Metallic Butterfly Wing Scales

This book presents a method for replicating natural butterfly wing scales using a variety of metals for state-of-the-art applications requiring high surface-enhancement properties.

Author: Jiajun Gu

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319125354

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 94

View: 838

This book presents a method for replicating natural butterfly wing scales using a variety of metals for state-of-the-art applications requiring high surface-enhancement properties. During the past decade, three dimensional (3D) sub-micrometer structures have attracted considerable attention for optical applications. These 3D subwavelength metallic structures are, however, difficult to prepare. By contrast, the 3D superstructures of butterfly wing scales, with more than 175 000 morphologies, are efficiently engineered by nature. Natural butterfly wing scales feature 3D sub-micrometer structures that are superior to many human designs in terms of structural complexity, reproducibility, and cost. Such natural wealth offers a versatile chemical route via the replication of these structures into functional metals. A single versatile chemical route can be used to produce butterfly scales in seven different metals. These synthesized structures have the potential for catalytic (Au, Pt, Pd), thermal (Ag, Au, Cu), electrical (Au, Cu, Ag), magnetic (Co, Ni), and optical (Au, Ag, Cu) applications. Plasmon-active Au, Cu, Ag butterfly scales have exhibited excellent properties in surface-enhanced Raman scattering (SERS). The Au scales as SERS substrates have ten times the analyte detection sensitivity and are one-tenth the cost of their human-designed commercial counterparts (KlariteTM). Preliminary mechanisms of these surface-enhancement phenomena are also reviewed.

Photonic Materials for Sensing Biosensing and Display Devices

... H.S. Kim, J.J. Juarez, J.A. Lewis, P.V. Braun, Anisotropic colloidal templating of
3D ceramic, semiconducting, metallic, ... W. Xu, K.C. Shi, L.H. Xu, D. Zhang,
Versatile fabrication of intact three-dimensional metallic butterfly wing scales with
 ...

Author: Michael Serpe

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319249908

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 364

View: 498

This book presents the basics and applications of photonic materials. It focuses on the utility of these devices for sensing, biosensing, and displays. The book includes fundamental aspects with a particular focus on the application of photonic materials. The field of photonic materials is both a burgeoning, and mature field. There are new advances being made on a daily basis, all based on the fundamental roots set by work by those like Ozin, Thomas, Asher, and others.

Environmental Protection and Resources Exploitation II

Morphological Effects on Surface-Enhanced Taman Scattering from Silver
Butterfly Wing Scales Synthesized via Photoreduction ... Precision Replication of
Hierarchical Biological Structures by Metal Oxides Using a Sonochemical
Method [J|.

Author: Zi Li Liu

Publisher: Trans Tech Publications Ltd

ISBN: 3038265926

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 2216

View: 865

Collection of selected, peer reviewed papers from the 2014 2nd International Conference on Advances in Energy and Environmental Science (ICAEES 2014), June 21-22, 2014, Guangzhou, China. The 398 papers are grouped as follows: Chapter 1: Environmental Chemistry and Biology, Chapter 2: Environmental Materials, Chapter 3: Environmental Safety and Health, Chapter 4: Environmental Planning and Assessment, Chapter 5: Environmental Analysis and Monitoring, Chapter 6: Environmental Restoration Engineering, Chapter 7: Environmental Protection and Ecological Environment Construction, Chapter 8: Pollution Control Engineering, Chapter 9: Waste Disposal and Recycling, Chapter 10: Water Supply and Drainage, Chapter 11: Hydrology and Water Resources Engineering, Chapter 12: Soil and Water Conservation and Desertification Control, Chapter 13: Forest Cultivation, Protection and Plant Protection, Chapter 14: Geographic Information Science and Remote Sensing, Chapter 15: Land Resources Environment and Urban Planning, Chapter 16: Mineral Prospecting and Exploration, Chapter 17: Mining Engineering, Chapter 18: Mineral Processing Engineering, Chapter 19: Oil and Gas Well Development Projects, Chapter 20: Storage and Processing of Agricultural Products, Chapter 21: Energy Saving, Environmental Protection, Low Carbon Ideas, Chapter 22: Environmental Protection and Economic Development, Chapter 23: Eco-Economy, Circular Economy, Low Carbon Economy

Entomologist s Gazette

The structure of the silver / metallic scales on the underside of the hindwings of
the butterfly Coenonympha arcania ( Linnaeus , 1761 ) ( Lepidoptera :
Nymphalidae , Satyrinae ) R . J . D . TILLEY 1 The Paddocks , Lower Penarth ,
Vale of ...

Author:

Publisher:

ISBN:

Category: Entomology

Page:

View: 404


Butterflies of Britain Europe

An ordinary wing - scale is a very small , thin , chitinous platelet with a tiny peg at
its base by which means it is attached to the wing - membrane . Wingscales are
usually pigmented , but bright ' metallic ' colours of butterflies , such as the ' blues
 ...

Author: Tom Tolman

Publisher: Harpercollins Pub Limited

ISBN:

Category: Nature

Page: 320

View: 961

This butterfly guide covers 444 species, with each species fully illustrated with paintings of the male, female and all major forms, varieties and sub-species. The text covers all taxonomic nomenclature, distribution, flight period, vari ation, habitat and behaviour.

Drum

A bird Butterflies rest with their wings scales chasing the bright blue spots on the
wings will lose sight of them as folded together above their back ... Metallic \ fleck
METALMARKS These butterflies often have metallic flecks on their wings .

Author:

Publisher:

ISBN:

Category: Africa

Page:

View: 687


Natural History

Author:

Publisher:

ISBN:

Category: Museums

Page:

View: 193


New Delhi

Liitle seems to be known of its hiology . mented and structurallyT coloured scales
. The 2 structural colours are more spectacular and give the butterfly wings their
shimmering , metallic lustres of copper , silver and gold , or the iridescent hues of
 ...

Author:

Publisher:

ISBN:

Category: India

Page:

View: 597


Cassell s Popular Natural History Etc

A piece of the wing of a peacock butterfly , a quarter of an inch square , was
placed under a microscope , when 70 rows , each ... is only 870 , so that it is 115
times coarser than the wing of this butterfly , which is of middle size , and the
scales of which are proportional . ... by finer lines , and these striæ by the
reflection of the light at different angles , produce varying tints of brilliant or
metallic effulgence .

Author: John Cassell (Publisher.)

Publisher:

ISBN:

Category:

Page:

View: 851


The Moths and Butterflies of Great Britain and Ireland Noctuidae Cuculliinae to Hypeninae and Agaristidae

I Key to species ( imagines ) of the Plusiinae Forewing lacking all trace of metallic
scaling .............. 2 Forewing with metallic scales outlining reniform stigma , or
forming a patch or patches in median area of wing , or extending over a wider
area ...

Author:

Publisher:

ISBN:

Category: Lepidoptera

Page:

View: 762


Nature in North America

The blues, coppers, and metalmarks not only are colorful but have an iridescent
glow. The buckeyes, pearly ... Wondrous wings The particles of "dust" that rub off
the wings of a captured butterfly or moth are actually tiny scales. Arranged like ...

Author: Reader's Digest Association (Canada)

Publisher:

ISBN: 9780888501882

Category: Earth sciences

Page: 456

View: 479


Nature in America

Author: Reader's Digest Association

Publisher: Readers Digest

ISBN: 9780895773760

Category: Science

Page: 456

View: 154

Features 1,200 entries that explore the world of beavers, owls, bison, elk, wildflowers, bees, canyons, geysers, and other natural wonders

Bulletin Entomological Society of Canada

So the butterfly scale becomes a very effective means to improving performances
of the wing . ... blades of helicopters , Igor Kovalev devised a metallic version of
the butterfly scale coverage , called butterfly skin , or moth skin ( Kovalev 1996 ) .

Author: Entomological Society of Canada (1951- )

Publisher:

ISBN:

Category: Electronic journals

Page:

View: 238


Bulletin

So the butterfly scale becomes a very effective means to improving performances
of the wing . ... blades of helicopters , Igor Kovalev devised a metallic version of
the butterfly scale coverage , called butterfly skin , or moth skin ( Kovalev 1996 ) .

Author:

Publisher:

ISBN:

Category: Entomology

Page:

View: 844


New Generation Guide to the Butterflies and Day flying Moths of Britain and Europe

... than we see from the normal matt white wings. The brilliant metallic colours,
notably the iridescent blues and purples, that we see in many butterfly wings are
also due to the structure of the scales rather than to any pigment contained in
them.

Author: Michael Chinery

Publisher:

ISBN:

Category: Science

Page: 315

View: 314

This book has two parts: a field guide to all European butterflies and day-flying moths, and a natural history of the butterfly.

DEV EVOL BUTTERFLY WING

The Material Basis of Wing Color Patterns | 15 cases a simple accentuation of
existing folds of pigments that belong to the four major and ... are responsible for
most of the detailed scales of these species ( Silberglied and Taylor , patterns
found among the butterflies . ... It is believed that the where the otherwise bright
metallic blue is synthesis of nonblack melanins requires the difficult to see on the
bright ...

Author: NIJHOUT H FREDERIK

Publisher: Smithsonian

ISBN: 9780874749212

Category: Science

Page: 297

View: 563

Butterfly wing color patterns may indicate sex or distastefulness, may mimic other organisms, may act as camouflage, or they may confuse predators. Most species may be identified by their color patterns alone. Furthermore, the dorsal and ventral patterns may be very different and each has evolved separately. These patterns are not random but are homologous units which can be identified in all species. The patterns are permutations of the nymphalid ground plan. This book describes the elucidation of these homologies based on comparative morphology, genetics, and theoretical modelling. The book is supplemented by line-drawings, diagrams, photographs, charts, tables, graphs, three appendices: "Classification and systematics of the Butterflies", "Higher Classification of the Nymphalidae", and a list of genera in the figures in chapter 2 ("Pattern Elements and Homologies"), a bibliography and an index.--BIOSIS.

The Journal of Microscopy and Natural Science

In mounting portions of butterflies ' wings , it will be found that a more pleasing
effect will be produced by arranging it in such a manner that the light will fall on
the scales from a certain direction , which should be ... Make as before a ring of
cement upon a glass slip , provide cells of cardboard , metal , glass , etc .; make
the slip hot to soften the cement , and the cell may be pressed on , and when cold
will ...

Author:

Publisher:

ISBN:

Category: Microscopy

Page:

View: 140


Alberta Butterflies

The patterns are created by the microscopic scales that give the name to this
order : Lepidoptera = “ scaly wings . ... but from ridges and air chambers within
the scales that produce iridescent and metallic colours through the diffraction of
light .

Author: Charles Durham Bird

Publisher:

ISBN:

Category: Butterflies

Page: 349

View: 309


Butterflies of the Delaware Valley

Size medium to large ; ground color usually black with yellow , white , or blue
markings ; hind wing tailed Papilionidae Size medium ; colors white ... Size small
; metallic bluish scales present beneath ; wings similar Riodinidae Otherwise 7 7.

Author: Arthur M. Shapiro

Publisher:

ISBN:

Category: Butterflies

Page: 79

View: 374


Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History

With greenish or bluish metallic reflection . ... With yellow spots and a broad
yellow band near the base of nd wings . ... Base of all the wing dusted with
blackish scales , more so in the female , which differs from the male in having two
black spots on the fore ... Butterfly . - Upper wings white , with a large black spot
at the end of the discal cell , and a submarginal row of three spots running across
the wing .

Author: American Museum of Natural History

Publisher:

ISBN:

Category: Anthropology

Page:

View: 234

Comprises articles on geology, paleontology, mammalogy, ornithology, entomology and anthropology.