Cold War History Series Editors: Odd Arne Westad and Michael Cox In the new
history of the Cold War that has been forming since 1989, many of the
established truths about the international conflict that shaped the latter half of the
Author: Bernhard Blumenau
This collection of essays makes a significant contribution to the historiography of the end of the Cold War. Research on the causes and consequences of the end of the Cold War is constantly growing. Initially, it was dominated by fairly simplistic, and often politically motivated, debates revolving around the role played by major "winners" and "losers". This volume addresses a number of diverse issues and seeks to challenge several "common wisdoms" about the end of the Cold War. Together, the contributions provide insights on the role of personalities as well as the impact of transnational movements and forces on the unexpected political transformations of the late 1980s and early 1990s. Geographically, the chapters largely focus on the United States, Europe, with special emphasis on Germany, and the Soviet Union. The individual chapters are drawn together by the overarching theme relating to a particular "common wisdom": were the transformations that occurred truly "unexpected"? This collection of essays will make an important contribution to the growing literature on the developments that produced the collapse of the Iron Curtain, the demise of the Soviet Union and the end of the Cold War. This volume will be of much interest to students of Cold War Studies, International History, European Politics and International Relations in general.
In the first decade of the 21st century, 90 per cent of civil wars occurred in
countries that had experienced a civil war in the previous 30 years (World Bank,
2011, p. 2). Partially reflecting this, with the end of the Cold War, a new set of
Author: Melissa Butcher
Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing
Category: Political Science
New Perspectives in International Development focuses on the latest thinking in the field, moving the debate into areas such as the connection between security, conflict, and development, managing energy crises, the impact of environmental and climate change, and the role that technology can play in alleviating these challenges. The book explores the theme of development as a process of change; as historical transformation in relation to contested sites of power; it considers how human agency can affect change and the different scales, from the local to the transnational, at which change can occur. The interaction between these threads highlights the complex processes involved in international development that cannot be understood in isolation. Writers bring their own theoretical and empirical tools from social sciences including geography, politics, economics and environmental science. Chapters move from the theoretical to include case studies, placing theory in the context of the deliberate actions of people to improve their lives. The book concludes by suggesting possible ways forward to link development theories, models and practices. New Perspectives in International Development is the second of two books in The Open University's International Development series.
In effect, they borrow from both the orthodox and the revisionist schools to
contend that the United States was correct to intervene in Vietnam and also
correct to get out.16 The end of the Cold War in 1990 affected this debate among
Author: David L. Anderson, John Ernst
Publisher: University Press of Kentucky
There was widespread talk of a new Cold War. To the extent the analogy holds, it
puts Ukraine in 2014 in the role that Poland, Berlin, and Czechoslovakia played
in the late 1940s, as the region where Russian interference convinced the West ...
Author: William Benton Whisenhunt
New Perspectives on Russian-American Relations includes eighteen articles on Russian-American relations from an international roster of leading historians. Covering topics such as trade, diplomacy, art, war, public opinion, race, culture, and more, the essays show how the two nations related to one another across time from their first interactions as nations in the eighteenth century to now. Instead of being dominated by the narrative of the Cold War, New Perspectives on Russian-American Relations models the exciting new scholarship that covers more than the political and diplomatic worlds of the later twentieth century and provides scholars with a wide array of the newest research in the field.
New Perspectives on Regional Conflict Artemy Kalinovsky, Sergey Radchenko.
13. “The. battle. of. Cuito. Cuanavale”. Mediaspace and the end of the Cold War
in Southern Africa Sue Onslow, with Simon Bright The impact of the Cold War in ...
Author: Artemy Kalinovsky
Category: Political Science
This book brings together recent research on the end of the Cold War in the Third World and engages with ongoing debates about regional conflicts, the role of great powers in the developing world, and the role of international actors in conflict resolution. Most of the recent scholarship on the end of the Cold War has focused on Europe or bilateral US-Soviet relations. By contrast, relatively little has been written on the end of the Cold War in the Third World: in Asia, Africa, and Latin America. How did the great transformation of the world in the late 1980s affect regional conflicts and client relationships? Who "won" and who "lost" in the Third World and why do so many Cold War-era problems remain unresolved? This book brings to light for the first time evidence from newly declassified archives in Russia, the United States, Eastern Europe, as well as from private collections, recent memoirs and interviews with key participants. It goes further than anything published so far in systematically explaining, both from the perspectives of the superpowers and the Third World countries, what the end of bipolarity meant not only for the underdeveloped periphery so long enmeshed in ideological, socio-political and military conflicts sponsored by Washington, Moscow or Beijing, but also for the broader patterns of international relations. This book will be of much interest to students of the Cold War, war and conflict studies, third world and development studies, international history, and IR in general.
The Need for a New Perspective : Beyond the G8 The shortcomings in these
traditional and newer models , as made ... of the new problem , already evident in
the 1990s , is the new human security challenge bred by the end of the Cold War
Author: Michele Fratianni
Publisher: Ashgate Publishing, Ltd.
Category: Political Science
A unique collection of new writing examining the role of the G8 Summit after it celebrated its 30th anniversary in 2004. New Perspectives on Global Governance challenges the assumption that the G8 is simply a forum for binding a unilateralist hegemonic America. Economic recession following the September 11th terrorist attacks, bitter divisions with its NATO allies and disappointments with the UN over the 2003 Iraq War means a more vulnerable America must rely on the G8 as a central instrument of foreign policy to achieve its security, economic and political interests in an increasingly uncertain world.
The main feature of late socialist Yugoslavia was its sheer convolution, involving
a highly diverse multinational society, ... memories of past nationalist conflict and
of extreme largescale violence; and the end of the Cold War and the collapse of ...
Author: Dejan Djokić
Nearly twenty years after it ceased to exist as a multinational federation, Yugoslavia still has the power to provoke controversy and debate. Bringing together contributions from twelve of the leading scholars of modern and contemporary South East Europe, this volume explores the history of Yugoslavia from creation to dissolution. Drawing on the very latest historical research, this book explains how the country came about, how it evolved and why, eventually, it failed. From the start of the twentieth century, through the First World War, the interwar years and the Second World War, to the road to socialism under President Tito and the wars of Yugoslav succession in the 1990s, this volume provides up to date analysis of the causes and consequences of a range of events that shaped the development of this remarkable state across its various iterations. The book concludes by examining post-conflict relations in the era of European integration. Traversing ninety years of history, this volume presents a fascinating story of how a country that once served as the model for multiethnic states around the world has now become a byword for ethno-national fragmentation and conflict. Contributors include Dejan Djokić, James Ker-Lindsay, Connie Robinson, Mark Cornwall, John Paul Newman, Tomislav Dulić, Stevan K. Pavlowitch, Dejan Jović, Nebojša Vladisavljević, Florian Bieber, Jasna Dragović-Soso and Eric Gordy.
New. perspectives. on. the. Cold. War. alliances. Vojtech. Mastny. This is a book
about a history made fresh by the decay of the ... The history is that of the alliance
and its former rival 4 the Warsaw Pact 4 during the Cold War, and the freshness
is in what the story tells us ... the significance of conventional forces, whose
indispensability has been vindicated since the end of the Cold War and as a
result of it.
Author: Vojtech Mastny
This essential new volume reviews the threat perceptions, military doctrines, and war plans of both the NATO alliance and the Warsaw Pact during the Cold War, as well as the position of the neutrals, from the post-Cold War perspective. Based on previously unknown archival evidence from both East and West, the twelve essays in the book focus on the potential European battlefield rather than the strategic competition between the superpowers. They present conclusions about the nature of the Soviet threat that could previously only be speculated about and analyze the interaction between military matters and politics in the alliance management on both sides, with implications for the present crisis of the Western alliance. This new book will be of much interest for students of the Cold War, strategic history and international relations history, as well as all military colleges.
The End of the Cold War and the Third World: New Perspectives on Regional
Conflict. New York: Routledge, 2011. Khan, Sulmaan Wasif. “Cold War Co-
operation: New Chinese Evidence on Jawaharlal Nehru's 1954 Visit to China.”
Cold War ...
Author: Sulmaan Wasif Khan
Publisher: UNC Press Books
In 1959, the Dalai Lama fled Lhasa, leaving the People's Republic of China with a crisis on its Tibetan frontier. Sulmaan Wasif Khan tells the story of the PRC's response to that crisis and, in doing so, brings to life an extraordinary cast of characters: Chinese diplomats appalled by sky burials, Guomindang spies working with Tibetans in Nepal, traders carrying salt across the Himalayas, and Tibetan Muslims rioting in Lhasa. What Chinese policymakers confronted in Tibet, Khan argues, was not a "third world" but a "fourth world" problem: Beijing was dealing with peoples whose ways were defined by statelessness. As it sought to tighten control over the restive borderlands, Mao's China moved from a lighter hand to a harder, heavier imperial structure. That change triggered long-lasting shifts in Chinese foreign policy. Moving from capital cities to far-flung mountain villages, from top diplomats to nomads crossing disputed boundaries in search of pasture, this book shows Cold War China as it has never been seen before and reveals the deep influence of the Tibetan crisis on the political fabric of present-day China.
Gorbachev, Mikhail, et al. (1996). What did we end the Cold War for? New
Perspectives Quarterly(Winter). Gorbacheva, Raisa (1991). I Hope. D. Floyd,
Trans. New York: HarperCollins. Graham, Bradley (2001). Hit to Kill: The New
Battle Over ...
Author: Richard Rhodes
Pulitzer Prize-winning author Richard Rhodes delivers a riveting account of the nuclear arms race and the Cold War. In the Reagan-Gorbachev era, the United States and the Soviet Union came within minutes of nuclear war, until Gorbachev boldly launched a campaign to eliminate nuclear weapons, setting the stage for the 1986 Reykjavik summit and the incredible events that followed. In this thrilling, authoritative narrative, Richard Rhodes draws on personal interviews with both Soviet and U.S. participants and a wealth of new documentation to unravel the compelling, shocking story behind this monumental time in human history—its beginnings, its nearly chilling consequences, and its effects on global politics today.
“The Ending of the Cold War and Southern Africa.” In Artemy Kalinovsky and
Sergey Radchenko, eds., The End of the Cold War and the Third World: New
Perspectives on Regional Conflicts. London: Routledge, 2011, pp. 264–76.
Author: Piero Gleijeses
Publisher: UNC Press Books
During the final fifteen years of the Cold War, southern Africa underwent a period of upheaval, with dramatic twists and turns in relations between the superpowers. Americans, Cubans, Soviets, and Africans fought over the future of Angola, where tens of thousands of Cuban soldiers were stationed, and over the decolonization of Namibia, Africa's last colony. Beyond lay the great prize: South Africa. Piero Gleijeses uses archival sources, particularly from the United States, South Africa, and the closed Cuban archives, to provide an unprecedented international history of this important theater of the late Cold War. These sources all point to one conclusion: by humiliating the United States and defying the Soviet Union, Fidel Castro changed the course of history in southern Africa. It was Cuba's victory in Angola in 1988 that forced Pretoria to set Namibia free and helped break the back of apartheid South Africa. In the words of Nelson Mandela, the Cubans "destroyed the myth of the invincibility of the white oppressor . . . [and] inspired the fighting masses of South Africa."
The Cold War and Its Legacy Michael R. Fitzgerald, Allen Packwood ... New York:
Oxford University Press. Storey, Ian ... Zubok, Vladislav (2003), “Gorbachev and
the End of the Cold War: Different Perspectives on the Historical Personality.
Author: Michael R. Fitzgerald
Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing USA
Category: Political Science
Featuring first hand accounts by international politicians and diplomats along with analyses by leading scholars, this unique collection of essays provides insights from multiple perspectives to foster better understanding of international relations during and after the Cold War. Experts from both sides of the "iron curtain" shed light on the origins, struggles, ending, and legacy of the conflict that dominated the second half of the twentieth century and that still affects current East-West relations, the securing and dismantling of weapons of mass destruction, and the instability of many regions. With a particular focus on diplomatic relations, the book looks at the origins of the conflict from Yalta to Korea, the prelude to Détente from Cuba to Vietnam, followed by the move from Détente to dialogue. It then addresses such issues as strategic weapons, the impact of the war on scientific research, intelligence, and the fall of the Berlin Wall. Lastly, it examines the legacy of the Cold War across regions of the world, including Europe, Japan, India, China, and the lessons to be drawn for today's diplomatic relations and intelligence. With contributions from Howard Baker, Jr., Sir Anthony Brenton, Susan Eisenhower, Grigoryi Karasin, Alexander Likhotal, Kishan Rana, Ying Rong, and more, the volume presents a truly international treatment of a subject of global dimensions and importance. Students of politics and international relations will find it invaluable as will Foreign Service practitioners, and instructors teaching the Cold War and foreign affairs.
History/Histoire Russe, 29/2–4 (2003), 415–42; James A. Millward, Eurasian
Crossroads: A History of Xinjiang (New York: ... The End of the Cold War in the
Third World: New Perspectives on Regional Conflict (London: Routledge, 2011),
Author: S. A. Smith
Publisher: OUP Oxford
The impact of Communism on the twentieth century was massive, equal to that of the two world wars. Until the fall of the Soviet Union in 1991, historians knew relatively little about the secretive world of communist states and parties. Since then, the opening of state, party, and diplomatic archives of the former Eastern Bloc has released a flood of new documentation. The thirty-five essays in this Handbook, written by an international team of scholars, draw on this new material to offer a global history of communism in the twentieth century. In contrast to many histories that concentrate on the Soviet Union, The Oxford Handbook of the History of Communism is genuinely global in its coverage, paying particular attention to the Chinese Revolution. It is 'global', too, in the sense that the essays seek to integrate history 'from above' and 'from below', to trace the complex mediations between state and society, and to explore the social and cultural as well as the political and economic realities that shaped the lives of citizens fated to live under communist rule. The essays reflect on the similarities and differences between communist states in order to situate them in their socio-political and cultural contexts and to capture their changing nature over time. Where appropriate, they also reflect on how the fortunes of international communism were shaped by the wider economic, political, and cultural forces of the capitalist world. The Handbook provides an informative introduction for those new to the field and a comprehensive overview of the current state of scholarship for those seeking to deepen their understanding.
22 In addition to the problems of definition and implementation of the strategic
partnership , there has been a clear paradigm shift in both international politics
and Turkish - American relations , first at the end of the Cold War , then after 9 /
battles became transformed into new ones (see Connolly 2001). Both Smith and
Cox located their hopes in the unlocking of new perspectives that accompanied
the end of the Cold War. It was no longer possible to categorize Northern Ireland
Author: Arthur Aughey
Category: Political Science
In this book, one of the leading authorities on contemporary Northern Ireland politics provides an original, sophisticated and innovative examination of the post-Belfast agreement political landscape. Written in a fluid, witty and accessible style, this book explores: how the Belfast Agreement has changed the politics of Northern Ireland whether the peace process is still valid the problems caused by the language of politics in Northern Ireland the conditions necessary to secure political stability the inability of unionists and republicans to share the same political discourse the insights that political theory can offer to Northern Irish politics the future of key political parties and institutions.
10 A relatively small number of studies have focused on the UN from a theoretical
perspective . Following the end of the Cold War and the growth in the number of
peacekeeping operations , many of the new studies focused on the changing ...
Author: John Terence O'Neill
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
Category: Political Science
In seeking to examine whether peacekeeping fundamentally changed between the Cold War and post-Cold War periods the author concludes that most peacekeeping operations were flawed due to the failure of UN members to agree upon various matters such as achievable objectives, provision of necessary resources and unrealistic expectations.
15 The Structure of Soviet-Japanese Relations in the Cold War: Normalization in
the Mid- 1950s TANAKA TAKAHIKO On 19 October ... At the same time, it would
help us understand what the end of the Cold War in the Far East meant, because
it will ... Now that the Cold War has ended, international historians are faced with
an urgent need to re-examine the history of the Cold War from new perspectives.
Author: Bert Edstrom
Category: Social Science
Not another 'misunderstandings and misconceptions' volume, but a wide-ranging review of intellectual traditions, mutual and alternative images, and case studies of people and events that mirror the focus of this book.
215; Edgar Dosman, 'Countdown to Cuito Cuanavale: Cuba's Angolan
Campaign' in Gary Baines and Peter Vale (eds), Beyond the Border War: New
Perspectives on Southern Africa's Late Cold War Conflicts (Pretoria: Unisa Press,
Author: Gary Baines
Publisher: A&C Black
South Africa's 'Border War' provides a timely study of the 'war of words' waged by retired South African Defence Force (SADF) generals and other veterans against critics and detractors. The book explores the impact of the 'Border War' on South African culture and society during apartheid and in the new dispensation and discusses the lasting legacy or 'afterlife' of the war in great detail. It also offers an appraisal of the secondary literature of the 'Border War', supplemented by archival research, interviews and an analysis of articles, newspaper reports, reviews and blogs. Adopting a genuinely multidisciplinary approach that borrows from the study of history, literature, visual culture, memory, politics and international relations, South Africa's 'Border War' is an important volume for anyone interested in the study of war and memory or the modern history of South Africa.
Sino - US Security Dilemma in East Asia after Cold War . And China ' s Non -
alignment Policy Wang Chuanxing I . Sino - US Security Dilemma The end of the
Cold War was also the threshold of a new era , namely , the beginning of the post
New Pressures, New Responses Hugo Dobson ... policy to demonstrate the
extent to which they provide us with a degree of understanding, or fail to furnish
us with the necessary new perspectives in the light of the end of the Cold War.
Author: Hugo Dobson
Publisher: Psychology Press
Japan's postwar constitution in which the Japanese government famously renounced war forever has meant that the country has been reluctant, until recently, to commit its armed forces in the international arena. However, in the last decade or so, Japan has played a much more active role in peacekeeping and its troops have been deployed as part of UN forces in trouble spots as varied as the Gulf, Cambodia, the Golan Heights, Kosovo and the East Timor. This book examines these developments within the border context of international relations theory and changes in Japan's domestic and regional politics.