People s Perception on Climate Change Vulnerabilities of South West Coastal Bangladesh

Master's Thesis from the year 2009 in the subject Geography / Earth Science - Demographics, Urban Management, Planning, , language: English, abstract: This study aims to measure the people’s perception regarding climate change ...

Author: Sumon Kumar Biswas

Publisher: GRIN Verlag

ISBN: 3656989176

Category: Science

Page: 76

View: 181

Master's Thesis from the year 2009 in the subject Geography / Earth Science - Demographics, Urban Management, Planning, , language: English, abstract: This study aims to measure the people’s perception regarding climate change vulnerabilities in south-west coastal Bangladesh. The broader objective of the study is to assess the climate induced vulnerabilities and to view their adaptive capacity with the climate change vulnerabilities. Both purposive and simple random samplings were used to conduct this study. Data were collected from 120 respondents through interview schedule technique. In the interview schedule technique, question was asked and filled by the interviewers in face-to-face situation. Climate induced changes such as extreme cyclone, devastating tidal surges, severe floods, tremendous river erosion, excessive rainfall, overwhelming salinity intrusion etc, are occurring more frequently in greater intensities and in an unpredictable manner around the world including Bangladesh. To perceive the vulnerability, the southwestern coastal Bangladesh is selected as a research area where high vulnerability to natural climate is due to its low lying delta. The research mainly focuses on the perception level of the people on climate change vulnerability and its impact on their livelihood patterns. The research revealed that various climatic events adversely affect the people of the study area. Among all natural disasters like cyclone affects severely the livelihood pattern of the study area. Peoples of the affected area experienced that disproportionate rate of salinity intrusion into the land mass increased less fertility that causes failure of crop production. As a consequence, most of the low income families are now facing food insecurity and a huge amount of potable water crisis that makes the people more vulnerable along with a threat of different water borne diseases. Finally consideration of the mentioned vulnerable factors, a simplified adaptation strategy based on the respondent view is recommended. The findings of this study explicate that climate change resulted the vulnerability of the people in the coastal areas of Bangladesh.

Climate Vulnerability and Resilience in the Global South

Overseas Development Institute, London Hossain MA, Reza MI, Rahman S, Kayes I (2012) Climate change and its impacts on the livelihoods of the vulnerable people in the southwestern coastal zone in Bangladesh. In: Climate change and the ...

Author: G. M. Monirul Alam

Publisher: Springer Nature

ISBN: 3030772594

Category: Nature

Page: 553

View: 309

This book provides hands-on conceptual, theoretical, and case study discussions on vulnerability and resilience in the global south. This book covers the core of adaptation strategies in developing countries context in an easy-to-follow theoretical and empirical examples. This book shares contemporary approaches on vulnerability, adaptation strategies, and resilience, which aim to assist its targeted audience (academics, policymakers, and practitioners) to understand and make informed decisions in a wide variety of real-world resilience situations.

Handbook of Behavioral Economics and Climate Change

Hasan, Z. and Nursey-Bray, M. (2017) Artisan fishers' perception of climate change and disasters in coastal Bangladesh. ... L., Arshad, M., Shahid, S., Fahad, S., and Akhter, J. (2019b) Climate change and crop farming in Bangladesh: An ...

Author: Seo, S. N.

Publisher: Edward Elgar Publishing

ISBN: 180088074X

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 457

View: 357

Situating a comprehensive microbehavioral analysis of the economics of climate change within a discussion of the most pressing global climate change issues and policy negotiations, the Handbook of Behavioral Economics and Climate Change is a timely collection of new research on the behaviors of economic agents that are essential to an exposition of climate change economics and policy making.

Managing Urbanization Climate Change and Disasters in South Asia

It confirm the common perception that Bangladesh ́s coastal region; the Indian states of West Bengal, Orissa, Andhra Pradesh and Gujarat; and Sindh in Fig. 3.20 Climate change vulnerability map of South Asia based 3.8 Urbanization: A ...

Author: Ravindra Kumar Srivastava

Publisher: Springer Nature

ISBN: 9811524106

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 469

View: 480

This book offers essential insights into potential catastrophic events that might befall upon the emerging urban landscape in South Asia, and which are due to hazards, risks and vulnerabilities inherent in the region’s geophysical location, as well as due to climate change and unplanned urbanization. It highlights major physio-graphic, demographic, geological and geophysical indicators that are responsible for changing the pattern and trend of urbanization in South Asia – a crucial issue in view of emerging threats of climate change, and changes in the demographic profile. The book addresses the disaster management scenario in South Asia, manifestations of climate change in the region and various urban setups under climate-change-induced risks. Further, it elaborates on the challenges of urbanization-based neo-risks and vulnerabilities, which manifest in the form of slum area growth, piling and littering of waste and filth, new health risks, groundwater contamination, air pollution, highly energy-dependent lifestyles, poverty, socio-economic tensions, etc. It also critically examines the institutional mechanisms for disaster risk reduction (DRR), climate change adaptation (CCA) and urban governance, and suggests appropriate changes in the governing structure to mitigate these risks. The book draws the attention of urban planners and policymakers to current shortcomings in the administrative and financial structures of local urban bodies. While outlining climate-associated risks and adaptation strategies in South Asia, it also suggests measures for integrating climate change and urban adaption with state's planning processes, and puts forward a risk alleviation platform to bring the risk managers working in different fields together, so that they make concerted efforts to achieve sustainable development. It offers valuable takeaways for researchers, urban planners, those working in industry, consultants, and policymakers.

Vulnerability and Adaptation to Climate Change for Bangladesh

S. Huq, Z. Karim, M. Asaduzzaman, F. Mahtab. 4.4. BRACKISH WATER SHRIMP FARMING IN THE COASTAL DISTRICTS The rivers, canals and creeks in the south-west and south-east regions of Bangladesh are tidally influenced and remain so round the ...

Author: S. Huq

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9401593256

Category: Science

Page: 148

View: 127

Bangladesh faces many challenges. So long it has been mainly the traditional ones of socio economic development and eradication of poverty. Environment as a major factor in this process has only recently entered the scene. But even before environmental considerations in the development process has become the normal practice, the spectre of climate change has reared its ugly head. While Bangladesh is not unique among developing countries in being at the receiving end regarding the causes and consequences of climate change, both in the literal and allegorical sense of the term, the fact remains that it has made the prospects for sustainable socio-economic development in the country much more complex and formidable than before. Both for her own sake and the sake of the global community at large, therefore, Bangladesh has to initiate actions at various levels to face the challenge from now on. The present study is a part of that process. In 1996, the Governments of USA and Bangladesh together decided to initiate a comprehensive study on climate change in Bangladesh. A unique consortium of public and non-governmental research organisations with support from the relevant administrative arms of the Government carried out the study over 1996 and 1997. The report has been accepted by the Government and several of its recommendations are in the process of implementation. While the direction of climate change is broadly certain, its details leave much scope for speculation and interpretation.

Water Flood Management and Water Security Under a Changing Climate

Land use change in southwestern coastal Bangladesh: Consequence to food and water supply. In Land use Management in ... Measuring Progress of recovery from People's perception: A study on cyclone Aila recovery in Koyra, Bangladesh.

Author: Anisul Haque

Publisher: Springer Nature

ISBN: 303047786X

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 370

View: 993

This book presents selected papers from the 7th International Conference on Water and Flood Management,with a special focus on Water Security under Climate Change, held in Dhaka, Bangladesh in March 2019. The biennial conference is organized by Institute of Water and Flood Management of Bangladesh University of Engineering and Technology. The recent decades have experienced more frequent natural calamities and it is believed that climate change is an important driving factor for such hazards. Each part of the hydrological cycle is affected by global climate change. Moreover, increasing population and economic activities are posing a bigger threat to water sources. To ensure sustainable livelihoods, safeguard ecosystem services, and enhance socio-economic development, water security needs to be investigated widely in a global and regional context.

Socio Economic Issues of Climate Change

Hoddinott J, Quisumbing A (2003) Methods for microeconometric risk and vulnerability assessments. ... Ahmed M, Ojea E, Fernandes JA (2018) Impacts and responses to environmental change in coastal livelihoods of south-west Bangladesh.

Author: Luni Piya

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9811357846

Category: Science

Page: 202

View: 915

This book conducts a holistic analysis of climate change perceptions, vulnerabilities, impacts, and adaptation, based on the primary household-data collected from the Chepang community residing in the rural Mid-Hills of Nepal. Socio-economic and demographic data from the household survey is integrated with meteorological and spatial data to conduct an integrated analysis. Quantitative analysis is also supplemented by qualitative information. Given the context of ongoing climate change, the livelihoods issues of a highly marginalized Chepang community form the center-point of analysis. The book demonstrates that balanced assets possession is a prerequisite to strengthen the adaptive capacity of the households. Furthermore, the ability of translating adaptive capacity into adaptation actions is determined by the households’ ability to correctly perceive the changes and their access to various assets. The book recommends to ensure the availability of non-farm livelihood opportunities along with access to formal/vocational education and skill development training as these are the key factors contributing to reduce the vulnerability. The book concludes that mainstreaming of climate change into development efforts is a must for sustainable development.

India II Climate Change Impacts Mitigation and Adaptation in Developing Countries

Energy Policy 38(8):4582–4591 Roy AKD (2017) An investigation into the major environment and climate change policy issues in southwest coastal Bangladesh. Int J Clim Change Strategies Manage Ruffini PB (2018) The Intergovernmental Panel ...

Author: Md. Nazrul Islam

Publisher: Springer Nature

ISBN: 303094395X

Category:

Page:

View: 909


Coping with Climate Change Vulnerability in the Sundarbans

... Sundarbans Region, http://www.ccsenet.org/journal/index.php/jms/article/view/73348. The Impact of Aquatic Salinization on Fish Habitats and Poor Communities in a Changing Climate: Evidence from Southwest Coastal Bangladesh, ...

Author: Susmita Dasgupta

Publisher: International Development in F

ISBN: 1464815879

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 100

View: 627

Climate change poses serious threats to inclusive economic progress and poverty reduction. Strong countermeasures are required to increase the capacity of low-income people to mitigate their risk exposure to the impacts of climate change. Central pillars in planning for sustainable development and poverty alleviation must include vulnerability assessments, appropriate adaptation measures, and resilient-smart investments. This means placing climate-change adaptation and resilience at the center of overall development policy. Coping with the Vulnerability of the Sundarbans in a Changing Climate: Lessons from Multidisciplinary Studies contributes to this effort by synthesizing multiyear, multidisciplinary climate-change studies on the Sundarban--the world's largest remaining, contiguous mangrove forest and wetland of international importance--which is home to some of South Asia's poorest and most vulnerable communities. The studies' findings indicate that, in a changing climate, sea-level rise, storm-surge intensification, and water salinization will alter the Sundarbans ecosystem significantly. The ripple effect of these changes will have multifaceted adverse impacts on the nature-dependent livelihoods, health, and nutrition of nearby communities. Elevated health risks, reduced land and labor productivity, and greater exposure to storms, floods, droughts, and other extreme events will make escape from poverty more difficult. Based on field research, the studies recommend location-specific, resilient-smart adaptation measures for reducing vulnerability to climate change. Families in the Sundarbans are on the front line of this change. Their experience and adaptation signal future decisions by hundreds of millions of families worldwide, who will face similar threats from progressive sea-level rise. This research lays the technical foundation for developing a better understanding of the changes the Sundarbans is facing, including responses of the ecosystem and human communities. Beyond the Sundarbans, the studies' methods and findings will be of interest to development practitioners, policy makers, and researchers focused on island nations and countries worldwide that feature high-density populations and economic activity in low-lying coastal regions vulnerable to sea-level rise.

Climate Change and Gendered Livelihoods in Bangladesh

Ahmed, I, Ayeb-Karlsson, S, van der Geest, K, Huq, S & Jordan, JC2019, 'Climate change, environmental stress and loss of livelihoods can push people towards illegal activities: a case study from coastal Bangladesh', Climate and ...

Author: Sajal Roy

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 100043060X

Category: Social Science

Page: 272

View: 555

Globally climate-induced disasters have been impacting marginalised communities’ lives, livelihood and gendered relations. This book explores the effects of Cyclone Aila (as a result of climate change) in 2009 on the rural livelihoods and gendered relations of two ethnically distinct forest communities – Munda, an indigenous group, and Shora, a Muslim group – dwelling near the Sundarbans Forest in Bangladesh. Examining the cyclone’s medium- to long-term impacts on livelihoods and comparative aspects of gendered relations between these two contrasting communities, this book addresses a gap in current critical development studies. It adopts an ethnographic research design and analyses the alterations to livelihood activities and reconfiguration of gender relations within the Munda and Shora communities since 2009. The study primarily contends that post-Aila, livelihoods and gendered relations have been substantially transformed in both communities, making the case that the improvement of local infrastructure, as an important part of the geographical location, has noticeably progressed the living conditions and livelihoods of some members of the Munda and Shora communities. Connecting climate-induced changes with the construction and alteration of gendered livelihood patterns, the book will be of interest to a wide range of academics in the fields of Asian Studies, Sociology of Environment, Social Anthropology, Human Geography, Gender and Cultural Studies, Human Geography, Disaster Management and Forestry and Environmental Science.