, and interests. Indeed, the demand for democracy first surfaced in Iran a century ago at the end of the Qajar period, and helped produce Iran's surprisingly liberal first constitution in 1906. Gheissari and Nasr seek to understand why democracy failed to grow roots and lost ground to an autocratic Iranian state. Why was democracy absent from the ideological debates of the 1960s and 1970s? Most important, why has it now become a powerful social, political, and intellectual force? How have modernization, social change, economic growth, and the experience of the revolution converged to make this possible?

The Constitution of Iran

Chronicling and analyzing political life in Iran since the revolution, this text sets out to demonstrate the gradual transformation of the state from intended theocracy and republic to a hierocracy in which Islam and the shari`a play a ...

Author: Asghar Schirazi

Publisher: I.B. Tauris

ISBN:

Category: History

Page: 325

View: 424

With the recent landslide election victory of the reformist President Khatami in Iran, the relationship between religion and politics in Islam is likely to change dramatically. This book is a milestone in our understanding of the ideology and practice of an Islamic state. Asghar Schirazi chronicles and analyzes political life in Iran since the revolution, showing the gradual transformation of the state from intended theocracy and republic to a hierocracy in which Islam and the shari'a play a subordinate role. He thus provides the context for the dramatic debate between reformists and traditionalists in Iran. Schirazi addresses the major contradictions inherent in the Iranian constitution--between its legalistic and democratic components on the one hand, and between the alleged potential of a legally and ideologically interpreted Islam to resolve social problems as against the growing evidence that this Islam is an inadequate legal and political basis for government. He charts the gradual replacement of Islamic legalism with a political practice based centrally on the interests of the state, and points to a growing crisis of the shari'a that will open the way for possible developments of Islam in the future.

Shia Islam and Politics

KHOMEINI'S RETURN TO IRAN By the time Khomeini had returned to Iran, its
government, military, economy, and internal ... vision of a largely secular,
democratic, and constitutional government in Iran's Islamic Revolution and Its
Aftermath 57.

Author: Jon Armajani

Publisher: Lexington Books

ISBN: 1793621365

Category: Religion

Page: 252

View: 773

This book argues that ever since Iran’s Islamic Revolution in 1979, which established a Shia Islamic government in Iran, that country’s religious and political leaders, have used Shia Islam as a crucial way of expanding Iran’s objectives in the Middle East and beyond. Since 1979, Iran’s religious and political leaders have been concerned about Iran’s security in the face of the hostility and expansionism of the United States and other western countries, and the threats from powerful neighboring Sunni leaders and countries. While Iran’s government has attempted to align itself with Shia Muslims in various countries, such as Iraq and Lebanon, against American and Sunni expansionism, the Iranian government has attempted to religiously nourish and politically mobilize those Shias as a matter of principle, not only because of the Iranian government’s desires to protect Iran from external threats. The book analyzes Shia Islam and politics in Iraq, Iraq, and Lebanon which have among the largest proportional Shia populations in the Middle East and are vibrant centers of Shia intellectual life. The book's clear and jargon-free approach make it especially accessible for students and general readers who would like an introduction to the book's topics.

Promoting Pluralism and Democracy in the Middle East

Some observers believe Iran is experiencing a return to pragmatic
reconstructionism . Some systematic change has occurred in Iran . There is a
constitutional political system in place . They elected a 270 - person parliament ,
a cabinet ...

Author: United States. Congress. House. Committee on Foreign Affairs. Subcommittee on Europe and the Middle East

Publisher:

ISBN:

Category: Democracy

Page: 71

View: 576


Rule of Law Islam and Constitutional Politics in Egypt and Iran The

By comparing Islam and the rule of law in these two nations, one Sunni and Arab-speaking, the other Shi>ite and Persian-speaking, this volume enriches the current debate on Islam and democracy, making for a more nuanced understanding and ...

Author: Said Amir Arjomand

Publisher: SUNY Press

ISBN: 1438445989

Category: Law

Page: 338

View: 168

A comparative analysis of the ways in which Islam has become entangled with the process of democratization in both Egypt & Iran, authoritarian regimes that have faced increasing demands for reform.

Civil Society and Democracy in Iran

They describe the role of Iranian civil society in the process of transition to democracy in Iran and offer insight about the enduring legacy of previous social and political movements—starting with the Constitutional Revolution of ...

Author: Ramin Jahanbegloo

Publisher: Lexington Books

ISBN: 0739172239

Category: Political Science

Page: 318

View: 113

In this timely, informative edited volume, major Iranian scholars and civic actors address some of the most pressing questions about Iranian civil society and the process of democratization in Iran. They describe the role of Iranian civil society in the process of transition to democracy in Iran and offer insight about the enduring legacy of previous social and political movements—starting with the Constitutional Revolution of 1906— in the struggle for democracy in Iran. Each contributor looks at different aspects of Iranian civil society to address the complex nature of the political order in Iran and the possibilities for secularization and democratization of the Iranian government. Various contributors analyze the impact of religion on prevailing democratic thought, discussing reformist religious movements and thinkers and the demands of religious minorities. Others provide insight into the democratic implications of recent Iranian women’s rights movements, call for secularism within government, and the pressure placed on the existing theocracy by the working class. The contributors address these and related issues in all their richness and complexity and offer a set of discussions that is both accessible and illuminating for the reader.

The Rise and Fall of Peace on Earth

In Iran the forces pressing for democracy are probably stronger, in relation to the
opposition mounted by the regime, than in Russia and China. ... Finally, Iran does
have a history of intermittent constitutional government, going back to 1909.

Author: Michael Mandelbaum

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

ISBN: 0190935936

Category: Political Science

Page: 218

View: 466

In The Rise and Fall of Peace on Earth, Michael Mandelbaum examines the peaceful quarter century after the end of the Cold War. He describes how the period came about and why it ended, arguing that individual countries overturned peaceful, political, and military arrangements in Europe, Asia, and the Middle East, thereby affecting the rest of the world. He also probes prospects for the revival of peace in the future and stresses the importance of democracy and civil liberties across borders.

Iranian Proliferation

... to “ terrorize your enemy " -meaning the U.S. - and lobbied for all Iraqis to
cooperate to bring about a constitutional government . ... Iran has been preparing
to do this for many years and has recruited political , military , and covert agent
assets among the hundreds of ... The murders of several prominent Shi'ite clerical
leaders who favored democracy and cooperation with the Coalition repeats Iran's
 ...

Author: United States. Congress. House. Committee on International Relations. Subcommittee on the Middle East and Central Asia

Publisher:

ISBN:

Category: Nuclear nonproliferation

Page: 70

View: 420


Constitution Democracy and State Power Constitutional government

According to Richard Tuck , Hobbes ' s earliest political writing ( The Elements of
Law ) was provoked by this ... see Harold Hongju Koh , The National Security
Constitution : Sharing Power After the Iran - Contra Affair ( New Haven , Conn .

Author: Joshua Cohen

Publisher:

ISBN:

Category: Constitutional history

Page:

View: 576


QUEST FOR DEMOCRACY IN IRAN C

" "In an original account of the revolution of 1978-1979, which overthrew the monarchy, Azimi underlines the salience of democratic aspirations and shows how the rise of the Islamic Republic has boosted the deeply rooted democratic urges in ...

Author: Fakhreddin AZIMI

Publisher: Harvard University Press

ISBN: 0674020367

Category: History

Page: 492

View: 655


The Iranian Reform Movement

This book analyzes the reform movement in Iran and traces its political roots from the beginning of the 20th century to its relative demise with the purging of the Green Movement after the 2009 disputed elections.

Author: Majid Mohammadi

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 331990969X

Category: Political Science

Page: 342

View: 540

This book analyzes the reform movement in Iran and traces its political roots from the beginning of the 20th century to its relative demise with the purging of the Green Movement after the 2009 disputed elections. The author explains how this movement was shaped in a country with an authoritarian Islamist regime, how it grew, and what its achievements are, including its failures and setbacks. The project will appeal to scholars and students in the fields of Middle Eastern politics and sociology, Iranian politics, democracy, and the US-Iran relations.

South Asia Bulletin

It suffices to say that the ethnic identity of political power defines the boundaries
of the democratic political process ... The concept of ethnic minority in the Iranian
constitution is strictly cultural ; it has no juridico - political identity , bearing no ...

Author:

Publisher:

ISBN:

Category: South Asia

Page:

View: 591


Constitutional Government and Democracy

dent , 108 – 109 Judicial restraint , and constitutional government , 114 Judicial
review , of constitution , 249 – 265 ; and ... International War Crimes Trials , 108
Investigative function , 360 – 361 , 422 Iran , 598 Iraq , constitutional weaknesses
 ...

Author: Carl Joachim Friedrich

Publisher: Waltham, Mass. : Blaisdell Publishing Company

ISBN:

Category: Constitutional history

Page: 728

View: 802


Polish Sociological Review

... Brook Democratization and the Constitutional Politics of Iran since 19971
Abstract : Iran provides an unusual and interesting case in what has been called
... Constitutional politics should not be confused with constitutionalism or
democracy .

Author:

Publisher:

ISBN:

Category: Poland

Page:

View: 936


The Iranian Constitutional Revolution 1906 1911

Author: Janet Afary

Publisher: Columbia University Press

ISBN: 9780231103503

Category: Political Science

Page: 448

View: 606

During the Iranian Constitutional Revolution of 1906 to 1911 a variety of forces played key roles in overthrowing a repressive regime. Afary sheds new light on the role of ordinary citizens and peasantry, the status of Iranian women, and the multifaceted structure of Iranian society.

Democracy Human Rights and Islam in Modern Iran

In the early 20th century , Iran witnessed major changes in the political structure
of the state . A constitutional government replaced the despotic one . During the
Pahlavi Dynasty , which replaced the Qajar Dynasty , the drive to modernize the ...

Author: Uichol Kim

Publisher:

ISBN:

Category: Children

Page: 519

View: 450

Henriette Sinding Aasen: Universal and Islamic conception of human rights and justice. Shahla Ezazi: Family in Iran. Shiva Daulatabadi: Education in Iran / Shiva Daulatabadi, Hassan Ashayeri & Morteza Majdfar. Shirin Ebadi: Democracy, human rights, and the Iranian government / Shirin Ebadi & Henriette Sinding Aasen. Fariborz Raisdana: Political economy of poverty in Iran. Krzysztof Gawlikowski: Dialogue among civilizations as a new challenge in the era of globalization.

Symposium on Religion Religious Pluralism and the Rule of Law

Constitutional Politics And Text In The New Iraq : An Experiment In Islamic
Democracy , 75 FORDHAM L . Rev . 883 ( 2006 ) . 221 . A recent comment
makes an excellent point on this score : The Iranian constitution parallels the Iraqi
 ...

Author:

Publisher:

ISBN:

Category: Freedom of religion

Page: 288

View: 867


Constitutional Politics in the Middle East

This book is the first comparative and interdisciplinary study of constitutional politics and constitution-making in the Middle East.

Author: Said Amir Arjomand

Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing

ISBN: 1847314058

Category: Law

Page: 222

View: 565

This book is the first comparative and interdisciplinary study of constitutional politics and constitution-making in the Middle East. The historical background and setting are fully explored in two substantial essays by Linda Darling and Saïd Amir Arjomand, placing the contemporary experience in the contexts, respectively, of the ancient Middle Eastern legal and political tradition and of the nineteenth and twentieth century legal codification and political modernization. These are followed by Ann Mayer's general analysis of the treatment of human rights in relation to Islam in Middle Eastern constitutions, and Nathan Brown's comparative scrutiny of the process of constitution-making in Iran, Afghanistan and Iraq with reference to the available constitutional theories which are shown to throw little or no light on it. The remaining essays are country by country case studies of Turkey, Afghanistan and Iraq, the case of Iran having been covered by Arjomand as the special point of reference. Mehmet Fevzi Bilgin examines the making and subsequent transformation of the Turkish Constitution of 1982 against current theories of constitutional and deliberative democracy, while Hootan Shambayati examines the institutional mechanism for protecting the ideological foundations of the Turkish Republic, most notably the Turkish Constitutional Court which offers a surprising parallel to the Iranian Council of Guardians. Arjomand's introduction brings together the bumpy experience of the Middle East along the long road to political reconstruction through constitution-making and constitutional reform, drawing some general analytical lessons from it and showing the consequences of the origins of the constitutions of Turkey and Iran in revolutions, and of Afghanistan and Iraq in war and foreign invasion.

Islamic Government and the Revolution in Iran

... 60 Constitution of the Islamic Republic of democracy , 11 , 13 , 37 , 4142 , 56 ,
62 Iran ( 1979 ) , 65 - 74 ' Democracy of Kilogramme , ' 56 constitutional
democracy , 13 demonstrations , 44 , 68 constitutional government , 13 , 59
dependence ...

Author: Sayed Hassan Amin

Publisher:

ISBN:

Category: Iran

Page: 74

View: 802