Fundamental Issues in Evaluation

Their discussion speaks to fundamental issues of the proper purposes, roles, and uses of evaluation. The third chapter in Part IV is “Improving the Practice of Evaluation through Indigenous Values and Methods: Decolonizing Evaluation ...

Author: Nick L. Smith

Publisher: Guilford Press

ISBN: 1593853424

Category: Psychology

Page: 266

View: 125

Providing state-of-the-art perspectives on what evaluation is, its purpose, and how to ensure it is done well, this book brings together major evaluation researchers from a variety of social and behavioral science disciplines. Each chapter identifies a fundamental issue facing the field today; considers its implications for theory, method, practice, or the profession; and explores one or more approaches to dealing with the issue. Among the topics addressed are the nature of expertise in evaluation, how to build a better evidence base for evaluation theory, promoting cultural competence in evaluation, how to synthesize evaluation research findings, ways to involve stakeholders in decision making, and much more.

EMS Outcomes Evaluation an Examination of Key Issues and Future Directions

The findings of an evaluation are of value primarily where and when the assessment was conducted . Research , on the other hand , involves generating new knowledge through scientifically rigorous investigations of a specific problem ...

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Page: 42

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Evaluation Foundations Revisited

Available at http://europeanevaluation.org/sites/default/files/ees_news letter/ees-newsletter-2013-09-september-04.pdf Smith, Nick L. 2008. “Fundamental Issues in Evaluation.” In Nick L. Smith and Paul R. Brandon (eds.) ...

Author: Thomas Schwandt

Publisher: Stanford University Press

ISBN: 080479572X

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 216

View: 895

Evaluation examines policies and programs across every arena of human endeavor, from efforts to stop the spread of HIV/AIDS to programs that drive national science policy. Relying on a vast array of methods, from qualitative interviewing to econometrics, it is a "transdiscipline," as opposed to a formal area of academic study. Accounting for these challenges, Evaluation Foundations Revisited offers an introduction for those seeking to better understand evaluation as a professional field. While the acquisition of methods and methodologies to meet the needs of certain projects is important, the foundation of evaluative practice rests on understanding complex issues to balance. Evaluation Foundations Revisited is an invitation to examine the intellectual, practical, and philosophical nexus that lies at the heart of evaluation. Thomas A. Schwandt shows how to critically engage with the assumptions that underlie how evaluators define and position their work, as well as how they argue for the usefulness of evaluation in society. He looks at issues such as the role of theory, how notions of value and valuing are understood, how evidence is used, how evaluation is related to politics, and what comprises scientific integrity. By coming to better understand the foundations of evaluation, readers will develop what Schwandt terms "a life of the mind of practice," which enables evaluators to draw on a more holistic view to develop reasoned arguments and well fitted techniques.

Credible and Actionable Evidence

The Foundation for Rigorous and Influential Evaluations Stewart I. Donaldson, Christina A. Christie, Melvin M. Mark. Mark, M. M. (2003). ... L. Smith & P. R. Brandon (Eds.), Fundamental issues in evaluation (pp. 111–134). new York, ...

Author: Stewart I. Donaldson

Publisher: SAGE Publications

ISBN: 1483313611

Category: Social Science

Page: 352

View: 247

Addressing one of the most important and contentious issues challenging applied research and evaluation practice today—what constitutes credible and actionable evidence?—this volume offers a balanced and current context in which to analyze the long-debated quantitative-qualitative paradigms. In the Second Edition, the contributors, a veritable “who’s who” in evaluation, discuss the diversity and changing nature of credible and actionable evidence; offer authoritative guidance about using credible and actionable evidence; explain how to use it to provide rigorous and influential evaluations; and include lessons from their own applied research and evaluation to suggest ways to address the key issues and challenges. Reflecting the latest developments in the field and covering both experimental and non-experimental methods, the new edition includes revised and updated chapters, summaries of strengths and weaknesses across varied approaches, and contains diverse definitions of evidence. Also included are two new chapters on assessing credibility and synthesizing evidence for policy makers. This is a valuable resource for students and others interested in how to best study and evaluate programs, policies, organizations, and other initiatives designed to improve aspects of the human condition and societal well-being.

Foundations of Program Evaluation

He sees the fundamental issues in evaluation theory as logical and rational , not methodological . Hence his theory provides little guidance in selecting methods for practice . This leads to a common criticism of Scriven , that he ...

Author: William R. Shadish

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 9780803953017

Category: Social Science

Page: 544

View: 577

Now in paperback, this volume summarizes, compares and contrasts the work of seven major theorists of programme evaluation. The authors develop a conceptual framework against which specific criteria of certain theories can be tested. They present the theoretical and practical advice of the theorists and critiques of their work. The conclusion summarizes the areas of agreement and disagreement between these influential theorists and offers directions for a new theory of programme evaluation.

Key Issues in the New Knowledge Management

A FRAMEWORK FOR DESCRIBING KNOWLEDGE CLAIM EVALUATION The key subprocess that distinguishes knowledge production from information production is knowledge claim evaluation. It is the subprocess of criticism of competing knowledge claims, ...

Author: Joseph M. Firestone

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1136390588

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 350

View: 174

In 'Key Issues in the New Knowledge Management,' Firestone and McElroy, the architects of the New Knowledge Management (TNKM) provide an in-depth analysis of the most important issues in the field of Knowledge Management. The issues the book addresses are central in the field today: * The Knowledge Wars, or the issue of "how you define knowledge determines how you manage it" * The nature of knowledge processing * Information management or knowledge management? * Three views on the evolution of knowledge management * The role of knowledge claim evaluation in knowledge processing, or the difference between opinion, judgements, information, data, and real knowledge in knowledge management systems * Is culture a barrier in knowledge management? * The Open Enterprise and accelerated sustainable innovation * Portals * How should one evaluate KM software? * Intellectual Capital * Measuring the impact of KM initiatives on the organization and the bottom line * KM and terrorism

Peace Education Evaluation

relation to ways that the broader literature on evaluation research has evolved. ... beyond achievement of program outcomes and impacts to examine other fundamental issues involved in peace education evaluation (Austin, Fischer, & Wils, ...

Author: Celina Del Felice

Publisher: IAP

ISBN: 1623969751

Category: Education

Page: 353

View: 380

Practice and research of peace education has grown in the recent years as shown by a steadily increasing number of publications, programs, events, and funding mechanisms. The oft-cited point of departure for the peace education community is the belief in education as a valuable tool for decreasing the use of violence in conflict and for building cultures of positive peace hallmarked by just and equitable structures. Educators and organizations implementing peace education activities and programming, however, often lack the tools and capacities for evaluation and thus pay scant regard to this step in program management. Reasons for this inattention are related to the perceived urgency to prioritize new and more action in the context of scarce financial and human resources, notwithstanding violence or conflict; the lack of skills and time to indulge in a thorough evaluative strategy; and the absence of institutional incentives and support. Evaluation is often demand-driven by donors who emphasize accounting given the current context of international development assistance and budget cuts. Program evaluation is considered an added burden to already over-tasked programmers who are unaware of the incentives and of assessment techniques. Peace education practitioners are typically faced with forcing evaluation frameworks, techniques, and norms standardized for traditional education programs and venues. Together, these conditions create an unfavorable environment in which evaluation becomes under-valued, de-prioritized, and mythologized for its laboriousness. This volume serves three inter-related objectives. First, it offers a critical reflection on theoretical and methodological issues regarding evaluation applied to peace education interventions and programming. The overarching questions of the nature of peace and the principles guiding peace education, as well as governing theories and assumptions of change, transformation, and complexity are explored. Second, the volume investigates existing quantitative, qualitative, and mixed methods evaluation practices of peace educators in order to identify what needs related to evaluation persist among practitioners. Promising practices are presented from peace education programming in different settings (formal and non-formal education), within various groups (e.g. children, youth, police, journalists) and among diverse cultural contexts. Finally, the volume proposes ideas of evaluation, novel techniques for experimentation, and creative adaptation of tools from related fields, in order to offer pragmatic and philosophical substance to peace educators’ “next moves” and inspire the agenda for continued exploration and innovation. The authors come from variety of fields including education, peace and conflict studies, educational evaluation, development studies, comparative education, economics, and psychology.

Health Promotion A Psychosocial Approach

2 An edited collection that brings together major evaluation researchers from a variety of social and behavioural science ... evaluation research findings: Smith, N.L. and Brandon, P.R. (eds) (2007) Fundamental Issues in Evaluation.

Author: Christine Stephens

Publisher: McGraw-Hill Education (UK)

ISBN: 0335236944

Category: Psychology

Page: 253

View: 906

"Stephens' important and timely book provides an urgently needed and insightful synthesis of the previously fragmented field of community health psychology. A wide range of case material from both rich and poor countries is framed within a skilfully articulated set of debates around core issues of theory, practice, research and ethics. This text should be compulsory reading for all practitioners and students of health promotion." Professor Catherine Campbell, Health, Community and Development Group, London School of Economics Can the health of individuals be improved through community health programmes? How can community health promotion programmes be more effective? How is health awareness measured and evaluated? In recent years, health promoters have focused their attention not just on individual lifestyle change, but on daily social and physical conditions that surround the individual. They are now looking towards lifestyle change based on community or socially-based interventions. This book argues for the importance of theoretical explanations that inform investigations of the social context of daily life, the social relations that affect opportunities for healthy lives, and the needs of communities. Examining theories from a critical and values oriented perspective, it looks at current theories of health and health promotion, and discusses why health inequalities exist. The book includes a practical grounding, using examples of community health promotion practice, such as community arts and local community models, based on material and research from Britain, New Zealand, Canada, the USA and South America. The media's role in health promotion is also investigated, drawing on current media theory and examining media representation and the public's interpretative response. Issues surrounding the evaluation of health promotion programmes are also discussed. Health Promotion: A Psychosocial Approach provides a critical and theoretical basis for practice in social and community approaches to health promotion. It is key reading for postgraduate students of health psychology or community psychology, as well as qualified practitioners in public health areas who are developing theory based community programmes.

Developmental Evaluation

As a result, an intervention that addressed the totality of the families' long-term needs and issues was proposed. ... by getting family members more safe and stable, longer term interventions on fundamental problems could be provided.

Author: Michael Quinn Patton

Publisher: Guilford Press

ISBN: 1609180917

Category: Psychology

Page: 375

View: 929

Developmental evaluation (DE) offers a powerful approach to monitoring and supporting social innovations by working in partnership with program decision makers. In this book, eminent authority Michael Quinn Patton shows how to conduct evaluations within a DE framework. Patton draws on insights about complex dynamic systems, uncertainty, nonlinearity, and emergence. He illustrates how DE can be used for a range of purposes: ongoing program development, adapting effective principles of practice to local contexts, generating innovations and taking them to scale, and facilitating rapid response in crisis situations. Students and practicing evaluators will appreciate the book's extensive case examples and stories, cartoons, clear writing style, "closer look" sidebars, and summary tables. Provided is essential guidance for making evaluations useful, practical, and credible in support of social change. See also Developmental Evaluation Exemplars, edited by Michael Quinn Patton, Kate McKegg, and Nan Wehipeihana, which presents 12 in-depth case studies.

Fluctuation Theorems Under Divergent Entropy Production and Their Applications for Fundamental Problems in Statistical Physics

6.11 Evaluations of the fractal dimension by the Kaplan-Yorke method. a Evaluation for the long-time limit. ... Note that the numerical simulations in the main text demonstrate the validity of this conjecture for d = 2.

Author: Yûto Murashita

Publisher: Springer Nature

ISBN: 9811686386

Category: Electronic books

Page: 142

View: 568

This book presents the derivation of the fluctuation theorems with divergent entropy production and their application to fundamental problems in statistical physics. It explores the two basic aspects of the fluctuation theorems: i) Applicability in extreme situations with divergent entropy production, concluding that the fluctuation theorems remain valid under the notion of absolute irreversibility, and ii) utility in the investigation of classical enigmas in the framework of statistical physics, i.e., Gibbs and Loschmidt paradoxes. The book offers readers an overview of the research in fundamental statistical physics. Firstly it briefly but skillfully reviews the modern development of fluctuation theorems to found the key theme of the book. Secondly it concisely discusses historical issues of statistical physics in chronological order, along with the key literature in the field. They help readers easily follow the key developments in the fundamental research of statistical physics.