Human Terrain Teams

The results demonstrate that Human Terrain Teams had to overcome numerous organizational limitations to perform well, but that they were able to meet the expectations of commanders who did not fully appreciate the optimum role the teams ...

Author: Christopher J. Lamb

Publisher:

ISBN: 9780988864207

Category: Political Science

Page: 308

View: 797

This study explains the performance of Human Terrain Teams, why the large majority of commanders found them useful, and why collectively they did not ameliorate-much less reverse-growing cross-cultural tensions between U.S. forces and Afghans. It examines the tremendous challenges the Human Terrain Team program faced in starting and rapidly expanding a non-traditional military capability, and why some challenges were met successfully while others were not. First, a historical analysis explains how external forces and management decisions affected team performance. An organizational analysis then explains the variations in team performance by examining the teams with variables substantiated by previous studies of small cross-functional teams. Finally, all available commander observations on Human Terrain Team performance are analyzed to better determine why commanders were satisfied or dissatisfied with their teams. The insights from the three analyses-historical, organizational and commander assessments-are then integrated. The results demonstrate that Human Terrain Teams had to overcome numerous organizational limitations to perform well, but that they were able to meet the expectations of commanders who did not fully appreciate the optimum role the teams could play in an integrated counterinsurgency strategy.

Social Science Goes to War

This volume goes beyond the anecdotes, snippets and blogs to provide a comprehensive, objective and detailed view of HTS.

Author: Montgomery McFate

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0190216727

Category: History

Page: 320

View: 917

The Human Terrain System (HTS) was catapulted into existence in 2006 by the US military's urgent need for knowledge of the human dimension of the battlespace in Iraq and Afghanistan. Its centrepiece was embedded groups of mixed military and civilian personnel, known as Human Terrain Teams (HTTs), whose mission was to conduct social science research and analysis and to advise military commanders about the local population. Bringing social science - and actual social scientists - to the wars in Iraq and Afghanistan was bold and challenging. Despite the controversy over HTS among scholars, there is little good, reliable source material written by those with experience of HTS or about the actual work carried out by teams in theatre. This volume goes beyond the anecdotes, snippets and blogs to provide a comprehensive, objective and detailed view of HTS. The contributors put the program in historical context, discuss the obstacles it faced, analyse its successes, and detail the work of the teams downrange. Most importantly, they capture some of the diverse lived experience of HTS scholars and practitioners drawn from an eclectic array of the social sciences.

Soft Counterinsurgency Human Terrain Teams and US Military Strategy in Iraq and Afghanistan

HumanTerrainSystem.2012. http://humanterrainsystem.army.mil/ Jebb,ColCindy,
COLLaurel Hummel,and MAJ Tania Chacho.2008.“Human TerrainTeamTrip
Report:A 'Teamof Teams',”USMA's Interdisciplinary Teamin Iraq. Summer. Kaplan
 ...

Author: Paul Joseph

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 1137401877

Category: Social Science

Page: 110

View: 142

"Soft" Counterinsurgency reviews the promises and achievements of Human Terrain Teams, the small groups of social scientists that were eventually embedded in every combat brigade in Iraq and Afghanistan.

Human Terrain System

The Human Terrain System program management visited U.S. Army Civil Affairs
and Psychological Operations Command multiple times to try and build a
partnership, without success. Steve Fondacaro, personal communication with
author, ...

Author: Christopher J. Sims

Publisher: Declassified Press

ISBN: 396376435X

Category: Social Science

Page: 400

View: 233

To avoid the footpaths which may have been mined with improvised explosive devices (IEDs), Ryan Evans, a U.S. federal civilian, was walking across a wheat field in Babaji, Helmand Province, in the spring of 2011. Evans was attached to the Royal Highland Fusiliers (2 Scots), C Company, a heavy infantry patrol tasked with providing security in the vicinity. Begun 2 years earlier, the Helmand Food Zone Program was a form of development intervention which offered subsidies, seed, and fertilizers to farmers who replaced lucrative opium cultivation from poppies with growing and harvesting wheat and vegetable crops. Babaji had been in the control of insurgents until a few months earlier and had not received any assistance from the program during the previous year; consequently, there were tensions between the community and British forces. As Evans and the patrol emerged from the field, an Afghan man sitting nearby, clearly irate, shouted in Pashto that the British soldiers had wanted the farmer to grow wheat instead of poppy, and then the same British soldiers walked through their fields. At the immediate level, the encounter demonstrated the direct link between conflict, food security, and local trade, but conflict has many interrelated and mutual dependencies such that the anecdote is instructive on myriad broader milieus. Where, for example, is the tipping point that makes a civilian value creating an expression of discontent to a heavily armed patrol above his immediate physical security? Do livelihoods and cultures affect military strategies? Are there interdependencies between insurgencies, societies, and economies? Does the language of war require a sociological grammar in order to be understood? Armed conflict is a human enterprise such that, by extension, understanding of the human dimension in a given area of operations should be thought integral to planning successful operations...

The Human Terrain System

Based on interviews, program documents, material from Freedom of Information Act requests, and secondary sources, this book finds a series of limiting factors inhibiting social science research at the tactical level, common to both Iraq and ...

Author: Christopher J. Sims

Publisher: Department of the Army

ISBN: 9781584877172

Category: Political Science

Page: 504

View: 247

The Human Terrain System embedded civilians primarily in brigade combat teams (BCTs) in Iraq and Afghanistan between 2007 and 2014 to act as a collection and dispersal mechanism for sociocultural comprehension. Set against the backdrop of the program's evolution, the experiences of these social scientists clarifies the U.S. Army's decision to integrate social scientists at the tactical level in conflict. Based on interviews, program documents, material from Freedom of Information Act requests, and secondary sources, this book finds a series of limiting factors inhibiting social science research at the tactical level, common to both Iraq and Afghanistan. Complexity in integrating civilians into the military decision-making cycle, in creating timely research with a high level of fidelity, and in making granular research that resonated with brigade staff all contributed to inhibiting the overall effect of the Human Terrain System. Yet, while high operational tempo in contested spaces complicates social science research at the tactical level, the author argues that there is a continued requirement for a residual capability to be maintained by the U.S. Army. Related items: Other resources produced by the Strategic Studies Institute, US Army War College can be found here: https://bookstore.gpo.gov/agency/1609 Weapon of Choice: U.S. Army Special Operations Forces in Afghanistan can be found here: https://bookstore.gpo.gov/products/sku/008-029-00431-3 Counterinsurgency Leadership in Afghanistan, Iraq and Beyond can be found here: https://bookstore.gpo.gov/products/sku/008-046-00274-6 Surging South of Baghdad: The 3d Infantry Division and Task Force MARNE in Iraq, 2007-2008 can be found here: https://bookstore.gpo.gov/products/sku/008-029-00522-1 Iraq and Persian Gulf Wars collection can be found here: https://bookstore.gpo.gov/catalog/us-military-history/battles-wars/iraq-persian-gulf-wars Training Humans for the Human Domain can be found here: https://bookstore.gpo.gov/products/sku/008-000-01173-7 Paid to Perform: Aligning Total Military Compensation With Talent Management can be found here: https://bookstore.gpo.gov/node/49300/edit The Effective Use of Reserve Personnel in the U.S. Military: Lessons From The United Kingdom Reserve Model can be found at this link: https://bookstore.gpo.gov/products/sku/008-000-01100-1 Afghanistan War collection can be found here: https://bookstore.gpo.gov/catalog/us-military-history/wars-conflicts/afghanistan-war

American Counterinsurgency

Critiques the Pentagon's Counterinsurgency Field Manual, which offered a blueprint for mobilizing the cultural expertise of anthropologists for the war in Iraq.

Author: Roberto Jesús González

Publisher: Prickly Paradigm

ISBN:

Category: Philosophy

Page: 134

View: 263

Critiques the Pentagon's Counterinsurgency Field Manual, which offered a blueprint for mobilizing the cultural expertise of anthropologists for the war in Iraq. Explores the ethical and intellectual conflicts of the Pentagon's Human Terrain System, and probes the increasing militarization of academic knowledge.

Z Magazine

... of fighting , while recruiting political cially " for its Human Terrain System
program , then to scientists , anthropologists , and other social scientists to better
understand the social and cultural human landscape create the tools to do this .

Author:

Publisher:

ISBN:

Category: United States

Page:

View: 714


Academic Repression

As explained in the periodical Military Review ( September October 2006 ) ,
Human Terrain Teams are to input data ... They then return it to the local Human
Terrain Team and share it with other US military and intelligence organizations (
p .

Author: Anthony J. Nocella

Publisher: A K PressDistribution

ISBN:

Category: Education

Page: 590

View: 697

A spirited defense of academic freedom in the face of modern-day McCarthyism.

Field Artillery

But before you can build a team, you must understand who the players are and
how they interact within this human terrain. Human Terrain System. According to
Dr. Montgomery McFate and Andrea Jackson, the human terrain system is "the ...

Author:

Publisher:

ISBN:

Category: Artillery, Field and mountain

Page:

View: 125


Current Biography Yearbook

Marcus B. Griffin , a professor of anthropology and member of the Human Terrain
System , wrote in an article for the Chronicle of Higher Education ( November 30 ,
2007 ) that HTS " acts as a cultural broker to reduce miscommunication and ...

Author:

Publisher:

ISBN:

Category: Biography

Page:

View: 912


Terrorism

224 U . S . civilian experts work with battlespace - owning military units in another
capacity , on Human Terrain Teams ( HTT ) , established in Afghanistan in
February 2007 . 225 HTTs , recruited and employed by the U . S . Army , are
small ...

Author: Robert A. Friedlander

Publisher:

ISBN:

Category: National security

Page:

View: 892

"An extensive collection of significant documents covering all major and minor issues and events regarding terrorism. Government reports, executive orders, speeches, court proceedings, and position papers are presented in full text reprint"--Oceana Website.

Measuring the Role of Cultural Awareness in Tracing the Human Terrain

In recent years both military theorists and practitioners have been urging that U.S. military forces develop and make use of more cultural awareness, said to be needed everywhere from the streets of Fallujah to the halls of the War Colleges ...

Author:

Publisher:

ISBN:

Category:

Page: 28

View: 649

In recent years both military theorists and practitioners have been urging that U.S. military forces develop and make use of more cultural awareness, said to be needed everywhere from the streets of Fallujah to the halls of the War Colleges. Historically, however, military involvement with anthropologists, the social scientists most focused on developing profound insights into foreign cultures, has ended in recriminations, especially after the war in Vietnam. The Department of Defense has launched a new attempt to harness the perspectives and analytical tools of anthropology (and other social sciences) by fielding Human Terrain System teams in Iraq and Afghanistan, but some anthropologists are strongly opposed to any collaboration. Even if the basic issues are resolved, military commanders may need to learn to see the world through the anthropological prism, and may need to modify missions or procedures in order to prevent a resounding clash of two distinctly different professional codes of conduct.

Civilian Surge

Human Terrain Teams . The Human Terrain Team counterinsurgency program ,
begun in late 2003 , embeds anthropologists with combat brigades in Iraq and
Afghanistan to help tacticians in the field understand local cultures.24 “ Academic
 ...

Author: DEFENSE DEPARTMENT

Publisher: National Defense University

ISBN:

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 316

View: 617

Examines the national need for assistance and quick response to military personnel from civilian resources for stabilization and reconstruction operations. Concludes with the efforts to build a civilian response capacity for complex operations are incomplete and require further attention.

The New Counterinsurgency Era

There were signs in mid - 2008 that this was changing , at least for those soldiers
operating in transition teams . ... For some of these arguments , see Stanton , “ US
Army Human Terrain System , ” and Stanton , “ US Army's Human Terrain ...

Author: David H. Ucko

Publisher:

ISBN:

Category: History

Page: 258

View: 947

Examines how the United States Army and Marines adapted to insurgency during the Iraq war, allowing them to improve their counterinsurgency techniques and improving their chances of winning the war.

Weaponizing Anthropology

Weaponizing Anthropology documents how anthropological knowledge and ethnographic methods are harnessed by military and intelligence agencies in post-9/11 America to placate hostile foreign populations.

Author: David H. Price

Publisher: AK Press

ISBN: 1849351090

Category: History

Page: 208

View: 869

The ongoing battle for hearts and minds in Iraq and Afghanistan is a military strategy inspired originally by efforts at domestic social control and counterinsurgency in the United States. Weaponizing Anthropology documents how anthropological knowledge and ethnographic methods are harnessed by military and intelligence agencies in post-9/11 America to placate hostile foreign populations. David H. Price outlines the ethical implications of appropriating this traditional academic discourse for use by embedded, militarized research teams. Price's inquiry into past relationships between anthropologists and the CIA, FBI, and Pentagon provides the historical base for this expose of the current abuses of anthropology by military and intelligence agencies. Weaponizing Anthropology explores the ways that recent shifts in funding sources for university students threaten academic freedom, as new secretive CIA-linked fellowship programs rapidly infiltrate American university campuses. Price examines the specific uses of anthropological knowledge in military doctrine that have appeared in a new generation of counterinsurgency manuals and paramilitary social science units like the Human Terrain Teams. David H. Price is the author of Threatening Anthropology: McCarthyism and the FBI's Surveillance of Activist Anthropologists and Anthropological Intelligence: The Deployment and Neglect of American Anthropology in the Second World War. He is a member of the Network of Concerned Anthropologists and teaches at St. Martin's College in Lacey, Washington.

Reclaiming a Scientific Anthropology

Most controversial of all , the U . S . military developed a Human Terrain System
that deploys anthropologists into war zones . These developments led the
American Anthropological Association ( AAA ) to form a special ad hoc committee
on ...

Author: Lawrence A. Kuznar

Publisher: Altamira Press

ISBN:

Category: Social Science

Page: 229

View: 767

"A strong advocate for anthropology as a science, Lawrence Kuznar reviews the recent challenges to this ideology from creationists and "scientific" racists on one side and postmodernists, marxists and feminists on the other. Moreover, Kuznar provides a brief review of anthropology as a science, summarizes major theoretical works in anthropology and other fields on the science/humanism debate, and offers several important case examples from cultural anthropology and archaeology showing science in action. An interesting, provocative book for anthropologists and ideal for advanced undergraduate and graduate classes in theory and method."--BOOK JACKET.

CQ Weekly

... 1324-1325 North Korea , 1361 , 2613 Human Rights Campaign Interest groups
' response to Obama election , 2958 Presidential election and liberal agenda ,
1521 Human Rights Watch Myanmar cyclone relief , 1325 Human Terrain System
 ...

Author:

Publisher:

ISBN:

Category: United States

Page:

View: 796


Making Sense of the Global

The tragic death of Paula Loyd , an embedded anthropologist with the Human
Terrain System , brings to light the hidden tensions between the tradition of
anthropology and military operations when they come to occupy a common
foxhole in ...

Author: Raúl Acosta

Publisher: Cambridge Scholars Pub

ISBN:

Category: Social Science

Page: 209

View: 958

Anthropology is more relevant than ever before to making sense of the constant intercultural encounters taking place around the world. Even though the discipline was born out of the need to understand the way humans interact, it had for decades been trapped in a counter-cultural stance that effectively disarmed it of any direct influence on public affairs. Recent global trends, however, have brought this academic discipline to the attention of governments, agencies, and social entrepreneurs, because of its capacity to create bridges of understanding between people of contrasting cultures. This ability is today more necessary than ever before in facing the challenges posed by the shrinking of our world. This volume provides reflections on what anthropological research can offer through its thick analyses. We are convinced that ethnographic research can contribute to a better understanding of social phenomena in our global times.

O

... aimlessly delivered straight to each door FROM WHAT remains fr development
fr HUMAN TERRAIN TEAMS satellite - guided rubber bullets fr reusable bags ,
invisibility cloaks HUMAN TERRAIN TEAM man in from state know im cousin 24.

Author: Jared Schickling

Publisher: Blazevox Books

ISBN:

Category: Poetry

Page: 134

View: 617

Poetry. "What is 'common ground?' How does it come about in a nation? In a poem? In Schickling's project, limning the portals between expression and repression, common ground is sought and thwarted, and sought again, bringing to bear the grand project of all our poetry--what does it say? How do we mean? What if a flock of our voices, civic and private, were let loose, flurrying and colliding in the echo chamber of the poem? "--Eleni Sikelianos. "Jared Schickling, the Poetry of the imagination expansive, no master, not forms that restrict, not the commercialism of print. Not the Government of Poetry, with this an anarchistic being is where all might of the elemental as a construction without end with wisdom and magic, behold begins a future"--Michael Basinski.

Jane s International Defense Review

Human Terrain ploys recent tactics , techniques and proce Lawmakers , however
, may push for greatTeams ' ( HTTS ) – composed of dures used by insurgents to
provide er oversight of JIEDDO , which has been social scientists and ...

Author:

Publisher:

ISBN:

Category: Military art and science

Page:

View: 527