Association Between Leisure Time Physical Activity Cardiopulmonary Fitness Cardiovascular Risk Factors and Cardiovascular Workload at Work in Firefighters

Background Overweight, obesity, and cardiovascular disease risk factors are prevalent among firefighters in some developed countries.

Author: Clare C. W. Yu




Page: 8

View: 682

Background Overweight, obesity, and cardiovascular disease risk factors are prevalent among firefighters in some developed countries. It is unclear whether physical activity and cardiopulmonary fitness reduce cardiovascular disease risk and the cardiovascular workload at work in firefighters. The present study investigated the relationship between leisure-time physical activity, cardiopulmonary fitness, cardiovascular disease risk factors, and cardiovascular workload at work in firefighters in Hong Kong. Methods Male firefighters (n = 387) were randomly selected from serving firefighters in Hong Kong (n = 5,370) for the assessment of cardiovascular disease risk factors (obesity, hypertension, diabetes mellitus, dyslipidemia, smoking, known cardiovascular diseases). One-third (Target Group) were randomly selected for the assessment of off-duty leisure-time physical activity using the short version of the International Physical Activity Questionnaire. Maximal oxygen uptake was assessed, as well as cardiovascular workload using heart rate monitoring for each firefighter for four “normal” 24-hour working shifts and during real-situation simulated scenarios. Results Overall, 33.9% of the firefighters had at least two cardiovascular disease risk factors. In the Target Group, firefighters who had higher leisure-time physical activity had a lower resting heart rate and a lower average working heart rate, and spent a smaller proportion of time working at a moderate-intensity cardiovascular workload. Firefighters who had moderate aerobic fitness and high leisure-time physical activity had a lower peak working heart rate during the mountain rescue scenario compared with firefighters who had low leisure-time physical activities. Conclusion Leisure-time physical activity conferred significant benefits during job tasks of moderate cardiovascular workload in firefighters in Hong Kong.

Fitness and Cardiovascular Risk Factors

This is true primarily when cardiovascular risk factors are concerned. The purpose of this book is to describe these topics in a concise way with bare suggestions for understanding the subject.

Author: Aurelio Leone

Publisher: Nova Science Pub Incorporated

ISBN: 9781631173448

Category: Health & Fitness

Page: 189

View: 730

The Fitness is a widespread practice especially in Western countries and is being investigated in several respects from a scientific and health perspective as well as its role in obtaining a pleasing physical appearance. The authors also discuss fitness as a recreational hobby. Since it involves physical exercises that require an adequate preparation and not completely without risk to health, it is essential that those practitioners are made aware of both the basic principles of fitness and the potential adverse effects associated with it. This is true primarily when cardiovascular risk factors are concerned. The purpose of this book is to describe these topics in a concise way with bare suggestions for understanding the subject. (Imprint: Nova)

Physical Activity for Health and Fitness

of cardiovascular fitness . Even with none of these complicating factors in place , excessive fat alone presents a risk for developing cardiovascular disease . In chapter 4 we defined excessive fat ( obesity ) as 25 % or greater body ...

Author: Allen W. Jackson

Publisher: Human Kinetics

ISBN: 9780736052054

Category: Health & Fitness

Page: 380

View: 728

Through this book, you can learn to use the latest life-changing information to improve your fitness and enhance your quality of life.

Cardiovascular Disease

Diet, Nutrition and Emerging Risk Factors BNF (British Nutrition Foundation), Sara Stanner, Sarah Coe, Keith N. Frayn ... 12.4.2 Cardiovascular Risk Factors Many of these associations between physical activity and physical fitness and ...

Author: BNF (British Nutrition Foundation)

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118829913

Category: Health & Fitness

Page: 544

View: 450

A comprehensive, accessible summary of the latest research in heart disease risk factors Cardiovascular Disease (CVD) is a major cause of early death and disability across the world. The major markers of risk—including high blood cholesterol, smoking, and obesity—are well known, but studies show that such markers do not account for all cardiovascular risk. Written by a team of renowned experts in the field, this comprehensive and accessible book examines the evidence for emerging and novel risk factors, and their relationship with diet and nutrition. Fully updated throughout, Cardiovascular Disease: Diet, Nutrition and Emerging Risk Factors, 2nd Edition covers everything from the epidemiology of cardiovascular disease, to genetic factors, to inflammation and much more – offering invaluable advice on reducing risk factors and preventing CVD. This new edition: Authoritatively reports on the link between emerging aspects of diet, lifestyle and cardiovascular disease risk Focuses on novel risk factors of CVD, including the human gut microbiome and fetal and childhood origins, and how it can be prevented Features recommendations for interventions and future research Includes references, commonly asked questions that summarise the take-home messages, and an online glossary Cardiovascular Disease: Diet, Nutrition and Emerging Risk Factors, 2nd Edition is an important book for researchers and postgraduate students in nutrition, dietetics, food science, and medicine, as well as for cardiologists and cardiovascular specialists.

Obesity related Comorbidities Influence on Cardiovascular Risk Factors Fitness and Physical Activity in an Ongoing Exercise Intervention Trial

Author: Reba Antionette Umberger




Page: 184

View: 117

Encyclopedia of Cardiovascular Research and Medicine

Physical fitness is far more responsive to exercise training than any of the traditional cardiovascular risk factors mentioned above. Additionally, routine physical activity attenuates the risk of cardiovascular disease and mortality ...


Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 012805154X

Category: Medical

Page: 2800

View: 751

Encyclopedia of Cardiovascular Research and Medicine offers researchers over 200 articles covering every aspect of cardiovascular research and medicine, including fully annotated figures, abundant color illustrations and links to supplementary datasets and references. With contributions from top experts in the field, this book is the most reputable and easily searchable resource of cardiovascular-focused basic and translational content for students, researchers, clinicians and teaching faculty across the biomedical and medical sciences. The panel of authors chosen from an international board of leading scholars renders the text trustworthy, contemporary and representative of the global scientific expertise in these domains. The book's thematic structuring of sections and in-depth breakdown of topics encourages user-friendly, easily searchable chapters. Cross-references to related articles and links to further reading and references will further guide readers to a full understanding of the topics under discussion. Readers will find an unparalleled, one-stop resource exploring all major aspects of cardiovascular research and medicine. Presents comprehensive coverage of every aspect of cardiovascular medicine and research Offers readers a broad, interdisciplinary overview of the concepts in cardiovascular research and medicine with applications across biomedical research Includes reputable, foundational content on genetics, cancer, immunology, cell biology and molecular biology Provides a multi-media enriched color-illustrated text with high quality images, graphs and tables.

Nutrition and Fitness

Obesity, the Metabolic Syndrome, Cardiovascular Disease and Cancer Artemis P. Simopoulos ... 8 Twisk JWR, Kemper HCG, van Mechelen W: Tracking of activity and fitness and the relationship with cardiovascular disease risk factors.

Author: Artemis P. Simopoulos

Publisher: Karger Medical and Scientific Publishers

ISBN: 3805579446

Category: Medical

Page: 195

View: 204

Proceedings of 5th International Conference on Nutrition & Fitness, Athens, 2004 reviewed and critiqued the latest scientific info on nutrition & fitness, and determined the influence of nutrition and fitness on chronic diseases, with a view to maximise disease prevention efforts.

Cardiovascular Risk Factors

Maggio et al., (2010) studied long-term follow-up of CV risk factors after exercise training in obese children in Switzerland. The beneficial effects of physical activity on CV risk factors and BMI was previously demonstrated ...

Author: Armen Yuri Gasparyan

Publisher: BoD – Books on Demand

ISBN: 9535102400

Category: Medical

Page: 506

View: 745

Cardiovascular risk factors contribute to the development of cardiovascular disease from early life. It is thus crucial to implement preventive strategies addressing the burden of cardiovascular disease as early as possible. A multidisciplinary approach to the risk estimation and prevention of vascular events should be adopted at each level of health care, starting from the setting of perinatology. Recent decades have been marked with major advances in this field, with the emergence of a variety of new inflammatory and immune-mediated markers of heightened cardiovascular risk in particular. The current book reflects some of the emerging concepts in cardiovascular pathophysiology and the shifting paradigm of cardiovascular risk estimation. It comprehensively covers primary and secondary preventive measures targeted at different age and gender groups. Attention is paid to inflammatory and metabolic markers of vascular damage and to the assessment of vascular function by noninvasive standardized ultrasound techniques. This is a must-read book for all health professionals and researchers tackling the issue of cardiovascular burden at individual and community level. It can also serve as a didactic source for postgraduate medical students.

Women and Exercise

Fitness or exercise training may have salutary effects upon specific medical disease in three ways: (1) as primary prevention (e.g., in modifying factors known to increase the risk of acquiring heart disease); (2) as secondary ...

Author: Mona M. Shangold

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0803678177

Category: Health & Fitness

Page: 330

View: 696

Women and Exercise is an invaluable resource for all physicians, from general practitioners to specialists seeking information outside their specialty, who need up-to-date information and expert advice about women and exercise.

Cardiology for the Primary Care Physician

Exercise may benefit the heart by favorably modifying many of the risk factors that are associated with the development of coronary artery disease . A low level of aerobic fitness has been shown to be a powerful and independent risk ...

Author: Joseph S. Alpert

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9781573402125

Category: Medical

Page: 528

View: 601

This book provides complete coverage of the appropriate diagnostic and therapeutic approaches to patients with cardiovascular diseases - in one easy-to-use source. The primary care physician will find information on all types of cardiovascular illnesses. The many charts, tables and diagrams, as well as a special color plates section, bring the text to life. Key points are highlighted and there are extensive references and recommended reading lists.