Mid Latitude Atmospheric Dynamics

This exciting text provides a mathematically rigorous yet accessible textbook that is primarily aimed at atmospheric science majors. Its accessibility is due to the texts emphasis on conceptual understanding.

Author: Jonathan E. Martin

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118687892

Category: Science

Page: 336

View: 394

This exciting text provides a mathematically rigorous yet accessible textbook that is primarily aimed at atmospheric science majors. Its accessibility is due to the texts emphasis on conceptual understanding. The first five chapters constitute a companion text to introductory courses covering the dynamics of the mid-latitude atmosphere. The final four chapters constitute a more advanced course, and provide insights into the diagnostic power of the quasi-geostrophic approximation of the equations outlined in the previous chapters, the meso-scale dynamics of thefrontal zone, the alternative PV perspective for cyclone interpretation, and the dynamics of the life-cycle of mid-latitude cyclones. Written in a clear and accessible style Features real weather examples and global case studies Each chapter sets out clear learning objectives and tests students’ knowledge with concluding questions and answers A Solutions Manual is also available for this textbook on the Instructor Companion Site www.wileyeurope.com/college/martin. “...a student-friendly yet rigorous textbook that accomplishes what no other textbook has done before... I highly recommend this textbook. For instructors, this is a great book if they don’t have their own class notes – one can teach straight from the book. And for students, this is a great book if they don’t take good class notes – one can learn straight from the book. This is a rare attribute of advanced textbooks.” Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society (BAMS), 2008

Fluid Dynamics of the Mid Latitude Atmosphere

This book gives a coherent development of the current understanding of the fluid dynamics of the middle latitude atmosphere.

Author: Brian J. Hoskins

Publisher: Wiley-Blackwell

ISBN: 9780470795194

Category: Science

Page: 432

View: 185

This book gives a coherent development of the current understanding of the fluid dynamics of the middle latitude atmosphere. It is primarily aimed at post-graduate and advanced undergraduate level students and does not assume any previous knowledge of fluid mechanics, meteorology or atmospheric science. The book will be an invaluable resource for any quantitative atmospheric scientist who wishes to increase their understanding of the subject. The importance of the rotation of the Earth and the stable stratification of its atmosphere, with their implications for the balance of larger-scale flows, is highlighted throughout. Clearly structured throughout, the first of three themes deals with the development of the basic equations for an atmosphere on a rotating, spherical planet and discusses scale analyses of these equations. The second theme explores the importance of rotation and introduces vorticity and potential vorticity, as well as turbulence. In the third theme, the concepts developed in the first two themes are used to give an understanding of balanced motion in real atmospheric phenomena. It starts with quasi-geostrophic theory and moves on to linear and nonlinear theories for mid-latitude weather systems and their fronts. The potential vorticity perspective on weather systems is highlighted with a discussion of the Rossby wave propagation and potential vorticity mixing covered in the final chapter.

Linkages Between Arctic Warming and Mid Latitude Weather Patterns

Workshop presenter Elizabeth Barnes, Colorado State University, provided an
overview of atmospheric dynamics of jet streams, midlatitude waves, and
blocking. She stressed that midlatitude atmospheric variability is composed of
dynamical ...

Author: National Research Council

Publisher: National Academies Press

ISBN: 0309301912

Category: Science

Page: 85

View: 658

The Arctic has been undergoing significant changes in recent years. Average temperatures are rising twice as fast as they are elsewhere in the world. The extent and thickness of sea ice is rapidly declining. Such changes may have an impact on atmospheric conditions outside the region. Several hypotheses for how Arctic warming may be influencing mid-latitude weather patterns have been proposed recently. For example, Arctic warming could lead to a weakened jet stream resulting in more persistent weather patterns in the mid-latitudes. Or Arctic sea ice loss could lead to an increase of snow on high-latitude land, which in turn impacts the jet stream resulting in cold Eurasian and North American winters. These and other potential connections between a warming Arctic and mid-latitude weather are the subject of active research. Linkages Between Arctic Warming and Mid-Latitude Weather Patterns is the summary of a workshop convened in September 2013 by the National Research Council to review our current understanding and to discuss research needed to better understand proposed linkages. A diverse array of experts examined linkages between a warming Arctic and mid-latitude weather patterns. The workshop included presentations from leading researchers representing a range of views on this topic. The workshop was organized to allow participants to take a global perspective and consider the influence of the Arctic in the context of forcing from other components of the climate system, such as changes in the tropics, ocean circulation, and mid-latitude sea surface temperature. This report discusses our current understanding of the mechanisms that link declines in Arctic sea ice cover, loss of high-latitude snow cover, changes in Arctic-region energy fluxes, atmospheric circulation patterns, and the occurrence of extreme weather events; possible implications of more severe loss of summer Arctic sea ice upon weather patterns at lower latitudes; major gaps in our understanding, and observational and/or modeling efforts that are needed to fill those gaps; and current opportunities and limitations for using Arctic sea ice predictions to assess the risk of temperature/precipitation anomalies and extreme weather events over northern continents.

Atmospheric Frontal Dynamics

1973: Dynamics of quasi-geostrophic flows and instability theory. Adv. Appl.
Mech., 13, 247–330. Lackmann G. 2011: Midlatitude Synoptic Meteorology:
Dynamics, Analysis & Forecasting. American Meteorology Society. Lapeyre G,
Held IM.

Author: Mankin Mak

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1107133203

Category: Science

Page: 200

View: 718

The first self-contained and comprehensive volume on atmospheric fronts, for students and instructors in atmospheric sciences and meteorology.

Clouds and Climate

Midlatitude. Cloud. Systems. George. Tselioudis. and. Kevin. Grise. of quasi-
geostrophic theory is provided in many atmospheric dynamics textbooks. In
contrast to the tropics and subtropics, the middle latitudes are characterised by
large ...

Author: A. Pier Siebesma

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1107061075

Category: Mathematics

Page: 451

View: 471

Comprehensive overview of research on clouds and their role in our present and future climate, for advanced students and researchers.

An Introduction to Dynamic Meteorology

Atmosphere. Dynamics. The middle atmosphere is generally regarded as the
region extending from the tropopause ... 12.1 STRUCTURE AND CIRCULATION
OF THE MIDDLE ATMOSPHERE FIGURE 12.1 Midlatitude mean temperature ...

Author: James R. Holton

Publisher: Academic Press

ISBN: 0123848660

Category: Science

Page: 532

View: 797

This revised text presents a cogent explanation of the fundamentals of meteorology, and explains storm dynamics for weather-oriented meteorologists. It discusses climate dynamics and the implications posed for global change. The new edition features a companion website with MATLAB® exercises and updated treatments of several key topics. Much of the material is based on a two-term course for seniors majoring in atmospheric sciences. KEY FEATURES Lead author Gregory J. Hakim, a major contributor to the 4th Edition, succeeds James Holton (deceased) on this 5th Edition Provides clear physical explanations of key dynamical principles Contains a wealth of illustrations to elucidate text and equations, plus end-of-chapter problems Instructor's Manual available to adopters NEW IN THIS EDITION Substantial chapter updates, and integration of new research on climate change Content on the most recent developments in predictability, data assimilation, climate sensitivity, and generalized stability A fresh streamlined pedagogical approach to tropical meteorology, baroclinic development, and quasi-geostrophic theory Aspects of synoptic meteorology provide stronger linkage to observations Companion website includes MATLAB codes for plotting animated weather patterns; Problem sets and exercises; streaming video, illustrations and figures.

Atmospheric and Oceanic Fluid Dynamics

Our goal in this chapter is to gain an understanding of the zonally averaged
circulation of the mid-latitude atmosphere. Because of the presence of strong
zonal asymmetries — that is, eddies — this circulation differs considerably from
the ...

Author: Geoffrey K. Vallis

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1139459961

Category: Science

Page:

View: 705

Fluid dynamics is fundamental to our understanding of the atmosphere and oceans. Although many of the same principles of fluid dynamics apply to both the atmosphere and oceans, textbooks tend to concentrate on the atmosphere, the ocean, or the theory of geophysical fluid dynamics (GFD). This textbook provides a comprehensive unified treatment of atmospheric and oceanic fluid dynamics. The book introduces the fundamentals of geophysical fluid dynamics, including rotation and stratification, vorticity and potential vorticity, and scaling and approximations. It discusses baroclinic and barotropic instabilities, wave-mean flow interactions and turbulence, and the general circulation of the atmosphere and ocean. Student problems and exercises are included at the end of each chapter. Atmospheric and Oceanic Fluid Dynamics: Fundamentals and Large-Scale Circulation will be an invaluable graduate textbook on advanced courses in GFD, meteorology, atmospheric science and oceanography, and an excellent review volume for researchers. Additional resources are available at www.cambridge.org/9780521849692.

Nonlinear Dynamics in Geosciences

Statistical Properties of Mid-latitude Atmospheric Variability 20 S. Calmanti1 , A.
Dell'Aquila2, V. Lucarini3, P.M. Ruti4*, and A. ... This chapter wishes to propose a
description of the statistical properties of midlatitude atmospheric waves for ...

Author: Anastasios A. Tsonis

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 0387349189

Category: Science

Page: 604

View: 726

This work comprises the proceedings of a conference held last year in Rhodes, Greece, to assess developments during the last 20 years in the field of nonlinear dynamics in geosciences. The volume has its own authority as part of the Aegean Conferences cycle, but it also brings together the most up-to-date research from the atmospheric sciences, hydrology, geology, and other areas of geosciences, and discusses the advances made and the future directions of nonlinear dynamics.

Applied Atmospheric Dynamics

W. Shakespeare, “Love's Labour's Lost”, Act IV, Scene II During mid-February
2003, one of the biggest winter storms on record cut a ... atmospheric dynamics,
and we have used many other dramatic weather events as well, from the
devastating Hurricane ... Part I takes the reader through all of the basic concepts
required to understand the development and decay of mid-latitude low-pressure
systems.

Author: Amanda H. Lynch

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 0470861754

Category: Science

Page: 290

View: 181

The weather can be a cause of disruption, despair and even danger everywhere around the world at one time or another. Even when benign it is a source of constant fascination. Applied Atmospheric Dynamics connects this interest with the theoretical underpinnings of fluid dynamics; linking real physical events as diverse as Hurricane Katrina and the strong katabatic winds of Antarctica, with quantitative conceptual models of atmospheric behaviour. Assuming only basic calculus the book provides a physical basis for understanding atmospheric motions around the globe as well as detailing the advances that have led to a greater understanding of weather and climate. The accompanying supplementary CD-ROM features colour graphics, maps, databases, animations, project materials, as well as weather data tips. Covers the standard theoretical principles of atmospheric dynamics and applies the theory to global real world examples Assumes only non-vector based calculus Features supplementary CD-ROM with electronic versions of all figures, case study data and possible term projects An invaluable text for students of Meteorology, Atmospheric Science, Geography and Environmental Science A Solutions Manual is also available for this textbook on the Instructor Companion Site www.wileyeurope.com/college/lynch

Atmospheric Dynamics

The dynamics of the atmospheric Ekman layer and the oceanic Ekman layer is
particularly important for large-scale geophysical flows and is elaborated in
Sections ... for the flow associated with winter cyclones and anticyclones in mid-
latitude.

Author: Mankin Mak

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1139496107

Category: Science

Page:

View: 332

Mankin Mak's textbook provides a self-contained course on atmospheric dynamics. The first half is suitable for senior undergraduates, and develops the physical, dynamical and mathematical concepts at the fundamental level. The second half of the book is aimed at more advanced students who are already familiar with the basics. The contents have been developed from many years of the author's teaching at the University of Illinois. Discussions are supplemented with schematics, weather maps and statistical plots of the atmospheric general circulation. Students often find the connection between theoretical dynamics and atmospheric observation somewhat tenuous, and this book demonstrates a strong connection between the key dynamics and real observations. This textbook is an invaluable asset for courses in atmospheric dynamics for advanced students and researchers in atmospheric science, ocean science, weather forecasting, environmental science, and applied mathematics. Some background in mathematics, physics and basic atmospheric science is assumed.

Information Theory and Stochastics for Multiscale Nonlinear Systems

In his pioneering paper on stochastic climate modeling, Hasselmann (23
considered the mid-latitude atmospheric surface fluxes, which are rapidly varying
in time compared with ocean dynamics, as white noise forcing, a dW(t) in (3.1),
on the ...

Author: Andrew Majda

Publisher: American Mathematical Soc.

ISBN: 9780821869864

Category: Mathematics

Page: 133

View: 164

This book introduces mathematicians to the fascinating mathematical interplay between ideas from stochastics and information theory and practical issues in studying complex multiscale nonlinear systems. It emphasizes the serendipity between modern applied mathematics and applications where rigorous analysis, the development of qualitative and/or asymptotic models, and numerical modeling all interact to explain complex phenomena. After a brief introduction to the emerging issues in multiscale modeling, the book has three main chapters. The first chapter is an introduction to information theory with novel applications to statistical mechanics, predictability, and Jupiter's Red Spot for geophysical flows. The second chapter discusses new mathematical issues regarding fluctuation-dissipation theorems for complex nonlinear systems including information flow, various approximations, and illustrates applications to various mathematical models. The third chapter discusses stochastic modeling of complex nonlinear systems. After a general discussion, a new elementary model, motivated by issues in climate dynamics, is utilized to develop a self-contained example of stochastic mode reduction. Based on A. Majda's Aisenstadt lectures at the University of Montreal, the book is appropriate for both pure and applied mathematics graduate students, postdocs and faculty, as well as interested researchers in other scientific disciplines. No background in geophysical flows is required. About the authors: Andrew Majda is a member of the National Academy of Sciences and has received numerous honors and awards, including the National Academy of Science Prize in Applied Mathematics, the John von Neumann Prize of the Society of Industrial and Applied Mathematics, the Gibbs Prize of the American Mathematical Society, and the Medal of the College de France. In the past several years at the Courant Institute, Majda and a multi-disciplinary faculty have created the Center for Atmosphere Ocean Science to promote cross-disciplinary research with modern applied mathematics in climate modeling and prediction. R.V. Abramov is a young researcher; he received his PhD in 2002. M. J. Grote received his Ph.D. under Joseph B. Keller at Stanford University in 1995.

Atmospheric Circulation Dynamics and Circulation Models

References and suggested reading Mid - latitude circulation is characterized by
the dynamics of synoptic - scale disturbances represented by extratropical
circulations . Palmén and Newton ( 1969 ) is a classical textbook about the
various ...

Author: Masaki Satoh

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9783540426387

Category: Nature

Page: 643

View: 463

This book describes the methods used to construct general circulation models of the atmosphere, and how such models perform in applications relating to the real climate and environmental systems. The author describes the fundamental dynamics of the atmospheric circulation, modelling of the general circulation, and applications of GCMs. The book consists of three parts: - Part 1 summarizes the physical processes involved, including basic equations, waves and instabilities; - Part 2 covers atmospheric structures, including various types of one- and two-dimensional structures and circulations; - Part 3 describes the basic notions for construction of general circulation models of the atmosphere and their applications. Atmospheric Circulation Dynamics and General Circulation Methods includes an appendix incorporating the basic data and mathematical formulae required to enable readers to construct GCMs for themselves.

Numerical Models of Oceans and Oceanic Processes

4. Midlatitude. Dynamics. and. Quasi-Geostrophic. Models. Incompressible,
hydrostatic, Boussinesq equations for a stratified fluid ... Rossby, in an attempt to
explain the movement of midlatitude atmospheric weather patterns,
approximated the ...

Author: Lakshmi H. Kantha

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 9780080512907

Category: Science

Page: 750

View: 929

Oceans play a pivotal role in our weather and climate. Ocean-borne commerce is vital to our increasingly close-knit global community. Yet we do not fully understand the intricate details of how they function, how they interact with the atmosphere, and what the limits are to their biological productivity and their tolerance to wastes. While satellites are helping us to fill in the gaps, numerical ocean models are playing an important role in increasing our ability to comprehend oceanic processes, monitor the current state of the oceans, and to a limited extent, even predict their future state. Numerical Models of Oceans and Oceanic Processes is a survey of the current state of knowledge in this field. It brings together a discussion of salient oceanic dynamics and processes, numerical solution methods, and ocean models to provide a comprehensive treatment of the topic. Starting with elementary concepts in ocean dynamics, it deals with equatorial, mid-latitude, high latitude, and coastal dynamics from the perspective of a modeler. A comprehensive and up-to-date chapter on tides is also included. This is followed by a discussion of different kinds of numerical ocean models and the pre- and post-processing requirements and techniques. Air-sea and ice-ocean coupled models are described, as well as data assimilation and nowcast/forecasts. Comprehensive appendices on wavelet transforms and empirical orthogonal functions are also included. This comprehensive and up-to-date survey of the field should be of interest to oceanographers, atmospheric scientists, and climatologists. While some prior knowledge of oceans and numerical modeling is helpful, the book includes an overview of enough elementary material so that along with its companion volume, Small Scale Processes in Geophysical Flows, it should be useful to both students new to the field and practicing professionals. * Comprehensive and up-to-date review * Useful for a two-semester (or one-semester on selected topics) graduate level course * Valuable reference on the topic * Essential for a better understanding of weather and climate

Atmosphere Ocean and Climate Dynamics

Mid-Latitude. Ionosphere. To a first approximation, study of the mid-latitude
ionosphere is based on the principles discussed in the book by Rishbeth and
Garriott (1969). Since our primary purpose is to extend rather than repeat the
former work ...

Author: John Marshall

Publisher: Academic Press

ISBN: 0080954693

Category: Science

Page: 344

View: 599

For advanced undergraduate and beginning graduate students in atmospheric, oceanic, and climate science, Atmosphere, Ocean and Climate Dynamics is an introductory textbook on the circulations of the atmosphere and ocean and their interaction, with an emphasis on global scales. It will give students a good grasp of what the atmosphere and oceans look like on the large-scale and why they look that way. The role of the oceans in climate and paleoclimate is also discussed. The combination of observations, theory and accompanying illustrative laboratory experiments sets this text apart by making it accessible to students with no prior training in meteorology or oceanography. * Written at a mathematical level that is appealing for undergraduates and beginning graduate students * Provides a useful educational tool through a combination of observations and laboratory demonstrations which can be viewed over the web * Contains instructions on how to reproduce the simple but informative laboratory experiments * Includes copious problems (with sample answers) to help students learn the material.

The Oryx Resource Guide to El Ni o and La Ni a

The center has a strong capability for theoretical work on atmospheric dynamics,
diagnosis of observed climate data, and ... The dynamics of tropical and mid-
latitude droughts, and the climatic effects of deforestation and desertification are ...

Author: Joseph S. D'Aleo

Publisher: Greenwood Publishing Group

ISBN: 9781573563789

Category: Nature

Page: 230

View: 923

Explains to general readers the fundamentals of the now infamous Tropical Pacific siblings that two decades ago were an obscure phenomenon affecting weather in a few islands far away.

Physical Oceanography

Actually , the most important exchange affecting mid - latitude atmospheric
circulations has already been discussed , namely evaporation from the tropical
oceans , which indirectly provides their maintenance . The dynamics of
midlatitude flows ...

Author: M. N. Hill

Publisher: Harvard University Press

ISBN: 9780674017276

Category: Science

Page: 882

View: 358


Stochastic Climate Models

Two prominent climate compartments follow; these are the mid-latitude
atmosphere and the wind-driven ocean, which are also subjected to stochastic
forcing. The atmosphere's dynamics is derived analytically for a periodic channel;
the ...

Author: Peter Imkeller

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9783764365202

Category: Mathematics

Page: 398

View: 190

A collection of articles written by mathematicians and physicists, designed to describe the state of the art in climate models with stochastic input. Mathematicians will benefit from a survey of simple models, while physicists will encounter mathematically relevant techniques at work.

Proceedings of the Indian National Science Academy

The middle atmospheric dynamics in low latitudes is distinctly different from other
latitudes because of the enhanced ... In the mid - latitudes , the geostrophic
balance between the pressure gradient force and the coriolis force describes the
 ...

Author: Indian National Science Academy

Publisher:

ISBN:

Category: Biology

Page:

View: 816


Index for

... 13:204–214 atmosphere dynamics and, 13:212—214 ozone distribution, 13:
193–202 atmospheric dynamics, 13:200 ... models of 32:264-277 Midlatitude
continental climate, 25:298 Midlatitude convective systems, 24:247–287
mesoscale, ...

Author:

Publisher: Academic Press

ISBN: 0080880126

Category: Science

Page: 448

View: 446

This series provides a venue for longer reviews of current advances in geophysics. Written at a level accessible to graduate students, the articles serve to broaden knowledge of various fields and may be useful in courses and seminars.

Midlatitude Ionospheric Dynamics and Disturbances

Compared to the ionospheric weather at high and low latitudes, the mid-latitude
ionosphere was thought to be relatively well ... Over the past three decades,
positioning on the Earth, in the atmosphere, and even in space has become
relatively ...

Author: Paul M. Kintner, Jr.

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118671716

Category: Science

Page: 327

View: 927

Published by the American Geophysical Union as part of the Geophysical Monograph Series, Volume 181. Filling the need for a 20-year lag in substantial consideration of the midlatitude ionosphere, this volume focuses on work that takes advantage of GPS and UV imaging from satellites over the past decade, two methods that have profoundly transformed our understanding of this stratum of the atmosphere. Its interdisciplinary content brings together researchers of the solar wind, magnetosphere, ionosphere, thermosphere, polar and equatorial ionospheres, and space weather. Modeling and assimilative imaging of the ionosphere and thermosphere show for the first time the complex and global impact of midlatitude ionospheric storms. The editors invited the leading experts in the following areas to contribute the chapters herein: Characterization of Midlatitude Storms Electric Field Coupling From the Heliosphere and Inner Magnetosphere Thermospheric Control of the Midlatitude Ionosphere Ionospheric Irregularities Experimental Methods and New Techniques These themes were chosen to create a path for understanding the midlatitude ionosphere. They continue to be largely valid and represent a coherent division of the subject matter. They will be critical for understanding space weather during the upcoming solar maximum. This book was inspired by the Chapman Conference of the same name held January 2007.