Their application demands synthetic know-how and this is always the first step in designing functional materials for new products and applications in nanotechnology, among others.
Author: Thomas J. J. Müller
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
This timely overview of the syntheses for functional pi-systems focuses on target molecules that have shown interesting properties as materials or models in physics, biology and chemistry. The unique concept allows readers to select the right synthetic strategy for success, making it invaluable for a number of industrial applications. A "must have" for everyone working in this new and rapidly expanding field.
This book overviews some of the cutting-edge p-conjugated molecular and polymer materials for organic photovoltaics, artificial photosynthesis, and organic light-emitting devices.
Author: Hiroko Yamada
Publisher: CRC Press
Inspired by naturally occurring light-active molecular systems such as photosynthesis, scientists have long devoted their efforts to understanding how light and molecules interact. Based on a raft of knowledge on light absorption, energy migration and electron transfer, fluorescence and phosphorescence, and various photochemical reactions, light can now be utilized for energy conversion, information storage, medical applications, and development of next-generation photofunctional materials that cannot be obtained via conventional organic synthesis. This book overviews some of the cutting-edge p-conjugated molecular and polymer materials for organic photovoltaics, artificial photosynthesis, and organic light-emitting devices. It gives insights into the interactions between light and molecules and discusses sophisticated molecular designs, self-assembly and self-organization strategies, and state-of-the-art unconventional analytical methods.
Presented in five parts, this book starts with an overview of the design methods and properties of functional organic liquids.
Author: Takashi Nakanishi
Category: Technology & Engineering
The first book to comprehensively cover the burgeoning new class of soft materials known as functional organic liquids Functional organic liquids, a new concept in soft matter materials science, exhibit favorable properties compared to amorphous polymers and ionic liquids. They are composed of a functional core unit and a side chain, which induces fluidity even at room temperature. Due to their fluidity, functional organic liquids can adopt any shape and geometry and fulfill their function in stretchable and bendable devices for applications in photovoltaics, organic electronics, biomedicine, and biochemistry. Presented in five parts, this book starts with an overview of the design methods and properties of functional organic liquids. The next three parts focus on the applications of this exciting new class of soft materials in the fields of energy conversion, nanotechnology, and biomaterials. They study the liquids for energy conversion, those containing inorganic nanoclusters, and solvent-free soft biomaterials. Functional Organic Liquids concludes with a comparison in terms of properties and application potential between functional organic liquids and more conventional soft matter such as ionic liquids and liquid metals. -Examines the current state of science and technology for functional organic liquids -Focuses on potential and already realized applications such as functional organic liquids for energy conversion -Stimulates researchers to move forward on future development and applications Functional Organic Liquids is an excellent book for materials scientists, polymer chemists, organic chemists, physical chemists, surface chemists, and surface physicists.
Author: Tianji Ma
The first book to explore the potential of tunable functionalities in organic and hybrid nanostructured materials in a unified manner.
Author: Quan Li
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
The first book to explore the potential of tunable functionalities in organic and hybrid nanostructured materials in a unified manner. The highly experienced editor and a team of leading experts review the promising and enabling aspects of this exciting materials class, covering the design, synthesis and/or fabrication, properties and applications. The broad topical scope includes organic polymers, liquid crystals, gels, stimuli-responsive surfaces, hybrid membranes, metallic, semiconducting and carbon nanomaterials, thermoelectric materials, metal-organic frameworks, luminescent and photochromic materials, and chiral and self-healing materials.
This book provides an in-depth overview of the expanding field of functional hybrid materials, highlighting the incredibly positive aspects of main group centers and strategies that are furthering the creation of better functional materials ...
Author: Thomas Baumgartner
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
Showcases the highly beneficial features arising from the presence of main group elements in organic materials, for the development of more sophisticated, yet simple advanced functional materials Functional organic materials are already a huge area of academic and industrial interest for a host of electronic applications such as Organic Light-Emitting Diodes (OLEDs), Organic Photovoltaics (OPVs), Organic Field-Effect Transistors (OFETs), and more recently Organic Batteries. They are also relevant to a plethora of functional sensory applications. This book provides an in-depth overview of the expanding field of functional hybrid materials, highlighting the incredibly positive aspects of main group centers and strategies that are furthering the creation of better functional materials. Main Group Strategies towards Functional Hybrid Materials features contributions from top specialists in the field, discussing the molecular, supramolecular and polymeric materials and applications of boron, silicon, phosphorus, sulfur, and their higher homologues. Hypervalent materials based on the heavier main group elements are also covered. The structure of the book allows the reader to compare differences and similarities between related strategies for several groups of elements, and to draw crosslinks between different sections. The incorporation of main group elements into functional organic materials has emerged as an efficient strategy for tuning materials properties for a wide range of practical applications Covers molecular, supramolecular and polymeric materials featuring boron, silicon, phosphorus, sulfur, and their higher homologues Edited by internationally leading researchers in the field, with contributions from top specialists Main Group Strategies towards Functional Hybrid Materials is an essential reference for organo-main group chemists pursuing new advanced functional materials, and for researchers and graduate students working in the fields of organic materials, hybrid materials, main group chemistry, and polymer chemistry.
This book gives a state-of-the-art survey of ellipsometric investigations of organic films and surfaces, from laboratory to synchrotron applications, with a special focus on in-situ use in processing environments and at solid-liquid ...
Author: Karsten Hinrichs
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
Ellipsometry is the method of choice to determine the properties of surfaces and thin films. It provides comprehensive and sensitive characterization in contactless and non-invasive measurements. This book gives a state-of-the-art survey of ellipsometric investigations of organic films and surfaces, from laboratory to synchrotron applications, with a special focus on in-situ use in processing environments and at solid-liquid interfaces. In conjunction with the development of functional organic, meta- and hybrid materials for new optical, electronic, sensing and biotechnological devices and fabrication advances, the ellipsometric analysis of their optical and material properties has progressed rapidly in the recent years.
This handbook focuses on the most recent investigations concerning the design, control, and dynamics of hybrid organic-inorganic interfaces, covering: (i) characterization methods of interfaces, (ii) innovative computational approaches and ...
Author: Marie Helene Delville
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
Hybrid organic-inorganic materials and the rational design of their interfaces open up the access to a wide spectrum of functionalities not achievable with traditional concepts of materials science. This innovative class of materials has a major impact in many application domains such as optics, electronics, mechanics, energy storage, and conversion, protective coatings, catalysis, sensing, and nanomedicine. The properties of these materials do not only depend on the chemical structure, and the mutual interaction between their nano-scale building blocks, but are also strongly influenced by the interfaces they share. This handbook focuses on the most recent investigations concerning the design, control, and dynamics of hybrid organic-inorganic interfaces, covering: (i) characterization methods of interfaces, (ii) innovative computational approaches and simulation of interaction processes, (iii) in-situ studies of dynamic aspects controlling the formation of these interfaces, and (iv) the role of the interface for process optimization, devices, and applications in such areas as optics, electronics, energy, and medicine.
The work outlined here describes a strategy to modify the packing arrangement and density of CC3 to explore optimization of density, to ultimately improve volumetric methane uptake in POCs.
Author: Zachary M. Smith
As an alternative to PAFs, porous organic cages (POCs) can provide several benefits; mainly, their crystallinity and their compatibility with density modification strategies. An octahedral aldehyde and diamine-based imine cage, commonly referred to as CC3, has received a fair share of interest, becoming well known in POC based research into gas and small molecule storage and separations. While it excels at this application, its primary drawback is poor surface area when compared to other porous materials (MOFs, COFs, PAFs, etc.). Coupled with the moderately expensive starting materials required for synthesis, namely 1,3,5-triformylbenzene, there is much room for improvement in both synthetic process and molecular structure. The work outlined here describes a strategy to modify the packing arrangement and density of CC3 to explore optimization of density, to ultimately improve volumetric methane uptake in POCs. This was achieved through the synthesis of film phase POCs, and the effects of phase change on gas adsorption characteristics and density were investigated.
Organic Thin - Film Deposition Techniques M . C . PETTY School of Engineering
and Centre for Molecular Electronics , University of Durham , UK 1 .
INTRODUCTION Technological applications of new materials often require them
to be in the ...
Author: Tim H. Richardson
Linking molecular functionality to real-life material applications, this cutting-edge book provides engineers and researchers with the back ground needed to design bulk materials that meet specific property requirements.
New-generation organic materials possess the virtues of softness, light weight, easy processing, design flexibility, and so on. This book focuses on the preparation of new functional organic materials.
Author: Tahsin J. Chow
Publisher: CRC Press
The development of molecular electronics has become the mainstream of scientific research in recent decades. Applications include light-emitting diodes, solar cells, thin-film transistors, and sensors, among others. New-generation organic materials possess the virtues of softness, light weight, easy processing, design flexibility, and so on. This book focuses on the preparation of new functional organic materials. It includes a brief theoretical/kinetic discussion. The text lays special emphasis on the design of organic structures and the way they perform the designated functional properties. It will help organic chemists, particularly synthetic chemists, to light up their inspirations.
functional groups, it has been possible to discuss the analysis of a number of
organic materials in detail, including hydrocarbons, organic solvents, heterocyclic
materials, surface-active agents, and industrial chemicals, to pick a few examples
Author: Frederick T. Weiss
Category: Chemistry, Analytic
... Organic Materials Research Laboratory , Functional Materials Research
Laboratories . He has been engaged in the research and development of
electronic devices related to functional organic materials , especially conducting
Category: Electric apparatus and appliances
4 SOLUBILITY The solubility of organic compounds in various solvents is another
physical property of organic compounds that is highly dependent on the kind ,
number , and environment of functional groups that the compound possesses .
Author: Walter S. Trahanovsky
Publisher: Prentice Hall
Category: Chemistry, Organic
TABLE OF CONTENTS page INTRODUCTION LITERATURE REVIEW m
Determination of Organic Matter Humus Substances Extraction of Organic Matter
Reduction of ash in extracted organic matter 16 17 Functional Groups in Organic
Author: John S. Dube
Summarizing all the latest trends and recent topics in one handy volume, this book covers everything needed for a solid understanding of photochromic materials.
Author: He Tian
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
Summarizing all the latest trends and recent topics in one handy volume, this book covers everything needed for a solid understanding of photochromic materials. Following a general introduction to organic photochromic materials, the authors move on to discuss not only the underlying theory but also the properties of such materials. After a selection of applications, they look at the latest achievements in traditional solution-phase applications, including photochromic-based molecular logic operations and memory, optically modulated supramolecular system and sensors, as well as light-tunable chemical reactions. The book then describes the hot-spot areas of photo-switchable surfaces and nanomaterials, photochromic-based luminescence/electronic devices and bulk materials together with light-regulated biological and bio-chemical systems. The authors conclude with a focus on current industrial applications and the future outlook for these materials. Written with both senior researchers and entrants to the field in mind.
When the functional organic group has only weakly or no basic properties, the
microstructure of the obtained aerogels is ... INTRODUCTION A great number of
hybrid inorganic-organic materials has been prepared by sol-gel processing of ...
Author: Lisa C. Klein
Category: Technology & Engineering
The MRS Symposium Proceeding series is an internationally recognised reference suitable for researchers and practitioners.
This book describes methods for the determination and prediction of the combustion properties of organic compounds, along with some examples and exercises.
Author: Mohammad Hossein Keshavarz
Publisher: Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG
The combustion properties of organic materials are used to assess their safety specifications. This knowledge is necessary to avoid potentially disastrous fires. The experimental determination of the combustion properties of a new organic compound is laborious and sometimes even impossible. This book describes methods for the determination and prediction of the combustion properties of organic compounds, along with some examples and exercises.
"This Dissertation has explored the advantages and limitations of mechanochemistry (i.e., reactions induced or sustained by mechanical agitation), in making selected organic and metal-organic materials.
Author: Ghada Ayoub
"This Dissertation has explored the advantages and limitations of mechanochemistry (i.e., reactions induced or sustained by mechanical agitation), in making selected organic and metal-organic materials. Specifically, while mechanochemistry has been established as a versatile tool and effective means to screen for new solid forms of active pharmaceutical ingredients, this thesis highlights previously not noted differences in the physicochemical properties between nominally identical materials made mechanochemically, compared to those obtained by more conventional solution routes. In the context of metal-organic framework (MOF) materials, this thesis demonstrates the development of new solid-state synthetic strategies enabled by liquid-assisted grinding, such as the preparation of microporous mixed-metal framework materials with controllable stoichiometric compositions. The mechanochemically-enabled target-oriented synthesis of such materials uses a deliberately pre-synthesized coordination polymer or monomeric complex as a precursor for the synthesis of frameworks. Moreover, it is also shown how mechanochemistry allows the replacement of toxic transition metals in MOF synthesis with more benign alkaline earth metals such as calcium or magnesium. Inspired by the need to design materials that are safer and biocompatible, this Thesis also addressed mechanochemistry as a route to frameworks based on naturally available g-cyclodextrins. Implementing mechanochemistry as a tool for the synthesis of such "edible" MOFs gave us access to novel materials based on benign divalent metal cations, such as Mg2+ and Ca2+. Apart from mechanochemistry, this thesis also addresses the fundamental understanding and development of advanced MOF materials. Specifically, it investigates how changes to the linker structure can affect the performance and stability of a popular family of zirconium-based frameworks, revealing that changes in conformational freedom of the linker can critically affect chemical stability. Understanding the design parameters for zirconium MOFs enabled the design of a novel material NU-400, with potential use as a photocatalyst for the effective, rapid oxidative degradation of the chemical warfare agents (CWAs) related to mustard gas"--