Scholars and Sultans in the Early Modern Ottoman Empire

6 scholars gained the status of novice during Süleyman's campaigns against
Belgrade (1521) and Rhodes (1522). However ... As scholar-bureaucrats were
becoming more aware of their distinct status, the empire's territories were
expanding.

Author: Abdurrahman Atc L.

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1107177162

Category: History

Page: 268

View: 417

This book examines the transformation of scholars into scholar-bureaucrats and discusses ideology, law and administration in the Ottoman Empire.

Dutch Scholarship in the Age of Empire and Beyond

The Board and director of KITLV did not hesitate in their choice of Kuitenbrouwer
as the historian of the institute. There was no one who had more knowledge of
the field; he was in fact one of the very few Dutch scholars doing research on
both ...

Author: Maarten Kuitenbrouwer

Publisher: BRILL

ISBN: 9004260366

Category: Political Science

Page: 350

View: 608

How was it possible for the Koninklijk Instituut voor Taal-, Land- en Volkenkunde (KITLV) to grow from a learned society with fewer than a hundred members and only one partly salaried employee in 1851 into a modern professional institute with 1800 members and a staff of over fifty in 2001? This book provides the answer to this question.

The Decline and Fall of the Roman Empire Volume 3 Scholar s Choice Edition

This work has been selected by scholars as being culturally important, and is part of the knowledge base of civilization as we know it.

Author: Edward Gibbon

Publisher: Scholar's Choice

ISBN: 9781293948996

Category:

Page: 676

View: 724

This work has been selected by scholars as being culturally important, and is part of the knowledge base of civilization as we know it. This work was reproduced from the original artifact, and remains as true to the original work as possible. Therefore, you will see the original copyright references, library stamps (as most of these works have been housed in our most important libraries around the world), and other notations in the work. This work is in the public domain in the United States of America, and possibly other nations. Within the United States, you may freely copy and distribute this work, as no entity (individual or corporate) has a copyright on the body of the work.As a reproduction of a historical artifact, this work may contain missing or blurred pages, poor pictures, errant marks, etc. Scholars believe, and we concur, that this work is important enough to be preserved, reproduced, and made generally available to the public. We appreciate your support of the preservation process, and thank you for being an important part of keeping this knowledge alive and relevant.

Luke s Jesus in the Roman Empire and the Emperor in the Gospel of Luke

Introduction Recent scholarship has drawn particular attention to several issues
relating to politics, imperial cults, and ... from its historical setting, the empire.3
one of the main reasons for modern scholars' greater attention to Luke's Gospel
in ...

Author: Pyung Soo Seo

Publisher: Wipf and Stock Publishers

ISBN: 1498200540

Category: Religion

Page: 208

View: 579

Luke provides valuable clues to an understanding of the religious and political power of the Roman Empire through Jesus's birth and trial accounts. Also, the book analyzes what role Luke's tax-related accounts play in relation to the emperor's authority. This volume presents a new argument: Luke emphasizes Jesus's interaction with tax collectors as a way of displaying his moral authority, seen in his intervening effectively with one of the most hated aspects of the empire, an aspect that the emperor was responsible for and should have dealt with. This analysis helps us examine Luke's portrayal of Jesus's authority with a focus on the titles "benefactor" and "savior." Comparisons and contrasts are to be made between Jesus and the emperor. Thus, this study discusses how Luke elevates Jesus's authority on the basis of his stance toward the emperor.

Scholars of the Arab Empire

SCHOLARS OF THE ARAB EMPIRE Ву Wajih I. Saadeh “ Scholars of the Arab
Empire " by Dr. Saadeh , is a continuation of the author's first published book “
Arab Learning Enlightens the West , ” in which he traced the development and ...

Author: Wajih Ibrahim Saadeh

Publisher:

ISBN:

Category: Islamic Empire

Page: 62

View: 677


The Arabs of the Ottoman Empire 1516 1918

Scholars. and. Saints. Intellectual. Life. in. the. Ottoman. Arab. Lands. Ibrahim al-
Khiyari, a scholar from Medina, set out for ... As most of the scholarship produced
by the empire's ulama was in Arabic, regardless of the language they spoke at ...

Author: Bruce Masters

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1107033632

Category: History

Page: 261

View: 125

This book discusses the role of Arabs in the Ottoman Empire for the four centuries that they were its subjects. The conventional wisdom was that the Arabs were a subject people who resented or, at best, were indifferent to their Ottoman overlords. This book argues that two social classes - Sunni religious scholars and urban notables - were willing collaborators in the imperial enterprise, and without whose support the Ottoman Empire would not have ruled the Arab lands for as long as they did.

Informal Empire and the Rise of One World Culture

The idea of informal empire is largely about the rationalization of the world and
the responses that rationalization has produced. As this chapter illustrates,
scholars, politicians, public intellectuals and others have handled with dexterity
the idea ...

Author: G. Barton

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 113731592X

Category: History

Page: 263

View: 531

Informal empire is a key mechanism of control that explains much of the configuration of the modern world. This book traces the broad outline of westernization through elite formations around the world in the modern era. It explains why the world is western and how formal empire describes only the tip of the iceberg of British and American power.

The Political State of the British Empire

The College of Eton was founded by Henry VI . in the 19th year of his reign , anno
1440 , for a provost , ten priests , four clerks , fix choristers , twenty - five poor
grammar scholars , and twenty - five poor men . Henry Sever was the first provost
 ...

Author: John Adolphus

Publisher:

ISBN:

Category: Great Britain

Page:

View: 367


Transformation of Muslim Mystical Thought in the Ottoman Empire

In studying the Ottoman Empire, many scholars have focused heavily on the
social, economic, and political history of its various regions, while neglecting the
field of religious and cultural history. Specialists in the field, regardless of
nationality ...

Author: John J Curry

Publisher: Edinburgh University Press

ISBN: 0748686916

Category: Religion

Page: 352

View: 986

Based on careful study of the substantial and largely unpublished manuscript legacy left by the Halveti mystical order, one of the most influential Sufi orders in the Ottoman Empire, this is a history of the rise and spread of its Sa'baniyye branch betwee

Encyclopedia of the Ottoman Empire

The reformers who spearheaded this movement, which included Muhammad
Abduh and his students in Cairo among others, felt that, over time, Islamic
scholars had obscured the true spirit and meaning of the Quran and the Sunna, ...

Author: Ga ́bor A ́goston

Publisher: Infobase Publishing

ISBN: 1438110251

Category: Electronic books

Page: 689

View: 747

Presents a comprehensive A-to-Z reference to the empire that once encompassed large parts of the modern-day Middle East, North Africa, and southeastern Europe.

The political state of the British empire containing a general view of the domestic and foreign possessions of the crown the laws commerce revenues offices and other establishements civil and military

The College of Eton was founded by Henry VI . in the 19th year of his reign , anno
1440 , for a provost , ten priests , four clerks , fix choristers , twenty - five poor
grammar scholars , and twenty - five poor men . Henry Sever was the first provost
 ...

Author: John Adolphus

Publisher:

ISBN:

Category:

Page:

View: 880


Christian Schools and Scholars

The fatal step taken by Louis the Debonnaire , of dividing his dominions among
his sons during his lifetime , plunged the whole empire into a civil war , which
resulted in his own deposition , and which did not cease on his death . The
various ...

Author: Augusta Theodosia Drane

Publisher:

ISBN:

Category: Church and education

Page: 738

View: 738


The Everlasting Empire

... in the Chinese empire's exceptional longevity persisted.1 In turn it led Western
scholars to investigate numerous aspects of Chinese political thought, values,
and modes of sociopolitical behavior—what today may be called “political culture
.

Author: Yuri Pines

Publisher: Princeton University Press

ISBN: 0691134952

Category: History

Page: 245

View: 341

Established in 221 BCE, the Chinese empire lasted for 2,132 years before being replaced by the Republic of China in 1912. During its two millennia, the empire endured internal wars, foreign incursions, alien occupations, and devastating rebellions--yet fundamental institutional, sociopolitical, and cultural features of the empire remained intact. The Everlasting Empire traces the roots of the Chinese empire's exceptional longevity and unparalleled political durability, and shows how lessons from the imperial past are relevant for China today. Yuri Pines demonstrates that the empire survived and adjusted to a variety of domestic and external challenges through a peculiar combination of rigid ideological premises and their flexible implementation. The empire's major political actors and neighbors shared its fundamental ideological principles, such as unity under a single monarch--hence, even the empire's strongest domestic and foreign foes adopted the system of imperial rule. Yet details of this rule were constantly negotiated and adjusted. Pines shows how deep tensions between political actors including the emperor, the literati, local elites, and rebellious commoners actually enabled the empire's basic institutional framework to remain critically vital and adaptable to ever-changing sociopolitical circumstances. As contemporary China moves toward a new period of prosperity and power in the twenty-first century, Pines argues that the legacy of the empire may become an increasingly important force in shaping the nation's future trajectory.

Timbuktu and the Songhay Empire

CHAPTER NINE SCHOLARS AND HOLYMEN OF TIMBUKTU {27} This is an
account of some of the scholars and holymen who dwelt in Timbuktu generation
after generation — may God Most High have mercy on them, and be pleased with
 ...

Author: John O. Hunwick

Publisher: BRILL

ISBN: 9789004128224

Category: Social Science

Page: 480

View: 999

The principal text translated in this volume is the "Ta'rikh Al-sudan" of the 17th-century Timbuktu scholar, 'Abd al-Rahman al-Sadi. The other documents include an English translation of Leo Africanus's description of West Africa and some letters relating to Sa'dian diplomacy.

Apocalypse Against Empire

Scholars have long recognized that apocalyptic literature originated as
resistance literature, even if was sometimes ... Second, Portier-Young has
immersed herself in the study of the Seleucid empire in a way that biblical
scholars seldom do.

Author: Anathea E. Portier-Young

Publisher: Wm. B. Eerdmans Publishing

ISBN: 080287083X

Category: History

Page: 488

View: 698

The year 167 B.C.E. marked the beginning of a period of intense persecution for the people of Judea, as Seleucid emperor Antiochus IV Epiphanes attempted -- forcibly and brutally -- to eradicate traditional Jewish religious practices. In Apocalypse against Empire Anathea Portier-Young reconstructs the historical events and key players in this traumatic episode in Jewish history and provides a sophisticated treatment of resistance in early Judaism. Building on a solid contextual foundation, Portier-Young argues that the first Jewish apocalypses emerged as a literature of resistance to Hellenistic imperial rule. In particular, Portier-Young contends, the book of Daniel, the Apocalypse of Weeks, and the Book of Dreams were written to supply an oppressed people with a potent antidote to the destructive propaganda of the empire -- renewing their faith in the God of the covenant and answering state terror with radical visions of hope.

Empire s Twilight

Few scholars possess the daunting linguistic and historical training necessary for
comprehensive study of the Mongol empire . At a minimum , scholars need a firm
command of classical Persian and Chinese , the major documentary ...

Author: David M. Robinson

Publisher: Harvard University Press

ISBN: 9780674036086

Category: History

Page: 439

View: 354

Four themes dominate this study of the late Mongol empire in Northeast Asia: the need for an all-inclusive regional perspective; pan-Asian integration under the Mongols; the tendency for individual and family interests to trump those of dynasty, country, or linguistic affiliation; and the need to see Koryŏ Korea as part of the wider Mongol empire.

Picturing Paul in Empire

In the case of 'Paul and Empire' scholarship, over a century ago, biblical scholars
impressed by new archaeological finds from the eastern Mediterranean were
quick to make connections and draw conclusions about the features of the
imperial ...

Author: Harry O. Maier

Publisher: A&C Black

ISBN: 0567192709

Category: Religion

Page: 256

View: 631

Pauline Christianity sprang to life in a world of imperial imagery. In the streets and at the thoroughfares, in the market places and on its public buildings and monuments, and especially on its coins the Roman Empire's imperial iconographers displayed imagery that aimed to persuade the Empire's diverse and mostly illiterate inhabitants that Rome had a divinely appointed right to rule the world and to be honoured and celebrated for its dominion. Harry O. Maier places the later, often contested, letters and theology associated with Paul in the social and political context of the Roman Empire's visual culture of politics and persuasion to show how followers of the apostle visualized the reign of Christ in ways consistent with central themes of imperial iconography. They drew on the Empire's picture language to celebrate the dominion and victory of the divine Son, Jesus, to persuade their audiences to honour his dominion with praise and thanksgiving. Key to this imperial embrace were Colossians, Ephesians, and the Pastoral Epistles. Yet these letters remain neglected territory in consideration of engagement with and reflection of imperial political ideals and goals amongst Paul and his followers. This book fills a gap in scholarly work on Paul and Empire by taking up each contested letter in turn to investigate how several of its main themes reflect motifs found in imperial images.

Empire in Question

She, along with a handful of scholars, has produced a body of work whose
impact has been nothing short of transformative as regards the ways in which
scholars study empires and imperialism. This body of work, new in itself, has
rejuvenated ...

Author: Antoinette Burton

Publisher: Duke University Press

ISBN: 0822349027

Category: History

Page: 392

View: 156

Essays written by Antoinette Burton since the mid-1990s trace her thinking about modern British history and engage debates about how to think about British imperialism in light of contemporary events.

United Empire

Another very thorny question has been that of the age at which the scholars shall
come to Oxford . The intention of the founder was that they should be of the same
age as the ordinary undergraduate . But it is found in practical working that the ...

Author:

Publisher:

ISBN:

Category:

Page:

View: 914


Dreams and Dreaming in the Roman Empire

One of the main problems with attempts to categorize dreams is that scholars
often use the same English word to describe categories in different ways to each
other. For example, Oppenheim does not believe that Enkidu's dream of the gods
in ...

Author: Juliette Harrisson

Publisher: A&C Black

ISBN: 1441189297

Category: History

Page: 240

View: 517

The history and literature of the Roman Empire is full of reports of dream prophecies, dream ghosts and dream gods. This volume offers a fresh approach to the study of ancient dreams by asking not what the ancients dreamed or how they experienced dreaming, but why the Romans considered dreams to be important and worthy of recording. Dream reports from historical and imaginative literature from the high point of the Roman Empire (the first two centuries AD) are analysed as objects of cultural memory, records of events of cultural significance that contribute to the formation of a group's cultural identity. The book also introduces the term 'cultural imagination', as a tool for thinking about ancient myth and religion, and avoiding the question of 'belief', which arises mainly from creed-based religions. The book's conclusion compares dream reports in the Classical world with modern attitudes towards dreams and dreaming, identifying distinctive features of both the world of the Romans and our own culture.