Evolutionary Metaphors

The book presents a spiritual and philosophical foundation for the creative integration of our consciousness towards anomalous experience.

Author: David J. Moore

Publisher: John Hunt Publishing

ISBN: 1789040884

Category: Philosophy

Page: 176

View: 563

Evolutionary Metaphors is an exploration of the many occult, esoteric, imaginative as well as creative speculations that have resonated around the UFO phenomenon. Understanding the phenomena as an archetypal challenge to our cultural limitations, the author, David J. Moore, incorporates Colin Wilson’s optimistic ‘new existentialism’ with the recent studies in ufology. The book presents a spiritual and philosophical foundation for the creative integration of our consciousness towards anomalous experience. It is a call for what Carl Jung called ‘active imagination’ and Coleridge’s poetic-imaginative access to the deeper streams of consciousness - that which exists below the iceberg. By presenting a fresh approach in the inter-disciplinary spirit, Moore offers a vision into human existence - as well as the symbolical realities - that aims to integrate our evolutionary minds with a new understanding of reality.

The Major Metaphors of Evolution

The book will appeal to biologists, philosophers and historians alike. This book presents a unified evolutionary framework based on three sets of metaphors that will help to consolidate discussions on evolutionary transitions.

Author: Salvatore J. Agosta

Publisher: Springer Nature

ISBN: 3030520862

Category: Science

Page: 273

View: 243

This book presents a unified evolutionary framework based on three sets of metaphors that will help to consolidate discussions on evolutionary transitions. Evolution is the unifying principle of life, making identifying ways to apply evolutionary principles to tackle existence-threatening crises such as climate change crucial. A more cohesive evolutionary framework will further the discussions in this regard and also accelerate the process itself. This book lays out a framework based on three dualistic classes of metaphors – time, space, and conflict resolution. Evolutionary transitions theory shows how metaphors can help us understand selective diversification, as Darwin described with his “tree of life”. Moreover, the recently proposed Stockholm paradigm demonstrates how metaphors can help shed light on the emergence of complex ecosystems that Darwin highlighted with his “tangled bank” metaphor. Taken together, these ideas offer proactive measures for coping with existential crises for humanity, such as climate change. The book will appeal to biologists, philosophers and historians alike.

Evolutionary Processes and Metaphors

The purpose of the present volume is two-fold: to work towards a new evolutionary synthesis which takes full account of contemporary knowledge in all disciplines; and to examine explicitly the metaphorical basis of evolutionary theories old ...

Author: Mae-Wan Ho

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons Incorporated

ISBN:

Category: Science

Page: 333

View: 441

Evolutionary Processes and Metaphors Edited by Mae-Wan Ho, Department of Biology, The Open University, UK Sidney W. Fox, Institute for Molecular and Cellular Evolution, University of Miami, USA The current evolutionary debate encompasses protobiotic chemistry at one extreme and human sociobiology at the other. Meanwhile, significant advances continue to be made in many scientific disciplines which have far-reaching implications on our view of nature. Although it is now generally felt that neo-Darwinism, at least in its orthodox form, is no longer an adequate theory of evolution, very few attempts have yet been made to articulate a coherent alternative out of the many voices of dissent. The purpose of the present volume is two-fold: to work towards a new evolutionary synthesis which takes full account of contemporary knowledge in all disciplines; and to examine explicitly the metaphorical basis of evolutionary theories old and new, as this has a powerful impact on our humanistic perspectives which underpin all social and political actions. We have brought together representatives of two groups of workers: those who ultimately believe in working within a transformed neo-Darwinism, and others who advocate a more radical reorientation away from the orthodoxy. Despite their fundamentally different affiliations, they are nonetheless able to communicate on questions of evolutionary concepts and mechanisms and their wider relevance to science and society. New insights are presented on major issues such as the physicochemical underpinnings of life processes, the meaning of natural selection, the nature of variation, heredity and morphogenesis, the integration of organism and environment, the active role of the organism in evolution and the evolution of human society. The new synthesis which is emerging is an integrated, multilevel and multidisciplinary approach to evolution which accords not only with the state of present-day knowledge, but with our deepest experience of nature.

Biology as Society Society as Biology Metaphors

These are the criteria of evaluation that are obviously dependent on the context in which the transfer of meaning occurs. Our fundamental concern is indeed the transfer itself~ its prospects and its limits.

Author: Sabine Maasen

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9401106738

Category: Science

Page: 356

View: 597

not lie in the conceptual distinctions but in the perceived functions of metaphors and whether in the concrete case they are judged positive or negative. The ongoing debates reflect these concerns quite clearly~ namely that metaphors are judged on the basis of supposed dangers they pose and opportunities they offer. These are the criteria of evaluation that are obviously dependent on the context in which the transfer of meaning occurs. Our fundamental concern is indeed the transfer itself~ its prospects and its limits. Looking at possible functions of metaphors is one approach to under standing and elucidating sentiments about them. The papers in this volume illustrate, by quite different examples, three basic functions of metaphors: illustrative, heuristic~ and constitutive. These functions rep resent different degrees of transfer of meaning. Metaphors are illustrative when they are used primarily as a literary device, to increase the power of conviction of an argument, for example. Although the difference between the illustrative and the heuristic function of metaphors is not great, it does exist: metaphors are used for heuristic purposes whenever "differences" of meaning are employed to open new perspectives and to gain new insights. In the case of "constitutive" metaphors they function to actually replace previous meanings by new ones. Sabine Maasen in her paper introduces the distinction between transfer and transforma tion.

Evolutionary Innovations

Gould ' s reservations about transferring this metaphor are that : First , cultural
evolution can be faster by orders of magnitude than biological change at its
maximal Darwinian rate - - and questions of timing are of the essence in
evolutionary ...

Author: Maureen D. McKelvey

Publisher: Oxford University Press on Demand

ISBN:

Category: Science

Page: 319

View: 205

This work looks at biotechnology and evolutionary innovations

Speaking about the Brain Metaphors in popular scientific texts

2.2 A short diachronic overview of brain Metaphors As the focus of this thesis is
on analysing current popular scientific ... two metaphors: (1) the cybernetic
metaphor (“HUMANS ARE MACHINES”), and (2) the evolutionary metaphor (“
HUMANS ...

Author: Mihail Sotkov

Publisher: GRIN Verlag

ISBN: 3668035105

Category: Literary Collections

Page: 131

View: 575

Master's Thesis from the year 2014 in the subject English Language and Literature Studies - Linguistics, grade: 1,3, TU Dortmund (Institut für Anglistik und Amerikanistik), language: English, abstract: This paper deals with metaphorical representations of the human brain (i.e. brain metaphors) in popular scientific texts. A corpus consisting of forty (newspaper) articles is analysed by applying Fauconnier and Turner's Conceptual Integration Networks (1998, 2002). The work is embedded in the field of Cognitive Linguistics and tries to offer some insights in how we conceptualise the human brain in popular science, revealing the nature of meaning creation as well as sketching the reciprocal interdependence of the human brain and machines as the predominant popular scientific paradigm of conceptualising human nature.

Evolution and Institutions

Further, as social scientists began to reject biological explanations of human
attributes and behaviour in the early decades of the twentieth century, their
revulsion against biological thinking was such that biological and evolutionary
metaphors ...

Author: Geoffrey Martin Hodgson

Publisher: Edward Elgar Pub

ISBN:

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 345

View: 789

Considers the future of economics as a viable discipline. Along with evolutionary economics, examines the development of economic theory during the 20th century, highlighting the origins and consequences of the field's narrowing and its increasing irrelevance, and suggesting that it will be inadequate to cope with the complex ideas on the horizon. Analyzes some of the attempts to redirect theoretical economics to real world issues, then proposes a move away from mathematical formalization, greater tolerance for different approaches, and learning from biology and other sciences. Annotation copyrighted by Book News, Inc., Portland, OR

Columbia Law Review

V . Why EVOLUTION ? A surprising number of writers over the years have
proclaimed that law evolves . What explains this peculiar fascination with
evolutionary metaphors among legal scholars ? In part , the fascination with
evolution in ...

Author:

Publisher:

ISBN:

Category: Law

Page:

View: 799

Columbia Law Review publishes articles and book reviews of scholarly and professional interest by academic authors and practicing attorneys, as well as notes written by members of the review.

Journal of Evolutionary Psychology

Adumbrating a critique of style , Eliot presents the various options open to clerical
ingenuity and idiosyncracy at Milby Vicarage , Clerical Meeting . Recognizing the
inescapable necessity for metaphor in language , she derides its degradation ...

Author:

Publisher:

ISBN:

Category: Genetic psychology

Page:

View: 187


The journal of legal studies

32 Like Adam Smith ' s market , evolution was a way of explaining that systems
could be more intelligent than the individuals who constituted them . " This
probably helps to account for the appeal that evolutionary metaphors held for
Holmes .

Author:

Publisher:

ISBN:

Category:

Page:

View: 664


Contested Futures

Evolutionary metaphors are the most common , and often also carry images of
progress and salvation . John Perry Barlow , co - founder of the Electronic
Frontier Foundation , strongly asserts the evolutionary nature of the Internet in his
keynote ...

Author: Nik Brown

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN:

Category: Social Science

Page: 277

View: 866

Examining the relationship between social action and the future, this book interrogates the metaphors and practices through which the future is mobilized as an object of present day action and agency. It shifts the analytical gaze from 'looking into' the

Artscribe International

Furthermore, metaphors of development in art tend to borrow metaphors of
development from other fields. Barr (in 1936) took the image of the branching tree
which has served as the principal metaphor of animal evolution at least since
Darwin ...

Author:

Publisher:

ISBN:

Category: Art

Page:

View: 739


Computing with Biological Metaphors

4 ENCODER POPULATIONS of the evolutionary metaphor , with its emphasis on
populations , can lead to ef - Each subsystem is an instantiation of a simple
fective methods for exploiting the power of neural network called an encoder (
Ackley ...

Author: Ray Paton

Publisher:

ISBN:

Category: Artificial intelligence

Page: 446

View: 802


A Cognitive Theory of Metaphor

This is the message hidden from those who know of La Mettrie ' s metaphor of
man as a machine only by reputation . ... in terms of two main metaphors : The
cybernetic metaphor , “ Humans are machines , " and the evolutionary metaphor
 ...

Author: Earl R Mac Cormac

Publisher: MIT Press (MA)

ISBN:

Category: Cognition

Page: 254

View: 300

In this book, Earl Mac Cormac presents an original and unified cognitive theory of metaphor using philosophical arguments which draw upon evidence from psychological experiments and theories. He notes that implications of this theory for meaning and truth with specific attention to metaphor as a speech act, the iconic meaning of metaphor, and the development of a four-valued system of truth. Numerous examples of metaphor from poetry and science are presented and analyzed to support Mac Cormac's theory."A Cognitive Theory of Metaphor takes up three levels of explanation--metaphor as expressed in surface language, the semantics of metaphor, and metaphor as a cogitive process--and unifies these by interpreting metaphor as an evolutionary knowledge process in which metaphors mediate between minds and culture. Mac Cormac considers, and rejects, the radical theory that all use of language is metaphorical; however, this argument also recognizes that the "theory of metaphor may itself be metaphorical.The book first considers the computational metaphor often adopted by cognitive psychology as an example of metaphor requiring analysis. In contrast to three well-known philosophical theories of metaphor - the tension theory, the controversion theory, and the grammatical deviance theory - it develops a semantical anomaly theory of metaphor based on a quasi-mathematical hierarchy of words. In developing the theory, Mac Cormac makes much-needed connections between theories of metaphor and more orthodox analytic philosophy of meaning, including discussions of speech acts and the logic of fuzzy sets. This semantical theory of explanation is then shown to be compatible with contemporary psychologicaltheories of memory.Earl R. MacCormac is Charles A. Dana Professor of Philosophy and Chairman of the Department of Philosophy, Davidson College. A Bradford Book.

Changing Design

Here Schon , like Piaget , invokes evolutionary references ( an evolutionary
metaphor in effect ) : Evolutionary metaphor “ The metaphorical character of
language ( whether merely ubiquitous or universal ) is due to the fact that our
language ...

Author: Barrie Evans

Publisher: Chichester [West Sussex] ; New York : Wiley

ISBN:

Category: Architectural design

Page: 379

View: 232


In the Light of Evolution

exploration of their evolution . Inevitably , that perspective will be influenced by
the general evolutionary metaphor that one subscribes to . Judging from their
ubiquity , metaphors seem to be a universal aid to thinking , both in normal life
and in ...

Author: National Academy of Sciences

Publisher:

ISBN:

Category: Science

Page: 378

View: 313

"This is the second volume from the In the Light of Evolution series, based on a series of Arthur M. Sackler colloquia, and designed to promote the evolutionary sciences. Each installment explores evolutionary perspectives on a particular biological topic that is scientifically intriguing but also has special relevance to contemporary societal issues or challenges. Individually and collectively, the ILE series aims to interpret phenomena in various areas of biology through the lens of evolution, address some of the most intellectually engaging as well as pragmatically important societal issues of our times, and foster a greater appreciation of evolutionary biology as a consolidating foundation for the life sciences."--Pub. desc.

Proceedings

She offers a unique and refreshing metaphor of evolution as symbiotic
cooperation , love , and maternal care . Her views provide a heartening contrast
to the common evolutionary metaphor of competition , hostility , and aggression
that was ...

Author:

Publisher:

ISBN:

Category: Science

Page: 1318

View: 294


Computational Engineering Using Metaphors from Nature

[ 5 ] Bäck , T . , Hammel , U . , and Schwefel , H . P . , " Evolutionary Computation :
Comments on the History and Current State , ” IEEE Transactions on Evolutionary
Computation , 1 ( 1 ) , 3 - 17 , 1997 . [ 12 ] Radcliffe , N . J . , “ Equivalence Class ...

Author: B. H. V. Topping

Publisher: Civil Comp Press

ISBN:

Category: Cellular automata

Page: 205

View: 752

Contains a selection of papers presented at The Fifth International Conference on Computational Structures Technology and The Second International Conference on Engineering Computational Technology, held at Leuven, Belgium from 6-8 September 2000.

The Metaphorical Society

This transition from organismic to evolutionary metaphor parallels the transition
from organismic to evolutionary thinking in nineteenthcentury social thought .
Prior to Darwin ' s theory of evolution , biologically minded social theorists tended
to ...

Author: Daniel Rigney

Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield Pub Incorporated

ISBN:

Category: Political Science

Page: 242

View: 298

This book introduces the novice reader to modern social theory through the creative exploration of eight major metaphors that have shaped Western understandings of human society. Rigney vividly yet concisely examines each major theoretical perspective in sociology, including functionalism, conflict theory, rational choice, and symbolic interactionism. He shows how each of these theories is rooted in a particular metaphorical tradition. Over decades and centuries, Rigney argues, social theorists have variously likened societies to organisms and living systems, to machines, battlefields, legal systems, marketplaces, games, theatrical productions, and discourses. Most interestingly, Rigney deftly shows how nearly all Western social theories fit with one or more of the metaphors. He emphasizes a humanistic understanding of society with an emphasis on the creative agency of social actors and communities. The book offers students a rich understanding of social theory, yet it is simultaneously concise and broad ranging, allowing instructors to further pursue detailed exploration of any perspectives they choose.

College Student Journal

He redirected toire of relationships that can be envisioned the evolutionary
metaphors away from within an existing metaphorical frameconflict and toward
cooperation . work . In linguistic terms , metaphors To enact this metaphoric
redirection ...

Author:

Publisher:

ISBN:

Category: College students

Page:

View: 371