Essays on Ijtihad in the 21st Century

This book "Essays on Ijtihad in the 21st Century" is a compilation of independent articles written over a period of time, put together in a logical sequence.

Author: Abdul Hamid Jassat

Publisher:

ISBN: 9789388850087

Category: Fiction

Page: 184

View: 380

Due to the intellectual decline that has affected the Muslims throughout the last few centuries the subject of Ijtihad has become vague in the minds of many, unfortunately, including some thinkers as well as Ulema. Different extremes exist, some believe the doors of Ijtihad are closed whereas others have broken the doors of Ijtihad altogether. The following are some of the key misconceptions that have crept into the minds: a) The doors of Ijtihad are closed i.e. it is impossible and not permitted to undertake Ijtihad today. b) The scope of Ijtihad includes most things including definitive matters such as the prohibition of Riba (usury) and the prohibition of having nation states with a multiplicity of rulers in the Muslim world. It allows Islam to be reformed in order to apply to the modern age. c) Ijtihad is only personal reasoning and not the hukm of Allah i.e. it is the reasoning of an individual and therefore cannot be a shariah rule. d) Ijtihad is an individual obligation (Fard Ayn) and therefore Taqleed (following an opinion of a Mujtahid) is prohibited (haram). This book "Essays on Ijtihad in the 21st Century" is a compilation of independent articles written over a period of time, put together in a logical sequence. Written in a lucid language this book is a suitable read for all those who want to understand the practical reality of Ijithad and how it can be applied to the current reality. This key Islamic concept needs to be understood even more so in this era where the enemies of Islam attempt to defame it and portray it as a backward religion unable to deal with modernity and the challenges of the technologically advanced world. The doors of Ijtihad are not only open, rather it is a great Islamic duty, a fard kifaya (obligation of sufficiency) and the revealed method by which we are able to extract the rulings of Islam for all problems we face until the day of judgement. Besides the confusion over Ijtihad, there is ambiguity over the definition and conditions of a Mujtahid. This book explains the types of Mujtahid namely the Mujtahid Mazhab, Mujtahid Masála and Mujtahid Mutlaq.

Essays on Ijtihad in the 21st Century

This book “Essays on Ijtihad in the 21st Century” is a compilation of independent articles written over a period of time, put together in a logical sequence.

Author: Abu Ismael Al Beirawi

Publisher: www.MaktabaIslamia.com

ISBN:

Category: Religion

Page: 183

View: 919

Due to the intellectual decline that has affected the Muslims throughout the last few centuries the subject of Ijtihad has become vague in the minds of many, unfortunately, including some thinkers as well as Ulema. Different extremes exist, some believe the doors of Ijtihad are closed whereas others have broken the doors of Ijtihad altogether. The following are some of the key misconceptions that have crept into the minds: a) The doors of Ijtihad are closed i.e. it is impossible and not permitted to undertake Ijtihad today. b) The scope of Ijtihad includes most things including definitive matters such as the prohibition of Riba (usury) and the prohibition of having nation states with a multiplicity of rulers in the Muslim world. It allows Islam to be reformed in order to apply to the modern age. c) Ijtihad is only personal reasoning and not the hukm of Allah i.e. it is the reasoning of an individual and therefore cannot be a shariah rule. d) Ijtihad is an individual obligation (Fard Ayn) and therefore Taqleed (following an opinion of a Mujtahid) is prohibited (haram). This book “Essays on Ijtihad in the 21st Century” is a compilation of independent articles written over a period of time, put together in a logical sequence. Written in a lucid language this book is a suitable read for all those who want to understand the practical reality of Ijithad and how it can be applied to the current reality. This key Islamic concept needs to be understood even more so in this era where the enemies of Islam attempt to defame it and portray it as a backward religion unable to deal with modernity and the challenges of the technologically advanced world. The doors of Ijtihad are not only open, rather it is a great Islamic duty, a fard kifaya (obligation of sufficiency) and the revealed method by which we are able to extract the rulings of Islam for all problems we face until the day of judgement. Besides the confusion over Ijtihad, there is ambiguity over the definition and conditions of a Mujtahid. This book explains the types of Mujtahid namely the Mujtahid Mazhab, Mujtahid Masála and Mujtahid Mutlaq. Chapters of the book include: - Ijtihad and Applying it in the 21st Century – This chapter explains in detail what Ijtihad is, its scope and how it is indispensable for the Muslims to practice it. - Evidences for Ijtihad – This chapter clarifies that Ijtihad is not something new, rather it is something which is the part of Islam since the time of the Messenger of Allah (peace and blessings be upon him). - The Mujtahid – This chapter is about the conditions for Ijtihad and the types Mujtahid. - Exposing the Call for Reformation – This chapter elaborates how the word Ijithad is misused today by those who attempt to reform Islam and make it compatible with the secular liberal values. - Understanding Dar al-Kufr (land of disbelief) and Dar al-Islam (land of Islam). - Between Sufism and Salafism. - Moon sighting – Distinguishing between nationalism, political allegiance & fiqh (jurisprudence). - Understanding Illah (legal reason) and Qiyas (analogy).

The Bible Among Scriptures and Other Essays

But the gates of ijtihad ' were closed more than nine hundred years ago . Irshad
claims that ' to this very day , imitation of medieval norms has trumped innovation
in Islam . It's time to revive ijtihad to update Islam for the 21st century . ' The main
 ...

Author: Heikki Räisänen

Publisher: Mohr Siebeck

ISBN: 9783161534904

Category: Religion

Page: 374

View: 376

The essays by Heikki Raisanen (1941-2015) collected in this volume deal with a broad array of topics, ranging from early Christian identities to bibliodrama and other modern-day approaches to the scriptures. The exegetical studies in the first part explore issues related to early Christian eschatology, virginal conception, and Paul's complex argumentation about the Jews and their salvation in Romans 9-11. The essays on ancient and modern interpretations of the Bible in the second part pay special attention to ethical issues, address the "dark sides" of its reception, and discuss the biblical interpretations of Marcion and Joseph Smith. The third section comprises studies on the Bible and Qur'an, while the concluding chapter provides a comprehensive description of the Bible as scripture from a comparative perspective.

Resurgent Islam and the Politics of Identity

This collection of essays by Ali A. Mazrui, a distinguished scholar of Islam, discusses how Islam differentiates Muslims from non-Muslims and affects how Muslims view each other.

Author: Ali A. Mazrui

Publisher: Cambridge Scholars Publishing

ISBN: 1443869783

Category: Religion

Page: 190

View: 906

One of the most important functions of religion is to serve as a basis of identity. This collection of essays by Ali A. Mazrui, a distinguished scholar of Islam, discusses how Islam differentiates Muslims from non-Muslims and affects how Muslims view each other. In the light of the upheaval currently occurring in the Muslim world, this collection provides readers with valuable context for the challenges of modernity and multiculturalism faced by Muslims. In these essays, Mazrui deploys his formidable knowledge of theology, history, and Muslim societies to analyze the theological, historical, and political influences on Muslim identity. In his usual style of comparative analysis, Mazrui draws most frequently in these essays from examples in Africa, the Middle East, South Asia and Muslim communities in the West. These essays delve into the complexities of Muslim identity and stratification, and provide contributions to key debates on modern Islamic political ideology. These essays will be of interest to readers engaged with Islam, religion, culture, comparative politics and international relations.

Islam and the Challenges of Modernity

An Agenda for the Twenty First Century Dr. Shaukat Ali ... Gustave E . Von
Grunebaum , Islam : Essays in the Nature and Growth of Cultural Tradition , pp .
... 47 ( Sunnis have opposed ijtihad in matters of religion for a variety of reasons .

Author: Dr. Shaukat Ali

Publisher:

ISBN:

Category: Islam

Page: 467

View: 635


The History of Shi ism and Iranian Shi ism

Essentially approving of Abrahamian’s cited thesis, this essay attempts to illustrate that the Islamic Revolution, led by Ayatollah Khomeini, does not represent a movement driven by “religious fundamentalism” or “fanaticism,” but ...

Author: Sophie Duhnkrack

Publisher: GRIN Verlag

ISBN: 3640517040

Category: Political Science

Page: 10

View: 412

Essay from the year 2009 in the subject Politics - International Politics - Region: Near East, Near Orient, grade: 85, Ben Gurion University, course: Iran , language: English, abstract: Ervand Abrahamian introduces his work Khomeinism: Essays on the Islamic Republic with a discussion of two terms interesting for an analysis of the Islamic Revolution, particularly considering Western images of Khomeini and his movement: fundamentalism and populism. These ideologically loaded concepts depict the book’s central thesis, namely that fundamentalism is not an appropriate term for describing Khomeini, his ideas and movement. According to Abrahamian, it alludes “religious inflexibility, ... political traditionalism, ... social conservatism, the centrality of scriptural-doctrinal principles, [and] ... the rejection of the modern world.” He instead presents populism as a more apposite term, which “connotes attempts made by nation-states to enter that world.” The scholars Daniele Albertazzi and Duncam McDonnell define ‘populism’ in a widely accepted definition as an ideology which pits a virtuous and homogeneous people against a set of elites and dangerous ‘others’ who are together depicted as depriving (or attempting to deprive) the sovereign people of their rights, values, prosperity, identity and voice. Essentially approving of Abrahamian’s cited thesis, this essay attempts to illustrate that the Islamic Revolution, led by Ayatollah Khomeini, does not represent a movement driven by “religious fundamentalism” or “fanaticism,” but the Iranian way of emancipation from domestic and foreign oppression and domination, materialized by the Shah and the West. This thesis will be developed through exploring the Shi’ite history and especially its appearance in Iran. Furthermore it will continually explore the religion’s revolutionary and supposedly fanatical characteristics and its contribution to the 1979 revolution, which, as its leader Khomeini, Western mainstream media often denounce as fundamentalist and radical.

Religion Index One

Author:

Publisher:

ISBN:

Category: Religion

Page:

View: 223


Bangladesh on the Threshold of the Twenty first Century

Dhanda and Archana Parahar ( eds ) , Engendering Law : Essays in Honour of
Lolita Sarkar , Lucknow , 1999 , p . 339 at p.357 . 122. ... Muslim World , vol 56 (
1966 ) , p.10 ; most convincingly Wael B. Hallaq , " Was the Gate of Ijtihad Closed
?

Author: Fakrul Alam

Publisher:

ISBN:

Category: Bangladesh

Page: 598

View: 849

Contributed seminar articles relating to various progresses of Bangladesh in post-1971 period.

Global Political Islam

An accessible and comprehensive account of the global dimensions of political Islam in the twenty-first century, explaining political Islam, nationalism and globalization and providing a detailed account of Al Qaeda.

Author: Peter Mandaville

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134341350

Category: History

Page: 408

View: 329

An accessible and comprehensive account of the global dimensions of political Islam in the twenty-first century, explaining political Islam, nationalism and globalization and providing a detailed account of Al Qaeda.

Islam Politics Anthropology

Working with an intentionally broad understanding of politics, the volume considers not just the state, formal politics, and organizations, but also everyday politics and micropolitics - arenas where anthropology is especially adept at ...

Author: Filippo Osella

Publisher: Wiley-Blackwell

ISBN: 1444324411

Category: Religion

Page: 256

View: 575

Part of The Journal of the Royal Anthropological Institute Special Issue Book Series, Islam, Politics, Anthropology offers critical reflections on past and current studies of Islam and politics in anthropology and charts new analytical approaches to examining Islam in the post-9/11 world. Challenges current and past approaches to the study of Islam and Muslim politics in anthropology Offers a critical comprehensive review of past and current literature on the subject Presents innovative ethnographic description and analysis of everyday Muslim politics in Asia, Africa, the Middle East, and North America Proposes new analytical approaches to the study of Islam and Muslim politics

International Books in Print

Author:

Publisher:

ISBN:

Category: English imprints

Page:

View: 734


The Philosopher s Index

Author:

Publisher:

ISBN:

Category: Philosophy

Page:

View: 444

Vols. for 1969- include a section of abstracts.

Governments of the World

With the stifling of ijtihad , Islam turned inward until the nineteenth and early
twentieth century , when a group of Islamic ... This unequal treatment is
evidenced in polygamy , the need for a male relative to negotiate the marriage
contract for the ... An Essay on Islamic Cultural Relativism in the Discourse of
Human Rights .

Author: Chester Neal Tate

Publisher: MacMillan Reference Library

ISBN:

Category: Civil rights

Page: 4

View: 829


The British National Bibliography

Author: Arthur James Wells

Publisher:

ISBN:

Category: English literature

Page:

View: 212


DIE WAFFEN NIEDER

Author: Bertha von Suttner

Publisher:

ISBN:

Category:

Page: 309

View: 493


Sociological Abstracts

... The Other Critical Theory ; SA15095 Degrees of Interpretive Autonomy : ijtihad
and the Constraints of Competence and Context in Late Medieval ... of History :
The 1918 Essay ; SA12564 Interview with Clifford Geertz ; SA13239 Introduction :
Luce Irigaray and the Culture of ... Political Sociology for the 21st Century ;
SA13841 Emergence and Development of the Sociology of Tourism ; SA13706
Social ...

Author: Leo P. Chall

Publisher:

ISBN:

Category: Sociology

Page:

View: 545

CSA Sociological Abstracts abstracts and indexes the international literature in sociology and related disciplines in the social and behavioral sciences. The database provides abstracts of journal articles and citations to book reviews drawn from over 1,800+ serials publications, and also provides abstracts of books, book chapters, dissertations, and conference papers.

The American Interest

He assumes that Essay ( 2002 ) . ... sponsor of return to ijtihad , the use of reason
, will bring Islam international ideological aggression against the West , into the
21st century and promote a culture of plu- not just the intellectual inspiration for ...

Author:

Publisher:

ISBN:

Category: United States

Page:

View: 663


Endzeiten

Biographical note: Wolfram Brandes,Max-Planck-Institut für Rechtsgeschichte, Frankfurt a.M.; Felicitas Schmieder, Fernuniversität Hagen.

Author: Wolfram Brandes

Publisher: De Gruyter

ISBN:

Category: Religion

Page: 435

View: 890

Biographical note: Wolfram Brandes,Max-Planck-Institut für Rechtsgeschichte, Frankfurt a.M.; Felicitas Schmieder, Fernuniversität Hagen.

Cumulative Book Index

Author:

Publisher:

ISBN:

Category: American literature

Page:

View: 396

A world list of books in the English language.

Religion Index Two

Author:

Publisher:

ISBN:

Category: Religion

Page:

View: 748