Growth Dynamics of Conifer Tree Rings

Dendrochronologists have long estimated the impact of climate on tree-ring growth by empirical-statistical methods.

Author: Eugene A. Vaganov

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3540312986

Category: Science

Page: 358

View: 456

Dendrochronologists have long estimated the impact of climate on tree-ring growth by empirical-statistical methods. The use of the model is illustrated with examples from widely differing environments, and possible future directions for model development and application are discussed. As forests are the main carbon sink on land, the results are of great importance for all global change studies.

Dendroclimatology

A Mechanistic Model of the Climatic Control on Conifer Tree-Ring Growth
Dynamics Eugene A. Vaganov, Kevin J. Anchukaitis, and Michael N. Evans
Abstract We develop an observational and conceptual basis for modeling conifer
cambial ...

Author: Malcolm K. Hughes

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9781402057250

Category: Science

Page: 368

View: 442

A top priority in climate research is obtaining broad-extent and long-term data to support analyses of historical patterns and trends, and for model development and evaluation. Along with directly measured climate data from the present and recent past, it is important to obtain estimates of long past climate variations spanning multiple centuries and millennia. These longer time perspectives are needed for assessing the unusualness of recent climate changes, as well as for providing insight on the range, variation and overall dynamics of the climate system over time spans exceeding available records from instruments, such as rain gauges and thermometers. Tree rings have become increasingly valuable in providing this long-term information because extensive data networks have been developed in temperate and boreal zones of the Earth, and quantitative methods for analyzing these data have advanced. Tree rings are among the most useful paleoclimate information sources available because they provide a high degree of chronological accuracy, high replication, and extensive spatial coverage spanning recent centuries. With the expansion and extension of tree-ring data and analytical capacity new climatic insights from tree rings are being used in a variety of applications, including for interpretation of past changes in ecosystems and human societies. This volume presents an overview of the current state of dendroclimatology, its contributions over the last 30 years, and its future potential. The material included is useful not only to those who generate tree-ring records of past climate-dendroclimatologists, but also to users of their results-climatologists, hydrologists, ecologists and archeologists. ‘With the pressing climatic questions of the 21st century demanding a deeper understanding of the climate system and our impact upon it, this thoughtful volume comes at critical moment. It will be of fundamental importance in not only guiding researchers, but in educating scientists and the interested lay person on the both incredible power and potential pitfalls of reconstructing climate using tree-ring analysis.’, Glen M. MacDonald, UCLA Institute of the Environment, CA, USA ‘This is an up-to-date treatment of all branches of tree-ring science, by the world’s experts in the field, reminding us that tree rings are the most important source of proxy data on climate change. Should be read by all budding dendrochronology scientists.’, Alan Robock, Rutgers University, NJ, USA

Tree Rings and Natural Hazards

UNISDR Terminology on Disaster Risk Reduction. www.unisdr.org Vaganov EA,
Hughes MK, Shashkin AV (2006) Growth dynamics of conifer tree rings. Images
of past and future environments. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, New York Vittoz P,
 ...

Author: Markus Stoffel

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9789048187362

Category: Nature

Page: 505

View: 704

Dendrogeomorphology Beginnings and Futures: A Personal Reminiscence My early forays into dendrogeomorphology occurred long before I even knew what that word meant. I was working as a young geoscientist in the 1960s and early 1970s on a problem with slope movements and deformed vegetation. At the same time, unknown to me, Jouko Alestalo in Finland was doing something similar. Both of us had seen that trees which produced annual growth rings were reacting to g- morphic processes resulting in changes in their internal and external growth p- terns. Dendroclimatology was an already well established field, but the reactions of trees to other environmental processes were far less well understood in the 1960s. It was Alestalo (1971) who first used the term, dendrogeomorphology. In the early 1970s, I could see that active slope-movement processes were affecting the growth of trees in diverse ways at certain localities. I wanted to learn more about those processes and try to extract a long-term chronology of movement from the highly diverse ring patterns.

Latin American Dendroecology

Combining Tree-Ring Sciences and Ecology in a Megadiverse Territory Marín
Pompa-García, J. Julio Camarero ... Universidade de São Paulo, Piracicaba
Vaganov E, Hughes M, Shashkin A (2006) Growth dynamics of conifer tree ring.

Author: Marín Pompa-García

Publisher: Springer Nature

ISBN: 3030369307

Category: Nature

Page: 381

View: 567

Latin America is a megadiverse territory hosting several hotspots of plant diversity and many types of forest biomes, ecosystems and climate types, from tropical rainforest to semi-arid woodlands. This combination of diverse forests and climates generates multiple responses to ecological changes affecting the structure and functioning of forest ecosystems. Recently, there have been major efforts to improve our understanding of such impacts on ecosystems processes. However, there is a dearth of studies focused on Latin-American forest ecosystems that could provide novel insights into the patterns and mechanisms of ecological processes in response to environmental stress. The abundance of “New World” tree species with dendrochronological potential constitutes an ideal opportunity to improve the ecological state of knowledge regarding these diverse forest types, which are often threatened by several impacts such as logging or conversion to agricultural lands. Thus, detailed information on the dendroecology of these species will improve our understanding of forests in the face of global change. Accordingly, this book identifies numerous relevant ecological processes and scales, ranging from tree species to populations and communities, and from both dendrochronological and dendroecological perspectives. It offers a valuable reference guide for the exploration of long-term ecological interactions between trees and their environmental conditions, and will foster further research and international projects on the continent and elsewhere.

Secondary Xylem Biology

Growth Dynamics of Conifer Tree Rings: An Image of Past and Future
Environments. Springer-Verlag, New York. Vicente-Serrano, S.M., Beguería, S.,
López-Moreno, J.I., 2010. A multiscalar drought index sensitive to global warming
: the ...

Author: Yoon Soo Kim

Publisher: Academic Press

ISBN: 0128025298

Category: Science

Page: 416

View: 345

Secondary Xylem Biology: Origins, Functions, and Applications provides readers with many lenses from which to understand the whole scope and breadth of secondary xylem. The book builds on a basic comprehension of xylem structure and development before delving into other important issues such as fungal and bacterial degradation and biofuel conversion. Chapters are written by recognized experts who have in-depth knowledge of their specific areas of expertise. It is a single information source containing high quality content, information, and knowledge related to the understanding of biology in woody plants and their applications. Offers an in-depth understanding of biology in woody plants Includes topics such as abiotic stresses on secondary xylem formation, fungal degradation of cell walls, and secondary xylem for bioconversion Progresses from basic details of wood structure, to dynamics of wood formation, to degradation

Tree Rings

The effect of climate on the tree ring Tree-ring features The following tree-ring
parameters are straightforward to measure and analyse using radiodensitometric
... Advantages Permits determination of dynamics of radial stem growth. Causes
of ...

Author: Fritz Hans Schweingruber

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9400912730

Category: Science

Page: 276

View: 491

At a meeting of dendrochronologists an American colleague described the effects of volcanic eruptions on annual ring formation in bristlecone pines. I knew very little about either volcanoes or American pines! At the same meeting European scientists spoke on the dendrochronological dating of lakeshore settlements and the effects of larch bud moth attack on trees in the Alps. It is possible that American participants were not in a position to fully appreciate these papers either. In other words, dendrochronology is an extremely interdisciplinary science; its facets range from modern statistics on wood anatomy to the history of art. It is difficult even for dendrochronol ogists to keep in touch with the whole spectrum, and even more difficult for the layman to obtain an overall view of the many methods and fields of application. In recent times specialisation has begun to hinder communication be tween the various sectors. Archaeologists, for instance, set up their own dendrochronological laboratories and construct independent chronologies to serve their particular interests. The scientific institutions which previously carried out such work are now turning more and more to strongly statistically or biologically-oriented questions. The full wealth of information contained in tree rings, however, will be revealed only when dendrochronologists make a concerted effort to relate the findings of the different fields. In spite of inevitable specialisation, it is necessary that the expert concern himself with the work of his colleagues.

Alpine Treelines

For a plant to grow, there must be an internal preparedness (developmental
stage) to build new tissue, meristems ... And then, I suggest reading 'Growth
dynamics of conifer tree rings' by Vaganov and co-authors (2006, at least their
chaps.

Author: Christian Körner

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3034803966

Category: Science

Page: 220

View: 878

Alpine treelines mark the low-temperature limit of tree growth and occur in mountains world-wide. Presenting a companion to his book Alpine Plant Life, Christian Körner provides a global synthesis of the treeline phenomenon from sub-arctic to equatorial latitudes and a functional explanation based on the biology of trees. The comprehensive text approaches the subject in a multi-disciplinary way by exploring forest patterns at the edge of tree life, tree morphology, anatomy, climatology and, based on this, modelling treeline position, describing reproduction and population processes, development, phenology, evolutionary aspects, as well as summarizing evidence on the physiology of carbon, water and nutrient relations, and stress physiology. It closes with an account on treelines in the past (palaeo-ecology) and a section on global change effects on treelines, now and in the future. With more than 100 illustrations, many of them in colour, the book shows alpine treelines from around the globe and offers a wealth of scientific information in the form of diagrams and tables.

The Oxford Companion to Global Change

An Introduction to Tree-Ring Dating. Tucson: University of Arizona Press, 1996.
Vaganov, E. A., M.K. Hughes, and A.V. Shaskin. Growth Dynamics of Conifer
Tree Rings: Images of Past and Future Environments. New York: Springer, 2006.

Author: Master Andrew Goudie

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN:

Category: Science

Page: 684

View: 634

In recent years, global change has become increasingly important in technological, ecological and political spheres. This companion examines the environmental events of recent times, and investigates long-term trends as well as broader issues of global change.

Application of Dendroclimatological Methods for Forest Growth Modelling

Tree - Ring Bulletin 43 : 69-78 . Hordo , M. 2005. ... Predicting the growth
response to thinning for Scots pine stands using individual - tree growth models .
... Growth dynamics of conifer tree rings : images of past and future environments
.

Author: Maris Hordo

Publisher:

ISBN:

Category: Dendroclimatology

Page: 175

View: 622


Conference on Effects of Environmental Factors on Tree and Stand Growth

FRITTS H . C . Reconstruction large - scale climatic patterns from tree - ring data .
... KOBAYASHI O . , FUKUZAWA K . , OHTANI J . Densitometric analysis on tree
rings of non - vital conifers growing in ... W . K . Seasonal growth dynamics of tree
- ring formation in two pine species ( pitch pine , red pine ) in Korea peninnsula .

Author:

Publisher:

ISBN:

Category:

Page: 324

View: 676


Tree Ring Dynamics in Mountain Birch

In order to acquire more insight into long - term growth dynamics , it would be
interesting to know if and how former ... outbreaks of the autumnal moth , by
comparing the tree ring series of mountain birch with the tree ring series of pine (
I ) .

Author: Jan Hoogesteger

Publisher:

ISBN:

Category: Mountain birch

Page: 33

View: 215


Canadian Journal of Forest Research

Tree rings and climate . ... Response of tree growth to climatic variation in the
mixed conifer and deciduous forests of the upper Great Lake region . Can . J. For
. ... Growth dynamics of conifer tree rings : images of past and future
environments .

Author:

Publisher:

ISBN:

Category: Forests and forestry

Page:

View: 344


Tree Ring Bulletin

Conifers . Agricultural Handbook 654. US Department of Agriculture , Forest
Service , Washington , D.C. Comer , P. J. ... Cook , E. R. , K. R. Briffa , S. G.
Shiyatov , and V. Mazepa 1990 Tree - ring standardization and growth - trend
estimation ... US Department of Agriculture , Forest Service , Washington D.C.
MacDonald , G. M. , L. C. Cwynar , and C. Whitlock 1998 The late Quaternary
dynamics of pines in ...

Author:

Publisher:

ISBN:

Category: Dendrochronology

Page:

View: 899


Growth of white fir after Douglas fir tussock moth outbreaks

A characteristic tree ring pattern has been noted for all other DFTM outbreaks
studied (Brubaker 1978; Brubaker and Greene 1978; Koerber ... Furthermore,
pine growth during 1907-9 was higher than fir growth and increasing rather than
decreasing as one would expect from moisture deficiencies. ... The stand
dynamics at Hell's Mountain have also been influenced by the two DFTM
defoliation episodes.

Author: Boyd E. Wickman

Publisher:

ISBN:

Category: Abies concolor

Page: 8

View: 189


Tree Rings Environment and Humanity

Many blackgum trees were residual individuals following earlier logging . For
blackgum ... CONCLUSION Our studies of old - growth oak and pine forests in the
mid - Atlantic region indicate that most stands were uneven - aged . Oak species
 ...

Author: Jeffrey S. Dean

Publisher: Radiocarbon

ISBN:

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 889

View: 288


Growth Control in Woody Plants

The comprehensive coverage of Growth Control in Woody Plants includes discussion of the growth controlling factors in both reproductive structures (flowers, fruit, seeds, pollen, etc.) and vegetative organs (stems, branches, leaves, and ...

Author: Theodore T. Kozlowski

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 9780080532684

Category: Science

Page: 641

View: 643

The processes and mechanisms that control the growth of woody plants are of crucial importance for both economic and biological reasons. The comprehensive coverage of Growth Control in Woody Plants includes discussion of the growth controlling factors in both reproductive structures (flowers, fruit, seeds, pollen, etc.) and vegetative organs (stems, branches, leaves, and roots). Other major topics covered include seed germination, seedling growth, physiological and environmental regulation of growth, cultural practices, and biotechnology. This comprehensive treatment of the many factors that control the growth of woody plants can serve both as a valuable text and as a frequently used reference. * Includes comprehensive representation of a broad subject * Provides thorough bibliographic coverage * Well illustrated * Serves as a vital companion to Physiology of Woody Plants, Second Edition

The British National Bibliography

Author: Arthur James Wells

Publisher:

ISBN:

Category: Bibliography, National

Page:

View: 238


Permafrost Ecosystems

Growth. of. Larix. gmelinii. in. Central. Siberia. in. Relation. to. its. Climatic.
Responses. K. Yasue, J. Kujansuu, T. Kajimoto, Y. Nakai, T. Koike, A.P. ... It may
also have large potential as a factor in global carbon dynamics. ... Significant
correlations between spring temperatures and tree-ring widths for conifers (
Vaganov et al.

Author: Akira Osawa

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9781402096938

Category: Science

Page: 502

View: 200

Drawing from a decade-long collaboration between Japan and Russia, this important volume presents the first major synthesis of current knowledge on the ecophysiology of the coniferous forests growing on permafrost at high latitudes. It presents ecological data for a region long inaccessible to most scientists, and raises important questions about the global carbon balance as these systems are affected by the changing climate. Making up around 20% of the entire boreal forests of the northern hemisphere, these ‘permafrost forest ecosystems’ are subject to particular constraints in terms of temperature, nutrient availability, and root space, creating exceptional ecosystem characteristics not known elsewhere. This authoritative text explores their diversity, structure, dynamics and physiology. It provides a comparison of these forests in relation to boreal forests elsewhere, and concludes with an assessment of the potential responses of this unique biome to climate change. The book will be invaluable to advanced students and researchers interested in boreal vegetation, forest ecology, silviculture and forest soils, as well as to researchers into climate change and the global carbon balance.

Baltic Forestry

Climate Dynamics , 7 : 111-119 . ... Reconstructing summer temperatures in
Northern Fennoscandinavia back to A.D. 1700 using tree - ring data from Scots
pine . ... Height and radial growth trends of Corsican pine in western France .

Author:

Publisher:

ISBN:

Category: Forests and forestry

Page:

View: 796


Influence of Atmospheric Circulation on Environmental Variables in Estonia

The expansion of focus from tree rings to other characteristics of tree growth can
be explained by the fact that under certain ... and Jalkanen 1990),
dendroclimatology can be widened to include also the attributes of conifers'
foliage dynamics.

Author: Mait Sepp

Publisher:

ISBN:

Category: Atmospheric circulation

Page: 154

View: 730