On Musical Bodies Peter Szendy. PHANTOM LIMBS PHANTOM LIMBS ON
MUSICAL BODIES PETER SZENDY Translated by Will.
Author: Peter Szendy
Publisher: Fordham Univ Press
The prostheses Peter Szendy explores—those peculiar artifacts known as musical instruments—are not only technical devices but also bodies that live a strange phantom life, as uncanny as a sixth finger or a third lung. The musicological impulse to inventory those bodies that produce sound is called into question here. In Szendy’s hands, its respectable corpus of scholarship is read aslant, so as to tease out what it usually prefers to hide: hybrids and grafts produced by active fictions, monsters, and chimera awaiting the opportunity to be embodied. Beyond these singular bodies that music composes and disposes there lies the figure of a collective “social” body ready to emerge amid an innervated apparatus that operates at a distance, telepathically. Phantom Limbs touches on bodies of all shapes and sizes that haunt the edges of music’s conceptualizations. Music continually reinvents such bodies and reconvenes them in new collective formations. It is their dynamics and crystallizations that Szendy auscultates on a motley corpus that includes Bach, Diderot, Berlioz, Eisenstein, Disney, and Monk.
Rapaport proposes that if we read Derrida's writings on archives while keeping
the “phantom limb in mind, archives occur at that moment when there is a
structural breakdown in memory” (Rapaport 1998, 69). Put another way, archives,
Author: Monika Loewy
Phantom Limbs and Body Integrity Identity Disorder discusses the conditions of Phantom Limb Syndrome and Body Integrity Identity Disorder together for the first time, exploring examples from literature, film, and psychoanalysis to re-ground theories of the body in material experience. The book outlines the ways in which PLS and BIID involve a feeling of rupture underlined by a desire for wholeness, using the metaphor of the mirror-box (a therapeutic device that alleviates phantom limb pain) to examine how fiction is fundamentally linked to our physical and psychical realities. Using diverse examples from theoretical and fictional works, including thinkers such as Sigmund Freud, Jacques Lacan, Maurice Blanchot, D.W. Winnicott, and Georges Perec, and films by Powell and Pressburger and Quentin Tarantino, each chapter offers a detailed exploration of the mind/body relationship and experiences of fragmentation, bodily ownership, and symbolic reconstitution. By tracing these concepts, the monograph demonstrates ways in which fiction can enable us to understand the psychosomatic conditions of PLS and BIID more thoroughly, while providing new ways of reading psychoanalysis, literary theory, and fictional works. The first book to analyse BIID in relation to PLS, Phantom Limbs and Body Integrity Identity Disorder will be essential reading for academics and literary readers interested in the body, psychoanalysis, English literature, literary theory, film, and disability.
The concept of offline representation is useful to account for phenomena such as
the development of phantom limbs after amputation. The phenomenon of
phantom limbs has been already reported in the middle ages. European folklore
Author: Nobuyuki Inui
This book presents new findings on body image and also introduces new neuroscience-based methods for the fields of neurology and neurorehabilitation. Even when the hand is stationary we know its position – information that is needed by the brain to plan movements. If the sensory input from a limb is removed as the result of an accident, or as part of an experiment with local anesthesia, then a ‘phantom’ limb commonly develops. We used ischemic anesthesia of one limb to study the mechanisms that define this phenomenon. Surprisingly, if the fingers, wrist, elbow, ankle, and knee are extended before and during an ischemic block, then the perceived limb is flexed at the joint and vice versa. Furthermore, the limb is perceived to move continuously with no default position. The key parameter for these illusory changes in limb position is the difference in discharge rates between afferents in the flexor and extensor muscles at a joint. The final position of the phantom limb depends on its initial position, suggesting that a body image uses incoming proprioceptive information for determination of starting points and endpoints when generating movements. In addition, the change in position does not involve limb postures that are anatomically impossible, suggesting that illusory posture is constrained by body maps. These results provide new information about how the brain generates phantom limbs.
She tears open the left leg of my uniform and presses her hand against the
outside of my knee. I hear a click and then a small panel opens and slides away.
“What are you doing?” I ask. “Don't, you'll mess up my leg. Only Health is allowed
Author: Jake Bible
Publisher: Simon and Schuster
Category: Juvenile Fiction
The Earth Colony Asteroid Scorpio was launched into space with 10,000 hibernating passengers in search of a new home for the human race. Off course and nine-hundred years later than expected, only seven of the Scorpio's passengers awaken, not one of them an adult. Now, rebuilt with cyber parts, these kids must rely on each other to survive the mysteries of the Scorpio and the dangers of deep space.With planet Earth nearing environmental destruction, twelve massive asteroids are transformed into interstellar space colonies, each sent towards a different galaxy in hopes of finding a planet that can sustain life. Placed into cryogenic sleep for the hundred-year voyage, overseen by the ships' artificial intelligences, the ten thousand passengers are expected to wake up to a safe and sustainable life. But on the Asteroid Scorpio, something has gone terribly wrong. Millions of light years off course, and nine-hundred years late, the ship's AIs wake up only seven kids, leaving the other passengers stuck in perpetual cryosleep! Much to the survivors' surprise, they find their ship has been transformed into a grand microcosm. Metals and elements mined by maintenance robots allowed for needed repairs and up-grades, as well as the construction of a small dome able to sustain forests, fields, ponds, orchards and crops. The biggest breakthrough, however, is the creation of human-compatible cybernetic body parts. Essential for survival because of the damage sustained during the long cryosleep, the awakened seven must rely on the new cybernetic enhancements to function. Isla McNeal, now acting as Captain, finds that her legs have been replaced, giving her unimagined strength and speed. Felix, Isla's ten-year-old brother has a new jaw, left eye, and right arm. The McNeals are joined by five other kids: Bessie Sacher, 12, has new hands; Carlos Barraza, 11, has a reinforced spine and ribcage; Enrico, Carlos' twin has new ears, sinuses, and a voice box; Landon Fields, 13, has had every joint in his body replaced; and Ajay, his 9-year old little sister finds she has new lungs. The crew of seven finds they not only have to manage a ship normally run by a crew of thousands, but they must also learn to cope with their new body parts, a life with no adults, and the isolation of deep space. So begins the race against time to stay alive and to keep the Scorpio mission on track. The crew will find themselves battling rogue robots and uncooperative AIs with the help of their new cyber parts--until those cyber parts begin to turn against them.
The mirror-box has also been used with similar success with lower-limb
amputees, where viewing a reflection of an anatomical limb in the phenomenal
space of a phantom limb resulted in amputees reporting a significantly greater
number of ...
Author: Craig Murray
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
The main objective in the rehabilitation of people following amputation is to restore or improve their functioning, which includes their return to work. Full-time employment leads to beneficial health effects and being healthy leads to increased chances of full-time employment (Ross and Mirowskay 1995). Employment of disabled people enhances their self-esteem and reduces social isolation (Dougherty 1999). The importance of returning to work for people following amputation the- fore has to be considered. Perhaps the first article about reemployment and problems people may have at work after amputation was published in 1955 (Boynton 1955). In later years, there have been sporadic studies on this topic. Greater interest and more studies about returning to work and problems people have at work following amputation arose in the 1990s and has continued in recent years (Burger and Marinc ?ek 2007). These studies were conducted in different countries on all the five continents, the greatest number being carried out in Europe, mainly in the Netherlands and the UK (Burger and Marinc ?ek 2007). Owing to the different functions of our lower and upper limbs, people with lower limb amputations have different activity limitations and participation restrictions compared to people with upper limb amputations. Both have problems with driving and carrying objects. People with lower limb amputations also have problems standing, walking, running, kicking, turning and stamping, whereas people with upper limb amputations have problems grasping, lifting, pushing, pulling, writing, typing, and pounding (Giridhar et al. 2001).
Phantoms in the Mind The Psychogenic Origins of Ethereal Appendages A
survey of the major psychogenic theories of phantom limb exposes the palpable
uneasiness and even fear that the “fractioned” body and haunted limbs have ...
Author: Cassandra S. Crawford
Publisher: NYU Press
Category: Social Science
Phantom limb pain is one of the most intractable and merciless pains ever known—a pain that haunts appendages that do not physically exist, often persisting with uncanny realness long after fleshy limbs have been traumatically, surgically, or congenitally lost. The very existence and “naturalness” of this pain has been instrumental in modern science’s ability to create prosthetic technologies that many feel have transformative, self-actualizing, and even transcendent power. In Phantom Limb, Cassandra S. Crawford critically examines phantom limb pain and its relationship to prosthetic innovation, tracing the major shifts in knowledge of the causes and characteristics of the phenomenon. Crawford exposes how the meanings of phantom limb pain have been influenced by developments in prosthetic science and ideas about the extraordinary power of these technologies to liberate and fundamentally alter the human body, mind, and spirit. Through intensive observation at a prosthetic clinic, interviews with key researchers and clinicians, and an analysis of historical and contemporary psychological and medical literature, she examines the modernization of amputation and exposes how medical understanding about phantom limbs has changed from the late-19th to the early-21st century. Crawford interrogates the impact of advances in technology, medicine, psychology and neuroscience, as well as changes in the meaning of limb loss, popular representations of amputees, and corporeal ideology. Phantom Limb questions our most deeply held ideas of what is normal, natural, and even moral about the physical human body.
I repe in the end , I wasn't able to get rid of that heavy artificial leg she kept in the
closet . I didn't know what to do with it , so I shipped it back along with everything
else . It's away from sight , but I keep seeing limbs . On the cover of a museum ...
Author: Janet Sternburg
Publisher: U of Nebraska Press
Category: Biography & Autobiography
Phantom Limb is a wise and courageous memoir that moves between past and present, chronicling an adult daughter’s journey through the final years of her parents’ lives. A story of discovering love through adversity as well as an inquiry into contemporary neurology and spiritual life, Phantom Limb is a moving meditation on the struggle to make peace with physical and emotional ghosts of the past. Janet Sternburg writes with such warmth and honesty that loss itself becomes luminous: “This is the grace of the last years, the children coming to understand the contradictions in their parents, not to reconcile them but encompass them in a larger love.”
Individual Differences in the Consciousness of Phantom Limbs Joel Katz
University of Toronto Many patients awake from the anesthetic after an
amputation feeling certain that the operation has not been performed. They feel
the lost limb so ...
Author: Robert G. Kunzendorf
Publisher: John Benjamins Publishing
Individual Differences in Conscious Experience is intended for readers with philosophical, psychological, or clinical interests in subjective experience. It addresses some difficult but important issues in the study of consciousness, subconsciousness, and self-consciousness. The book's fourteen chapters are written by renowned, pioneering researchers who, collectively, have published more than fifty books and more than one thousand journal articles. The editors' introductory chapter frames the book's subtext: that mind-brain theories embodying the constraints of individual differences in subjective experience should be given greater credence than nomothetic theories ignoring those constraints. The next five chapters describe research and theory pertaining to individual differences in conscious sensations specifically, individual differences in pain perception, phantom limbs, gustatory sensations, and mental imagery. Then, two succeeding chapters focus on individual differences in subconsciousness. The final six chapters address individual differences in altered states of self-consciousness dreams, hypnotic phenomena, and various clinical syndromes. (Series B)
Author: Xaver Fuchs
spared by nerve block, some, and perhapsall, probably have a dorsal
rootganglion component. To date,the dorsal root ganglion has rarely ifever been
excluded as a possible source of the ectopic discharge underlying phantom limb
Author: Richard A. Sherman
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
Phantom pain is an intriguing mystery that has captured the imagination of health care providers and the public alike. How is it possible to feel pain in a limb or some other body part that has been surgically removed? Phantom pain develops among people who have lost a limb or a breast or have had internal organs removed. It also occurs in people with totally transected spinal cords. Unfortunately, phantom pain is a medical night mare. Many of the people reporting phantom pain make dispropor tionately heavy use of the medical system because their severe pains are usually not treated successfully. The effect on quality of life can be devas tating. Phantom pain has been reported at least since 1545 (Weir Mitchell as related by Nathanson, 1988) and/ or experienced by such diverse people as Admiral Lord Nelson and Ambroise Pare (Melzack & Wall, 1982; Davis, 1993). The folklore surrounding phantom pain is fascinating and mirrors the concepts about how our bodies work that are in vogue at any particu lar time. Most of the stories relate to phantom limbs and date from the mid-1800s. The typical story goes like this: A man who had his leg ampu tated complained about terrible crawling, twitching feelings in his leg. His friends found out where the leg was buried, dug it up, and found maggots eating it. They burned it, and the pain stopped. Another man complained of a swollen feeling with frequent stinging or biting pains.
Renowned author Timothy Schaffert’s celebrated debut novel, reissued here in an entirely new paperback edition, chronicles two sisters on the cusp of womanhood as they struggle to understand their father’s suicide as well their ...
Author: Timothy Schaffert
Publisher: Unbridled Books
Renowned author Timothy Schaffert’s celebrated debut novel, reissued here in an entirely new paperback edition, chronicles two sisters on the cusp of womanhood as they struggle to understand their father’s suicide as well their mother’s abandonment of them many years earlier. On graduating from high school, the sisters are once again set adrift, this time by their grandmother who leaves them for Florida. In order to survive, and perhaps even thrive, on their path to adulthood, they must learn to reconcile their pasts and discover how to depend upon themselves as well as on each other. In a story that rises out of the spare Nebraska landscape, Schaffert delivers a redemptive tale about two young women searching for wholeness and love.
Phantom. limbs are hallucinations insofar as they are perceptions of something
that has no existence in the outside world, but they are not quite comparable to
hallucinations of sight and sound. While losing one's eyesight or hearing may
Author: Oliver Sacks
Publisher: Pan Macmillan
Category: Literary Collections
Have you ever seen something that wasn't really there? Heard someone call your name in an empty house? Sensed someone following you and turned around to find nothing? Hallucinations don't belong wholly to the insane. Much more commonly, they are linked to sensory deprivation, intoxication, illness, or injury. In some conditions, hallucinations can lead to religious epiphanies or even the feeling of leaving one's own body. Humans have always sought such life-changing visions, and for thousands of years have used hallucinogenic compounds to achieve them. In Hallucinations, with his usual elegance, curiosity, and compassion, Dr Oliver Sacks weaves together stories of his patients and of his own mind-altering experiences to illuminate what hallucinations tell us about the organization and structure of our brains, how they have influenced every culture's folklore and art, and why the potential for hallucination is present in us all, a vital part of the human condition.
All of a sudden, another idea percolates in my head: “Phantom tickets,” maybe “
phantom self.” Phantom limb pain has been recorded almost as long as people
have been losing limbs and surviving. As we can see on the motor cortex of the ...
Author: Judith Bendheim Guedalia
Publisher: Urim Publications
Drawing on case studies from the areas of neuropsychology as well as developmental, rehabilitation, and medical psychology, this book distills nearly 40 years of Dr. Judith Guedalia’s interventional styles—christened “Judi-isms” by the author—and highlights the intersection between psychology and Judaism. These interventional styles, as well as the remarkable case studies, are complemented by useful advice that readers at all levels of interest can incorporate into their own lives.
Congenitally absent limbs do not seem to be subject to the same phenomenon.
Patients with phantom limb pain will often describe the limb in vivid detail, albeit
with the limb distorted or in abnormal position. In many patients, the sensation of
Author: Steven D. Waldman
Publisher: Elsevier Health Sciences
Dr. Steven Waldman, a noted authority in the multidisciplinary field of pain management, has assembled an excellent study guide for certifying or recertifying in pain management. A keyword-oriented review of the specialty, it offers the consistent approach and editorial style that make Dr. Waldman’s books and atlases some of the most widely read in the field. An easy-access, templated approach helps you to access desired information quickly, and clear illustrations make difficult concepts easier to understand. Covering an exhaustive list of known and defined pain syndromes classified by body region, this is the one must-have book for anyone preparing for examinations. Provides a keyword-oriented review of pain medicine that closely follows the board style of examination and study. Maintains a consistent approach and editorial style as a single-authored text by noted authority Steven D. Waldman, MD. Utilizes a templated format so you access the information you need quickly and easily. Makes difficult concepts easier to understand using clear conceptual illustrations. Creates a virtual one-stop shop with an exhaustive list of known and defined pain syndromes classified by body region.
This term was apparently first used by the eminent neurologist , S . Weir Mitchell ,
in an article entitled ' Phantom Limbs ' that appeared in a nonmedical periodical (
Mitchell 1871 ) . There , in describing the PL sensations of Civil War ...
Author: Douglas B. Price
See also Joel Katz, "The Role of the Sympathetic Nervous System in Phantom
Limb Pain,” Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, 10. 1 (1996), 153-75. E.S.M.
Saadah and R. Melzack, "Phantom Limb Experience in Congenital LimbDeficient
Author: Ariel Glucklich
Publisher: Oxford University Press
Why would anyone seek out the very experience the rest of us most wish to avoid? Why would religious worshipers flog or crucify themselves, sleep on spikes, hang suspended by their flesh, or walk for miles through scorching deserts with bare and bloodied feet? In this insightful new book, Ariel Glucklich argues that the experience of ritual pain, far from being a form of a madness or superstition, contains a hidden rationality and can bring about a profound transformation of the consciousness and identity of the spiritual seeker. Steering a course between purely cultural and purely biological explanations, Glucklich approaches sacred pain from the perspective of the practitioner to fully examine the psychological and spiritual effects of self-hurting. He discusses the scientific understanding of pain, drawing on research in fields such as neuropsychology and neurology. He also ranges over a broad spectrum of historical and cultural contexts, showing the many ways mystics, saints, pilgrims, mourners, shamans, Taoists, Muslims, Hindus, Native Americans, and indeed members of virtually every religion have used pain to achieve a greater identification with God. He examines how pain has served as a punishment for sin, a cure for disease, a weapon against the body and its desires, or a means by which the ego may be transcended and spiritual sickness healed. "When pain transgresses the limits," the Muslim mystic Mizra Asadullah Ghalib is quoted as saying, "it becomes medicine." Based on extensive research and written with both empathy and critical insight, Sacred Pain explores the uncharted inner terrain of self-hurting and reveals how meaningful suffering has been used to heal the human spirit.
Patients who have lost a limb can sometimes sense its presence, often
immediately after surgery and at times even ... By the early 1990s, it was
established that phantom limbs were an artefact of body representation in the
brain gone wrong.
An interplay of the same sources of signals (or lack thereof) must be involved in
the genesis of phantom limbs and phantom pain. In addition to pain signals
arising from stump neuromas, the discrepancy between these various sources of
Author: Tim Bayne
Publisher: OUP Oxford
Consciousness is undoubtedly one of the last remaining scientific mysteries and hence one of the greatest contemporary scientific challenges. How does the brain's activity result in the rich phenomenology that characterizes our waking life? Are animals conscious? Why did consciousness evolve? How does science proceed to answer such questions? Can we define what consciousness is? Can we measure it? Can we use experimental results to further our understanding of disorders of consciousness, such as those seen in schizophrenia, delirium, or altered states of consciousness? These questions are at the heart of contemporary research in the domain. Answering them requires a fundamentally interdisciplinary approach that engages not only philosophers, but also neuroscientists and psychologists in a joint effort to develop novel approaches that reflect both the stunning recent advances in imaging methods as well as the continuing refinement of our concepts of consciousness. In this light, the Oxford Companion to Consciousness is the most complete authoritative survey of contemporary research on consciousness. Five years in the making and including over 250 concise entries written by leaders in the field, the volume covers both fundamental knowledge as well as more recent advances in this rapidly changing domain. Structured as an easy-to-use dictionary and extensively cross-referenced, the Companion offers contributions from philosophy of mind to neuroscience, from experimental psychology to clinical findings, so reflecting the profoundly interdisciplinary nature of the domain. Particular care has been taken to ensure that each of the entries is accessible to the general reader and that the overall volume represents a comprehensive snapshot of the contemporary study of consciousness. The result is a unique compendium that will prove indispensable to anyone interested in consciousness, from beginning students wishing to clarify a concept to professional consciousness researchers looking for the best characterization of a particular phenomenon.
Phantom Limbs Amputations of the arm or leg are frequently followed , in some
cases almost immediately , by the appearance of a vivid perception that the limb
is still present — a phantom limb . Many phantoms are painful , in some patients ...
Author: Vernon B. Mountcastle
Publisher: Harvard University Press
Vernon Mountcastle has devoted his career to studying the neurophysiology of sensation in the hand. In The Sensory Hand he provides an astonishingly comprehensive account of the neural underpinnings of the rich and complex tactile experiences evoked by stimulation of the hand.
The tactile impressions generally do not correspond to any external condition
other than the state of the limb stump. Feelings of phantom limbs may be
intensified or decreased by stimulating or anaesthetizing the stump; they are
Author: Mike Sayama
Publisher: SUNY Press
The key to self-development, says Mike Sayama, is the experience of Samadhi, a state of relaxed concentration in which the individual neither freezes out of fear nor clings due to desire. Simply stated, samadhi is the free flow of vital energy within the body and between the body and the universe. Moving effortlessly across traditions and techniques, Sayama discovers that sages throughout historyGreek philosophers, German mystics, Indian seers, and our own Albert Einstein among othershave taught that this experience of transcendental oneness lies at the heart of full self-realization. The first part of the book studies self-realization in Zen Buddhism. The author pinpoints its essence in Buddhas enlightenment. The development of Zen is then traced, continuing down to living masters who in very recent times have transplanted their lineages from Japan to the United States. Sayama notes that we must choose as masters those to whom the authentic teaching has been transmitted through generations, and he examines in loving detail the sometimes strange and astonishing behaviors of those whose very presence communicates the state of samadhi. The second part of the book presents Zen therapy, a way of self-development emphasizing the cultivation of samadhi through psychophysical training. Sayama compares the effects of Rolfing, Feldenkrais, and Zen therapy on the human body and mind. He includes easy-to-follow directions for creating the inner state he describes. He tells vivid stories of extraordinary cases treated from the point of view that the best therapy is nothing less than the removal of all dualism. Four main practices are presented: zazen (meditation), hara development, circulation of the vital energy, and communication.