# Optics and the Theory of Electrons

*Wolfgang Pauli, Charles P. Enz. Foreword by Victor F . Weisskopf Preface by the
Editor 1 . Geometrical Optics 1 . Fermat ' s principle 2 . The principles of Malus
and Huygens . Laws of image formation 3 . Hamilton ' s theory 4 . Photometry 2 .*

**Author**: Wolfgang Pauli

**Publisher:** Courier Corporation

**ISBN:** 9780486414584

**Category:** Science

**Page:** 159

**View:** 218

# Principles of Electron Optics

*The study of such beams forms the subject Of electron optics, which divides
naturally into geometrical optics, where effects due to ... It is also needed to
explain all interference phenomena, notably holography, and in formal
coherence theory.*

**Author**: Peter W. Hawkes

**Publisher:** Academic Press

**ISBN:** 0080984169

**Category:** Science

**Page:** 752

**View:** 900

# Scanning Electron Microscopy

*... probe current Ip. 2.2.5 Wave- Optical Theory of Electron-Probe Formation The
foregoing geometric-optical treatment of lens aberrations is adequate for the
discussion in Sect. 2.2.4 of electron-probe formation when using thermionic
cathodes.*

**Author**: Ludwig Reimer

**Publisher:** Springer

**ISBN:** 3540389679

**Category:** Science

**Page:** 529

**View:** 479

# Theory of Optical Processes in Semiconductors

*4.1 Introduction Optical transitions in atoms and molecules occur between *

discrete levels. ... The band theory of solids, including semiconductors, is a many-

particle theory involving all the electrons and ions and their mutual interactions.

**Author**: P. K. Basu

**Publisher:** Clarendon Press

**ISBN:** 019158133X

**Category:** Science

**Page:** 464

**View:** 116

# Advances in Imaging and Electron Physics

*ADVANCES IN IMAGING AND ELECTRON PHYSICS, VOL. 97 Quantum Theory *

of the Optics of Charged Particles R. JAGANNATHAN AND S. A. KHAN The

Institute of Mathematical Sciences, C.I.T. Campus, Tharamani, Madras 600113,

India ...

**Author**:

**Publisher:** Academic Press

**ISBN:** 9780080577630

**Category:** Technology & Engineering

**Page:** 420

**View:** 218

# static and dynamic electron optics

*One may to some extent characterize the difference by stating that ' focusing ' in
static electron optics and in the theory of particle accelerators relates to the
collective behaviour of trajectories in beams of finite and of infinite lengths
respectively ...*

**Author**:

**Publisher:** CUP Archive

**ISBN:**

**Category:**

**Page:**

**View:** 566

# Advances in Electronics and Electron Physics

*Scalar Diffraction Theory in Electron Optics JIRs KOMRSKA Institute of Instrument *

Technology, Czechoslovak Academy of Sciences, Brno, Czechoslovakia I.

Introduction ................................................................................... 139 II. The Diffraction

...

**Author**:

**Publisher:** Academic Press

**ISBN:** 9780080576930

**Category:** Computers

**Page:** 343

**View:** 355

# Optical Theories

*CHAPTER V THEORY OF RELATIVITY 284 . We have seen that a theory of *

Electrons , as singularities in an all - pervading medium is capable of explaining

in a fairly satisfactory manner nearly all known optical phenomena . And thus ,

while ...

**Author**: Devendra Náth Mallik

**Publisher:** CUP Archive

**ISBN:**

**Category:**

**Page:** 16

**View:** 408

# Theory of Electron Atom Collisions Part One Potential Scattering

*... particularly important for electron scattering by complex atoms where t/o can be *

chosen to be a potential representing the transitions between a few states of the

target and U^ is then a separable form of an optical potential allowing for virtual ...

**Author**: Philip G. Burke

**Publisher:** Springer Science & Business Media

**ISBN:** 9780306445460

**Category:** Science

**Page:** 255

**View:** 681

# Hot Electrons in Semiconductors

*6 Scattering of electrons by optical modes in bulk semiconductors and quantum *

wells M. Babiker and N. A. Zakhleniuk 6.1 ... This is why field theory is the natural

theoretical framework for long wave - length lattice vibrations in crystal lattices .

**Author**: N. Balkan

**Publisher:** Oxford University Press on Demand

**ISBN:** 9780198500582

**Category:** Science

**Page:** 512

**View:** 462

# A Theory of Electron Waves in Light

*physical optics theory , which is known to be a statistical theory of photons . No *

use has been made in this book of this photon model except for the basic

hypothesis of an electron frequency we . This electron - frequency hypothesis has

been ...

**Author**: Chester J. Marcinkowski

**Publisher:**

**ISBN:**

**Category:** Electromagnetic waves

**Page:** 206

**View:** 127

# Quantum Entanglement in Electron Optics

*These and other such theoretical developments, sometimes followed, and at
other times preceded, by experiments in the very early part of the twentieth
century, led to the formulation of the now well-known quantum *

**theory**. Einstein, however ...

**Author**: Naresh Chandra

**Publisher:** Springer Science & Business Media

**ISBN:** 3642240704

**Category:** Science

**Page:** 301

**View:** 887

# Theory of Electron Atom Collisions

*... 106 Polarization potential Buckingham form of 35–36, 55 effective range theory
for, 124–126, 134 in electron–argon ... 53–54, 65–66, 72– 73 long-range ro, 123
–124 long-range ro, 126–129 optical, 24–28 polarization, 35–36, 124–126, 134 ...*

**Author**: Philip G. Burke

**Publisher:** Springer Science & Business Media

**ISBN:** 1489915672

**Category:** Science

**Page:** 255

**View:** 357

# Electron Beams Lenses and Optics

**Theory**. of. Diffraction. Most of our analysis in the preceding chapters has been

based on the representation of **electrons** (or any other charged particles) as

material particles which traverse discrete mechanical trajectories in electric and/

or ...

**Author**: A. B. El-Kareh

**Publisher:** Academic Press

**ISBN:** 1483271781

**Category:** Science

**Page:** 334

**View:** 239

# Subwavelength Optics Theory and Technology

*6.2.2 Principle of FIB imaging, milling, and deposition When energetic ions hit the
surface of a solid sample, they lose energy to the electrons of the solid as well as
to its atoms. The most important physical effects of the incident ions on the ...*

**Author**: Yongqi Fu

**Publisher:** Bentham Science Publishers

**ISBN:** 9781608050505

**Category:** Science

**Page:** 214

**View:** 718

# Quantum Theory of the Optical and Electronic Properties of Semiconductors

*Chapter 15 Optical Properties of a Quasi - Equilibrium Electron - Hole Plasma In *

situations where either the width of a single pulse or the delay between the pump

and probe pulse are longer than the intraband relaxation time , the electron and ...

**Author**: Hartmut Haug

**Publisher:** World Scientific

**ISBN:** 9789812387561

**Category:** Technology & Engineering

**Page:** 453

**View:** 880

# Principles of Optics

*Electromagnetic Theory of Propagation, Interference and Diffraction of Light Max
Born, Emil Wolf ... It may be noted that this applies in particular to the most
recondite chapter of electron optics : the wave theory of lens aberrations .*

**Author**: Max Born

**Publisher:** CUP Archive

**ISBN:** 9780521784498

**Category:** Science

**Page:** 986

**View:** 684

# Geometrical Charged Particle Optics

*The conventional theory of electron motion in static fields considers the z-
coordinate of a charged particle as the independent variable measured along the
optic axis. Usually the optic axis is chosen to coincide with the central trajectory of
a ...*

**Author**: Harald Rose

**Publisher:** Springer

**ISBN:** 3642321194

**Category:** Science

**Page:** 507

**View:** 935

# Atomic and Molecular Nonlinear Optics Theory Experiment and Computation

*Equations (3) and (4) are written in the molecular coordinate system in which the
interacting atoms are located on the axis z, and the center of the ... In this
coordinate system r1 and r2 are coordinates of the first and of the second
electrons.*

**Author**: G. Maroulis

**Publisher:** IOS Press

**ISBN:** 1607507420

**Category:** Science

**Page:** 544

**View:** 808

# Charged Particle Optics Theory

*Chapter 1 Introduction: The optical nature of a charged particle beam Modern
physics teaches that all matter is made ... For example, an atom consists of a
cloud of negatively charged electrons orbiting a compact, positively charged
nucleus.*

**Author**: Timothy R. Groves

**Publisher:** CRC Press

**ISBN:** 1482229951

**Category:** Science

**Page:** 369

**View:** 649