Inuit Kayaks in Canada

This essay is just an initial survey of Canada's kayaks. A score of scale lines drawings, mostly of kayaks in the Canadian Museum of Civilization, are included along with some photographs.

Author: Eugene Yuji Arima

Publisher: Canadian Museum of Civilization


Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 235

View: 268

Across the vast expanse of northern lands from eastern Siberia to Greenland a great variety of native kayaks were created by the Koryak, Chukchi, Aleut, Yuit and Inuit. Some fifty or sixty different models can be distinguished, and further subvarieties as well, which scholars group into about a dozen major lots or families. Canada's share of this spectrum is the subject of this essay which deals with three kayak groups, labelled for convenience "Mackenzie", "Central Canadian", and "East Canadian". Each is treated mainly in terms of historical records and construction. Variation within each grouping is discussed, but without more study a definitive statement is not possible. This essay is just an initial survey of Canada's kayaks. A score of scale lines drawings, mostly of kayaks in the Canadian Museum of Civilization, are included along with some photographs.

Eastern Arctic Kayaks

1980 the tuniit–inuit connection. Inuktitut 47:43–52. 1985 qainnat origins. Inuktitut
60:19–34. 1987 Inuit Kayaks in Canada: A Review of Historical Records and
Construction. ottawa: canadian Museum of civilization, canadian ethnology
service, ...

Author: John D. Heath

Publisher: University of Alaska Press

ISBN: 1889963259

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 161

View: 855

Eastern Arctic Kayaks is the product of years of kayak study by two of the world's experts. Combining analyses of form and function with historical background and illustrations of kayaking techniques, this volume will appeal to recreational kayakers and scholarly readers alike. An excerpt from John Brand's Little Kayak Book series makes this British publication available to American readers for the first time.

Historical Dictionary of the Inuit

Threads of Arctic Prehistory: Papers in Honour of William E. Taylor, Jr. Hull, QC:
Canadian Museum of Civilization, 1994. Murphy, Phoebe. ... Arima, E. Y. Inuit
Kayaks in Canada: A Review of Historical Records and Construction. Ottawa: ...

Author: Pamela R. Stern

Publisher: Scarecrow Press

ISBN: 0810879123

Category: History

Page: 290

View: 339

This second edition of Historical Dictionary of the Inuit provides a history of the indigenous peoples of North Alaska, arctic Canada including Labrador, and Greenland. This is done through a chronology, an introductory essay, an extensive bibliography, and over 400 cross-referenced dictionary entries on significant persons, places, events, institutions, and aspects of culture, society, economy, and politics. This book is an excellent access point for students, researchers, and anyone wanting to know more about the Inuits.

The Inuit of Canada

Ice hockey ( right ) is one of the most popular games in Canada , and every small
Inuit settlement has a rink and a team . In Alaska , basketball is the most popular
modern sport . In Greenland , people have revived the old hunting and kayaking

Author: Danielle Corriveau

Publisher: Lerner Publications

ISBN: 9780822548508

Category: Juvenile Nonfiction

Page: 48

View: 900

Describes the customs, housing, and food of the Inuit; how they live on a daily basis; and how they are working to preserve their heritage despite technology.

The Bark Canoes and Skin Boats of Northern Eurasia

“A Contextual Study of the Caribou Eskimo Kayak.” Canadian Ethnology Service
Mercury Series Paper 25. Ottawa: National Museums of Canada. ———. 1987. “
Inuit Kayaks in Canada: A Review of Historical Records and Construction.

Author: Harri Luukkanen

Publisher: Smithsonian Institution

ISBN: 1588344762

Category: Social Science

Page: 288

View: 895

The Bark Canoes and Skin Boats of Northern Eurasia is a history and description of bark and skin boat traditions of the native peoples of Scandinavia and northern Russia. The history of northern peoples and cultures is inextricably linked to the technology of water transport. This is particularly true in northern Eurasia, where lakes and rivers can connect when overland summer travel is restricted by thick forests or bogs. For thousands of years, native peoples used a variety of bark and skin boats for fishing, hunting, trading, making war, and migrating. The Eurasian peoples, responding to their geography, climate, and environment, learned to construct--and perfect--small watercraft made from dug-out logs or the bark of birch, aspen, larch, and other trees, each variety crafted for its special use and environment. The text describes the design, construction, and uses of skin and bark boats for thirty-five traditional cultures ranging from northern Scandinavia to the Russian Far East, from the Bering Strait to northern China, and from South Siberia to the Arctic Ocean. Regional chapters use evidence from archaeology, historical illustrations and maps, and extensive documentation from ethnography and historical literature to reveal how differences in cultural traditions, historical relationships, climate, and geography have influenced the development and spread of watercraft before the introduction of modern planked boats. This definitive volume is richly illustrated with historical photographs and drawings, first-person explorer accounts from the 16th-19th centuries, and information on traditional bark and skin preparation, wood-bending, and other construction techniques. The Bark Canoes and Skin Boats of Northern Eurasia presents a first-ever overview of northern Eurasian boating traditions and serves as the companion to Charles Adney's and Howard Chapelle's classic, The Bark Canoes and Skin Boats of North America (1964).

The Canadian Arctic Inuit

... iceberg, Ice cream, icicle, Iglu, 1 - I illustrate, important, include, infant, 2 - no
information, inhabit, injure, ink, Inuit, lnuk, ... snowknife 10 - kayak 4 - sunglasses
5 - migration Word Study 4: Arctic, bannock, blizzard, caribou, char, drum, Eskimo
, ...

Author: Joanne Irons

Publisher: S&S Learning Materials

ISBN: 1550355082

Category: Inuit

Page: 129

View: 230

Inuit Studies

Célèbres pour leurs igloos , traîneaux à chiens , kayaks et vêtements de peau ,
ils sont devenus les principaux « durs » de ... Cet article explore l'apparition de l'
inuksuk comme icône des Inuit au Canada et considère son développement , sa




Category: Eskimos


View: 120

An Annotated Bibliography of Inuit Art

Review of the ¡984 catalogue Arctic Vision: Art of the Canadian Inuit by Lipton (¡
984a). 119. ... Canada: McMichael Canadian Art Collection, ¡99¡. 43–48. ... A
project has been developed dealing with the construction of traditional Inuit

Author: Richard C. Crandall

Publisher: McFarland

ISBN: 0786430915

Category: Art

Page: 464

View: 469

Archaeological digs have turned up sculptures in Inuit lands that are thousands of years old, but "Inuit art" as it is known today only dates back to the beginning of the 1900s. Early art was traditionally produced from soft materials such as whalebone, and tools and objects were also fashioned out of stone, bone, and ivory because these materials were readily available. The Inuit people are known not just for their sculpture but for their graphic art as well, the most prominent forms being lithographs and stonecuts. This work affords easy access to information to those interested in any type of Inuit art. There are annotated entries on over 3,761 articles, books, catalogues, government documents, and other publications.

Contributions to Kayak Studies

Canadian Museum of Civilization, Canadian Ethnology Service Eugene Yuji
Arima, John D. Heath. hat is nority than manunting , the Authenticity of the Inuit
kayak for modern Canadian Arctic use rather than museum collecting and display

Author: Canadian Museum of Civilization

Publisher: Hull, Quebec : Canadian Museum of Civilization


Category: History

Page: 347

View: 442

Volume of collected papers, all kayak-related, varying in specific focus and approach.

The Strip Built Sea Kayak Three Rugged Beautiful Boats You Can Build

It contains a wide variety of kayak - building information , a bulletin board , a
catalog of the author's Guillemot Kayaks designs and other sea kayak information
. ... Inuit Kayaks in Canada : A Review of Historical Records and Construction .

Author: Nick Schade

Publisher: International Marine/Ragged Mountain Press

ISBN: 9780070579897

Category: Sports & Recreation

Page: 216

View: 648

Although books on strip building canoes abound, this is among the first to adapt the technique to crafting attractive, functional kayaks. Using high-quality, computer-generated illustrations and photographs to explain key techniques, the book provides complete plans and measurements for three different kayaks: 1) A simple solo craft for beginners, 2) A high-performance solo kayak for intermediate paddlers, and 3) A tandem design for two paddlers. With its easy-to-follow guidance and instructions, The Strip-Built Sea Kayak makes top-notch kayaks accessible to budget-minded paddlers.

Kayaks of Greenland

1975 A Contextual Study of the Caribou Eskimo Kayak. Canada. National
Museum of Man. Mercury Series. Ethnology Service Paper 25. Ottawa. 1985
Qainnat Origins. Inuktitut, Summer, no. 60:19-30. 1987 Inuit Kayaks in Canada: A
Review of ...

Author: Harvey Golden



Category: Inuit

Page: 580

View: 518

First Peoples In Canada

The Inuit kayak ultimately proved better adapted to an arctic maritime lifestyle
than the Viking warship. When the Norse influence waned after several centuries
of trade and confrontation, the ancestors of the Inuit found themselves alone at
the ...

Author: Alan D. McMillan

Publisher: D & M Publishers

ISBN: 1926706846

Category: Social Science

Page: 432

View: 683

First Peoples in Canada provides an overview of all the Aboriginal groups in Canada. Incorporating the latest research in anthropology, archaeology, ethnography and history, this new edition describes traditional ways of life, traces cultural changes that resulted from contacts with the Europeans, and examines the controversial issues of land claims and self-government that now affect Aboriginal societies. Most importantly, this generously illustrated edition incorporates a Nativist perspective in the analysis of Aboriginal cultures.

Patterns of Activity induced Pathology in a Canadian Inuit Population

Sadlermiut Behavior even Sadlermiut use of the kayak and umiak is open to
question . The negative evidence for use of the kayak is ( 1 ) that kayaks were not
observed by Lyon ( 1825 : 58 ) or Ferguson ( 1938 : 45 ) , ( 2 ) that the Sadlermiut

Author: C. F. Merbs

Publisher: National Museum of Man, National Museums of Canada


Category: Anthropologie physique

Page: 200

View: 918

An anthropological analysis of activity-induced skeletal pathology in the Sadlermuit Eskimo population. The author analyzes osteoarthritis and osteophytosis, compression fractures, spondylolysis, and tooth loss. He discusses the importance of identifying these features on the skeleton to interpret activities of past populations. The focus is on the upper extremities and the vertebral column with minimal mention of the lower limbs. -- from

Canadian Books in Print




Category: Canada


View: 616

Canadian Books in Print 2002

Author: Marian Butler


ISBN: 9780802049742

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 2832

View: 488

CBIP is the complete reference and buying guide to English-language Canadian books currently in print; consequently, the Author and Title Index, Subject Index and microfiche editions are indispensable to the book profession. With submissions from both small and large publishers, CBIP provides access to titles not listed anywhere else. Containing more than 48,000 titles, of which approximately 4,000 have a 2001 imprint, the Author and Title Index is extensively cross-referenced. The Subject Index lists the titles under 800 different subject categories. Both books offer the most complete directory of Canadian publishers available, listing the names and ISBN prefixes, as well as the street, e-mail and web addresses of more than 4,850 houses. The quarterly microfiche service provides updated information in April, July and October. CBIP is constantly referred to by order librarians, booksellers, researchers, and all those involved in book acquisition. In addition, CBIP is an invaluable record of the vast wealth of publishing and writing activity in the scientific, literary, academic and arts communities across Canada. A quarterly subscription service including the annual Author and Title Index (March 2001) plus quarterly microfiche updates (April, July, and October 2001) is also available. ISBN 0802049567 $220.00 NET.

Caribou Inuit Traders of the Kivalliq Nunavut Canada

The caribou , once committed to crossing , were helpless and could simply be
killed from kayaks with lances ( Figure 5 ) ( Arima 1975 : 147 - 153 ) . This made
caribou crossings significant locations , and Inuit camps were usually in close ...

Author: Matthew D. Walls

Publisher: British Archaeological Reports Limited


Category: Social Science

Page: 73

View: 425

In 1717 A.D., the Caribou Inuit of the Kivalliq, Nunavut were introduced to the Fur Trade through the Hudson Bay Company. It has been previously posited that between that time and 1900 A.D., the Caribou Inuit were drawn out of a traditional subsistence pattern and into an economy that was a part of a world system. However, the actual process of how trade goods and technologies were incorporated into Caribou Inuit society by the Caribou Inuit themselves has received little attention. Using a combination of archaeology, archival history, and oral history to examine the profiles of specific individuals, this report demonstrates the importance of Caribou Inuit families that acted as intermediaries between their culture and European trade in the process of Caribou Inuit economic transition during the early historic period.

Canadian Subject Headings

Author: National Library of Canada



Category: Subject headings


View: 521

A History of the Original Peoples of Northern Canada

One Inuit man kidnapped (with his kayak) by Martin Frobisher from Baffin Island
gave an exhibition for Queen Elizabeth I, hunting royal swans on the palace pond
. In 1606 the Inuit of southern Labrador fought the English captain Knight, and in

Author: Keith J. Crowe

Publisher: McGill-Queen's Press - MQUP

ISBN: 9780773508804

Category: History

Page: 248

View: 664

For more than fifteen years, Keith Crowe's A History of the Original Peoples of Northern Canada has informed a multitude of residents in and visitors to the Canadian North and has served as a standard text. Now, in a new epilogue, Crowe describes and analyses the changes in the North which have come about since the book's first publication. The success of this book over the years is due in large part to Crowe's approach. While the majority of works on Canadian history are essentially European in perspective, Crowe has endeavoured to interpret the history of the original peoples of northern Canada from a native standpoint. He has attempted to provide a work that native Canadians can use to learn the broad outlines of their cultural and historical development as well as details about their people, places, and events, while giving non-native people a more accurate version of northern Canadian history and ethnology. Crowe begins with the emergence, in prehistoric times, of the three great groups of hunting people -- the Algonkian, Athapaskan, and Inuit -- describing their contribution to the cultural heritage of native peoples today. He devotes particular attention to the various native tribes and some of their outstanding leaders; to the fur trade, its effects, and the emergence of the Métis people; to the devastating consequences of trading and whaling for the Arctic and the Inuit who lived there; to the Yukon Indians and the Gold Rush; to the coming of Christianity; and to the impact of governmental and economic encroachment on the North and the native peoples' response to this -- moving into the boardroom and elected office. In his new epilogue, Crowe surveys the major land claims since 1974 -- some settled, most still under negotiation, and some, like the James Bay hydro-electric project, being challenged. Crowe also explains the complexities of the land-claims process and points out the irony inherent in native peoples having to help create numerous "foreign" laws and institutions in order to protect an essentially simple way of life. He describes the native peoples' movement into and up the ranks of government at all levels and emphasizes the important role played by regional and national native associations, such as the Assembly of First Nations. He outlines the changes and developments in education in the North and provides a detailed assessment of the still very difficult economic situation, stressing the native peoples' concern that economic development in the North not be divorced from environmental considerations. Keith J. Crowe, who served for many years in the Department of Indian and Northern Affairs, is now retired but remains privately active in northern and native issues.





Category: Canada


View: 234

Inuit Art Quarterly

4 x 72 x 38 cm ; Canadian Museum of Civilization ) . The Royal Ontario Museum (
ROM ) heralded the opening of the Gallery of Indigenous Peoples on its new
Canadian Heritage floor with the debut of In the Time of the Kayak : Hunting in
the ...




Category: Inuit art


View: 213