Geocomplexity and the Physics of Earthquakes

Macroscopic. Physics. of. Earthquakes. Hiroo Kanamori and Thomas H. Heaton
Seismological Laboratory, California Institute of Technology, Pasadena
California 91125 Frictional melting and fluid pressurization can play a key role in
rupture ...

Author: John Rundle

Publisher: American Geophysical Union

ISBN: 0875909787

Category: Computers

Page: 284

View: 537

Published by the American Geophysical Union as part of the Geophysical Monograph Series, Volume 120. Earthquakes in urban centers are capable of causing enormous damage. The January 16, 1995 Kobe, Japan earthquake was only a magnitude 6.9 event and yet produced an estimated $200 billion loss. Despite an active earthquake prediction program in Japan, this event was a complete surprise. Similar scenarios are possible in Los Angeles, San Francisco, Seattle, and other urban centers around the Pacific plate boundary. The development of forecast or prediction methodologies for these great damaging earthquakes has been complicated by the fact that the largest events repeat at irregular intervals of hundreds to thousands of years, resulting in a limited historical record that has frustrated phenomenological studies. The papers in this book describe an emerging alternative approach, which is based on a new understanding of earthquake physics arising from the construction and analysis of numerical simulations. With these numerical simulations, earthquake physics now can be investigated in numerical laboratories. Simulation data from numerical experiments can be used to develop theoretical understanding that can be subsequently applied to observed data. These methods have been enabled by the information technology revolution, in which fundamental advances in computing and communications are placing vast computational resources at our disposal.

Geocomplexity and the Physics of Earthquakes

The papers in this book describe an emerging alternative approach, which is based on a new understanding of earthquake physics arising from the construction and analysis of numerical simulations.

Author: John Rundle

Publisher: American Geophysical Union

ISBN: 0875909787

Category: Computers

Page: 284

View: 520

Published by the American Geophysical Union as part of the Geophysical Monograph Series, Volume 120. Earthquakes in urban centers are capable of causing enormous damage. The January 16, 1995 Kobe, Japan earthquake was only a magnitude 6.9 event and yet produced an estimated $200 billion loss. Despite an active earthquake prediction program in Japan, this event was a complete surprise. Similar scenarios are possible in Los Angeles, San Francisco, Seattle, and other urban centers around the Pacific plate boundary. The development of forecast or prediction methodologies for these great damaging earthquakes has been complicated by the fact that the largest events repeat at irregular intervals of hundreds to thousands of years, resulting in a limited historical record that has frustrated phenomenological studies. The papers in this book describe an emerging alternative approach, which is based on a new understanding of earthquake physics arising from the construction and analysis of numerical simulations. With these numerical simulations, earthquake physics now can be investigated in numerical laboratories. Simulation data from numerical experiments can be used to develop theoretical understanding that can be subsequently applied to observed data. These methods have been enabled by the information technology revolution, in which fundamental advances in computing and communications are placing vast computational resources at our disposal.

Computational Earthquake Physics Simulations Analysis and Infrastructure

RUNDLE, J .B., KLEIN, W., GROSS, S.J., and TIAMPO, K.F., Dynamics of
seismicity patterns in systems of earthquake faults. In Geocomplexity and the
Physics of Earthquakes, Geophys. Monogr. Ser., vol. 120 (eds. by J .B. Rundle,
D.L. Turcotte ...

Author:

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3764381302

Category: Geography

Page:

View: 505


Nonlinear Processes in Geophysics

Edited by : C. Goltz Reviewed by : three referees References Beeler , N. M. and
Lockner , D. A .: Why earthquakes ... USSR , Physics of Earth , in Russian , N2 ,
108-112 , 1978 . ... Geocomplexity and the Physics of Earthquakes , Geophys .

Author:

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Category: Geophysics

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Earthquake Rupture Processes in Circum Pacific Subduction Zones

... depth along interplate megathrust faults in subduction zones , Nature , 400 ,
443-446 , 1999b . Bilek , S. , and T. Lay , Depth dependent rupture properties in
circum - Pacific subduction zones , GeoComplexity and the Physics of
Earthquakes ...

Author: Susan Lynn Bilek

Publisher:

ISBN:

Category: Earthquakes

Page: 360

View: 445


TAO

In : Rundle , J. B. , D. L. Turcotte , and W. Klein ( Eds . ) , GeoComplexity and the
Physics of Earthquakes , Geophys . Mono . , AGU ... Rice , J. R. , 1979 : Theory of
precursory process in the inception of earthquake rupture . Gerlands Beitr .

Author:

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Category: Atmospheric physics

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View: 723


Annali di geofisica

tures of ionospheric precursors of strong earthquakes , J. Atmos . Solar - Terr .
Phys . , 65 , 1337-1347 ... Seismol . , 4 , 57-68 . RUNDLE , J.B. , D.L. TURCOTTE
and W. KLEIN ( Editors ) ( 2000 ) : GeoComplexity and the Physics of
Earthquakes ...

Author:

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Category: Geophysics

Page:

View: 543


Extreme Events and Natural Hazards

Kovachs , P. ( 2010 ) , Reducing the risk of earthquake damage in Canada :
Lessons from Haiti and Chile , ICLR Res . ... Rundle , J. B. , D. L. Turcotte , and W.
Klein ( Eds . ) ( 2000b ) , Geocomplexity and the Physics of Earthquakes ,
Geophys .

Author: A. Surjalal Sharma

Publisher: American Geophysical Union

ISBN: 9780875904863

Category: Science

Page: 380

View: 426

Published by the American Geophysical Union as part of the Geophysical Monograph Series, Volume 196. Extreme Events and Natural Hazards: The Complexity Perspective examines recent developments in complexity science that provide a new approach to understanding extreme events. This understanding is critical to the development of strategies for the prediction of natural hazards and mitigation of their adverse consequences. The volume is a comprehensive collection of current developments in the understanding of extreme events. The following critical areas are highlighted: understanding extreme events, natural hazard prediction and development of mitigation strategies, recent developments in complexity science, global change and how it relates to extreme events, and policy sciences and perspective. With its overarching theme, Extreme Events and Natural Hazards will be of interest and relevance to scientists interested in nonlinear geophysics, natural hazards, atmospheric science, hydrology, oceanography, tectonics, and space weather.

The Rocky Mountain Region an Evolving Lithosphere

... Melvyn L. Goldstein , and JeanLouis Bougeret ( Eds . ) 120 GeoComplexity
and the Physics of Earthquakes John B. ... Paul A. Witherspoon , and Sally M.
Benson ( Eds . ) 123 Atmospheric Science Across the Stratopause David E.
Siskind ...

Author: Karl E. Karlstrom

Publisher:

ISBN:

Category: CD-ROMs

Page: 441

View: 607

With new levels of resolution afforded by modern seismic and analytical techniques, this volume will advance our understanding of how the continents work. For seismologists, tectonophysicists, volcanologists, geochemists, and petrologists, and students of solid Earth history.

American Book Publishing Record

II . Series . bibliographical references and index . ( QE527.75.G37 2000 ] 21 00-
032107 ISBN 0-88415-430-0 125.00 1. Earthquakes . I. Khilyuk , Leonid E.
GEOCOMPLEXITY and the 551.22 physics of earthquakes / John B. Rundle ,
Donald L.

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Category: American literature

Page:

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Doklady Earth Sciences

Ratio , % 25 tion of a megaearthquake can be described by functionals known as
precursors of strong earthquakes of a ... D . L . Turcotte , W . I . Newman , and A .
Gabrielov , in Geocomplexity and the Physics of Earthquakes ( Washington D ...

Author:

Publisher:

ISBN:

Category: Earth sciences

Page:

View: 160


Dynamics of Fluids in Fractured Rock

... and Peter R. Wilcock ( Eds . ) 90 Physics of the Magnetopause Paul Song ,
B.U.Ö. Sonnerup , and M.F. Thomsen ( Eds ... and JeanLouis Bougeret ( Eds . )
GeoComplexity and the Physics of Earthquakes John B. Rundle , Donald L.
Turcotte ...

Author: Boris Faybishenko

Publisher: American Geophysical Union

ISBN:

Category: Science

Page: 400

View: 503

Published by the American Geophysical Union as part of the Geophysical Monograph Series, Volume 122. Among the current problems that hydrogeologists face, perhaps there is none as challenging as the characterization of fractured rock. Within hydrogeological systems, general issues concerning groundwater flow and environmental remediation cannot be resolved in any practical manner prior to investigating the nature and vagaries of the fracture networks themselves. Comparable difficulties arise when developing economic programs for the exploitation of oil, gas, and geothermal reservoirs in fractured rock. Equal, if not greater, difficulties have commanded our attention relatively recently in regard to the storing of spent fuel generated by nuclear power plants. For example, if we are to isolate spent nuclear fuel in underground rock systems, we must construct a repository to protect the biosphere from contamination by radioactivity while subjecting the total rock system to a significant thermal field for many thousands of years. Predicting the behavior of a waste repository under such conditions, especially in fractured rock, is a formidable task.

Hawaiian Volcanoes

... Geospace Mass and Energy Flow : Results from the International Solar -
Terrestrial Physics Program James L. Horwitz ... Melvyn L. Goldstein , and
JeanLouis Bougeret ( Eds . ) 120 GeoComplexity and the Physics of Earthquakes
John B.

Author: Varios Autores

Publisher: American Geophysical Union

ISBN:

Category: Nature

Page: 418

View: 351

These 27 papers attest to recent progress in deep underwater geology around Hawaii through an ongoing cooperative effort by US and Japanese researchers, and to understanding specifically of the growth history of the Kilauea Volcano and its instability, giant landslides in the northeast of Oahu, and the genesis of the Hawaiian plume and magma. Each of these sections is prefaced by an introduction. Participating scientists are largely from the Japan Marine Science and Technology Center, universities in Japan, the U. of Hawaii, the US Geological Survey, and the Geological Survey of Japan. The book includes physiographic maps, relief images, and color plates; it lacks an index. Contents of the CD-ROM are not specified. Annotation copyrighted by Book News, Inc., Portland, OR.

Seismological Research Letters

Author:

Publisher:

ISBN:

Category: Earthquakes

Page:

View: 978


Earthquake Spectra

Kanamori , H . and Heaton , T . H . , 2000 , Microscopic and macroscopic physics
of earthquakes , J . B . Rundle , ed . , Geocomplexity and the Physics of
Earthquakes , 120 , 147 - 163 , American Geophysical Union , Washington , DC .
Mikumo ...

Author:

Publisher:

ISBN:

Category: Earthquake engineering

Page:

View: 862


Forecasting Large Magnitude Earthquakes

Statistical physics approach to understanding the multiscale dynamics of
earthquake fault systems . Rev. ... In J. B. Rundle , D. L. Turcotte , and W. Klein ,
editors , Geocomplexity and the Physics of Earthquakes , volume 120 of Geophys
.

Author: James Roy Holliday

Publisher:

ISBN:

Category:

Page: 514

View: 805


The Cultural Values of Science

Geocomplexity and the Physics of Earthquakes . Am . Geophys . Union ,
Washington , DC . 20 . Shnirman , M . G . , and E . M . Blanter ( 1998 ) . ' Self -
organized criticality in a mixed hierarchical system ' . Phys . Rev . Letters , 81 :
5445 - 5448 .

Author: Pontificia Accademia delle scienze

Publisher: Pontificia Academia Scient.

ISBN:

Category: Science

Page: 389

View: 444


Stanford Rock Physics Borehole Geophysics Project

Crustal Fluids and Earthquakes William J. Bosl and Amos Nur Geophysics
Department , Stanford University The mechanical ... If this is so , then the
poroelastic behavior of the upper crust must be considered in studies of
earthquake physics .

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Physical Review

ACKNOWLEDGMENTS This study was partly supported by the National Science
Foundation (Grant No. ... D.L. Turcotte, W.I. Newman, and A. Gabrielov, in
Geocomplexity and the Physics of Earthquakes, edited by J.B. Rundle, D.L.
Turcotte, ...

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Category: Fluids

Page:

View: 274


Proceedings of the Japan Academy

Faulting of the great Kanto earthquake of 1923 as revealed by seismological data
, Bull . ... Microscopic and macroscopic physics of earthquakes , AGU Monograph
Series 120 , “ GeoComplexity and Physics of Earthquakes ” J. B. Rundle , D. L. ...

Author: Nihon Gakushiin

Publisher:

ISBN:

Category: Biology

Page:

View: 145