Measuring Empowerment

MEASURING. WOMEN'S. EMPOWERMENT: LEARNING. FROM. CROSS-NATIONAL. RESEARCH. Karen Oppenheim Mason This chapter discusses three questions: What is empowerment, particularly as this concept applies to women in the context of their families ...

Author: Deepa Narayan-Parker

Publisher: World Bank Publications

ISBN: 0821360574

Category: Social Science

Page: 475

View: 890

Large-scale poverty reduction depends on the effective empowerment of poor people themselves. This publication sets out a conceptual framework that can be used to monitor and evaluate empowerment programmes, based on papers written by practitioners and researchers in a wide variety of fields, including economics and political science, sociology and psychology, anthropology and demography. These papers draw on research and practical experience at different levels, from households to communities to nations and in various regions of the world.

Measuring Empowerment in Practice

Measuring Empowerment in Practice: Structuring Analysis and Framing Indicators Empowerment—that is, enhancing an individual's or group's capacity to make choices and transform those choices into desired actions and outcomes—is an ...

Author: Ruth Alsop

Publisher: World Bank Publications


Category: Community development

Page: 122

View: 200

"Alsop and Heinsohn present an analytic framework that can be used to measure and monitor empowerment processes and outcomes. The measuring empowerment framework, rooted in both conceptual discourse and measurement practice, illustrates how to gather data on empowerment and structure its analysis. The framework can be used to measure empowerment at both the intervention level and the country level, as a part of poverty or governance monitoring. The authors first provide a definition of empowerment and then explain how the concept can be reduced to measurable components. Empowerment is defined as a person's capacity to make effective choices--that is, the capacity to transform choices into desired actions and outcomes. The extent or degree to which a person is empowered is influenced by personal agency (the capacity to make purposive choice) and opportunity structure (the institutional context in which choice is made). Asset endowments are used as indicators of agency. These assets may be psychological, informational, organizational, material, social, financial, or human. Opportunity structure is measured by the presence and operation of formal and informal institutions, including the laws, regulatory frameworks, and norms governing behavior. Degrees of empowerment are measured by the existence of choice, the use of choice, and the achievement of choice. Following the conceptual discussion and the presentation of the analytic framework, the authors show how the measuring empowerment framework can be applied using examples from four development interventions. Each example discusses how the framework guided analysis and development of empowerment indicators. They also present a draft module for measuring empowerment at the country level. The module can be used alone or be integrated into country-level poverty or governance monitoring systems that seek to add an empowerment dimension to their analysis. This paper--a product of the Poverty Reduction Group, Poverty Reduction and Economic Management Network--is part of a larger effort in the network to conceptualize, operationalize, and measure empowerment"--Abstract.

Measuring Empowerment

A Gender Analysis of Household and Family Dynamics Joy Deshmukh-Ranadive. I Measuring Empowerment: A Gender Analysis of Household and Family Dynamics.

Author: Joy Deshmukh-Ranadive



Category: Families

Page: 33

View: 675

Measuring Women s Political Empowerment across the Globe

Defining Women's Global Political Empowerment: Theories and Evidence. Sociology Compass, 10(6), 432–441. Alsop, R., & Heinsohn, N. (2005). Measuring Empowerment in Practice: Structuring Analysis and Framing Indicators.

Author: Amy C. Alexander

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319640062

Category: Political Science

Page: 303

View: 605

This volume brings together leading gender and politics scholars to assess how women’s political empowerment can best be conceptualized and measured on a global scale. It argues that women’s political empowerment is a fundamental process of transformation for benchmarking and understanding all political empowerment gains across the globe. Chapters improve our global understanding of women's political empowerment through cross-national comparisons, a synthesis of methodological approaches across varied levels of politics, and attention to the ways gender intersects with myriad factors in shaping women’s political empowerment. This book is an indispensable resource for scholars of politics and gender, as well as being relevant to a global scholarly and policy community.

Measuring women s social and economic empowerment

Efforts to measure empowerment have, however, been fraught with challenges owing to the complexity of the concept. Most existing indices measure empowerment at regional, national or community levels, where men and women are combined as ...

Author: Mutua, E.

Publisher: ILRI (aka ILCA and ILRAD)




View: 725

What Quantitative and Qualitative Methods Have Been Developed to Measure Community Empowerment at a National Level


Author: Who Regional Office for Europe

Publisher: World Health Organization

ISBN: 9289053607

Category: Law

Page: 44

View: 349

Community empowerment has been frequently studied at subnational levels but it is less clear how to measure it at a national level. Mixed methods approaches would be advantageous using quantitative data from databases plus qualitative information to derive a range of variables and indicators. This report identifies assessment methods that have been used and evidence for integrating qualitative and quantitative data for national assessments. When resources are limited or there is no current practice of measurement of community empowerment the simplest approach is to combine a selection of quantitative variables and indicators available in statistical databases. When resources can be allocated a more systematic approach would supplement such accessible data with some form of rapid qualitative assessment. Ideally a formal national monitoring and evaluation system would be instituted that collects all the relevant quantitative and qualitative data and combines these into a regularly updated assessment.

Measurement properties of the Project Level Women s Empowerment in Agriculture Index

A Comparison of Item Response Theory and Confirmatory Factor Analytic Methodologies for Establishing Measurement Equivalence/Invariance. ... Women's empowerment in East Africa: Development of a cross-country comparable measure.

Author: Yount, Kathryn M.

Publisher: Intl Food Policy Res Inst


Category: Political Science

Page: 81

View: 271

Empowerment in Practice

Measuring. Empowerment. Poverty reduction activities traditionally focus on providing resources and services. Afocus on empowerment brings an additional emphasis on enhancing people's choices and opportunities.

Author: Ruth Alsop

Publisher: World Bank Publications

ISBN: 0821364510

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 371

View: 696

"This document offers an excellent explanation of the concept of empowerment and develops a very useful framework for disentangling and clarifying the concept. It is both practical and well justified on the basis of the literature. The approach and survey instruments developed to measure empowerment are innovative and very useful. Developing an approach to empirically measure empowerment, and to track empowerment indicators over time in a way that is operationally feasible and consistent with World Bank standards is certainly an outstanding achievement."Reginer Birner, Senior Researc.

Handbook of Research on New Dimensions of Gender Mainstreaming and Women Empowerment

Measuring women's empowerment: Learning from cross-national research. Measuring empowerment: Cross-disciplinary perspectives, 89-102. Merino, G. A., Scriver, S., Mueller, J. L., O'Brien-Milne, L., Fenny, A. P., & Duvvury, N. (2019).

Author: Kuruvilla, Moly

Publisher: IGI Global

ISBN: 1799828212

Category: Social Science

Page: 610

View: 977

Globally, women are facing social, economic, and cultural barriers impeding their autonomy and agency. Accelerated women empowerment programs often fail to attain their targets as envisaged by the policymakers due to a variety of reasons, with the most prominent being the deep-rooted cultural norms ingrained within society. In the era of globalization, empowerment of women demands new approaches and strategies that encourage the mainstreaming of gender equality as a societal norm. The Handbook of Research on New Dimensions of Gender Mainstreaming and Women Empowerment is a critical scholarly publication that examines global gender issues and new strategies for the promotion of women empowerment and gender mainstreaming in various spheres of women?s lives, including education and ICT, economic participation, health and sexuality, mental health, aging, law and judiciary, leadership, and decision making. It provides a comprehensive coverage of all major gender issues with novel ideas on gender mainstreaming being contributed by men and women authors from multidisciplinary backgrounds. Gender perspective and intersectional approach in the discourses make this handbook a unique contribution to the scholarship of social sciences and humanities. The book provides new theoretical inputs and practical directions to academicians, sociologists, social workers, psychologists, managers, lawyers, policy makers, and government officials in their efforts at gender mainstreaming. With a wide range of conceptual richness, this handbook is an excellent reference guide to students and researchers in programs pertaining to gender/women's studies, cultural studies, economics, sociology, social work, medicine, law, and management.

Adaptive Preferences and Womens Empowerment

These theoretical questions have arisen mostly in development conversations about how to measure empowerment—particularly conversations about how to develop quantitative and qualitative indicators of empowerment for donor agencies.10 ...

Author: Serene J. Khader

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199777993

Category: Social Science

Page: 264

View: 986

Women and other oppressed and deprived people sometimes collude with the forces that perpetuate injustice against them. Womens acceptance of their lesser claim on household resources like food, their positive attitudes toward clitoridectemy and infibulations, their acquiescence to violence at the hands of their husbands, and their sometimes fatalistic attitudes toward their own poverty or suffering are all examples of adaptive preferences, wherein women participate in their own deprivation. Adaptive Preferences and Womens Empowerment offers a definition of adaptive preference and a moral framework for responding to adaptive preferences in development practice. Khader defines adaptive preferences as deficits in the capacity to lead a flourishing human life that are causally related to deprivation and argues that public institutions should conduct deliberative interventions to transform the adaptive preferences of deprived people. She insists that people with adaptive preferences can experience value distortion, but she explains how this fact does not undermine those peoples claim to participate in designing development interventions that determine the course of their lives. Khader claims that adaptive preference identification requires a commitment to moral universalism, but this commitment need not be incompatible with a respect for culturally variant conceptions of the good. She illustrates her arguments with examples from real-world development practice. Khaders deliberative perfectionist approach moves us beyond apparent impasses in the debates about internalized oppression and autonomous agency, relativism and universalism, and feminism and multiculturalism.

Measuring progress toward empowerment

Women's empowerment in agriculture index: Baseline report Malapit, Hazel J., Sproule, Kathryn, Kovarik, Chiara, ... Feed the Future interventions are focused in rural areas, and the measurement of the WEAI took place only in these areas ...

Author: Malapit, Hazel J.

Publisher: Intl Food Policy Res Inst


Category: Social Science

Page: 60

View: 639

This report provides a comprehensive analysis of the Women’s Empowerment in Agriculture Index (WEAI) baseline survey results, summarizing both findings from the WEAI survey and the relationships between the WEAI and various outcomes of interest to the US Government’s Feed the Future initiative. These poverty, health, and nutrition outcomes include both factors that might affect empowerment and outcomes that might result from empowerment. The analysis includes thirteen countries from five regions and compares their baseline survey scores. WEAI scores range from a high of 0.98 in Cambodia to a low of 0.66 in Bangladesh.

Sex Work Labour and Empowerment

In their framework for measuring empowerment, Alsop and Heinsohn look at the indicators of agency (in terms of the capacity to make meaningful choices) in the context of asset endowments. The assets can be psychological, informational, ...

Author: Sutirtha Sahariah

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1000482952

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 196

View: 313

This book presents an analysis of the concepts of female empowerment and resilience against violence in the informal entertainment and sex industries. Generally, the key debates on sex work have centred on arguments proposed by the oppressive and empowerment paradigms. This book moves away from such debates to look widely at the micro issues such as the role of income in the lives of sex workers, the significance of peer organisations and networks of women, and how resilience is enacted and empowerment experienced. It also uses positive deviancy theory as a useful strategy to bring about notable changes in terms of empowerment and agency for women working in this sector and also for addressing the wider issues of migration, HIV/AIDS, and violence against women and girls. The focus is on moving beyond a victimisation framework without downplaying the extent of the violence that women in this industry experience. It conceptualises the theories of empowerment and power which have not been tested against women who work in this sector, combined with in-depth interviews with women working in the industry as well as academics, activists, and personnel in the NGO and donor sector. In doing so, it informs the reader of the numerous social, political, and economic factors that structure and sustain the global growth of the industry and analyses the diverse factors that lead many thousands of women and girls around the world to work in this sector. The work presents an important contribution to the study of citizenship and rights from a non-Western angle and will be of interest to academics, researchers, and policymakers across human rights, sociology, economics, and development studies.

Women s empowerment extended families and male migration in Nepal Insights from mixed methods analysis

Measuring empowerment In 2012, IFPRI, USAID and OPHI launched the Women's Empowerment in Agriculture Index (WEAI) – a tool that uses Alkire-Foster methodology to measure women's empowerment and inclusion in the agricultural sector ...

Author: Doss, Cheryl R.

Publisher: Intl Food Policy Res Inst


Category: Political Science

Page: 41

View: 131

Women’s empowerment is dynamic across the life course, affected not only by age but also by women’s social position within the household. In Nepal, high rates of male outmigration have further compounded household dynamics, although the impact on women’s empowerment is not clear. We use qualitative and quantitative data from Nepal to explore the relationship between women’s social location in the household, caste/ethnicity, husband’s migration status, and women’s empowerment. The study first examines the factors affecting overall empowerment as measured by the Abbreviated Women’s Empowerment in Agriculture Index (A-WEAI), followed by more detailed qualitative and quantitative analysis of how each factor affects individual domains including asset ownership, access to and decisions on credit, control over use of income, group membership, input in productive decisions, and work load. We find that women’s empowerment is strongly associated with caste/ethnic identity and position in the household, but this dynamic interacts with husband’s migration status. Despite patriarchal norms of high caste groups, high caste women are more empowered than others, reflecting the disempowering effects of poverty and social exclusion for low caste and ethnic groups. Daughters-in-law in joint households are more likely to be empowered when their husbands are residents in the household and disempowered when their husbands are migrants, while wives in nuclear households are more likely to be empowered when their husbands are migrants. While qualitative findings indicate daughters-in-law are disempowered compared to their mothers-in-law, especially in time use, the quantitative results do not show significant differences, suggesting that we need to move toward an understanding of agency over time and intensity of work, rather than simply hours worked. Identifying the factors that contribute to disempowerment of women of different social positions has important implications for the design of interventions and programs that seek to improve women’s empowerment.

Language Corpus and Empowerment

In terms of empowerment, it seemed that some families could already refer back to experiences they saw to be ... Understanding the parental experience of childhood deafness: measuring empowerment The WHO report on the evidence for ...

Author: Luke Collins

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317516648

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 262

View: 777

Language, Corpus and Empowerment applies a novel corpus-driven approach to the exploration of the concept of empowerment in healthcare. The book proposes an innovative corpus-based methodology for finding evidence of empowerment in language use, using data from a video intervention delivered to families of deaf children, as well as assessing the effects of the intervention on the family. Language, Corpus and Empowerment provides a working definition of empowerment which incorporates concepts from linguistics and learning theory; uses corpus analysis to provide evidence of how video interventions can transform people’s perspectives; examines this new methodology as a potential tool for analysing conversational data longitudinally and at a case-by-case level; demonstrates how a corpus-based methodological approach can be applied in conjunction with other language-based approaches, such as discourse analysis and conversation analysis, to explore the ways in which complex social processes occur in interaction; makes a valuable development in the assessment of the impact of healthcare interventions and the language of empowerment. Insightful and ground-breaking, Language, Corpus and Empowerment is essential reading for anyone undertaking research within corpus linguistics.

Women s Empowerment and Global Health

In Women's Empowerment and Demographic Processes: Moving Beyond Cairo, ed. H. B. Presser and G. Sen, 239–260. Oxford, UK: Oxford University Press. Malhotra, A., Schuler, S.R., and Boender, C. 2002. Measuring Women's Empowerment as a ...

Author: Shari Dworkin

Publisher: Univ of California Press

ISBN: 0520272889

Category: Medical

Page: 352

View: 443

"What is women's empowerment, and how and why does it matter for women's health? Despite the rise of a human rights-based approach to women's health and increasing awareness of the synergies between women's health and empowerment, a lack of consensus remains as to how to measure empowerment and successfully intervene in ways that improve health. Women's Empowerment and Global Health provides thirteen detailed, multidisciplinary case studies from across the globe and through the course of a woman's life to show how science and advocacy can be creatively merged to enhance the agency and status of women. Accompanying short videos provide background about programs on the ground in India, the United States, Mexico, Nicaragua, Zimbabwe, and South Africa. Women's Empowerment and Global Health explores the promises and limits of programmatic, scientific, and rights-based work in real-world settings and provides the next generation of researchers and practitioners, as well as students in global and public health, sociology, anthropology, women's studies, law, business, and medicine, with cutting edge and inspirational examples of programs that point the way toward achieving women's equality and fulfilling the right to health."--Provided by publisher.

Gender Literacy and Empowerment in Morocco

Measuring empowerment Immediate effects of empowering literacy are very difficult to measure empirical terms. In many respects, empowering literacy is conceived of as a philosophical orientation toward social change.

Author: Fatima Agnaou

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1135937257

Category: History

Page: 212

View: 155

This book's concept concerns the positive correlation between literacy and women's development and empowerment in developing countries.

Exploring women s empowerment using a mixed methods approach

Measuring Progress Toward Empowerment: Women's Empowerment In Agriculture Index: Baseline Report.” Washington, DC: IFPRI, OPHI, and USAID. ...

Author: Doss, Cheryl

Publisher: Intl Food Policy Res Inst


Category: Political Science

Page: 44

View: 646

Interest in the meaning and measurement of women’s empowerment has become a stated goal of many programs in international development. This paper explores a collaborative process of studying women’s empowerment in agricultural research for development using both quantitative and qualitative methods. It draws on three bodies of research around empowerment, growing interest in qualitative methods, and measurement research, especially the conceptualization and adaptations of the Women’s Empowerment in Agriculture Index. Employing mixed methods over more than a decade of cooperation among researchers from the Global South and the Global North has challenged the methods and findings of each approach. The work has led to new insights about gender differences in what empowerment means to women and to men, the importance of context, interrelationships among dimensions of empowerment, and the need for greater precision in terms and measures, particularly around decision-making, asset ownership, and time use. Such collaborative research benefits from a long timeframe to build trust and shared understandings across disciplines. The paper concludes with suggestions for the next phase of research.

Empowerment of Rural Women

Measuring Women Empowerment Empowerment is a planned process and its nature and quality of relationship over time , can be assessed . Changes in power relations were a definite part of the empowerment process .

Author: M. P. Boraian

Publisher: Concept Publishing Company

ISBN: 9788180695261

Category: Rural women

Page: 228

View: 180

With special reference to Dindigul District in Tamil Nadu, India.

Global Empowerment of Women

Kabeer, N. “Resources, Agency, Achievements: Reflections on the Measurement of Women's Empowerment” in Sida (2001). Discussing Women's Empowerment: Theory and Practice, 17–57 (accessed July 11, ...

Author: Carolyn M. Elliott

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1135916241

Category: Political Science

Page: 416

View: 800

The empowerment of women is a broadly endorsed strategy for solving a host of difficult problems, from child poverty to gender violence to international development. The seventeen international scholars in this multi-disciplinary volume offer thoughtful critiques of the notion of empowerment based on their studies in twenty countries in all regions of the world. The comparative introduction places concepts of empowerment in the context of models of the market and of community, showing how contradictions in these models as they are enacted on the ground provide both spaces and constraints for women. The chapters consider opportunities for women in the context of globalization, resurgent nationalism and politicized religion, cultures of masculinity, and the HIV/AIDS epidemic in Africa. They show how initiatives at national or global levels are transformed by local cultures and power structures, and demonstrate the fruitfulness of tensions between universal values of human rights and contextualized understandings. This landmark, multi-disciplinary collection of original studies by distinguished international feminist scholars will be an essential addition to the fields of Political Science, Women’s Studies, Economics, Sociology, International Development, and Environmental Studies.

Empowerment on an Unstable Planet

of development.50 This World Bank study defined empowerment, not as political uprising or community participation, but rather as ... the editor of the earlier sourcebook, brought together a team to measure empowerment, and as a result, ...

Author: Daniel C. Taylor

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199842973

Category: Social Science

Page: 296

View: 564

Since World War II, development projects have invested more than two trillion dollars towards health services, poverty alleviation, education, food security, and environmental initiatives around the world. Despite these efforts, 20% of the world still lives on less than $1.50 a day and the environment within which all live declines dramatically. There are clear limits to what further investments at this rate can achieve. This book advances the thesis that a more effective and universal foundation for social change and environmental restoration is not money, but human energy. Using this approach Tibet recovered from being nearly deforested to having over 40% of its land area protected under conservation management. Using principles outlined in this book mothers in northeast India implemented a package of life-changing actions that halved child mortality. They parallel the way New York City has created a citywide conservation program over three-and-a-half centuries. Each of these examples is particular to its time and place, yet a shared set of principles is at work in all of them. Improving the quality of life for a community starts by strengthening successes already operating. It involves local knowledge and a relatively simple set of principles, tasks, and criteria designed to empower communities. This highly readable account demonstrates how a comprehensive process for social change harnesses the energy of a community and scales it up with a rising number of participants becoming invested in increasingly high-quality work. Richly illustrated with photographs and stories of innovative people and programs in communities ranging from Nepal to Afghanistan to the South Bronx, it provides practical, proven guidelines for creating profound and sustained social change that begins in individual communities and grows to scale.