Paradise Reconsidered in Gnostic Mythmaking

Examining the mythology in and social reality behind a group of texts rewriting Genesis, to which certain leaders of the early church occasionally attached the label ‘Ophite,’ this book offers a new understanding of Sethianism and the ...

Author: Tuomas Rasimus

Publisher: BRILL

ISBN: 9047426703

Category: Religion

Page: 400

View: 562

Examining the mythology in and social reality behind a group of texts rewriting Genesis, to which certain leaders of the early church occasionally attached the label ‘Ophite,’ this book offers a new understanding of Sethianism and the origins of Gnosticism.

Gnostic Morality Revisited

This allegorical intepretation of paradise builds upon Paul's most negative comments about the law ( as being ... see Tuomas Rasimus , Paradise Reconsidered in Gnostic Mythmaking : Rethinking Sethianism in Light of the Ophite Myth and ...

Author: Ismo Dunderberg

Publisher: Mohr Siebeck

ISBN: 9783161525674

Category: Religion

Page: 253

View: 228

While the early Christian texts discussed in this book are often treated as "gnostic" ones, they are here approached as witnesses to the views of educated Christians engaged in dialogue with philosophical traditions. Following the idea that ancient philosophical schools provided their adherents with ways of life, Ismo Dunderberg explores issues related to morality and lifestyle in non-canonical gospels and among groups that were gradually denounced as heretical in the church. He deals with the soul's progress from material concerns to a life dominated by spirit, the control of emotions, the avoidance of luxury, the ideal "perfect human" as a tool in moral instruction, classifications of humankind into distinct groups based on their moral advancement, and Christian debates about the value of martyrdom. In addition, he offers a critical review of some recent trends and attitudes in New Testament scholarship.

Desiring Divinity

The name could also condense four appellations for the Jewish god: IaoElAdonaiSabaoth (Tuomas Rasimus, Paradise Reconsidered in Gnostic Mythmaking: Rethinking Sethianism in Light of the Ophite Evidence, NHMS 68 [Leiden: Brill, 2009], ...

Author: M. David Litwa

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0190627433

Category: Religion


View: 546

Perhaps no declaration incites more theological and moral outrage than a human's claim to be divine. Those who make this claim in ancient Jewish and Christian mythology are typically represented as the most hubristic and dangerous tyrants. Their horrible punishments are predictable and still serve as morality tales in religious communities today. But not all self-deifiers are saddled with pride and fated to fall. Some who claimed divinity stated a simple and direct truth. Though reviled on earth, misunderstood, and even killed, they received vindication and rose to the stars. This book tells the stories of six self-deifiers in their historical, social, and ideological contexts. In the history of interpretation, the initial three figures have been demonized as cosmic rebels: the first human Adam, Lucifer (later identified with Satan), and Yaldabaoth in gnostic mythology. By contrast, the final three have served as positive models for deification and divine favor: Jesus in the gospel of John, Simon of Samaria, and Allogenes in the Nag Hammadi library. In the end, the line separating demonization from deification is dangerously thin, drawn as it is by the unsteady hand of human valuation.

Linguistic Manifestations in the Trimorphic Protennoia and the Thunder Perfect Mind

More recently, Karen King has convincingly shown that the term “Sethianism”, like the category “Gnosticism”, ... product of a single social group.26 In 2009, Tuomas Rasimus published his book Paradise Reconsidered in Gnostic Mythmaking.

Author: Tilde Bak Halvgaard

Publisher: BRILL

ISBN: 9004309497

Category: Religion

Page: 204

View: 492

In Linguistic Manifestations in the Trimorphic Protennoia and the Thunder: Perfect Mind, Tilde Bak Halvgaard offers an analysis of these two Nag Hammadi texts against the background of ancient philosophy of language.

Bodies Borders Believers

Paradise Reconsidered in Gnostic Mythmaking: Rethinking Sethianism in Light of the Ophite Evidence. NHMS 68. leiden: Brill, 2009. Stroumsa, Gedaliahu A. G. Another Seed: Studies in Gnostic Mythology. NHS 24. leiden: Brill, 1984.

Author: Anne Hege Grung

Publisher: ISD LLC

ISBN: 0227905547

Category: Religion

Page: 472

View: 310

This stimulating collection of essays by prominent scholars honours Turid Karlsen Seim. Bodies, Borders, Believers brings together biblical scholars, ecumenical theologians, archaeologists, classicists, art historians, and church historians, working side by side to probe the past and its receptions in the present. The contributions relate in one way or another to Seim's broad research interests, covering such themes as gender analysis, bodily practices, and ecumenical dialogue. The editors have brought together an international group of scholars, and among the contributors many scholarly traditions, theoretical orientations, and methodological approaches are represented, making this book an interdisciplinary and border-crossing endeavour. A comprehensivebibliography of Seim's work is included.

Spiritual Taxonomies and Ritual Authority

Platonists, Priests, and Gnostics in the Third Century C.E. Heidi Marx-Wolf ... Paradise Reconsidered in Gnostic Myth-Making: Rethinking Sethianism in Light of the Ophite Evidence. Nag Hammadi and Manichaean Studies 68.

Author: Heidi Marx-Wolf

Publisher: University of Pennsylvania Press

ISBN: 0812247892

Category: History

Page: 224

View: 603

The people of the late ancient Mediterranean world thought about and encountered gods, angels, demons, heroes, and other spirits on a regular basis. These figures were diverse, ambiguous, and unclassified and were not ascribed any clear or stable moral valence. Whether or not they were helpful or harmful under specific circumstances determined if and what virtues were attributed to them. That all changed in the third century C.E., when a handful of Platonist philosophers—Plotinus, Origen, Porphyry, and Iamblichus—began to produce competing systematic discourses that ordered the realm of spirits in moral and ontological terms. In Spiritual Taxonomies and Ritual Authority, Heidi Marx-Wolf recounts how these Platonist philosophers organized the spirit world into hierarchies, or "spiritual taxonomies," positioning themselves as the high priests of the highest gods in the process. By establishing themselves as experts on sacred, ritual, and doctrinal matters, they were able to fortify their authority, prestige, and reputation. The Platonists were not alone in this enterprise, and it brought them into competition with rivals to their new authority: priests of traditional polytheistic religions and gnostics. Members of these rival groups were also involved in identifying and ordering the realm of spirits and in providing the ritual means for dealing with that realm. Using her lens of spiritual taxonomy to look at these various groups in tandem, Marx-Wolf demonstrates that Platonist philosophers, Christian and non-Christian priests, and gnostics were more interconnected socially, educationally, and intellectually than previously recognized.

Irenaeus and Paul

See Tuomas Rasimus, Paradise Reconsidered in Gnostic Mythmaking: Rethinking Sethianism in Light of the Ophite Evidence (NHMS 68; Leiden: Brill, 2009). It has long been recognized that the mythology reported in Haer.

Author: Todd D. Still

Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing

ISBN: 0567693309

Category: Religion

Page: 328

View: 806

Building on the work of Tertullian and Paul and The Apostolic Fathers and Paul, this volume continues a series of specially commissioned studies by leading voices in New Testament/early Christianity and patristics studies to consider how Paul was read, interpreted and received by the early Church Fathers. In this volume the use of Paul's writings is examined within the writings of Irenaeus of Lyon. Issues of influence, reception, theology and history are examined to show how Paul's work influenced the developing theology of the early Church. The literary style of Paul's output is also examined. The contributors to the volume represent leading lights in the study of Irenaeus, as well as respected names from the field of New Testament studies.

The Gnostic World

Gnosticism, Platonism and the Late Ancient World: Essays in Honour of John D. Turner. Leiden: Brill: 285– 305. ——— 2013b. ... Paradise Reconsidered in Gnostic Mythmaking: Rethinking Sethianism in Light of the Ophite Evidence. Leiden: Brill.

Author: Garry W. Trompf

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317201841

Category: Religion

Page: 716

View: 935

The Gnostic World is an outstanding guide to Gnosticism, written by a distinguished international team of experts to explore Gnostic movements from the distant past until today. These themes are examined across sixty-seven chapters in a variety of contexts, from the ancient pre-Christian to the contemporary. The volume considers the intersection of Gnosticism with Jewish, Christian, Islamic and Indic practices and beliefs, and also with new religious movements, such as Theosophy, Scientology, Western Sufism, and the Nation of Islam. This comprehensive handbook will be an invaluable resource for religious studies students, scholars, and researchers of Gnostic doctrine and history.

The Church as Paradise and the Way Therein Early Christian Appropriation of Genesis 3 22 24

Adam in Paradise in the first place then drove him from it with equal intentionality (Gen 2:15; 3:22–24). ... 10 Tuomas Rasimus, Paradise Reconsidered in Gnostic Mythmaking: Rethinking Sethianism in Light of the Ophite Evidence, ...

Author: Christopher A. Graham

Publisher: BRILL

ISBN: 9004342087

Category: Religion

Page: 264

View: 386

In The Church as Paradise and the Way Therein, Christopher A. Graham demonstrates how early Christian authors referenced Genesis 3:22–24 in order to signify that, through the Church, humanity has access to the divine truth and life lost at the expulsion.

The Use of Scripture in the Apocryphon of John

Paradise Reconsidered in Gnostic Mythmaking : Rethinking Sethianism in Light of the Ophite Evidence . Nag Hammadi & Manichaean Studies 68 . Leiden : Brill , 2009 . Roberts , Colin . Manuscript , Society , and Belief in Early Christian ...

Author: David Creech

Publisher: Mohr Siebeck

ISBN: 9783161529832

Category: Religion

Page: 1590

View: 193

David Creech explores at length the Apocryphon of John's ambivalent treatment of the Jewish and Christian scriptures. Although Moses is explicitly corrected at five points in the text, Genesis' account of creation is nonetheless the basis for the Apocryphon's cosmogony and anthropogony. Its uneven treatment of the biblical text is the result of a dispute between the authors of the Apocryphon and other early Catholics. At the earliest stage of the text the Christians who wrote and read the Apocryphon worshiped alongside other early catholic Christians without any sense of contradiction or inconsistency. The key shift in the Apocryphon occurred after Irenaeus of Lyons' assault on "Knowledge Falsely So-Called." In response to his concerted effort to bring the church under the authority of early catholic bishops, the framers inserted corrections to Moses. The corrections are primarily rhetorical and used to refute early catholic identity markers.

The Coherence of Gnosticism

Paradise Reconsidered in Gnostic Mythmaking: Rethinking Sethianism in Light of the Ophite Evidence. NHMS 68. Leiden/Boston: Brill 2009. Schenke, Hans-Martin. Der Same Seths: Hans-Martin Schenkes Kleine Schriften zu Gnosis, ...

Author: Einar Thomassen

Publisher: Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG

ISBN: 3110705826

Category: Religion

Page: 53

View: 313

“Gnosticism” has become a problematic category in the study of early Christianity. It obscures diversity, invites essentialist generalisations, and is a legacy of ancient heresiology. However, simply to conclude with “diversity” is unsatisfying, and new efforts to discern coherence and to synthesise need to be made. The present work seeks to make a fresh start by concentrating on Irenaeus’ report on a specific group called the “Gnostics” and on his claim that Valentinus and his followers were inspired by their ideas. Following this lead, an attempt is made to trace the continuity of ideas from this group to Valentinianism. The study concludes that there is more continuity than has previously been recognised. Irenaeus’ “Gnostics” emerge as the predecessors not only of Valentinianism, but also of Sethianism. They represent an early, philosophically inspired form of Christ religion that arose independently of the New Testament canon. Christology is essential and provides the basis for the myth of Sophia. The book is relevant for all students of Christian origins and the early history of the Church.

The Gnostics

21. Alastair H. B. Logan, The Gnostics: Identifying an Early Christian Cult (London: T & T Clark, 2006). 22. Tuomas Rasimus, Paradise Reconsidered in Gnostic Mythmaking: Rethinking Sethianism in Light of the Ophite Evidence, ...

Author: David Brakke

Publisher: Harvard University Press

ISBN: 0674066030

Category: Religion

Page: 164

View: 669

Who were the Gnostics? And how did the Gnostic movement influence the development of Christianity in antiquity? Is it true that the Church rejected Gnosticism? This book offers an illuminating discussion of recent scholarly debates over the concept of “Gnosticism” and the nature of early Christian diversity. Acknowledging that the category “Gnosticism” is flawed and must be reformed, David Brakke argues for a more careful approach to gathering evidence for the ancient Christian movement known as the Gnostic school of thought. He shows how Gnostic myth and ritual addressed basic human concerns about alienation and meaning, offered a message of salvation in Jesus, and provided a way for people to regain knowledge of God, the ultimate source of their being. Rather than depicting the Gnostics as heretics or as the losers in the fight to define Christianity, Brakke argues that the Gnostics participated in an ongoing reinvention of Christianity, in which other Christians not only rejected their ideas but also adapted and transformed them. This book will challenge scholars to think in news ways, but it also provides an accessible introduction to the Gnostics and their fellow early Christians.

The Gnostic Scriptures Second Edition

1. Atlanta: Society of Biblical Literature, 2001. Plato. Timaeus. Translated by Donald J. Zeyl. Indianapolis: Hackett, 2000. Rasimus, T. Paradise Reconsidered in Gnostic Mythmaking: Rethinking Sethianism in Light of the Ophite Evidence.

Author: Bentley Layton

Publisher: Yale University Press

ISBN: 0300208545


Page: 760

View: 807

A collection of extra-biblical scriptures written by the gnostics, updated with three ancient texts including the recently discovered Gospel of Judas This definitive introduction to the gnostic scriptures provides a crucial look at the theology, religious atmosphere, and literary traditions of ancient Christianity and Hellenistic Judaism. It provides authoritative translations of ancient texts from Greek, Latin, and Coptic, with introductions, bibliographies, and annotations. The texts are organized to reflect the history of gnosticism in the second through fourth centuries CE. This second edition provides updates throughout and adds three new ancient texts, including the recently discovered Gospel of Judas.

Paul and Gnosis

... Paradise Reconsidered in Gnostic Mythmaking: Rethinking Sethianism in Light of the Ophite Evidence (nhms 68; Leiden: Brill, 2009). 50 Thus, Dupont, Gnosis, 453. See also Ernst, Plērōma und Plērōma Christi, 41–50 on the “Valentinian” ...

Author: Stanley E. Porter

Publisher: BRILL

ISBN: 9004316698

Category: Religion

Page: 236

View: 682

Paul and Gnosis is a collection of cutting-edge essays that deal with a broad spectrum of ideas regarding Paul and knowledge. Topics include Paul and his use of "knowledge" words, Paul’s knowledge of key ideas, and his relationship to Gnosticism.

Practicing Gnosis

Sylloge gemmarum Gnosticarum, Parte 1. Bollettino diNumismatica ... From Jewish Magic to Gnosticism. Studien und Texte zu Antike und ... Paradise Reconsidered in Gnostic Mythmaking: Rethinking SethianisminLightoftheOphiteEvidence.

Author: April DeConick

Publisher: BRILL

ISBN: 9004248528

Category: Religion

Page: 584

View: 702

The essays in Practicing Gnosis demonstrate that the Gnostics were not necessarily trendy intellectuals seeking epistomological certainities. Instead, this book explores how Gnostics were seeking religious experiences that relied on practices including ritual, magic, liturgy, and theurgy. This book celebrates the career of Birger A. Pearson.

The Gnostic New Age

Ancient Gnosticism: Traditions and Literature. Minneapolis: Fortress Press. ... “Baptism in Sethian Gnostic Texts. ... Paradise Reconsidered in Gnostic Mythmaking: Rethinking Sethianism in Light of the Ophite Evidence.

Author: April D. DeConick

Publisher: Columbia University Press

ISBN: 0231542046

Category: Religion

Page: 384

View: 801

Gnosticism is a countercultural spirituality that forever changed the practice of Christianity. Before it emerged in the second century, passage to the afterlife required obedience to God and king. Gnosticism proposed that human beings were manifestations of the divine, unsettling the hierarchical foundations of the ancient world. Subversive and revolutionary, Gnostics taught that prayer and mediation could bring human beings into an ecstatic spiritual union with a transcendent deity. This mystical strain affected not just Christianity but many other religions, and it characterizes our understanding of the purpose and meaning of religion today. In The Gnostic New Age, April D. DeConick recovers this vibrant underground history to prove that Gnosticism was not suppressed or defeated by the Catholic Church long ago, nor was the movement a fabrication to justify the violent repression of alternative forms of Christianity. Gnosticism alleviated human suffering, soothing feelings of existential brokenness and alienation through the promise of renewal as God. DeConick begins in ancient Egypt and follows with the rise of Gnosticism in the Middle Ages, the advent of theosophy and other occult movements in the nineteenth and early twentieth centuries, and contemporary New Age spiritual philosophies. As these theories find expression in science-fiction and fantasy films, DeConick sees evidence of Gnosticism's next incarnation. Her work emphasizes the universal, countercultural appeal of a movement that embodies much more than a simple challenge to religious authority.

Rewritten Bible after Fifty Years Texts Terms or Techniques

A Colorful Expression to Designate Wisdom in Gnostic Texts. Pages 47–66 in Images of the Féminine in Gnosticism. Edited by K. King. SAC. ... Paradise Reconsidered in Gnostic Mythmaking. Rethinking Sethianism in Light of Ophite Evidence.

Author: József Zsengellér

Publisher: BRILL

ISBN: 900427118X

Category: Religion

Page: 396

View: 457

Rewritten Bible After Fifty Years offers several papers on the meanings and usages of the notion Rewritten Bible introduced by Geza Vermes in 1961.

Origen s References to Heracleon

... Ancient Gnosticism,” in The Social World of the First Christians: Essays in Honor of Wayne A Meeks (Minneapolis: Fortress, ), – . In this context, one might also mention Tuomas Rasimus, Paradise Reconsidered in Gnostic Mythmaking: ...

Author: Carl Johan Berglund

Publisher: Mohr Siebeck

ISBN: 3161592212

Category: Religion

Page: 414

View: 961

In this monograph, Carl Johan Berglund reassesses Origen's references to the second-century philologist Heracleon, without presuming that Heracleon's exegesis is determined by views described in heresiological sources or that every reference is equivalent to a verbatim quotation. The author uses variations in Origen's attribution formulas to categorize almost two hundred references as either verbatim quotations, summaries, explanatory paraphrases, or mere assertions. Heracleon's views are assessed by considering the over fifty quotations and seventy summaries so identified in a context of literature to which Heracleon refers - John, a gospel similar to Matthew's, a collection of Pauline epistles, and the Preaching of Peter. The author concludes that Origen is likely to have inferred views he knew from his exegetical opponents (the heterodox and "those who bring in the natures") that were never expressed by Heracleon.

Stoicism in Early Christianity

The Gnostic Scriptures: A New Translation with Annotations and Introductions. ... Paradise Reconsidered in Gnostic Mythmaking: Rethinking Sethianism in Light of the Ophite Evidence. Nag Hammadi and Manichaean Studies 68. Leiden: Brill.

Author: Tuomas Rasimus

Publisher: Baker Academic

ISBN: 0801039517

Category: Religion

Page: 301

View: 912

An international roster of scholars highlights the place of Stoic teaching in early Christian thought.

Religion and Female Body in Ancient Judaism and Its Environments

RASIMUS, Tuomas, Paradise Reconsidered in Gnostic mythmaking: Rethinking Sethianism in light of the Ophite evidence (NHMS 68), Leiden 2009. RUDOLPH, Kurt, Gnosis: The Nature and History of Gnosticism (transl. R. Wilson), San Francisco ...

Author: Géza G. Xeravits

Publisher: Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG

ISBN: 3110410095

Category: Religion

Page: 278

View: 634

The volume publishes papers read at the ninth International Conference on the Deuterocanonical Books, Budapest, 2012. The title of the conference and the issuing volume covers an, on the one hand, extremely important and, on the other hand, regrettably neglected aspect particularly of the ancient Jewish and Christian traditions. Traditional manifestations of both Judaism and Christianity are predominantly masculine theological constructions. Despite their harsh masculine orientation, however, neither Judaism nor Christianity lacks elaboration on the female principle. When an ancient author chooses female imagery in order to make his message more emphatic, the female body as such forms an integral part of their metaphors. The contributions in this volume explore this phenomenon within the literature of early Judaism, and within its broad environments.