Great Breakthroughs in Physics

Fully illustrated and augmented with helpful timelines, this book provides an essential introduction to this fascinating subject.

Author: Robert Snedden

Publisher:

ISBN: 9781839406850

Category:

Page: 192

View: 571

In this beautifully illustrated and highly accessible history of the subject, author Robert Snedden looks at what has been described as the fundamental science - the one that underpins all others. From its roots in the ancient sciences of astronomy and geometry to the discovery of the law of gravity, the analysis of matter and the developments in electromagnetism and thermodynamics, readers are taken on an illuminating journey through humankind's attempts to understand what makes our world work. Chapters on the study of motion; the analysis of gases; the nature of light; energy; atoms; radioactivity; the theory of relativity and particle theory show how scientists have revealed information that has led to the desire to know even more as we drill down into the minutiae of the science of physics. It is a brilliant introduction to the study of the reality of the world and everything in it.

The Discoveries

Finally he includes a fascinating and unique guided tour through the original papers in which the discoveries were revealed. Here is science writing at its best–beautiful, lyrical and completely accessible.

Author: Alan Lightman

Publisher: Vintage

ISBN: 0307483843

Category: Science

Page: 592

View: 386

In this captivating and lucid book, novelist and science writer Alan Lightman chronicles twenty-four great discoveries of twentieth-century science--everything from the theory of relativity to mapping the structure of DNA.These discoveries radically changed our notions of the world and our place in it. Here are Einstein, Fleming, Bohr, McClintock, Paul ing, Watson and Crick, Heisenberg and many others. With remarkable insight, Lightman charts the intellectual and emotional landscape of the time, portrays the human drama of discovery, and explains the significance and impact of the work. Finally he includes a fascinating and unique guided tour through the original papers in which the discoveries were revealed. Here is science writing at its best–beautiful, lyrical and completely accessible. It brings the process of discovery to life before our very eyes.

Great Experiments in Physics

Starting with Galileo's experiments with motion, this study of 25 crucial discoveries includes Newton's laws of motion, Chadwick's study of the neutron, Hertz on electromagnetic waves, and more.

Author: Morris H. Shamos

Publisher: Courier Corporation

ISBN: 048613962X

Category: Science

Page: 384

View: 188

Starting with Galileo's experiments with motion, this study of 25 crucial discoveries includes Newton's laws of motion, Chadwick's study of the neutron, Hertz on electromagnetic waves, and more.

Investigating the Nature of Matter Energy Space and Time

Among the skilled scientists engaged in high energy and nuclear physics
research , they also inspire ingenuity and ... in the development of the theoretical
foundations and in many of the major experimental discoveries in particle physics
.

Author: United States. Congress. House. Committee on Science and Technology (2007). Subcommittee on Energy and Environment

Publisher:

ISBN:

Category: Federal aid to research

Page: 73

View: 444


Symmetry and the Beautiful Universe

Through ingenious analogies and illustrations, they bring these astounding notions to life. This book will open your eyes to a universe you never knew existed.

Author: Leon M. Lederman

Publisher: Prometheus Books

ISBN: 1615920412

Category: Science

Page: 363

View: 240

When scientists peer through a telescope at the distant stars in outer space or use a particle-accelerator to analyze the smallest components of matter, they discover that the same laws of physics govern the whole universe at all times and all places. Physicists call the eternal, ubiquitous constancy of the laws of physics symmetry. Symmetry is the basic underlying principle that defines the laws of nature and hence controls the universe. This all-important insight is one of the great conceptual breakthroughs in modern physics and is the basis of contemporary efforts to discover a grand unified theory to explain all the laws of physics. Nobel Laureate Leon M. Lederman and physicist Christopher T. Hill explain the supremely elegant concept of symmetry and all its profound ramifications to life on Earth and the universe at large in this eloquent, accessible popular science book. They not only clearly describe concepts normally reserved only for physicists and mathematicians, but they also instill an appreciation for the profound beauty of the universe’s inherent design. Central to the story of symmetry is an obscure, unpretentious, but extremely gifted German mathematician named Emmy Noether. Though still little known to the world, she impressed no less a scientist than Albert Einstein, who praised her "penetrating mathematical thinking." In some of her earliest work she proved that the law of the conservation of energy was connected to the idea of symmetry and thus laid the mathematical groundwork for what may be the most important concept of modern physics. Lederman and Hill reveal concepts about the universe, based on Noether’s work, that are largely unknown to the public and have wide-reaching implications in connection with the Big Bang, Einstein’s theory of relativity, quantum mechanics, and many other areas of physics. Through ingenious analogies and illustrations, they bring these astounding notions to life. This book will open your eyes to a universe you never knew existed.

High Energy Physics

Now , on a more serious note , is there any possibility that advances in
technology will require or at least facilitate a ... have to make some major new
change , because right now what we ' re doing with our circular colliders and
linear colliders ...

Author: United States

Publisher:

ISBN:

Category: Government publications

Page: 113

View: 816


The Realm of Science The evolving knowledge further developments in classical physics

... and physicist , demonstrated mathematically the validity of the conservation
principle in such fields as mechanics , heat ... one of the great scientific
breakthroughs of all time . of Conservation of Energy Reprinted by permission of
the publisher.

Author: Stanley Barber Brown

Publisher:

ISBN:

Category: Science

Page:

View: 373


Fundamentals of University Physics

36 - 10 LIMITATIONS OF THE BOHR THEORY The Bohr theory represents one of
the great breakthroughs of modern physics , and its spectacular success in the
treatment of hydrogen and hydrogen - like atoms ( which have a single valence ...

Author: William Wallace McCormick

Publisher:

ISBN:

Category: Physics

Page: 847

View: 941


Education and Training

Howard Sergeant in a hundred could successfully resist the advances of a
woman who had set her mind on seducing him . ... Not , then , a great
breakthrough in physics teaching , but a step in the right direction which could
well be helpful to ...

Author:

Publisher:

ISBN:

Category: Technical education

Page:

View: 663


So You Want to be a Physicist

Certainly there is no denying that in the past three thousand years many of the
great breakthroughs in our understanding of the physical universe basic ,
indispensable , sometimes almost incredible discoveries — have been made by
geniuses ...

Author: Alan Edward Nourse

Publisher:

ISBN:

Category: Physics

Page: 182

View: 724


Research News Division of Research Development and Administration

They do not deny the great that theoretical physics was hard to complexity we
see around us ; they trust stick with , and they all ... They remembered back wist
many puzzled physicists wondered , had fully , to the great breakthroughs of the
God ...

Author: University of Michigan. Division of Research Development and Administration

Publisher:

ISBN:

Category: Research

Page:

View: 260


100 Greatest Science Discoveries of All Time

Introduces one hundred discoveries that changed science, including information on who discovered it, how it was discovered, and what makes it one of the one hundred greatest scientific breakthroughs.

Author: Kendall Haven

Publisher: Libraries Unlimited

ISBN: 9781591582656

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 255

View: 822

Introduces one hundred discoveries that changed science, including information on who discovered it, how it was discovered, and what makes it one of the one hundred greatest scientific breakthroughs.

Sociology

ticular , may have its greatest historic destiny in this hope , rather than in its past .
... Einstein , Darwin , Newton , Harvey , Copernicus , Galileo , Vesalius , Pavlov ,
Pasteur , and Fleming represent great " breakthroughs " in physics and biology .

Author: Read Bain

Publisher:

ISBN:

Category: Sociology

Page: 483

View: 761


Advances in Atomic Molecular and Optical Physics

But, he would certainly say “physicist”, and then could follow with “teacher,
scholar, administrator, historian, editor and writer, and humble public ... The
nation will need its scientists to continue to make the great scientific
breakthroughs.

Author:

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 9780080456089

Category: Science

Page: 614

View: 167

Benjamin Bederson contributed to the world of physics in many areas: in atomic physics, where he achieved renown by his scattering and polarizability experiments, as the Editor-in-Chief for the American Physical Society, where he saw the introduction of electronic publishing and a remarkable growth of the APS journals, with ever increasing world-wide contributions to these highly esteemed journals, and as the originator of a number of international physics conferences in the fields of atomic and collision physics, which are continuing to this day. Bederson was also a great teacher and university administrator. The first part of this volume of Advances in Atomic, Molecular, and Optical Physics (AAMOP), entitled Benjamin Bederson: Works, Comments and Legacies, contains articles written from a personal perspective. His days at Los Alamos during World War II, working on the A bomb, are recounted by V. Fitch. H. Walther writes on the time when both were editors of AAMOP. H. Lustig, E. Merzbacher and B. Crasemann, with whom Bederson had a long-term association at the American Physical Society, contribute their experiences, one of them in the style of a poem. C.D. Rice recalls his days when he was Dean of the Faculty of Arts and Science at NYU, and the education in physics that he received from Bederson, then Dean of the Graduate School. The contribution by R. Stuewer is on Bederson as physicist historian (his latest interest). N. Lane draws some parallels between "two civic scientists, Benjamin Bederson and the other Benjamin". The papers are introduced by H.H. Stroke, in an overview of Bederson's career. A biography and bibliography are included. The second part of the volume contains scientific articles on the Casimir effects (L. Spruch), dipole polarizabilities (X. Chu, A. Dalgarno), two-electron molecular bonds revisited (G. Chen, S.A. Chin, Y. Dou, K.T. Kapale, M. Kim, A.A. Svidzinsky, K. Uretkin, H. Xiong, M.O. Scully, and resonance fluorescence of two-level atoms (H. Walther). J. Pinard and H.H. Stroke review spectroscopy with radioactive atoms. T. Miller writes on electron attachment and detachment in gases, and, with H. Gould, on recent developments in the measurement of static electric dipole polarizabilities. R. Celotta and J.A. Stroscio's most recent work on trapping and moving atoms on surfaces is contributed here. C.C. Lin and J.B. Borrard's article is on electron-impact excitation cross sections. The late Edward Pollack wrote his last paper for this volume, Atomic and Ionic Collisions. L. Vuskovic and S. Popovi ́c write on atomic interactions in a weakly ionized gas and ionizing shock waves. The last scientific article is by H. Kleinpoppen, B. Lohmann, A. Grum-Grzhimailo and U. Becker on approaches to perfect/complete scattering in atomic and molecular physics. The book ends with an essay on teaching by R.E. Collins. Benjamin Bederson - Atomic Physicist, Civil Scientist The Physical Review and Its Editor Los Alamos in World War II - View from Below Physics in Poetry Casimir Effects - Pedagogical Notes Atomic Physics in Collisions, Polarizabilities, Gases, Atomic Physics and Radioactive Atoms Molecular Bond Revisited Resonance Fluorescence in 2-Level Atoms Trapping and Moving Atoms on Surfaces

Only the Longest Threads

"Tasneem Zehra Husain writes lyrically, poetically about life, love, and physics. I highly recommend this wonderful book for anyone interested in what physics, and indeed all of science, is about.

Author: Tasneem Zehra Husain

Publisher: Paul Dry Books

ISBN: 1589880889

Category: Fiction

Page: 221

View: 544

"Part fiction, part overview of 'Aha!' moments in the forward march of physics, Only the Longest Threads takes readers dramatically through scientific fields such as quantum field theory, electromagnetism, relativity, quantum mechanics, and string theory. Each idea or concept is explored in an inventive chapter, each told from a different first-person narrator; the faux emails, letters, and diary entries take place from 1728 to the present day."—Boing Boing, "The Best Books for Nerds from 2014" "Science is done by real human beings, with human concerns. Only the Longest Threads tells a story that conveys the human side of science in a way that is as moving as it is accurate."—Sean Carroll, theoretical physicist at Caltech and author of The Particle at the End of the Universe Only the Longest Threads will thrill readers with its dramatic and lucid accounts of the great breakthroughs in the history of physics—classical mechanics, electromagnetism, relativity, quantum mechanics, quantum field theory, and string theory, each from the viewpoint of a (fictional) witness to the events. Tasneem Zehra Husain re-imagines the pivotal moments in the history of physics when radical new theories shifted our perception of the universe, and our place in it. Husain immerses the reader in the immediacy and excitement of the discoveries—and she guides us as we begin to understand the underlying science and to grasp the revolutionary step forward each of these milestones represents. "Tasneem Zehra Husain writes lyrically, poetically about life, love, and physics. I highly recommend this wonderful book for anyone interested in what physics, and indeed all of science, is about. She masterfully describes the most momentous moments in physics history with verve and talent."—Amir D. Aczel, bestselling author of Fermat’s Last Theorem "A delightful meditation on the development of modern physics, culminating in the discovery of the Higgs. Husain follows the thread of its creation through a dialog between a journalist and young theory student, and as seen through the eyes of witnesses."—John Huth, Donner Professor of Science, Harvard University "Well-written and cleverly constructed, this book takes us on a journey through the history of physics as a series of fictional adventures, loosely linked by another fiction, the storytellers' emails to each other. Some books are praised because 'I couldn’t put it down,' but this one merits a deeper reading, one that stops, muses on, and savors each story before going on to the next. Each one captures not only the emergence of a significant idea in physics, but also something of the characters, culture, and times surrounding that development. So take your time, pause to ponder, but persevere, you will be well rewarded!"—Helen R. Quinn, Physicist, Science Educator, and co-author of The Mystery of the Missing Antimatter, Professor Emeritus SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory "How do theoretical physicists think? Tasneem Zehra Husain knows. She knows their purpose, feels their passions, articulates their frustrations, shares their triumphs. Through the device of fiction Only the Longest Threads communicates the history of physical thought—its roots in inquisitiveness and essential disinterest in outcome—with greater clarity than any popular science text."—Michael Duff FRS, Abdus Salam Professor of Theoretical Physics, Imperial College London "An artfully constructed journey through space and time."—Freddy Cachazo, Perimeter Institute for Theoretical Physics "Husain skillfully weaves a poetic tapestry."—Joseph Mazur, author of Enlightening Symbols

Fundamentals of College Physics

Thus , when a great many atoms are radiating energy all at once , the transition
from the first excited state to the normal ... Limitations of the Bohr Theory The
Bohr theory represents one of the great breakthroughs of modern physics , and
its ...

Author: William Wallace McCormick

Publisher:

ISBN:

Category: Physics

Page: 819

View: 380


Japanese Journal of Applied Physics

These luminescence properties of GaN were also studied by many
breakthroughs inspired nitride researchers around the world researchers during
this period . to exert great effort , which eventually led to the commerci In contrast
to traditional ...

Author:

Publisher:

ISBN:

Category: Physics

Page:

View: 689


Grand Obsession

Perhaps this is one reason why no Nobels were awarded in physics in 1931 or
1934 . The next seven years , until the outbreak of World War II , would see the
great breakthroughs in nuclear physics , inaugurated by the Cavendish group ,
that ...

Author: Rosalynd Pflaum

Publisher: Doubleday Books

ISBN:

Category: Biography & Autobiography

Page: 496

View: 974

Tells of the lives and revolutionary work of Curie and her husband Pierre, whose work with radiation had an enormous impact on modern physics, and whose legacy was carried on by their daughter and son-in-law

Physics Uspekhi

Many of Zel ' dovich ' s ideas led to revolutionary breakthroughs in the fields
where he worked and indeed were ... all greatly influenced by the ideas and work
of Zel ' dovich , the SRI conference went beyond paying tribute to the great
scientist ...

Author:

Publisher:

ISBN:

Category: Physics

Page:

View: 516


Quantum Legacies

Ironically, most people read in Smyth's report the lesson that physicists had built
the bomb—and, by implication, had won the ... the great breakthroughs in
chemistry and chemical engineering that had made the bomb possible—
breakthroughs ...

Author: David Kaiser

Publisher:

ISBN: 022669805X

Category: Science

Page: 360

View: 382

"Physicists have grappled with quantum theory for over a century. They have learned to wring precise answers from the theory's governing equations, and no experiment to date has found compelling evidence to contradict it. Even so, the conceptual apparatus remains stubbornly, famously bizarre. Physicists have tackled these conceptual uncertainties while navigating still larger ones: the rise of fascism, cataclysmic world wars and a new nuclear age, an unsteady Cold War stand-off and its unexpected end. Quantum Legacies introduces readers to physics' still-unfolding quest by treating iconic moments of discovery and debate among well-known figures like Albert Einstein, Erwin Schrödinger, and Stephen Hawking, and many others whose contributions have indelibly shaped our understanding of nature"--