GLOBAL TROPICAL CYCLOGENESIS

This book presents the first physical findings of an investigation into the spatio-temporal characteristics of the global tropical cyclogenesis.

Author: Eugene A. Sharkov

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3642132960

Category: Science

Page: 604

View: 590

Cyclogenesis research is a central issue of meteorology and climatology. This book gives a deep specific view and fundamentally and effectively contributes to the discussion of the problem. It treats cyclogenisis as a stochastic process in a very fundamental way. Since the publication of the first edition of Global Tropical Cyclogenesis in 2001, a number of important scientific results has been obtained using methods and techniques proposed in that first edition. There is therefore a great need for a revised 2nd edition of this book. It is based on scientific findings from the performance of satellite data processing and a series of scientific marine expeditions to the tropics as part of major Russian Science Academy research projects. Professor Eugene A. Sharkov has proposed the main approaches, experimental techniques and theoretical explanations for many scientific findings as well as new methods of satellite processing. He is recognized as a leading scientist in the field of microwave remote sensing of terrestrial surfaces and atmosphere and in nonlinear geophysics (origination and evolution of atmospheric catastrophes) and has published around 100 scientific works on the problems of global tropical cyclogenesis structure and evolution.

Global Tropical Cyclogenesis

5.3.4 Global-tropical-cyclogenesis archives The main steps in studying global
tropical cyclogenesis have been to develop a global dataset in a common format
and to establish reliable and consistent global data- communication exchange.

Author: E.A. Sharkov

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9781852331139

Category: Science

Page: 370

View: 719

Tropical cyclones are the most impressive and best phenomenon of the tropics, and this book fills a need for a thorough detailed book on the subject, concentrating on the remote sensing results on both initial and mature forms of tropical cyclones. It provides a comprehensive description of the physical, geophysical and meteorological foundations of global tropical cyclogenesis. The author emphasises the physical aspects necessary to judge the possibilities and limitations of monitoring mitigation methods, and includes numerous applications and illustrations from up-to-date airborne and satellite experiments.

Global Perspectives on Tropical Cyclones

This book is a completely rewritten, updated and expanded new edition of the original Global Perspectives on Tropical Cyclones published in 1995.

Author:

Publisher:

ISBN: 9814465828

Category:

Page:

View: 962


Evaluating Tropical Cyclogenesis Forecasts from Four Global Numerical Models

ABSTRACT: Tropical cyclone (TC) forecasts rely heavily on output from numerical models.

Author: Daniel Halperin

Publisher:

ISBN:

Category: Meteorology

Page:

View: 724

ABSTRACT: Tropical cyclone (TC) forecasts rely heavily on output from numerical models. Each model in the suite of models used by forecasters has its own strengths and weaknesses. Some research has investigated the skill of the various models with respect to track, with the assumption that a TC already exists. However, little research has considered how well (or poorly) global models forecast TC genesis. Some studies have considered the Western North Pacific basin, but there have been numerous upgrades to the numerical models since then. A few studies examined the North Atlantic basin, but they analyzed a relatively small sample of storms. This paper will analyze TC genesis forecasts in four global models (CMC, GFS, NOGAPS, UKMET) over seven seasons (2004-2010) in the North Atlantic basin. All model indicated TCs will be counted and classified as a hit, false alarm, or an incorrect timing event. We will also consider miss events. The method of finding TCs in the model environment is based on a mixture of methods used previously in the literature. Hits are defined as when a model predicts genesis within 24 hours of the National Hurricane Center Best-Track genesis time and within 5° latitude and longitude of the Best-Track genesis location. A false alarm is defined as a model indicated TC that never develops. An incorrect timing event is defined as when the model is predicting genesis at a location where a TC already exists in the Best-Track, but the timing of genesis is off (i.e., more than 24 hours from the Best-Track genesis time). Results will show which model best predicted TC genesis (with the acknowledgement that the "best" model can change from year to year) and whether or not model performance has improved over time. Basic statistics will be conducted on the results. The results will be subdivided into geographical regions and analyzed spatially and temporally. This provides insight regarding regions where a model performs best (or worst) and whether forecast skill decreases with increasing forecast hour, as one would expect. Future research will investigate the "whys" behind the results presented here. Synoptic patterns will be analyzed, and commonalities among each category (hits, false alarms, misses, and incorrect timing events) will be investigated.

Remote Sensing of Tropical Regions

Effect of tropical cyclones on the thermal stratification of a tropical atmosphere .
Sov . J. Remote Sensing , Vol . 9 , N 2 , p . 296– 314 . Pokrovskaya I. V. , Sharkov
E. A. ( 1993a ) . Global tropical cyclogenesis as accidental Poisson process .

Author: Eugene A. Sharkov

Publisher: John Wiley & Son Limited

ISBN:

Category: Science

Page: 310

View: 707

The tropical regions of the Earth play a crucial role in the evolution of the global thermodynamic surface-atmosphere system, and in the socio-ecological processes on our planet. The well known clichés describing the tropics as "the firebox of the atmosphere" and "the lungs of the planet" are not exaggerations. The principle purposes of this book are to demonstrate the unique capabilities of modern remote sensing techniques for the observation and monitoring of tropical ecosystems, and to substantiate the scientific rationale for studies of the Earth?s tropical regions. In the first part of this book, the author places particular emphasis on specific features of low-latitude conditions, such as tropical cyclones, mesoscale tropical systems, dynamical features in tropical oceans, and the temperature and humidity structure of the tropical atmosphere. Remote sensing of the tropics in the visual and infrared bands is severely limited by cloud cover, and for this reason microwave remote sensing is of great importance for observations of tropical systems. In the second part of this book, the author considers the basic principles of microwave sounding, and the role of both passive and active remote sensing methods for tropical ecosystem monitoring. He presents examples of applications in areas such as rainforest monitoring, crop mapping, population distribution, hydrology studies and the monitoring of biomass burning and active geodetic zones. The book concludes with a synopsis of the current status of operational satellite systems and future plans for tropical studies using remote sensing. Readership: Undergraduate and postgraduate students of geography, meteorology, climatology, atmospheric physics, geophysics, oceanography, tropical agriculture and environmental science. Professional scientists, environmentalists and engineers concerned with tropical ecosystems, and government agencies and industries involved with management, planning and hazard assessment in tropical regions.

Russian Meteorology and Hydrology

TC landfall is relatively frequent in the northwest Pacific , while the TC
transformation into extratropical . cyclones is ... This confirms the dominant
contribution of water areas of the Northern Hemisphere to global tropical
cyclogenesis and a ...

Author:

Publisher:

ISBN:

Category: Hydrology

Page:

View: 928


Tropical Cyclone Dynamics Prediction and Detection

This book would make a nice addition to any course on tropical meteorology highlighting topics of interest in recent research on this topic.

Author: Anthony Lupo

Publisher: BoD – Books on Demand

ISBN: 9535127020

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 258

View: 488

Today, tropical cyclones continue to bring destruction, as well as disruption, to societies that are exposed to their threat. This book represents a compilation of recent cutting-edge research on tropical cyclones and their impacts from researchers at many institutions around the world. This book contains new looks at tropical cyclone dynamics, the use of satellite-based remote sensing in the detection and climatology of tropical cyclones, and the modeling and prediction of tropical cyclones as well as their associated impacts. This book would make a nice addition to any course on tropical meteorology highlighting topics of interest in recent research on this topic.

Indian Ocean Tropical Cyclones and Climate Change

The book is about climate change and tropical cyclones, with an emphasis on the Indian Ocean. It highlights a probability of major changes in tropical cyclone activity across the various ocean basins.

Author: Yassine Charabi

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9789048131099

Category: Science

Page: 373

View: 758

Tropical cyclones are topic that is not appropriately known to the public at large, but climate change has been on the public’s mind since the last decade and a concern that has peaked in the new millennium. Like the television programs of Jean Yves Cousteau the ‘plight of the oceans’, have recent documentaries nurtured a conscio- ness that major climatological changes are in the offing, even have started to develop. The retreat of glaciers on mountain tops and in Polar Regions is ‘being seen’ on ‘the small screen’ and has favored an environmental awareness in all populations that are enjoying an average well-being on Planet Earth. The vivid images on screen of storms, floods, and tsunamis share the fear provoking landscapes of deforestation, desertification and the like. Watching such as this one is seen are voices warning of what over is ‘in store’ if the causative problems are not remedied. Talking and d- cussing are useful, but action must follow. Understanding the full ramifications of climate change on tropical cyclones is a task that will takes several decades. In Climate Change 2007, the Fourth Assessment Report of the United Nations Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) a high probability of major changes in tropical cyclone activity across the various ocean basins is highlighted.

Encyclopedia of Global Environmental Change Set

Satellite images ( e . g . , Figure 1 ) illustrate many aspects of the structure of a
tropical cyclone : the central , calm and ( usually ) cloud free eye region
surrounded by an eyewall of deep thunderstorms and bands of cloudiness that
spiral ...

Author: Ted Munn

Publisher: Wiley-Blackwell

ISBN:

Category: Reference

Page: 3440

View: 913

THE DEFINITIVE RESOURCE The Encyclopedia of Global Environmental Change is the first major reference work in this multi-disciplinary field, and presents... * Outstanding authorship and high quality editing * Comprehensive coverage with over 3,800 pages in 5 volumes * Over 500 articles, 100 biographies, 150 definitions and 100 acronyms * Extensive bibliographies with up-to-date references ABOUT THE ENCYCLOPEDIA The Wiley Encyclopedia of Global Environmental Change has been published to meet the need for a comprehensive integrated reference in this burgeoning field. It consists of five volumes of inter-related material: Volume 1: The Earth System: Physical and Chemical Dimensions of Global Environmental Change Volume 2: The Earth System: Biological and Ecological Dimensions of Global Environmental Change Volume 3: Causes and Consequences of Global Environmental Change Volume 4: Responding to Global Environmental Change Volume 5: Social and Economic Dimensions of Global Environmental Change * Each volume contains articles of between 1,000 and 10,000 words on major topics * Articles contain an abstract written for the non-specialist, followed by the main text which provides greater detail for the specialist * Biographies of distinguished environmental scientists discuss their contributions to a better understanding of global environmental change * Definitions of international terms and descriptions of acronyms of international and regional programs and agencies provide a quick reference source for the environmental scientist and student * Presents a thematic approach and includes theory, empirical studies and applications emphasising the inter-relationship between various disciplines and systems

A Study of Eastern Pacific Tropical Cyclogenesis Using Data from the Global Weather Experiment

Author: Steven Paul Weaver

Publisher:

ISBN:

Category:

Page: 314

View: 287


Transactions Doklady of the Russian Academy of Sciences

UDC 551.511.61 Scale Properties of Global Tropical Cyclogenesis N.M. Astaf
yeva , I.V. Pokrovskaya and Ye.A. Sharkov Institute of Space Research , Russian
Academy of Sciences , Moscow ( Presented by Academician A.A. Galeyev ...

Author:

Publisher:

ISBN:

Category: Earth sciences

Page:

View: 836


The World at Risk Natural Hazards and Climate Change

TROPICAL CYCLONE FREQUENCY AND GLOBAL WARMING Richard E .
Peterson and Thomas E . Warner Department of Geosciences Texas Tech
University Lubbock , Texas 79409 ABSTRACT Under current global weather
conditions ...

Author: Rafael L. Bras

Publisher: American Institute of Physics

ISBN:

Category: Science

Page: 352

View: 850

This proceedings volume emphasizes the link between climate change and natural hazards such as droughts, flooding, sea level rise, and prolonged temperature extremes. Includes papers on such topics as: predicting hazards impacted by climate change, outlining strategies for ... FROM LONG DESCRIPTION

Monitoring and Prediction of Tropical Cyclones in the Indian Ocean and Climate Change

This book deals with recent advances in our understanding and prediction of tropical cyclogenesis, intensification and movement as well as landfall processes like heavy rainfall, gale wind and storm surge based on the latest observational ...

Author: U.C. Mohanty

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9400777205

Category: Science

Page: 428

View: 327

This book deals with recent advances in our understanding and prediction of tropical cyclogenesis, intensification and movement as well as landfall processes like heavy rainfall, gale wind and storm surge based on the latest observational and numerical weather prediction (NWP) modeling platforms. It also includes tropical cyclone (TC) management issues like early warning systems, recent high impact TC events, disaster preparedness, assessment of risk and vulnerability including construction, archiving and retrieval of the best tracking and historical data sets, policy decision etc., in view of recent findings on climate change aspects and their impact on TC activity. The chapters are authored by leading experts, both from research and operational environments. This book is relevant to cyclone forecasters and researchers, managers, policy makers, graduate and undergraduate students. It intends to stimulate thinking and hence further research in the field of TCs and climate change, especially over the Indian Ocean region and provides high-quality reference materials for all the users mentioned above for the management of TCs over this region.

Indian Ocean Tropical Cyclones and Climate Change

The book is about climate change and tropical cyclones, with an emphasis on the Indian Ocean. It highlights a probability of major changes in tropical cyclone activity across the various ocean basins.

Author: Yassine Charabi

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9789048131105

Category: Science

Page: 373

View: 565

Tropical cyclones are topic that is not appropriately known to the public at large, but climate change has been on the public’s mind since the last decade and a concern that has peaked in the new millennium. Like the television programs of Jean Yves Cousteau the ‘plight of the oceans’, have recent documentaries nurtured a conscio- ness that major climatological changes are in the offing, even have started to develop. The retreat of glaciers on mountain tops and in Polar Regions is ‘being seen’ on ‘the small screen’ and has favored an environmental awareness in all populations that are enjoying an average well-being on Planet Earth. The vivid images on screen of storms, floods, and tsunamis share the fear provoking landscapes of deforestation, desertification and the like. Watching such as this one is seen are voices warning of what over is ‘in store’ if the causative problems are not remedied. Talking and d- cussing are useful, but action must follow. Understanding the full ramifications of climate change on tropical cyclones is a task that will takes several decades. In Climate Change 2007, the Fourth Assessment Report of the United Nations Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) a high probability of major changes in tropical cyclone activity across the various ocean basins is highlighted.

The Global Climate System Review 2003

World Meteorological Organization. and torrential rainfall that led to ... Tropical
cyclone Erica (3-16 March), which started life in Australia, struck New Caledonia
as it carved eastward over the Coral Sea. Erica reached its peak intensity of 115
 ...

Author: World Meteorological Organization

Publisher:

ISBN:

Category: Climatic changes

Page: 63

View: 254


Advanced Numerical Modeling and Data Assimilation Techniques for Tropical Cyclone Predictions

This book deals primarily with monitoring, prediction and understanding of Tropical Cyclones (TCs).

Author: U.C. Mohanty

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9402408967

Category: Science

Page: 746

View: 152

This book deals primarily with monitoring, prediction and understanding of Tropical Cyclones (TCs). It was envisioned to serve as a teaching and reference resource at universities and academic institutions for researchers and post-graduate students. It has been designed to provide a broad outlook on recent advances in observations, assimilation and modeling of TCs with detailed and advanced information on genesis, intensification, movement and storm surge prediction. Specifically, it focuses on (i) state-of-the-art observations for advancing TC research, (ii) advances in numerical weather prediction for TCs, (iii) advanced assimilation and vortex initialization techniques, (iv) ocean coupling, (v) current capabilities to predict TCs, and (vi) advanced research in physical and dynamical processes in TCs. The chapters in the book are authored by leading international experts from academic, research and operational environments. The book is also expected to stimulate critical thinking for cyclone forecasters and researchers, managers, policy makers, and graduate and post-graduate students to carry out future research in the field of TCs.

IGBP Symposium on Changes in Global Climate Due to Natural and Human Activities January 15 17 1997

Global Warming and Its Impact on Tropical Cyclone S.S. Dugam Indian Institute
of Tropical Meteorology , Pune - 411 008 Synopsis : The statistical analyses of 98
years of data ( 1891-1988 ) of global surface air temperature anomalies and the ...

Author: S. N. Das

Publisher: Allied Publishers (India)

ISBN:

Category: Biosphere

Page: 296

View: 790


International Aerospace Abstracts

Additional experiments indicate that the observed higher frequency of tropical
cyclogenesis just west of the Central American coast may be due to the
horizontal morphology of the ITCZ in that region . In the eastem Pacific , the ITCZ
is a zonally ...

Author:

Publisher:

ISBN:

Category: Aeronautics

Page:

View: 465


Government Reports Announcements Index

Author:

Publisher:

ISBN:

Category: Science

Page:

View: 816


Abridged Final Report of the Seventh Session Manila 27 February 10 March 1978

Priority 1 Project ici - Global tropical cyclone data for research Project TC3 -
Small - scale cycloidal motions of tropical cyclones nes Project TC4 - Association
of tropical cyclogenesis with large - scale circulation changes Priority 2 Project
TC5 ...

Author: World Meteorological Organization. Commission for Atmospheric Sciences

Publisher:

ISBN:

Category: Atmospheric physics

Page: 113

View: 426