Philosophy and Revolution

In this ambitious and original study, Stathis Kouvelakis paints a rich panorama of the key intellectual and political figures in the effervescence of German thought before the 1848 revolutions.

Author: Stathis Kouvelakis

Publisher: Verso Books

ISBN: 1786635801

Category: Philosophy

Page: 480

View: 948

Throughout the nineteenth century, German philosophy was haunted by the specter of the French Revolution. Kant, Hegel and their followers spent their lives wrestling with its heritage, trying to imagine a specifically German path to modernity: a “revolution without revolution.” Trapped in a politically ossified society, German intellectuals were driven to brood over the nature of the revolutionary experience. In this ambitious and original study, Stathis Kouvelakis paints a rich panorama of the key intellectual and political figures in the effervescence of German thought before the 1848 revolutions. He shows how the attempt to chart a moderate, reformist path entered into crisis, generating two antagonistic perspectives within the progressive currents of German society. On the one side were those socialists—among them Moses Hess and the young Friedrich Engels—who sought to discover a principle of harmony in social relations, bypassing the question of revolutionary politics. On the other side, the poet Heinrich Heine and the young Karl Marx developed a new perspective, articulating revolutionary rupture, proletarian hegemony and struggle for democracy, thereby redefining the very notion of politics itself.

Philosophy and Revolution

Ambitious and original study of the leading German philosophers, and the genesis of historical materialism.

Author: Eustache Kouvélakis

Publisher: Verso

ISBN: 9781859844717

Category: Philosophy

Page: 434

View: 604

Ambitious and original study of the leading German philosophers, and the genesis of historical materialism.

Philosophy and Revolution

Author: Raimon Panikkar




Page: 399

View: 569

Philosophy and Revolution

Moreover, Dunayevskaya combines within herself an incorruptible objectivity with a passionate political attitude, making this work a vibrant and concrete discussion of the vicissitudes of society, justice, equality, and existence.

Author: Raya Dunayevskaya

Publisher: Lexington Books

ISBN: 9780739105597

Category: Philosophy

Page: 377

View: 595

Few thought systems have been as distorted and sometimes misconstrued as those of Marx and Hegel. Philosophy and Revolution, presented here in a new edition, attempts to save Marx from interpretations which restrict the revolutionary significance of the philosophy behind his theory. Developing her breakthrough on Hegel's Absolute Idea, Raya Dunayevskaya, who died in the June of 1987, aims at a total liberation of the human person--not only from the ills of a capitalist society, but also from the equally oppressive state capitalism of established communist governments. She assumes within her theory of class struggle issues as diverse as feminism, black liberation, and even the new nationalism of third world countries. Moreover, Dunayevskaya combines within herself an incorruptible objectivity with a passionate political attitude, making this work a vibrant and concrete discussion of the vicissitudes of society, justice, equality, and existence.

The Philosophy of Legal Reasoning Evolution and revolution in theories of legal reasoning nineteenth century through the present




Category: Judicial process


View: 855

Karl Marx

A new exploration of Karl Marx's life through his intellectual contributions to modern thought Karl Marx (1818–1883)—philosopher, historian, sociologist, economist, current affairs journalist, and editor—was one of the most ...

Author: Shlomo Avineri

Publisher: Yale University Press

ISBN: 0300248776

Category: Biography & Autobiography

Page: 224

View: 510

A new exploration of Karl Marx's life through his intellectual contributions to modern thought Karl Marx (1818–1883)—philosopher, historian, sociologist, economist, current affairs journalist, and editor—was one of the most influential and revolutionary thinkers of modern history, but he is rarely thought of as a Jewish thinker, and his Jewish background is either overlooked or misrepresented. Here, distinguished scholar Shlomo Avineri argues that Marx’s Jewish origins did leave a significant impression on his work. Marx was born in Trier, then part of Prussia, and his family had enjoyed equal rights and emancipation under earlier French control of the area. But then its annexation to Prussia deprived the Jewish population of its equal rights. These developments led to the reluctant conversion of Marx’s father, and similar tribulations radicalized many young intellectuals of that time who came from a Jewish background. Avineri puts Marx’s Jewish background in its proper and balanced perspective, and traces Marx’s intellectual development in light of the historical, intellectual, and political contexts in which he lived.

Consciousness and Revolution in Soviet Philosophy

Philosophy is rather a nonrevisionary discipline : Its task is not to challenge
science but to generalize its results . Thus , for Bogdanov , traditional
philosophical inquiry is to be replaced by a " universal organizational science "
concerned to ...

Author: David Bakhurst

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521407106

Category: Philosophy

Page: 292

View: 743

A critical study of the philosophical culture of the USSR.


only the century of great scientific and ... Successful and unsuccessful revolutions
, revolutionary and counterrevolutionary trends and movements, actions and ...

Author: Mihailo Markovic

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9789027707277

Category: Philosophy

Page: 403

View: 881

This volume of the Boston Studies is a distillation of one of the most creative and important movements in contemporary social theory. The articles repre sent the work of the so-called 'Praxis' group in Yugoslavia, a heterogeneous movement of philosophers, sociologists, political theorists, historians, and cul tural critics, united by a common approach: that of social theory as a critical and scientific enterprise, closely linked to questions of contemporary practical life. As the introductory essay explains, in its history and analysis of the development of this group, the name Praxis focuses on the heart of Marx's social theory - the conception of human beings as creative, productive makers and shapers of their own history. The journal Praxis, which appeared regularly in Yugoslavia at Zagreb, and also in an International Edition for many years, is the source of many of these articles. The journal had to suspend publication in 1975 because of political pressures in Yugoslavia. Eight members of the group were dismissed from their University posts in Belgrade, after a long struggle in which their colleagues stood by them staunchly. Yet the creativity and productivity of the group continues, by those in Belgrade and elsewhere. Its contributions to the social sciences, and to the very conception of social science as critical and applied theory, remain vivid, timely and innovative. The importance of the theoretical work of the Praxis group is perhaps at its height now.

The Philosophy of the Revolution

Author: Gamal Abdel Nasser



Category: Egypt

Page: 102

View: 346

The Quarrel Between Philosophy and Poetry

I The attribution of a revolutionary role to philosophy is normally taken to be a
characteristic of the modern epoch. Modernity, understood very generally as the
age initiated approximately by the Enlightenment, is thus conceived as a
revolution ...

Author: Stanley Rosen

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317960815

Category: Philosophy

Page: 238

View: 854

Now available in paperback, The Quarrel Between Philosophy and Poetry focuses on the theoretical and practical suppositions of the long-standing conflict between philosophy and poetry. Stanley Rosen--one of the leading Plato scholars of our day--examines philosophical activity, questioning whether technical philosophy is a species of poetry, a political program, an interpretation of human existence according to the ideas of 19th and 20th-century thinkers, or a contemplation of beings and Being.

Practical Philosophy from Kant to Hegel

This volume of new essays illuminates that reception and how it informed the development of practical philosophy between Kant and Hegel.

Author: James A. Clarke

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9781108497725

Category: Philosophy


View: 959

Heidegger i ek and Revolution

One of the consequences of Heidegger's active participation in the National
Socialist revolution is that the year 1933 ... most influential philosopher of the
20th century forms a kind of entry-level exam for all wannabe revolutionary

Author: Tere Vadén

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 946209683X

Category: Education

Page: 158

View: 246

Why did Martin Heidegger, the giant of continental philosophy, believe in 1933 that Hitler is the future of Europe? And why does Slavoj Žižek, “the most dangerous philosopher in the West”, support Heidegger’s right wing militancy? Heidegger and Žižek are not only erudite thinkers on human being but also incorrigible revolutionaries who even after the catastrophic failures of their favourite revolutions – the October revolution for Žižek and the National Socialist revolution for Heidegger – want to overcome capitalism; undemocratically, if necessary. The two share a spirited and sophisticated rejection of the liberalist worldview and the social order based on it. The problem is not that liberalism is factually wrong, but rather that it is ethically bad. Both argue for building and educating a new collective based on human finitude and communality. In the tradition of the Enlightenment, Žižek advocates a universalist revolution, whereas Heidegger sees the transformation rooted in particular historical existence, inviting a bewildering array of mutually exclusive criticisms and apologies of his view. The crisis that Heidegger and Žižek want to address is still here, but their unquestioned Europocentrism sets a dark cloud over the whole idea of revolution.

Between Tradition and Revolution

7 The Hegelian Transformation of Modern Political Philosophy and the
Significance of History In May of 1833 , a year and a half after Hegel's death ,
Edward Gans wrote the Preface to the second edition of the Philosophy of Right
for the great ...

Author: Manfred Riedel

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521174886

Category: Philosophy

Page: 200

View: 735

The studies in this 1996 volume relate Hegel's mature views on ethics and politics to the classical tradition of Western political thought. Applying superb scholarship and his knowledge of earlier thinkers to the Philosophy of Right, Manfred Tiedel reveals connections which clarify Hegel's understanding of his relationship with his predecessors.

Religion Redemption and Revolution

Thinking. At different times, notwithstanding their frequent outbursts against
philosophy, Rosenzweig and Rosenstock-Huessy would both speak of their
philosophical innovations and address the other as a philosopher breaking new

Author: Wayne Cristaudo

Publisher: University of Toronto Press

ISBN: 1442643013

Category: Religion

Page: 590

View: 980

Religion, Redemption, and Revolution closely examines the intertwined intellectual development of one of the most important Jewish thinkers of the twentieth century, Franz Rosenzweig, and his friend and teacher, Christian sociologist Eugen Rosenstock-Huessy. The first major English work on Rosenstock-Huessy, it also provides a significant reinterpretation of Rosenzweig's writings based on the thinkers' shared insights — including their critique of modern Western philosophy, and their novel conception of speech. This groundbreaking bookprovides a detailed examination of their 'new speech thinking' paradigm, a model grounded in the faith traditions of Judaism and Christianity. Wayne Cristaudo contrasts this paradigm against the radical liberalism that has dominated social theory for the last fifty years. Religion, Redemption, and Revolution provides powerful arguments for the continued relevance of Rosenzweig and Rosenstock-Huessy's work in navigating the religious, social, and political conflicts we now face.

Toward a Dialectic of Philosophy and Organization

—Raya Dunayevskaya, Oct. 6, 1986 (Dunayevskaya, 1981: #10789) In each age,
revolutionary thinker-activists have been challenged to work out the dialectic in
philosophy for their historic moment. For Marx in the middle of the 19th century, ...

Author: Eugene Gogol

Publisher: BRILL

ISBN: 9004232818

Category: Social Science

Page: 408

View: 829

In Toward a Dialectic of Philosophy and Organization revolutions and revolutionary movements of the nineteenth and twentieth centuries are examined through the lens of the Hegelian-Marxian dialectic(s) and Marx’s concept of revolutionary organization.

Rousseau and Revolution

Victor Hugo's famous assertion that the French Revolution was 'Rousseau's fault'
is but one example of the many different views on the relationship between
Rousseau's philosophy and phenomena such as revolutions and insurrections.

Author: Holger Ross Lauritsen

Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing

ISBN: 1441164138

Category: Philosophy

Page: 224

View: 319

The political philosophy of the 18th century philosopher Jean-Jacques Rousseau has long been associated with the dramatic events of the French Revolution. In this book, an international team of scholars has been brought together to examine the connection between Rousseau's thought and the revolutionary traditions of modern Europe. The book explores Rousseau's own conceptions of violence and revolution in contrast to those of other thinkers such as Hegel and Fanon and in connection with his ideas on democracy. Historical analyses also consider Rousseau's thinking in light of the French Revolution in particular and the European revolutions that have followed it. Across the eleven chapters the book also touches on such issues as citizenship, activism, terrorism and the State. In doing so, the book reveals Rousseau to be an important source of insight into contemporary political problems.

Preparation of the Glorious Revolution an analysis of philosophical writings

The Glorious Revolution lays claim to being the only political revolution that has not seen bloodshed, this is due to the fact that James II could not revolt to an invitation from the parliament to William of Orange (King of Holland) to ...

Author: Romy Suckow

Publisher: GRIN Verlag

ISBN: 3638722562

Category: Foreign Language Study

Page: 15

View: 744

Seminar paper from the year 2007 in the subject English Language and Literature Studies - Culture and Applied Geography, grade: keine, University of Potsdam (Institut für Anglistik), 11 + 5 online entries in the bibliography, language: English, abstract: The Glorious Revolution of 1688 was a decisive event in the history of modern Europe and also of the English-speaking world; for it changed the character of English government, gave meaning to a political philosophy and contributed to the working out of a balance of power among nations (Ashley, 13). This revolution was successful; it undoubtedly contributed to the evolution of parliamentary democracy in England and of a balanced constitution in the United States of America. The Glorious Revolution lays claim to being the only political revolution that has not seen bloodshed, this is due to the fact that James II could not revolt to an invitation from the parliament to William of Orange (King of Holland) to assist in its administration. The importance of this revolution is highlighted by the commissioners' success in overturning the powers of the monarchy and establishing an elected parliament and a movement toward a constitutional monarchy. The first 'Bill of Rights', ensured this and indirectly invested in the rights of the individual to freedom from absolute power. As a precedent, the Glorious Revolution was an integral part of democratic development and the foundations for political revolution in England as well as in France and America. The Revolution happened during a period of intense intellectual ferment. It was a period when Europe emerged from the middle ages and the Modern Mind was born. It is impossible to ignore the contribution of philosophical figures like John Locke, Thomas Hobbes and Robert Filmer. They are perhaps the most significant thinkers of the 17th century. They had different ideas at slightly different times. In this paper I want to point out the causes and consequences of the Glorious Revolution; especially concerning philosophy. I will point out which events set the stage for the Revolution and will point out whether the events inspired political writing or whether political writing pushed forward the events.

Mechanics and Natural Philosophy before the Scientific Revolution

1526/1527)6 and became familiar with the Averroist trends in Aristotelian
philosophy.7 Mendoza had a brilliant diplomatic career. In 1536, Charles V
instructed him to join Eustace Chauys, the imperial ambassador in England. In
1539 ...

Author: Walter Roy Laird

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1402059671

Category: Science

Page: 320

View: 112

This volume deals with a variety of moments in the history of mechanics when conflicts arose within one textual tradition, between different traditions, or between textual traditions and the wider world of practice. Its purpose is to show how the accommodations sometimes made in the course of these conflicts ultimately contributed to the emergence of modern mechanics.

The Modern Philosophical Revolution

Positive Philosophy as Personal This is the transition that Schelling himself
denotes as the movement from negative to positive philosophy. The lectures On
the History ofMod- ern Philosophy (1833–34), which are partly included in the
later ...

Author: David Walsh

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1139475207

Category: Philosophy


View: 639

The Modern Philosophical Revolution breaks new ground by demonstrating the continuity of European philosophy from Kant to Derrida. Much of the literature on European philosophy has emphasised the breaks that have occurred in the course of two centuries of thinking. But as David Walsh argues, such a reading overlooks the extent to which Kant, Hegel, and Schelling were already engaged in the turn toward existence as the only viable mode of philosophising. Where many similar studies summarise individual thinkers, this book provides a framework for understanding the relationships between them. Walsh thus dispels much of the confusion that assails readers when they are only exposed to the bewildering range of positions taken by the philosophers he examines. His book serves as an indispensable guide to a philosophical tradition that continues to have resonance in the post-modern world.

Philosophy and Hip Hop

Typically when reviewing eras of renaissance and revolution, we see familiar
elements and telling transitions. We turn to the professionals— philosophers,
sociologists, historians, and cultural critics—to help us understand what it is we
are ...

Author: J. Bailey

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 1137429941

Category: Philosophy

Page: 200

View: 748

Philosophy and Hip-Hop: Ruminations on Postmodern Cultural Form opens up the philosophical life force that informs the construction of Hip-hop by turning the gaze of the philosopher upon those blind spots that exist within existing scholarship. Traditional Departments of Philosophy will find this book a solid companion in Contemporary Philosophy or Aesthetic Theory. Inside these pages is a project that parallels the themes of existential angst, corporate elitism, social consciousness, male privilege and masculinity. This book illustrates the abundance of philosophical meaning in the textual and graphic elements of Hip-hop, and thus places Hip-hop within the philosophical canon.