Halford Mackinder

Chapter Four: Founding Reading University.

Author: Brian W. Blouet

Publisher: TAMU Press

ISBN: 9781603441988

Category: Biography & Autobiography

Page: 250

View: 647

In the early twentieth century, Halford Mackinder established geography as a new discipline in English universities, predicted the decline of British influence in world affairs and the rise of European totalitarian regimes, and in his personal research made the first ascent of Mount Kenya. His views colored American foreign policy during World War II, and his far-reaching ideas--especially his "Heartland" theory--eventually had great influence on the way leaders of many nations thought about the world. Brian W. Blouet's vivid biography of this remarkable geopolitician describes the major phases of his life and the development of his thought, with a large segment devoted to Mackinder's prescient analyses of world affairs. BRIAN W. BLOUET, born in Britain and educated at the University of Hull, has lived and taught in the United States since 1964. He is professor and head of the department of geography at Texas A&M University and a fellow of the Royal Geographical Society. His research for this book in British archives included collections in Oxford, Reading, London, and Edinburgh. He has published widely in the field of geography, including an edited history of academic geography in the United States.

Sir Halford Mackinder 1861 1947

Author: Brian W. Blouet

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Category: Geographers

Page: 49

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Sir Halford Mackinder 1861 1947

Author: Edmund William Gilbert

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Category: Geographers

Page: 32

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Democratic ideals and reality a study in the politics of reconstruction

Author:

Publisher: DIANE Publishing

ISBN: 9781428981515

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The World War and After by Halford Mackinder

Author: Halford Mackinder

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The Geographical Pivot of History

In this paper, Mackinder advanced his so-called Heartland Theory, whereby the interior Asia and eastern Europe ("the Heartland") had become the strategic center of the world as a result of the relative decline of sea power against land ...

Author: Sir Halford John Mackinder

Publisher:

ISBN: 9781945934810

Category: Political Science

Page: 24

View: 740

In this paper, Mackinder advanced his so-called Heartland Theory, whereby the interior Asia and eastern Europe ("the Heartland") had become the strategic center of the world as a result of the relative decline of sea power against land power and of the economic and industrial development of southern Siberia.

The Emergence of Globalism

35 Due to public demand, Mackinder's 1919 geopolitical treatise was revised and
republished in 1944 as Halford Mackinder, Democratic Ideals and Reality (
Harmondsworth: penguin, 1944). Mackinder returned to his earlier ideas also in
H. J. ...

Author: Or Rosenboim

Publisher: Princeton University Press

ISBN: 0691191506

Category: History

Page: 352

View: 881

During and after the Second World War, public intellectuals in Britain and the United States grappled with concerns about the future of democracy, the prospects of liberty, and the decline of the imperial system. Without using the term "globalization, " they identified a shift toward technological, economic, cultural, and political interconnectedness and developed a "globalist" ideology to reflect this new postwar reality. The Emergence of Globalism examines the competing visions of world order that shaped these debates and led to the development of globalism as a modern political concept. Shedding critical light on this neglected chapter in the history of political thought, Or Rosenboim describes how a transnational network of globalist thinkers emerged from the traumas of war and expatriation in the 1940s and how their ideas drew widely from political philosophy, geopolitics, economics, imperial thought, constitutional law, theology, and philosophy of science. She presents compelling portraits of Raymond Aron, Owen Lattimore, Lionel Robbins, Barbara Wootton, Friedrich Hayek, Lionel Curtis, Richard McKeon, Michael Polanyi, Lewis Mumford, Jacques Maritain, Reinhold Niebuhr, H.G. Wells, and others. Rosenboim shows how the globalist debate they embarked on sought to balance the tensions between a growing recognition of pluralism on the one hand and an appreciation of the unity of humankind on the other."--Dust jacket

Geopolitics and Empire

This book examines the long entanglement between ideas of Geopolitics and the ideology and practices of Empire tracing these matters back to the true founder of Geopolitics, a British geographer of the early-twentieth century, Halford ...

Author: Gerry Kearns

Publisher: Oxford University Press on Demand

ISBN: 0199230110

Category: History

Page: 344

View: 888

The United States is currently engaged in building and justifying its Empire. In doing this it draws upon a set of ideas that have come to be known as Geopolitics. These ideas have been current with many other ideologists of Empire, from Edwardian Britain, to Nazi Germany, to Soviet Russia, to Cold War USA, to post-Soviet Russia. This book examines the long entanglement between ideas of Geopolitics and the ideology and practices of Empire tracing these mattersback to the true founder of Geopolitics, a British geographer of the early-twentieth century, Halford Mackinder. His was an eventful life, and he was at various times an explorer, the leader of a mission to displace the Bolshevik regime from Russia in 1919, an MP, and the Director of the London Schoolof Economics. The book also considers how these ideas are used to justify the Neo-Conservative view of foreign policy in the United States today. It ends by proposing an alternative, more progressive version of Geopolitics.

Central Asia in International Relations

This volume unites historical geographers and political scientists in an exploration of the remarkable renaissance of Mackinder's theories.

Author: Sevara Shamsiddinovna Sharapova

Publisher:

ISBN: 9780231704366

Category: Political Science

Page: 331

View: 613

After the collapse of the Soviet Union liberated the republics of Central Asia, many believed that, with their rich geographies and histories, these nations would pursue a logical set of social, political, and economic goals. Yet the foreign policy choices of these countries has been confusing, if not wholly problematic, leading international scholars to turn to the thought of Sir Halford Mackinder (1861-1947), a British geographer widely regarded as the father of geopolitics. This volume unites historical geographers and political scientists in an exploration of the remarkable renaissance of Mackinder's theories. It charts the intellectual's own engagement with the region, in both his writings and his visits as a British envoy in the aftermath of World War I. The book outlines and evaluates the use of Mackinder's ideas by Central Asian, Russian, and American scholars and their insight into the region's international relations. It traces the path his ideas took as they have made their way across Europe and Central Asia, analyzing the dynamics of their reworking as scholars encountered them "in transit." The volume therefore makes an important contribution not only to the theorization of the international relations of Central Asia but also to an understanding of ideas' historical geography as they move and change across place and time.

The Nations of the Modern World

Author: Sir Halford Mackinder

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Category: Geography

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Sir Halford Mackinder 1861 1847

Author: B. W. Blouet

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Strategic Review

They date at least from the 18th Century and became very explicit with Alfred
Thayer Mahan , Julian Corbett , Sir Halford Mackinder , and Nicholas John
Spykman . Unfortunately , Mackinder ' s concepts appealed to a German
geographer ...

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Category: Strategy

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... dedicated to the advancement and understanding of those principles and practices, military and political, which serve the vital security interests of the United States.

Parameters

More recently , modern - day strategist Colin Gray dusted off the theory of Sir
Halford Mackinder ( 1861-1947 ) that western Russia and Eastern Europe's
protected core area , something Mackinder called the “ heartland , ” would
become the ...

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Category: Military art and science

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View: 715


The Scope and Methods of Geography

The Scope and Methods of Geography was a manifesto for the New Geography, in which he viewed physical geography and human geography as a single discipline.

Author: Sir Halford John Mackinder

Publisher:

ISBN: 9781945934995

Category: Science

Page: 30

View: 617

The Scope and Methods of Geography was a manifesto for the New Geography, in which he viewed physical geography and human geography as a single discipline.

South Africa Race and the Making of International Relations

... a word, has attained complete, or almost complete, geographical
consciousness'.3 The realization that (what today we might call) 'global territorial
space' was finite, was not a new idea, of course. The English geographer, Halford
Mackinder, ...

Author: Vineet Thakur

Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield Publishers

ISBN: 1786614650

Category: International relations

Page: 176

View: 874

"This book offers readers an alternative history of the origins of the discipline of International Relations. Conventional, western histories of the discipline point to 1919 as the year of the 'birth of the discipline' with two seminal initiatives - setting up of the first Chair of IR at Aberystwyth and the founding of the Institute of International Relations on the side-lines of the Paris Peace Conference. From these events, International Relations is argued to have been established as a path to create peace in the post-War era and facilitated through a scientific study of international affairs. International Relations was therefore, both a field of study and knowledge production and a plan of action. This pathbreaking book challenges these claims by presenting an alternative narrative of International Relations. In this book, we make three interconnected arguments. First, we argue that the natal moment in the founding of IR is not World War I - as is generally believed - but the Second Anglo Boer War. Second, we argue that the ideas, methods and institutions that led to the making of IR were first thrashed out in South Africa - in Johannesburg, in fact. Finally, this South African genealogy of IR, we show in the book, allows us to properly investigate the emergence of academic IR at the interstices of race, Empire and science"--

Global Geostrategy

This is a new examination of Halford Mackinder’s seminal global geostrategic work, from the perspective of geography, diplomatic history, political science, international relations, imperial history, and the space age.

Author: Brian Blouet

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1000159132

Category: History

Page: 192

View: 226

This is a new examination of Halford Mackinder’s seminal global geostrategic work, from the perspective of geography, diplomatic history, political science, international relations, imperial history, and the space age. Mackinder was a man ahead of his time. He foresaw many of the key strategic issues that came to dominate the twentieth century. Until the disintegration of the Soviet Union, western defence strategists feared that one power, or alliance, might come to dominate Eurasia. Admiral Mahan discussed this issue in The Problem of Asia (1900) but Mackinder made the most authoritative statement in "The Geographical Pivot of History" (1904). He argued that in the "closed Heart-Land of Euroasia" was a strategically placed region, with great resources, that if controlled by one force could be the basis of a World Empire. James Kurth, in Foreign Affairs, has commented that it has taken two World Wars and the Cold War to prevent Mackinder’s prophecy becoming reality. In World War I and World War II Germany achieved huge territorial gains at the expense of the Russian empire and the Soviet Union. In the former conflict the Russian empire was defeated by Germany but the western powers insisted that the territorial gains made by Germany, at the treaty of Brest-Litovsk, be given up. In World War II Britain and the US gave material support to Stalin’s totalitarian regime to prevent Nazi Germany gaining control of the territory and resources that might have been a basis for world domination. The west, highly conscious of Mackinder’s dictum (1919) that "Who rules East Europe commands the Heartland," quickly adopted policies to contain the Soviet Union. History has therefore proved Mackinder’s work to be of vital importance to generations of strategic thinking and he remains a key influence in the new millennium. This book will be of great interest to all students and scholars of strategic studies and military history and of geopolitics in particular.

Halford Mackinder and the Geographical Pivot of History

Author: Klaus Dodds

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Page: 92

View: 371


Vertical Margins

Vertical Margins sets Halford Mackinder's 1899 climb of Mt. Kenya, Annie Smith Peck's 1908 ascent of Huascaran in Bolivia, and John Baptiste Noel's filming of the 1924 British attempt on Mt. Everest in the larger historical context of ...

Author: Reuben J. Ellis

Publisher: Univ of Wisconsin Press

ISBN: 9780299170042

Category: Sports & Recreation

Page: 231

View: 683

History meets high-altitude adventure This engaging analysis of twentieth-century imperialism takes early mountaineering beyond the realm of recreation. Vertical Margins sets Halford Mackinder's 1899 climb of Mt. Kenya, Annie Smith Peck's 1908 ascent of Huascaran in Bolivia, and John Baptiste Noel's filming of the 1924 British attempt on Mt. Everest in the larger historical context of American and British foreign policy and neo-imperialism. Reuben Ellis shows that mountain exploration reached far beyond the motivations of adrenaline-driven adventurers to an aggressive ideology of power and expansion that fed the "New Imperialism"--the end of the era of European empire-building and the beginnings of American dominance in world affairs. With so many mountains at the margins of European and American territorial and economic domains, mountaineering often overlapped with the motivations of empire; the earth's mountains came to be regarded as frontiers open to the full range of political, economic, and personal concerns that drove geographical exploration.

Kenya Past and Present

both perished . By good fortune we have a clue as to this last date in the form of
the first - half only of a typed letter which was written to Sir Halford Mackinder
from an official in the Nairobi Secretariat on 9th October 1929 . 26 He refers to a
letter ...

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Category: Kenya

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The Geographical Pivot of History

Author: Halford John Mackinder

Publisher:

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Category: Geography

Page: 444

View: 697