AGRUMED Archaeology and history of citrus fruit in the Mediterranean

Volkamer 1708: J.C. Volkamer, Nürnbergische Hesperides, Nürnberg. Volkamer 1714: J.C. Volkamer, Continuation der Nürnbergischen Hesperidum, Nürnberg. Wimmer 1999: C.A. Wimmer, Bemerkenswerte Zitrusliteratur vom 16. bis 19.

Author: Girolamo Fiorentino

Publisher: Publications du Centre Jean Bérard

ISBN: 2918887773

Category: Body, Mind & Spirit


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The book brings together 16 contributions on the ancient and recent history of citrus fruits. Although they represent the main fruit production on a worldwide scale, very little is known about their original domestication and routes of introduction into the Mediterranean and temperate Europe: few organic remains identified as citrus have been found on archaeological sites. Nevertheless, evidence has been retrieved for various periods in the form of pollen grains, seeds, rind fragments, and occasionally wood and whole fruits in areas of primo-domestication, Asian, and from sites along the potential routes of diffusion. Iconographic figurations and textual references also exist. The contributions presented here – written by researchers specializing in phylogeny, taxonomy, morphometry, archaeobotany, history, iconography, the study of classical letters, and curators of collections – present the latest knowledge relating to the taxonomy of the Citrus genus and the methods used in attempting to identify ancient specimens. Analysis of botanical remains and a variety of other sources, has allowed the citrus diversity in China, India, Israel, Egypt, Italy, and North-West Europe to be described. Greek, Latin and medieval texts have been explored in order to identify recognized species, cultivation methods, modes of consumption, uses, and virtues attributed to citrus fruits since their first occurrences. The conservatories and germplasm collections of citrus are presented from a historical point of view, as are the important role they play in genetic research to improve cultivars, the conservation of rare and ancient varieties, and the role of informing the general public is also emphasized. The symbolic representation of citrus fruits in the arts, literature, and philosophy completes this overview, and fills a gap concerning these emblematic Mediterranean fruit.

The Italian Garden

Clarici dedicated a large part of his Istoria e coltura della piante ... , published posthumously in Venice in 1726 , to citrus fruits . M. Azzi Visentini , ' Il veneto come giardino delle Esperidi nell'interpretazione di J.C. Volkamer ...

Author: John Dixon Hunt

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521443531

Category: History

Page: 342

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A collection of ten interdisciplinary essays on the history and diversity of the Italian garden.

The Genus Citrus

The Volkamer lemon was named in honor of J.C. Volkamer, the 18th-century German botanist (Saunt, 2000). ... with regard to citrus blight tolerance, that is, trees were susceptible, but took about 12 years to show decline and die-back.

Author: Manuel Talon

Publisher: Woodhead Publishing

ISBN: 012812217X

Category: Science

Page: 538

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The Genus Citrus presents the enormous amount of new knowledge that has been generated in recent years on nearly all topics related to citrus. Beginning with an overview of the fundamental principles and understanding of citrus biology and behavior, the book provides a comprehensive view from Citrus evolution to current market importance. Reporting on new insights supported by the elucidation of the citrus genome sequence, it presents groundbreaking theories and fills in previous knowledge gaps. Because citrus is among the most difficult plants to improve through traditional breeding, citrus researchers, institutions and industries must quickly learn to adapt to new developments, knowledge and technologies to address the biological constraints of a unique fruit-tree such as citrus. Despite the challenges of working with citrus, tremendous progress has been made, mostly through advances in molecular biology and genomics. This book is valuable for all those involved with researching and advancing, producing, processing, and delivering citrus products. Includes the most current research on citrus genomic information Provides the first detailed description of citrus origin, a new proposal for citrus taxonomy, and a redefinition of the genus Citrus Details citrus challenges including climate change, global disease impacts, and plant improvement strategies

The History of Gardens

The same applies , and with extraordinary force , to the two great volumes of J. C. Volkamer's Nürnbergische Hesperides ( 1708-14 ) , in which the many plates depicting the citrus fruit and trees collected by Volkamer and his friends ...

Author: Christopher Thacker

Publisher: Univ of California Press

ISBN: 9780520056299

Category: Architecture

Page: 308

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Looks at landscape designs and notes the philosophical, cultural, social, and aesthetic considerations underlying gardens throughout the world from the era of ancient Greece to contemporary times

The Citrus Genome

5.2.7 Volkamer Lemon It is apparently a natural hybrid of mandarin (C. reticulata) and citron (C. medica) and it was named in honor of the German botanist J.C. Volkamer (C. volkameriana Ten. and Pasq.). It produces very vigorous and ...

Author: Alessandra Gentile

Publisher: Springer Nature

ISBN: 3030153088

Category: Science

Page: 294

View: 510

This book reviews how the release of the citrus genome facilitates the investigation of ancestral species, the study of their complex biological features, and the genetic basis of agronomic traits of paramount importance for their sustainable cultivation. The first chapters discuss citrus origin and distribution, and the economic importance and varietal composition of the cultivated species, providing an overview of citrus and related genera genetic resources. The book then describes the role of traditional breeding techniques (for scion and rootstocks) as well as the potential of genomic breeding and innovative protocols for biotechnological approaches. The second part provides essential information on the genus Citrus, the attributes of pure citrus species, genetic admixtures, hybrids and citrus relatives, and on the horticultural classification of cultivated species, varieties and rootstocks. The third part then focuses on the different molecular mechanisms, covering various aspects of citrus biology, including the role of beneficial compounds of citrus fruits. In addition, it examines the molecular responses of citrus to abiotic stresses and to field and post-harvest diseases. Providing insights gained in recent years, it is a valuable guide for those who are interested in gene discovery, comparative genomics, molecular breeding and new breeding techniques. It is particularly useful for scientists, breeders and students at universities and public sector institutes involved in research for the citrus industry.


J. C. Volkamer, Niirnhergirehe Heiperider (1708), engraving. Royalty, especially Louis xIV, liked to shape citrus trees with straight stems and rounded heads, signifying man's domination over nature. The name Hesperides came from the ...

Author: Toby Sonneman

Publisher: Reaktion Books

ISBN: 178023063X

Category: Cooking

Page: 141

View: 642

You can squeeze it, zest it, slice it, juice it, pickle it, or even take a bite out of it as Sicilians do. Adding freshness and flavor to food and drinks, this versatile sour fruit, also known for resolving diverse health and household troubles, has long been considered vital to Mediterranean and European cookery and cuisine. Lemon: A Global History tells the story of the remarkable adventure of the lemon, starting with its fragrant and mysterious ancestor, the citron, adored by the Greeks and Romans for its fine perfume and sacred to many of the world’s great religions. The lemon traveled with Arabs along ancient trade routes, came of age in Sicily and Italy, and sailed to the New World with Columbus. It was an exotic luxury in seventeenth-century Europe and later went on to save the lives of thousands of sailors in the British Royal Navy after being recognized as a cure for scurvy. The last century saw the lemon’s rise to commercial success in a California citrus empire as well as the discovery of new varieties. This book also includes delicious recipes for sweet and savory dishes and beverages.

An Oak Spring Pomona

A Selection of the Rare Books on Fruit in the Oak Spring Garden Library Sandra Raphael. V. O. L. K. A. M. E. R. 1. ... with favourites from Volkamer's garden like choice auriculas and J. C. volk AMER Nirnbergische Hesperides 1708 page ...

Author: Sandra Raphael

Publisher: Yale University Press

ISBN: 0300049366

Category: Science

Page: 314

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An Oak Spring Pomona is the second in a series of catalogues describing selections of rare books and other material in the Oak Spring Garden Library, a collection formed by Mrs. Paul Mellon. The Pomona describes one hundred books and manuscripts about fruit, with illustrations taken from some of the most beautiful books on the subject as well as from original drawings and paintings. The earliest book described is Bussatos Giardino di Agricoltura of 1592, the latest The Herefordshire Pomona, an encyclopedia of apples and pears from the 1870s. In between there are fruit books large and small: La Quintinie's Instruction pour les Jardins fruitiers, Duhamel's Traite des arbres fruitiers, and many others. The book is divided into sections on fruit-growing in France and Britain, fruit elsewhere in Europe, and fruit in America, as well as citrus fruit, apples and pears, peaches and soft fruit, grapes, melons, and tropical fruit. Each description gives the background of the book and its relationship to others and is accompanied by illustrations of its contents in color and black and white. The Pomona includes not only brief bibliographical summaries of each book but also background wssays that place the books in a historical setting.


The citron, the oldest citrus fruit, is still a liturgical symbol in the celebration of the Tabernacle feast. ... Volkamer, J.C. (1714) Nürnbergishe Hesperides, oder Grundliche Beschreibung der edlen Citronat, Citronen und ...

Author: Giovanni Dugo

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 020321661X

Category: Science

Page: 657

View: 962

The world production of citrus fruit has risen enormously, leaping from forty-five million tons a year to eighty-five million in the last 30 years. Today, the potential applications of their essential oils are growing wider, with nearly 40% of fresh produce processed for industrial purposes. Citrus: The Genus Citrus offers comprehensive cove

Citrus Genetics Breeding and Biotechnology

Typ. Reg. Paris. Trabut, L. (1902) L'hybridation des Citrus: un nouvelle tangèrine 'la Clèmentine'. Revue Horticole 74, 232–234. Volkamer, J.C. (1708) Nürnbergische Hesperides, oder gründliche Beschreibung der Edlen Citronat, Citronen, ...

Author: Iqrar Ahmad Khan

Publisher: CABI

ISBN: 0851990193

Category: Science

Page: 384

View: 941

This book is intended to provide consolidated information on citrus breeding in the era of biotechnology, which is likely to hasten the pace of variety development aimed at resolving the problems faced by grove owners growing currently available cultivars. The subjects covered are focused on citrus while providing information equally useful to the breeders of other tree crops. It will also help students of genetic and breeding identify appropriate applications of biotechnology in citrus breeding. While providing information on future avenues, it also reviews the past progress and achievements ensuring continuity of the subject. Several chapters include protocols for novel techniques that should facilitate their broader application by citrus breeders.


Citronat , Citronen , Pomerantzen - Fruchte von J. C. Volkamer . Nurnberg A rare early German work on citrus fruits . The plates , in addition to picturing the fruits , give scenes of Italian villas and villages .

Author: Massachusetts Horticultural Society



Category: Fruit-culture


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