Implantable Neural Prostheses 2

Schwartz AB (2004) Cortical neural prosthetics. Annu Rev Neurosci 27: 487–501,
July 2004. 132. Borisoff JF, McPhail LT, Saunders JTW, Birch GE, Ramer MS (
2006) Detection and classification of sensory information from acute spinal cord ...

Author: David Zhou

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 0387981209

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 371

View: 166

Signi?cant progress has been made in the development of neural prostheses for restoration of human functions and improvement of the quality of life. Biomedical engineers and neuroscientists around the world are working to improve the design and performance of existing devices and to develop novel devices for arti?cial vision, arti?cial limbs, and brain-machine interfaces. This book, Implantable Neural Prostheses 2: Techniques and Engineering Approaches, is part two of a two-volume sequence that describes state-of-the-art advances in techniques associated with implantable neural prosthetic devices. The techniques covered include biocompatibility and biostability, hermetic packaging, electrochemical techniques for neural stimulation applications, novel electrode materials and testing, thin-?lm ?exible microelectrode arrays, in situ char- terization of microelectrode arrays, chip-size thin-?lm device encapsulation, microchip-embedded capacitors and microelectronics for recording, stimulation, and wireless telemetry. The design process in the development of medical devices is also discussed. Advances in biomedical engineering, microfabrication technology, and neu- science have led to improved medical-device designs and novel functions. However, many challenges remain. This book focuses on the engineering approaches, R&D advances, and technical challenges of medical implants from an engineering p- spective. We are grateful to leading researchers from academic institutes, national laboratories, as well as design engineers and professionals from the medical device industry who have contributed to the book. Part one of this series covers designs of implantable neural prosthetic devices and their clinical applications.

Implantable Neural Prostheses 1

(2001) Retinal prosthesis: an encouraging first decade with major challenges
ahead. Ophthalmology 108:13–14 Normann RA, Maynard EM, Rousche PJ, et al.
(1999) A neural interface for a cortical vision prosthesis. Vision Res 39:2577–
2587 ...

Author: David Zhou

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9780387772615

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 376

View: 598

Significant progress has been made in the development of neural prostheses to restore human functions and improve the quality of human life. Biomedical engineers and neuroscientists around the world are working to improve design and performance of existing devices and to develop novel devices for artificial vision, artificial limbs, and brain–machine interfaces. This book, Implantable Neural Prostheses 1: Devices and Applications,ispart one of a two-book series and describes state-of-the-art advances in techniques associated with implantable neural prosthetic devices and their applications. Devices covered include sensory prosthetic devices, such as visual implants, cochlear implants, auditory midbrain implants, and spinal cord stimulators. Motor prosthetic devices, such as deep brain stimulators, Bion microstimu- tors, the brain control and sensing interface, and cardiac electro-stimulation devices are also included. Progress in magnetic stimulation that may offer a non-invasive approach to prosthetic devices is introduced. Regulatory approval of implantable medical devices in the United States and Europe is also discussed.

Stimulation and Recording Electrodes for Neural Prostheses

Neuroprosthetics pertains to the creation of neural prosthetics in order to
eliminate sensory, motor, or cognitive malfunctions. Treating these kinds of
dysfunctions requires interfacing with patient's neural system. Depending on the
application, ...

Author: Naser Pour Aryan

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319100521

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 81

View: 169

This book provides readers with basic principles of the electrochemistry of the electrodes used in modern, implantable neural prostheses. The authors discuss the boundaries and conditions in which the electrodes continue to function properly for long time spans, which are required when designing neural stimulator devices for long-term in vivo applications. Two kinds of electrode materials, titanium nitride and iridium are discussed extensively, both qualitatively and quantitatively. The influence of the counter electrode on the safety margins and electrode lifetime in a two electrode system is explained. Electrode modeling is handled in a final chapter.

Neural Prostheses

An offshoot of this laboratory was the NINCDS Neural Prosthesis Program , which
evolved in 1972 from a program that investigated the feasibility of visual
prostheses . The Neural Prosthesis Program has initiated both fundamental and
clinical ...

Author: William F. Agnew

Publisher:

ISBN:

Category: Electric Stimulation

Page: 322

View: 227


Hermetic Glass silicon Micropackages and Feedthroughs for Neural Prostheses

Author: Mehmet R. Dokmeci

Publisher:

ISBN:

Category:

Page:

View: 500


Surface Modification of Neural Prosthetic Devices by Functional Polymers Incorporating Neurothrophic Pharmacological Agents

Nicolelis, M. A. L. (2001). "Actions from thoughts." Nature 409(6818): 403-407.
Normann, R. A., E. M. Maynard, et al. (1999). "A neural interface for a cortical
vision prosthesis." Vision Research 39(15): 2577-2587. Piro, B., L. A. Dang, et al.

Author: Donghwan Kim

Publisher:

ISBN:

Category:

Page:

View: 580


Neural Prostheses for Restoration of Sensory and Motor Function

The prospect of interfacing the nervous system with electronic devices to stimulate or record from neural tissue suggests numerous possibilities in the field of neuroprosthetics.

Author: John K. Chapin

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1420039059

Category: Medical

Page: 312

View: 717

The prospect of interfacing the nervous system with electronic devices to stimulate or record from neural tissue suggests numerous possibilities in the field of neuroprosthetics. While the creation of a "six million dollar man" may still be far into the future, neural prostheses are rapidly becoming viable theories for a broad range of patients wit

Toward Replacement Parts for the Brain

This collection of essays outlines current advances in research on the intracranial implantation of devices that can communicate with the brain in order to restore sensory, motor, or cognitive functions.

Author: Theodore W. Berger

Publisher: MIT Press

ISBN: 9780262025775

Category: Medical

Page: 405

View: 693

The latest advances in research on intracranial implantation of hardware models of neural circuitry. The continuing development of implantable neural prostheses signals a new era in bioengineering and neuroscience research. This collection of essays outlines current advances in research on the intracranial implantation of devices that can communicate with the brain in order to restore sensory, motor, or cognitive functions. The contributors explore the creation of biologically realistic mathematical models of brain function, the production of microchips that incorporate those models, and the integration of microchip and brain function through neuron-silicon interfaces. Recent developments in understanding the computational and cognitive properties of the brain and rapid advances in biomedical and computer engineering both contribute to this cutting-edge research. The book first examines the development of sensory system prostheses--cochlear, retinal, and visual implants--as the best foundation for considering the extension of neural prostheses to the central brain region. The book then turns to the complexity of neural representations, offering, among other approaches to the topic, one of the few existing theoretical frameworks for modeling the hierarchical organization of neural systems. Next, it examines the challenges of designing and controlling the interface between neurons and silicon, considering the necessity for bidirectional communication and for multiyear duration of the implant. Finally, the book looks at hardware implementations and explores possible ways to achieve the complexity of neural function in hardware, including the use of VLSI and photonic technologies.

Neuroprosthetics from Basic Research to Clinical Applications

The book offers different aspects of neural prostheses through Functional
Electrical Stimulation ( FES ) for restoring movement in paralyzed patients ,
especially walking and respiration . The clinical application and basic scientific
problems of ...

Author: Antonio Pedotti

Publisher: Springer

ISBN:

Category: Medical

Page: 654

View: 235

The volume contains papers presented at a workshop of held from September 28 - October 1st in Eibsee near Munich, Germany. The aim of the workshop was to present results of interdisciplinary research which aims to help handicapped persons suffering from paraplegia or hemiplegia to regain the capability to stand or walk. The contributions cover both fundamental research and clinical applications.

Functional Conducting Polymer Nanomaterials and Bioactive Polymer Nanofibers for Neural Prosthetic Nervous System Interfaces

Cortical neural prosthetics . " Annual Review of Neuroscience 27 : 487-507 .
Shain , W. , L. Spataro , et al . ( 2003 ) . " Controlling cellular reactive responses
around neural prosthetic devices using peripheral and local intervention
strategies .

Author: Mohammad Reza Abidian

Publisher:

ISBN:

Category:

Page:

View: 260


Surface Modification of Neural Prosthetic Devices by Conducting Polymers and Biopolymers

... and Wise , K. D. ( 1994 ) . " A three dimensional microelectrode array for
chronic neural recording . " IEEE Trans . ... Surgical implantation and
biocompatibility of central nervous system auditory prostheses . " Ann Oto Rhinol
Laryn 98 ( part 1 ) ...

Author: Xinyan Cui

Publisher:

ISBN:

Category:

Page:

View: 705


Neurobionics

The book then closes with chapters that discuss practical clinical application and explore the ethical questions that surround neurobionics.

Author: Robert K. Shepherd

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118816145

Category: Science

Page: 360

View: 549

Technological advances have greatly increased the potential for, and practicability of, using medical neurotechnologies to revolutionize how a wide array of neurological and nervous system diseases and dysfunctions are treated. These technologies have the potential to help reduce the impact of symptoms in neurological disorders such as Parkinson’s Disease and depression as well as help regain lost function caused by spinal cord damage or nerve damage. Medical Neurobionics is a concise overview of the biological underpinnings of neurotechnologies, the development process for these technologies, and the practical application of these advances in clinical settings. Medical Neurobionics is divided into three sections. The first section focuses specifically on providing a sound foundational understanding of the biological mechanisms that support the development of neurotechnologies. The second section looks at the efforts being carried out to develop new and exciting bioengineering advances. The book then closes with chapters that discuss practical clinical application and explore the ethical questions that surround neurobionics. A timely work that provides readers with a useful introduction to the field, Medical Neurobionics will be an essential book for neuroscientists, neuroengineers, biomedical researchers, and industry personnel.

Introduction to Nanoscience and Nanotechnology

27.2.4 Neuroprosthetics Neural interfaces to nano- and microelectronic devices
open new opportunities to design more powerful neurostimulators for prosthetics
. Broadly defined , a neural prosthesis is a device implanted to restore a lost or ...

Author: Gabor L. Hornyak

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN:

Category: Science

Page: 1593

View: 213

PerspectivesIntroductionNanoscience and Nanotechnology-The DistinctionHistorical PerspectivesAdvanced MaterialsTools of NanoNature's Take on Nano and the Advent of Molecular BiologyThe Nano PerspectiveSocietal Implications of NanoIntroduction to Societal IssuesEthical ImplicationsLegal ImplicationsEnvironmental ImplicationsPublic PerceptionFuture of Nanotechnology NanotoolsCharacterization MethodsCharacterization of NanomaterialsElectron Probe MethodsScanning Probe Microscopy MethodsSpectroscopic MethodsNonradiative and Nonelectron Characterization MethodsFabrication MethodsFabrication of Nano.

Functional Electrical Stimulation

Author: F. Terry Hambrecht

Publisher: Marcel Dekker Incorporated

ISBN:

Category: Electric stimulation

Page: 543

View: 296


EMBC 2004

2336 neural patterning 5485 neural probe 2016 , 2024 neural prostheses 4155 ,
4217 , 5489 Neural Prosthesis 4680 , 4250 , 4183 , 4244 , 4198 , 4139 , 4285 ,
2024 , 4305 , 4209 , 4403 , 4881 , 5485 neural prosthesis . 4081 Neural ...

Author: IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society. Conference

Publisher: IEEE Computer Society Press

ISBN:

Category: Biomedical engineering

Page: 5459

View: 578

"IEEE Catalog Number: 04CH37558"--T.p. verso.

Biomedical Materials

BIOELECTRODES FOR NEURAL PROSTHESES F . TERRY HAMBRECHT
National Institutes of Health , National Institute of Neurological and
Communicative Disorders and Stroke , Neural Prosthesis Program , Federal
Building , Room 916 ...

Author: James M. Williams

Publisher:

ISBN:

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 419

View: 628


Proceedings of the Symposium on Biosensors

SENSORS IN NEURAL PROSTHESES F . Terry Hambrecht , M . D . Neural
Prosthesis Program National Institutes of ... Aides for the handicapped based on
replacing or supplementing neurological function are known as neural
prostheses .

Author:

Publisher:

ISBN:

Category: Biomedical engineering

Page:

View: 650


Neural Prostheses

Neural Prostheses is the first comprehensive book to look at the history and recent, state-of-the-art developments of neural prostheses.

Author: Robert J. Maciunas

Publisher: Thieme

ISBN: 9781879284739

Category: Medical

Page: 372

View: 372

Neural prostheses have been used for centuries as structural replacements, in particular for injuries to the cranium. And today, neural prostheses are designed to restore a broad range of nervous system functions previously lost due to trauma or disease. While their complexity may vary from nerve conduits to prosthetic brain implants, neural devices have improved the lives of patients and broadened the scope of disabilities that can be treated. Neural Prostheses is the first comprehensive book to look at the history and recent, state-of-the-art developments of neural prostheses. Dr. Maciunas has gathered the country's leading experts in structural and functional protheses development to provide a look at the history, current use and the future of prostheses in the areas of: Spinal instrumentation as implanted neural prostheses Cranial reconstruction Angioplasty and stenting The use of indwelling of radioisotopes Chemodes Slow-release polymers for chemotherapy Cell transplantation for movement disorders Gene therapy for the treatment of CNS disease Microelectrode prostheses Cochlear implants -The use of robotics (Distributed by Thieme for the American Association of Neurological Surgeons)

Neuroprosthetics

A study of neuroprosthetics.

Author: Kenneth W. Horch

Publisher: World Scientific

ISBN: 9789812380227

Category: Science

Page: 1261

View: 805

A study of neuroprosthetics. It is broadly divided into three sections which address: neuroanatomy and neurophysiology, biomaterials and biocompatibility, stimulation and recording techniques; clinical applications of neuroprosthetics; and future developments.

MicroNeuro 99

The devices were part of a neural prosthesis that allows simultaneous
multichannel recording and multisite stimulation of neurons . Overcoming the
brittle mechanics of silicon devices and challenging housing demands close to
the nerve , we ...

Author: Universidad de Granada. Department of Architecture and Technology of Computers

Publisher: IEEE Computer Society

ISBN: 9780769500430

Category: Computers

Page: 426

View: 317

Organized by the U. of Granada, the April 1999 conference focused on applications of bio-inspired microelectronic circuits and systems. Published as extended papers, the contributions represent five invited talks (on various phenomena-to-emerging-technology advances), a demonstration of the autonomo