Methodology Epistemology and Philosophy of Science

ON HOW THE DISTINCTION BETWEEN HISTORY AND PHILOSOPHY OF SCIENCE SHOULD NOT BE DRAWN Philosophy and history of science both belong to the sciences of culture: they both study that cultural phenomenon that we call “science”.

Author: Carl G. Hempel

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9401576769

Category: Science

Page: 422

View: 429


Epistemology Methodology and the Social Sciences

The last decades have seen major reformations in the philosophy and history of science.

Author: Robert S. Cohen

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9401714584

Category: Science

Page: 270

View: 953

The last decades have seen major reformations in the philosophy and history of science. What has been called 'post-positivist' philosophy of science has introduced radically new concerns with historical, social, and valuative components of scientific thought in the natural sciences, and has raised up the demons of relativism, subjectivism and sociologism to haunt the once calm precincts of objectivity and realism. Though these disturbances intruded upon what had seemed to be the logically well-ordered domain of the philoso phy of the natural sciences, they were no news to the social sciences. There, the messy business of human action, volition, decision, the considerations of practical purposes and social values, the role of ideology and the problem of rationality, had long conspired to defeat logical-reconstructionist programs. The attempt to tarne the social sciences to the harness of a strict hypothetico deductive model of explanation failed. Within the social sciences, phenome nological, Marxist, hermeneuticist, action-theoretical approaches vied in attempting to capture the distinctiveness of human phenomena. In fact, the philosophy of the natural sciences, even in its 'hard' forms, has itself become infected with the increasing reflection upon the role of such social-scientific categories, in the attempt to understand the nature of the scientific enterprise.

Logic Methodology and Philosophy of Science VI

The volume contains invited papers presented at the Congress, covering the areas of Logic, Mathematics, Physical Sciences, Biological Sciences and the Humanities.

Author: J.J. Cohen

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 0080960308

Category: Mathematics

Page: 870

View: 765

Logic, Methodology and Philosophy of Science VI presents the results of recent research into the foundations of science. The volume contains invited papers presented at the Congress, covering the areas of Logic, Mathematics, Physical Sciences, Biological Sciences and the Humanities.

Epistemology Methodology III Philosophy of Science and Technology Part I Formal and Physical Sciences

Because of these links, what advances, remains stagnant, or declines, is the entire system of S & T. Throughout this book we shall distinguish the main fields of scientific and technological knowledge while at the same time noting the links ...

Author: M. Bunge

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9400952813

Category: Philosophy

Page: 263

View: 393

The aims of this Introduction are to characterize the philosophy of science and technology, henceforth PS & T, to locate it on the map ofiearning, and to propose criteria for evaluating work in this field. 1. THE CHASM BETWEEN S & T AND THE HUMANITIES It has become commonplace to note that contemporary culture is split into two unrelated fields: science and the rest, to deplore this split - and to do is some truth in the two cultures thesis, and even nothing about it. There greater truth in the statement that there are literally thousands of fields of knowledge, each of them cultivated by specialists who are in most cases indifferent to what happens in the other fields. But it is equally true that all fields of knowledge are united, though in some cases by weak links, forming the system of human knowledge. Because of these links, what advances, remains stagnant, or declines, is the entire system of S & T. Throughout this book we shall distinguish the main fields of scientific and technological knowledge while at the same time noting the links that unite them.

Empirical Philosophy of Science

This volume explores the benefits and challenges of an empirical philosophy of science and addresses questions such as: What do philosophers gain from empirical work? How can empirical research help to develop philosophical concepts?

Author: Susann Wagenknecht

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319186000

Category: Social Science

Page: 171

View: 315

The book examines the emerging approach of using qualitative methods, such as interviews and field observations, in the philosophy of science. Qualitative methods are gaining popularity among philosophers of science as more and more scholars are resorting to empirical work in their study of scientific practices. At the same time, the results produced through empirical work are quite different from those gained through the kind of introspective conceptual analysis more typical of philosophy. This volume explores the benefits and challenges of an empirical philosophy of science and addresses questions such as: What do philosophers gain from empirical work? How can empirical research help to develop philosophical concepts? How do we integrate philosophical frameworks and empirical research? What constraints do we accept when choosing an empirical approach? What constraints does a pronounced theoretical focus impose on empirical work? Nine experts discuss their thoughts and empirical results in the chapters of this book with the aim of providing readers with an answer to these questions.

Epistemology Methodology Philosophy of science and technology

Author: Mario Bunge

Publisher:

ISBN:

Category: Knowledge, Theory of

Page:

View: 334


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Publisher:

ISBN:

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Page: 166

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EPSA Epistemology and Methodology of Science

These volumes collect a selection of papers presented at the Founding Conference of the European Philosophy of Science Association meeting in Madrid.

Author: Mauricio Suárez

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9048132630

Category: Science

Page: 341

View: 961

These volumes collect a selection of papers presented at the Founding Conference of the European Philosophy of Science Association meeting in Madrid. The volumes provide an excellent overview of the state of the art in philosophy of science as practised nowadays in different European countries.

Epistemology Methodology III Philosophy of Science and Technology Part I Formal and Physical Sciences

Because of these links, what advances, remains stagnant, or declines, is the entire system of S & T. Throughout this book we shall distinguish the main fields of scientific and technological knowledge while at the same time noting the links ...

Author: Mario BUNGE

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9789401088329

Category: Philosophy

Page: 353

View: 546

The aims of this Introduction are to characterize the philosophy of science and technology, henceforth PS & T, to locate it on the map ofiearning, and to propose criteria for evaluating work in this field. 1. THE CHASM BETWEEN S & T AND THE HUMANITIES It has become commonplace to note that contemporary culture is split into two unrelated fields: science and the rest, to deplore this split - and to do is some truth in the two cultures thesis, and even nothing about it. There greater truth in the statement that there are literally thousands of fields of knowledge, each of them cultivated by specialists who are in most cases indifferent to what happens in the other fields. But it is equally true that all fields of knowledge are united, though in some cases by weak links, forming the system of human knowledge. Because of these links, what advances, remains stagnant, or declines, is the entire system of S & T. Throughout this book we shall distinguish the main fields of scientific and technological knowledge while at the same time noting the links that unite them.

Logic Methodology and Philosophy of Science IX

Proceedings of the Ninth International Congress of Logic, Methodology and Philosophy of Science, Uppsala, Sweden, ... Dao ball (a ball model of systematization methodology of philosophical sciences) L. PADILLA, The epistemic approach of ...

Author: Dag Prawitz

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 0444893415

Category: Science

Page: 989

View: 496

This volume is the product of the Proceedings of the 9th International Congress of Logic, Methodology and Philosophy of Science and contains the text of most of the invited lectures. Divided into 15 sections, the book covers a wide range of different issues. The reader is given the opportunity to learn about the latest thinking in relevant areas other than those in which they themselves may normally specialise.