Land locked Countries of Africa

remoteness of the area and not necessarily to the situation of being landlocked . For the districts in eastern Zaire , the cost of reaching Kinshasa and Matadi are probably even higher than for Uganda to reach the port of Mombasa .

Author: Zdenek Červenka

Publisher: Nordic Africa Institute

ISBN: 9789171060655

Category: Access to the sea (International law)

Page: 368

View: 682

The Transit Regime for Landlocked States

Convention1 on Transit Trade of Land-Locked States. Done at New York, on 8 July 1965 PREAMBLE The States Parties to the present Convention, Recalling that Article 55 of its charter requires the United Nations to promote conditions of ...

Author: Kishor Uprety

Publisher: World Bank Publications

ISBN: 082136300X

Category: Law

Page: 204

View: 467

& Quot;The Transit Regime for Landlocked States" assesses the strengths and limits of existing international law related to the free access of landlocked states to and from the sea. The book analyzes whether the provisions of international law satisfy the economic demands of landlocked states, the majority of which are among the world's poorest nations. The book reviews the several principles of international law that dominated the evolution of the rights of access. It discusses both general and specific conventions, as well as treaty regimes emanating therefrom, and examines some restrict.

The Cost of Being Landlocked

About one out of five countries in the world is landlocked.1 Twenty of 54 low-income economies are landlocked, the majority of them in SubSaharan Africa, while only 3 of 35 high-income economies are landlocked (not counting European ...

Author: Jean-Fran ois Arvis

Publisher: World Bank Publications

ISBN: 9780821384091

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 120

View: 643

'The Cost of Being Landlocked' proposes a new analytical framework to interpret and model the constraints faced by logistics chains on international trade corridors. The plight of landlocked developing countries (LLDCs) has naturally received special attention for decades, leading to a specific set of development priorities based upon the concept of dependence on the transit state. Therefore, the standard approach used to tackle the cost of being landlocked has been predominantly aimed at developing regional transport infrastructure and ensuring freedom of transit through regional conventions. But without sufficient attention given to the performance of logistics service delivery to traders, the standard approach is unable to address key bottleneck concerns and the factors that contribute to the cost of being landlocked. Consequently, the impact of massive investment on trade corridors could not materialize to its full extent. Based on extensive data collection in several regions of the world, this book argues that although landlocked developing countries do face high logistics costs, these costs are not a result of poor road infrastructure, since transport prices largely depend on trucking market structure and implementation of transit processes. This book suggests that high logistics costs in LLDCs are a result of low logistics reliability and predictability, which stem from rent-seeking and governance issues. 'The Cost of Being Landlocked' will serve as a useful guide for policy makers, supervisory authorities, and development agencies.

The WTO Transit Regime for Landlocked Countries and its Impacts on Members Regional Transit Agreements

The Second Committee was tasked with drafting provisions related to matters such as territorial sea, contiguous zone, exclusive economic zone and the freedom of high seas including freedom of transit and freedom of transit of landlocked ...

Author: Suhailah Akbari

Publisher: Springer Nature

ISBN: 3030734641

Category: Law

Page: 247

View: 257

This book assesses Afghanistan’s transit trade with Pakistan in the context of WTO transit regime for landlocked countries and its impacts on Members’ regional transit agreements. The key questions this book seeks to answer are the extent Afghanistan can benefit from WTO transit rules in demanding freedom of transit through the territory of Pakistan, how these rules influence the transit agreement concluded between Afghanistan and Pakistan, and finally how useful it would be to challenge Pakistan under the WTO dispute settlement system for its failure to provide Afghanistan freedom of transit and free access to and from the sea.

Export Profiles of Small Landlocked Countries

Land-locked status. Given (he major trade and economic problems landlocked countries like Lesotho purportedly face (UN Group of 77, 1997) the group of countries selected as comparators were all land-locked.4 Furthermore, the countries ...

Author: Alexander J. Yeats

Publisher: World Bank Publications


Category: Comparative advantage (International trade)


View: 895

Connecting Landlocked Developing Countries to Markets

Fahrer and Glassner (2003, chapter 29) sum up this approach: “[T]he single, inescapable, defining characteristic of a land-locked State is that at least one international boundary lies between it and the sea.


Publisher: World Bank Publications

ISBN: 0821384171

Category: Social Science

Page: 274

View: 99

Based on new analytical research and case studies, the authors provide insights on what works and does not work, and they offer policy recommendations to address these issues.

Bibliography on Land Locked States

Problems of Land - locked Countries . Submitted by Afghanistan , Laos , and Nepal . 24 Mar. 1964 and 31 Mar. 1964 . E / CONF . 46 / C.5 / SC . 1 / L . 2. Note by the Secretariat . 7 Apr. 1964 . [ Reproduction of A / CONF .


Publisher: BRILL

ISBN: 9789028602908

Category: Law

Page: 50

View: 592

Text no.1. The problems of access to the sea & to the resources of the sea by land-locked states, particularly those in Africa, Asia & South America, have become more serious in recent years, & the need for a comprehensive accurate & up-to-date bibliography on the subject has never been greater. This is the only one existent. Besides being expanded & updated, this third edition has the following new features: a new section of resolutions of Intergovernmental organizations other than the United States, a list of abbreviations that appear in the entries, a third index, a more detailed subject index, entries in Chinese & Nepali (making a total of 19 languages), & a variety of more readable typefaces. It should be valuable to students & scholars in geography, international relations, transportation, economic development, international law, diplomatic history, etc., & to diplomats, officials of governments & intergovernmental organizations, consultants & other practitioners. Text no.2 This third revised & expanded edition of a bibliography first published in 1979 lists materials in nineteen languages. New features of the third revised & enlarged edition are: a new section of resolutions of inter-governmental organizations other than the United Nations, a list of abbreviations that appear in the entries, & a third index. The new author index now includes editors of collections & corporate authors, such as consulting firms. This bibliography is of great value to anyone interested in public international law, political geography, economic development, transportation, international relations, the Law of the Sea, diplomacy & related fields.

Access to the Sea for Developing Land Locked States

The emphasis in consideration of the special problems of landlocked states has shifted markedly since the First World War and even more markedly since theSecond World War. Prior to 1914 there were onlyfourindependent landlocked states ...

Author: Martin Glassner

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9401511764

Category: Law

Page: 298

View: 692

This study is an outgrowth of an interest in the question of access to the sea developed by the author during a ten-month sojourn during 1962 and 1963 as American Vice Consul in Antofagasta, Chile. During this period he had the opportunity to visit Peru three times and Bolivia twice. This experience, supplemented by research in many libraries in New York, Washington and California and by interviews, documents and other reference materials, resulted in a detailed study of Bolivia's campaign for an outlet to the sea. 1 The present study has drawn some material from the earlier one, but is such an elaborate expansion of it that it might well be considered a wholly new effort. The effort was made because the problem of access to the sea has become more critical since the Second World War as the emphasis on trade and economic development has grown while at the same time many new land-locked states were being born. There have, moreover, been more threatened and actual interferences with free transit during this period than during the preceding half century and more. A thorough examination of the subject seemed in order, then, as an aid to an understanding of the problems involved and as a guide to future attempts to resolve them. In addition to a general survey of the question, three case studies have been included both as illustrations of many of these problems and as specific situations by which to test proposed solutions.

Bibliography on Land locked States Economic Development and International Law

812 " Land - locked African Countries and Rights of Access to the Sea . ” 753 " Land - locked and Geographically Disadvantaged Countries at UNCLOS III . ” 2697 " Land - locked and Geographically Disadvantaged States .

Author: Martin Ira Glassner

Publisher: M.E. Sharpe

ISBN: 9780765606754

Category: Law

Page: 300

View: 811

Revised and expanded for the fifth edition, this text provides an academic reference on the subject of land-lockedness as it relates to economic development, international law, transport economies, international organizations and political and economic geography.

Land locked States of Africa and Asia

Landlocked states - Economic aspects 3. Access to the sea (International law) 4. Landlocked state - International cooperation I. Hodder, Dick II. Lloyd, Sarah J. HI. McLachlan, K.S. (Keith Stanley), 1937- 33.9'5 ISBN 07 14 64829 9 ISBN ...

Author: Richard Hodder-Williams

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1135254176

Category: Political Science

Page: 240

View: 587

Since 1991 more than a dozen new land-locked states have emerged to be confronted with the geostrategic problems of access and communications. Contributors present the implications of land-lockedness and the historical development of trade routes.