Growing Up Working Class

Although adolescence came to the upper classes in the late nineteenth century ,
traditionalism slowed its full penetration into the working class . If adolescence is
defined as a preparatory phase in the life - cycle when youth are separated from

Author: J. Robert Wegs

Publisher: Penn State Press

ISBN: 9780271006376

Category: Social Science

Page: 206

View: 335

This study of working-class culture, youth behavior, and the response of youths to conditions in a European setting acknowledges that poverty existed among much of the working class but questions the implicit arguments that these conditions necessarily brought about destructive responses. Until recently, various simplistic paradigms have dominated studies of European workers. These have stressed the misery of urban laborers in a capitalistic society, the functional importance of the isolated nuclear family in an industrial society, or the violent, authoritarian, and intolerant nature of working-class society as a result of cultural deprivation. The approach here, in contrast, is allied with the current trend in social history to allow for elements of diversity and individual initiative within the labor population. Numerous oral interviews are used to enrich other data and to provide evidence on family life that is missing in traditional sources. In examining the way life was actually lived, this book deals primarily with the children of manual laborers, but includes the children of other socially disadvantaged groups in the working-class districts. It analyses the social dimensions among laborers and those immediately above them, such as small-scale shopkeepers. With the view that there is not just one working-class culture but many, it explains the diversity of the working-class experience rather than concentrating only on the most impoverished stratum within it. Wegs argues that much of the working class had a fuller and richer life than is depicted in existing literature. The length of the period covered makes it possible also to draw comparisons and identify long-term trends. Separate chapters are devoted to topics such as everyday life, schooling, work, and sex and marriage. By showing how working-class youth were isolated within primarily working-class areas but still tied to the dominant culture through the schools, social workers, and the Social Democratic subculture, the book adds an important dimension to the study of the working class. It provides a fuller dimension to the study of the working-class youth by dealing with young women as well as men, and with major arguments concerning sexual divisions at work, in the family, and in society. It examines the subordinate position of women in working-class culture but also notes their significant role in the family and in society. Wegs&’s study will be of interest to students of European history and social history, particularly those interested in the working class, issues of adolescence, and the family.

Growing Up in the West

By working class you thought of men in overalls in factories, tending machines,
big, grown-up men with families to keep – honest working guys as Alec called
them. 'What class would you say we were?' he asked his mother at tea. It was
easier ...

Author: Edwin Muir

Publisher: Canongate Books

ISBN: 1847674704

Category: Fiction

Page: 737

View: 953

A man returns to France to unravel the truth about his father’s actions during WWII in “a novel of scope, substance and strength all too rare today” (Spectator). Widely acclaimed as Allan Massie’s finest novel, A Question of Loyalties explores the complexities of loyalty, nationality, and family legacy after the horrors of World War II. Rife with the anguish of hindsight and the irony of circumstance, this powerful book is “addictively narrated . . . Out of one broken man’s story evolves the weighty history and treachery of a whole era” (The Times). Etienne de Balafré, half French, half English, and raised in South Africa, returns to postwar France to unravel the tangled history of his father. Was Lucien de Balafré a patriot who served his country as best he could in difficult times, or a treacherous collaborator in the Vichy government? “I have no hesitation in calling it a major novel . . . Massie here has vigorously pushed back the narrowing boundaries of English fiction.” —Spectator

A Phenomenology of Working Class Experience

Growing up working class and effete is like growing up petitbourgeois and stupid
. The working class family , given the referential whole that frames its cultural
conditions , follows the social logic embedded in their position and transmits a ...

Author: Simon J. Charlesworth

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521659154

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 312

View: 277

This book addresses the personal effects of poverty, social deprivation and inequality using a phenomenological approach.

Growing Up in a Divided Society

O'Neill tried to placate the Protestant working class and ended up alienating the
local officials and members of his party. In trying to appease Harold Wilson's
Labor government by acceding to the demands of the civil rights movement, ...

Author: Sean Byrne

Publisher: Fairleigh Dickinson Univ Press

ISBN: 9780838636558

Category: Social Science

Page: 228

View: 228

"One of the key unanswered questions related to youth violence and tolerance is the effect of social diversity on daily experience. By examining children's political imagery, this project significantly expands existing work on troubled and neglected youth in Northern Ireland, South Africa, and the Middle East. The current changing political context within Northern Ireland reflects that a process of peace-building has begun and that integrated schooling is an important cornerstone of that process."--BOOK JACKET.

Without a Net

These wide-ranging essays cover everything from selling blood for grocery money to the culture shock of "jumping" class. Contributors include Dorothy Allison, Bee Lavender, Eileen Myles, and Daisy Hernáez.

Author: Michelle Tea

Publisher: Hachette UK

ISBN: 1580056679

Category: Social Science

Page: 272

View: 156

An urgent testament to the trials of life for women living without a financial safety net Indie icon Michelle Tea -- whose memoir The Chelsea Whistle details her own working-class roots in gritty Chelsea, Massachusetts -- shares these fierce, honest, tender essays written by women who can't go home to the suburbs when ends don't meet. When jobs are scarce and the money has dwindled, these writers have nowhere to go but below the poverty line. The writers offer their different stories not for sympathy or sadness, but an unvarnished portrait of how it was, is, and will be for generations of women growing up working class in America. These wide-ranging essays cover everything from selling blood for grocery money to the culture shock of "jumping" class. Contributors include Dorothy Allison, Bee Lavender, Eileen Myles, and Daisy Hernáez.

Growing Up Communist and Jewish in Bondi Volume 3

this knowledge to good account to aid the progressive movement, to help the
revolution, be able to defeat the bourgeoisie with its own intellectual weapons. I
would still see myself as working class and would be helping the working class
as a ...

Author: John Docker

Publisher: Kerr Publishing

ISBN: 187570339X

Category: Biography & Autobiography

Page: 406

View: 477

John Docker grew up in Bondi, the son of Communist parents, his mother Jewish from the East End of London and his father of Irish descent. His Bondi is not the site of sunny mindlessness but rather a place of intense immigrant and political life. This book traces his often comic experiences at Bondi Wellington Primary School and Randwick Boys High School. At the University of Sydney from 1963, he became a teenage Leavisite and participated in the anarchistic New Left. With Ann Curthoys he travelled on the Hippie Trail through Asia to London, which became for both the scene of what Gorky referred to as the University of Life.

Growing Up with the Town

On the Plains, moreover, the work ethic still included children to a greater degree
than it did in other areas. ... 1 Working-class views were somewhat slower to
change; here children continued to have economic value into the twentieth
century, ...

Author: Dorothy Schwieder

Publisher: University of Iowa Press

ISBN: 158729415X

Category: History

Page: 232

View: 583

In this unusual blend of chronological and personal history, Dorothy Hubbard Schwieder combines scholarly sources with family memories to create a loving and informed history of Presho, South Dakota, and her family's life there from the time of settlement in 1905 to the mid 1950s. Schwieder tells the story of this small town in the West River country, with its harsh and unpredictable physical environment, through the activities of her father, Walter Hubbard, and his family of ten children. Walter Hubbard’s experiences as a business owner and town builder and his attitudes toward work, education, and family both reflected and shaped the lives of Presho's inhabitants and the town itself. While most histories of the Plains focus on farm life, Schwieder writes entirely about small-town society. She uses newspaper accounts, state and county histories, census data, interviews with residents, and the childhood memories of herself and her nine siblings to create an entwined, first-hand social and economic portrait of life on main street from the perspective of its citizens.

Girls Growing Up in Late Victorian and Edwardian England

In the first place, I have been interested in the history of working-class, as much
as middle-class, girls. Secondly, I have attempted to consider experiences of
growing up and of school and family life, being anxious to avoid the kind of
approach ...

Author: Carol Dyhouse

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 0415623219

Category: History

Page: 224

View: 339

Girls learn about "femininity" from childhood onwards, first through their relationships in the family, and later from their teachers and peers. Using sources which vary from diaries to Inspector’s reports, this book studies the socialization of middle- and working-class girls in late Victorian and early-Edwardian England. It traces the ways in which schooling at all social levels at this time tended to reinforce lessons in the sexual division of labour and patterns of authority between men and women, which girls had already learned at home. Considering the social anxieties that helped to shape the curriculum offered to working-class girls through the period 1870-1920, the book goes on to focus on the emergence of a social psychology of adolescent girlhood in the early-twentieth century and finally, examines the relationship between feminism and girls’ education.

Learning to Labour in Post Soviet Russia

2001), the reality of growing-up working-class has often been one of growing
insecurity and a polarization of life chances vis-à-vis the wider population (
MacDonald and Marsh 2005). This book explores changes taking place in the
lives of ...

Author: Charles Walker

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1136873619

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 248

View: 574

This book explores the changing nature of growing-up working-class in post-Soviet Russia in a time of economic reform. Based on extensive research, it analyses the strategies of contemporary vocational education graduates and highlights their significance for wider processes of social change and social stratification in post-Soviet Russia.

Growing Up Transnational Identity and Kinship in a Global Era

JULIAN VIGO 'I know this and you don't' (Steedman 1991, 2). These words written
by Carolyn Steedman regarding her 'unique' access to working-class
experiences elicit anger, indignation, dialogue, or even silence from many
readers of her ...

Author: May Friedman

Publisher: University of Toronto Press

ISBN: 1442695234

Category: Social Science

Page: 288

View: 611

Stereotypes and cultural imperialism often provide a framework of fixed characteristics for postmodern life, yet fail to address the implications of questions such as, "Where are you from?" Growing Up Transnational challenges the assumptions behind this fixed framework to look at the interconnectivity, conflict, and contradictions within current discussions of identity and kinship. This collection offers a fresh, feminist perspective on family relations, identity politics, and cultural locations in a global era. Using an interdisciplinary approach from fields including gender studies, postcolonial theory, and literary theory, this volume questions the concept of hybridity and the tangible implications of assumed identities. The rich personal narratives of the authors explore hyphenated identities, hybridized families, and the challenges and rewards of lives on and beyond borders. The result is a new transnational sensibility that explores the redefinition of the self, the family, and the nation.

Working Class Studies

Growing up female and feminist and lesbian and working class and Catholic in
the South, the main thing I wasn't sure of was ... Now I'm grown and more, though
no longer Catholic, no longer Southern — except in those moments when I run ...

Author: Renny Christopher

Publisher: Feminist Press at CUNY

ISBN: 9781558611917

Category: Social Science

Page: 256

View: 235

A mullitcultural, complex framework for discussing working class literature, culture, artistic production, and matrial conditions.

Growing Up in the Middle Ages

Since agriculture was the largest and most important enterprise in medieval
Europe, the peasant who farmed the land to produce food for all of society was
the accepted symbol of the working class. Merchants and craftsmen did not fit
smoothly ...

Author: Paul B. Newman

Publisher: McFarland

ISBN: 147660519X

Category: History

Page: 311

View: 622

Dangerous and difficult for both mother and child—what was the birth experience like in the Middle Ages? Dependent, in part, on social class, what pastimes did children enjoy? What games did they play? With often uncomfortable and even harsh living conditions, what kind of care did children receive in the home on a daily basis? These are just a few of the questions this work addresses about the day-to-day childhood experiences during the Middle Ages. Focusing on all social classes of children, the topics are wide-ranging. Chapters cover birth and baptism; early childhood; playing; clothing; care and discipline; formal education; university education; career training for peasants, craftsmen, merchants, clergy and nobility; and coming of age. In addition, three appendices are included. Appendix I provides information on the humoral theory of medicine. Appendix II offers examples of medieval math problems. Appendix III covers a unique episode in medieval history known as “The Children’s Crusade.” Instructors considering this book for use in a course may request an examination copy here.

Growing Up Jim Crow

Many, especially among the black middle and upper classes, fought etiquette
with etiquette, teaching their children an ... a focal point for intraracial class
tensions, as is most evident in middle-class blacks' concerns that too few working
-class ...

Author: Jennifer Lynn Ritterhouse

Publisher: Univ of North Carolina Press

ISBN: 9780807856840

Category: Social Science

Page: 306

View: 634

Sheds new light on the racial etiquette of the South after the Civil War, examining what factors contributed to the unwritten rules of individual behavior for both white and black children. Simultaneous.


32 GROWING UP IN A CLASS SYSTEM Albert K. Cohen Source : A.K. Cohen ,
Delinquent Boys , Routledge and Kegan Paul . 1955 , pp . 73-93 . The family is
not the world The delinquent subculture is mostly to be found in the working class

Author: Philip Bean

Publisher: Taylor & Francis

ISBN: 9780415252669

Category: Crime

Page: 422

View: 806

Young People Class and Place

From 'inheritance' to individualization: disembedding working-class youth
transitions in post-Soviet Russia Charlie Walker ... people opportunities to '
reinvent' themselves, the reality of growing-up 'working class' has often been one
of growing ...

Author: Robert MacDonald

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317966112

Category: Social Science

Page: 146

View: 952

Under the weight of apparently growing consumer affluence, globalisation and post-modern social theory, many have proclaimed the declining significance of social class and place to young people’s lives – and for social science. Drawing upon new, empirically grounded, theoretically innovative studies, this volume begs to differ. It argues that the youth phase provides a privileged vantage point from which to interrogate and think about broader processes of social change and social continuity. These themes are addressed by all the diverse contributions gathered here. The chapters include investigation of: the problems of growing up in gang neighbourhoods and young people’s use of space for leisure; new patterns of class formation and youth transition in Eastern Europe; the effects of classed labels and identities (such as ‘chav’ and charver’) in youth culture and schooling; the changing meanings of class and place for young women in changing socio-economic landscapes; new patterns of youth culture and transition among Black young men in East London; and how we think and theorise about change and continuity in youth studies. Together these new empirical studies and critical theoretical analyses confirm the continuing central importance of class and place in shaping the opportunities, transitions, sub-cultures and life-styles of young people. This book was based on a special issue of Journal of Youth Studies.

Materializing Literacies in Communities

Hoggart wrote the book drawing on his own experience of growing up in Leeds in
the 1930s. Hoggart's book was concerned with culture and, in particular, the
influences of popular culture on working-class life. It is an engaged inquiry.

Author: Kate Pahl

Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing

ISBN: 0567590704

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 224

View: 217

What is a 'contemporary' understanding of literacy practices? How can 'literacy' be explained and situated? This book addresses literacy practices research, understanding it as both material and spatial, based in homes and communities, as well as in formal educational settings. It addresses a need to update the work done on theoretical literacy models, with the last major paradigms such as critical literacies and multiliteracies developed a decade ago. Kate Pahl draws on case studies to highlight experiences alternate from the traditional representations of literacy. She argues that the affordances of home and familiar spaces offer fertile ground for meaning-making. These resultant literacies are multimodal and linked to space, place and community. An important evaluative resource, this book details a range of methodologies for further researching literacy, describing ethnographic, visual, participatory and ecological approaches, together with connective ethnographies. This volume will appeal to academics and professions in literacy studies and language and education.

Cultural Studies and the Working Class

Class. and. Place. Diane. Reay. Different kinds of narrative map out and construct
particular relationships to 'the ... on children living in a predominantly working-
class inner London area, and examines how the experience of growing up in a ...

Author: Sally Munt

Publisher: A&C Black

ISBN: 9780304705498

Category: Social Science

Page: 241

View: 553

This work challenges the field of British cultural studies to return to the question of social class as a primary focus of study. The chapters examine contemporary working-class life and its depiction in the media through a number of case studies on topics such as popular cinema, football, romance magazines and club culture. The essays pose methodologies for understanding working-class responses to dominant culture, and explore the contradictions and limitations of the traditional Marxist model. The book's contributors conclude that it is time for cultural theorists to revisit issues of working-class cultural formations and to renew the original radical intentions of the discipline by reintegrating class analysis into social templates of race, sexuality and gender.

Youth and Social Change in Eastern Europe and the Former Soviet Union

From 'inheritance' to individualization: disembedding working-class youth
transitions in post-Soviet Russia Charlie Walker ... people opportunities to '
reinvent' themselves, the reality of growing-up 'working class' has often been one
of growing ...

Author: Charles Walker

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1135701245

Category: Social Science

Page: 130

View: 101

Two decades have now passed since the revolutions of 1989 swept through Eastern Europe and precipitated the collapse of state socialism across the region, engendering a period of massive social, economic and political transformation. This book explores the ways in which young people growing up in post-socialist Eastern Europe and the former Soviet Union negotiate a range of identities and transitions in their personal lives against a backdrop of thoroughgoing transformation in their societies. Drawing upon original empirical research in a range of countries, the book's contributors explore the various freedoms and insecurities that have accompanied neo-liberal transformation in post-socialist countries - in spheres as diverse as consumption, migration, political participation, volunteering, employment and family formation - and examine the ways in which they have begun to re-shape different aspects of young people's lives. In addition, while 'social change' is a central theme of the issue, all of the chapters in the collection indicate that the new opportunities and risks faced by young people continue both to underpin and to be shaped by familiar social and spatial divisions, not only within and between the countries addressed, but also between 'East' and 'West'. This book was originally published as a special issue of Journal of Youth Studies.

Life Death and Growing Up on the Western Front

In childish excitement, he told his mother about how he had offered its big
headlamp to light up the loading of the transport ... The Streets family was the
very epitome of the respectable working class, attending the Wesleyan Methodist
chapel ...

Author: Anthony Fletcher

Publisher: Yale University Press

ISBN: 0300198566

Category: History

Page: 352

View: 326

DIV This book was inspired by the author’s discovery of an extraordinary cache of letters from a soldier who was killed on the Western Front during the First World War. The soldier was his grandfather, and the letters had been tucked away, unread and unmentioned for many decades. Intrigued by the heartbreak and history of these family letters, Fletcher sought out the correspondence of other British soldiers who had volunteered for the fight against Germany. This resulting volume offers a vivid account of the physical and emotional experiences of seventeen British soldiers whose letters survive. Drawn from different regiments, social backgrounds, and areas of England and Scotland, they include twelve officers and five ordinary “Tommies.”/div DIV /div DIV The book explores the training, journey to France, fear, shellshock, and life in the trenches as well as the leisure, love, and home leave the soldiers dreamed of. Fletcher discusses the psychological responses of 17- and 18-year-old men facing appalling realities and considers the particular pressures on those who survived their fallen comrades. While acknowledging the horror and futility the soldiers of the Great War experienced, the author shows another side to the story, focusing new attention on the loyal comradeship, robust humor, and strong morale that uplifted the men at the Front and created a powerful bond among them./div

Identity Thieves

When asked to describe their family's status while growing up, most offenders
classified their family background as either working class or middle/upper-middle
class, 48 percent and 42 percent, respectively. of those who self-defined as ...

Author: Heith Copes

Publisher: UPNE

ISBN: 1555537685

Category: Social Science

Page: 174

View: 676

The first book to examine identity theft from the offender's perspective