Weedy and Invasive Plant Genomics

Comparative Genomics Comparative genomics involves comparing genomes of
two or more species. Bioinformatics are important tools for comparative genomics
among several plant species. For example, Chittenden et al. (1994) proposed ...

Author: C. Neal Stewart, Jr.

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 0813805481

Category: Science

Page: 368

View: 679

Weedy and Invasive Plant Genomics offers a comprehensive, up-to-date reference on genetic and genomics research in weedy and invasive plants. Forward-looking in its approach, the work also assesses the areas of future research necessary to defeat these agricultural pests. This research-based, scholarly work engenders a further understanding of weeds and invasive plants, opening avenues for developing more effective methods of managing them. This volume will be a necessary reference for weed scientists, agrochemical industry researchers, conservation geneticist, and plant biologists.

Functional Plant Genomics

For this purpose, “activation tagging” lines are used that contain an insertion
element carrying a promoter or a strong transcription activator that will direct the
transcription in the flanking region of the insertion, with overexpression of the
plant ...

Author: J F Morot-Gaudry

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1000610969

Category: Science

Page: 714

View: 459

The openings offered by functional genomics reconciles organism biology and molecular biology, in order to define an integrative biology that should allow new insights about how a phenotype is built up from a genotype in interaction with its environment. This book covers a wide area of concepts and methods in genomics. This range from international

Principles and Practices of Plant Genomics Volume 3

3 THE GLOBAL FUNDING AND RESEARCH LANDSCAPE FOR PLANT
GENOMICS The large number of possible applications for plant genomics
research outlined in Section 2 makes it very difficult to provide a simple overview
of the ...

Author: Chittaranjan Kole

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1439845522

Category: Science

Page: 370

View: 964

This book presents the basic and applied aspects of sequencing of genes and genomes and their implication in the fine-scale elucidation of the plant genomes. The third volume presents an overview on the advances of plant genomics made in the past century; deliberations on the genomics resources; concepts, tools, strategies, and achievements of comparative, evolutionary, and functional genomics and whole-genome sequencing. It also presents critical reviews on the already completed genome initiatives and glimpses on the currently progressing genome initiatives. This volume is an ideal reference book for students, scholars and scientists in academia, industry, and government.

Applied Plant Genomics and Biotechnology

genomics. and. biotechnology. Dawei Xue1,3, Hua Jiang2 and Qian Qian1,3
1College of Life and Environmental Sciences, Hangzhou Normal University,
Hangzhou, China; 2Institute of Plant Protection and Microbiology, Zhejiang
Academy of ...

Author: Palmiro Poltronieri

Publisher: Woodhead Publishing

ISBN: 0081000715

Category: Science

Page: 356

View: 653

Applied plant genomics and biotechnology reviews the recent advancements in the post-genomic era, discussing how different varieties respond to abiotic and biotic stresses, investigating epigenetic modifications and epigenetic memory through analysis of DNA methylation states, applicative uses of RNA silencing and RNA interference in plant physiology and in experimental transgenics, and plants modified to produce high-value pharmaceutical proteins. The book provides an overview of research advances in application of RNA silencing and RNA interference, through Virus-based transient gene expression systems, Virus induced gene complementation (VIGC), Virus induced gene silencing (Sir VIGS, Mr VIGS) Virus-based microRNA silencing (VbMS) and Virus-based RNA mobility assays (VRMA); RNA based vaccines and expression of virus proteins or RNA, and virus-like particles in plants, the potential of virus vaccines and therapeutics, and exploring plants as factories for useful products and pharmaceuticals are topics wholly deepened. The book reviews and discuss Plant Functional Genomic studies discussing the technologies supporting the genetic improvement of plants and the production of plant varieties more resistant to biotic and abiotic stresses. Several important crops are analysed providing a glimpse on the most up-to-date methods and topics of investigation. The book presents a review on current state of GMO, the cisgenesis-derived plants and novel plant products devoid of transgene elements, discuss their regulation and the production of desired traits such as resistance to viruses and disease also in fruit trees and wood trees with long vegetative periods. Several chapters cover aspects of plant physiology related to plant improvement: cytokinin metabolism and hormone signaling pathways are discussed in barley; PARP-domain proteins involved in Stress-Induced Morphogenetic Response, regulation of NAD signaling and ROS dependent synthesis of anthocyanins. Apple allergen isoforms and the various content in different varieties are discussed and approaches to reduce their presence. Euphorbiaceae, castor bean, cassava and Jathropa are discussed at genomic structure, their diseases and viruses, and methods of transformation. Rice genomics and agricultural traits are discussed, and biotechnology for engineering and improve rice varieties. Mango topics are presented with an overview of molecular methods for variety differentiation, and aspects of fruit improvement by traditional and biotechnology methods. Oilseed rape is presented, discussing the genetic diversity, quality traits, genetic maps, genomic selection and comparative genomics for improvement of varieties. Tomato studies are presented, with an overview on the knowledge of the regulatory networks involved in flowering, methods applied to study the tomato genome-wide DNA methylation, its regulation by small RNAs, microRNA-dependent control of transcription factors expression, the development and ripening processes in tomato, genomic studies and fruit modelling to establish fleshy fruit traits of interest; the gene reprogramming during fruit ripening, and the ethylene dependent and independent DNA methylation changes. provides an overview on the ongoing projects and activities in the field of applied biotechnology includes examples of different crops and applications to be exploited reviews and discusses Plant Functional Genomic studies and the future developments in the field explores the new technologies supporting the genetic improvement of plants

Plant Genomics and Proteomics

... and the detailed characterization of the pathways involved, may enlighten the
search for durable diseaseand stress-tolerant plants in agriculture. Studies on
stress-related responses must include a whole range of considerations from plant
 ...

Author: Christopher A. Cullis

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 0471488585

Category: Science

Page: 232

View: 449

Plant research has stood at the forefront of the genomicsrevolution. One of the first genome projects, the sequencing of thecommonly used model organism Arabidopsis, has already yieldedimportant results for the study of a broad array of crops such ascorn and soybeans. With crop and food bioengineering only in itsinfancy, the need to understand the fundamental genetic mechanismsof plants will only become more pressing. A comprehensive guide to this fascinating area of genomics,Plant Genomics and Proteomics presents an integrated,broadly accessible treatment of the complex relationship betweenthe genome, transcriptome, and proteome of plants. This clearlywritten text introduces the reader to the range of moleculartechniques applicable to investigating the unique facets of plantgrowth, development, and response to the environment. Coverageincludes: Functional and structural genomics addressed within the contextof current techniques and challenges to come How to utilize DNA and protein sequence data Practical considerations for choosing and employing the mostcommonly available computer applications A review of applications for biotechnology, including geneticmodification and defense against pathogens Bioinformatics tools and Web resources Numerous examples from the latest research throughout Assuming no specialized knowledge of plant biology on the partof its reader, Plant Genomics and Proteomics providesan invaluable resource for students and researchers inbiotechnology, plant biology, genomics, and bioinformatics.

Proceedings of 4th Edition of International Conference on Plant Genomics 2018

Journal of Plant Physiology & Pathology : Volume 6 EuroScicon. Plant Genomics
Clustering288linesfromthefinalpanelof the DurumWheatReference Collection (
DWRC) byTdDRF1 genevariability Plant Genomics June 20-21, 2018 Rome, Italy
 ...

Author: EuroScicon

Publisher: EuroScicon

ISBN:

Category: Nature

Page: 57

View: 465

June 20-21, 2018 Rome, Italy Key Topics : Plant Genomics And Biotechnology, Plant Genome Engineering: Strategies And Developments, Plant Functional Genomics, Plant Genetics And Epigenetics, Bioinformatics And Data Analysis, Plant Science, Plant Breeding, Plant Proteomics, Plant Pathology, Genetically Modified Organism, Genome Sequencing, Molecular Breeding, Plant Synthetic Biology And Plant Transcriptome, Cell And Molecular Sciences, Agriculture, Food And Environment, Entrepreneur Investment Meet, Plant Protection

From Plant Genomics to Plant Biotechnology

Genomics of grapevine: from genomics research on model plants to crops and
from science to grapevine breeding Fatemeh Maghuly, BOKU VIBT, Austria,
Giorgio Gambino, Plant Virology Institute, National Research Council (IVV-CNR),
Italy, ...

Author: Palmiro Poltronieri

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 1908818476

Category: Science

Page: 274

View: 795

With the appearance of methods for the sequencing of genomes and less expensive next generation sequencing methods, we face rapid advancements of the -omics technologies and plant biology studies: reverse and forward genetics, functional genomics, transcriptomics, proteomics, metabolomics, the movement at distance of effectors and structural biology. From plant genomics to plant biotechnology reviews the recent advancements in the post-genomic era, discussing how different varieties respond to abiotic and biotic stresses, understanding the epigenetic control and epigenetic memory, the roles of non-coding RNAs, applicative uses of RNA silencing and RNA interference in plant physiology and in experimental transgenics and plants modified to specific aims. In the forthcoming years these advancements will support the production of plant varieties better suited to resist biotic and abiotic stresses, for food and non-food applications. This book covers these issues, showing how such technologies are influencing the plant field in sectors such as the selection of plant varieties and plant breeding, selection of optimum agronomic traits, stress-resistant varieties, improvement of plant fitness, improving crop yield, and non-food applications in the knowledge based bio-economy. Discusses a broad range of applications: the examples originate from a variety of sectors (including in field studies, breeding, RNA regulation, pharmaceuticals and biotech) and a variety of scientific areas (such as bioinformatics, -omics sciences, epigenetics, and the agro-industry) Provides a unique perspective on work normally performed 'behind closed doors'. As such, it presents an opportunity for those within the field to learn from each other, and for those on the 'outside' to see how different groups have approached key problems Highlights the criteria used to compare and assess different approaches to solving problems. Shows the thinking process, practical limitations and any other considerations, aiding in the understanding of a deeper approach

Genomics for Biosafety in Plant Biotechnology

V Preface In mainstream plant biotechnology research , attention is rapidly
shifting towards genomics and its “ omics ” offspring . The various genomics
approaches ( transcriptomics , proteomics , metabo - lomics , phenomics etc. )
aim at the ...

Author: Jan-Peter Nap

Publisher: IOS Press

ISBN: 9781586034320

Category:

Page:

View: 798


Genomics of Plant Genetic Resources

And now the area of metabolomics is allowing even more meaningful
explanations of the biochemical and genetic pathways underlying important traits
. This book brings all of these advances in genomics to the forefront and prepares
the plant ...

Author: Roberto Tuberosa

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9400775725

Category: Science

Page: 710

View: 497

Our lives and well being intimately depend on the exploitation of the plant genetic resources available to our breeding programs. Therefore, more extensive exploration and effective exploitation of plant genetic resources are essential prerequisites for the release of improved cultivars. Accordingly, the remarkable progress in genomics approaches and more recently in sequencing and bioinformatics offers unprecedented opportunities for mining germplasm collections, mapping and cloning loci of interest, identifying novel alleles and deploying them for breeding purposes. This book collects 48 highly interdisciplinary articles describing how genomics improves our capacity to characterize and harness natural and artificially induced variation in order to boost crop productivity and provide consumers with high-quality food. This book will be an invaluable reference for all those interested in managing, mining and harnessing the genetic richness of plant genetic resources.

Plant Genomics

Between October 1999 and January 2001 , The Plant Cell solicited and
published a series of genomics articles that were written to acquaint the plant
science community with genomics technologies and approaches , as outlined by
editor - in ...

Author: Ralph Quatrano

Publisher: Amer Society of Plant physiologists

ISBN:

Category: Science

Page: 319

View: 498


Principles and Practices of Plant Genomics Vol 2

Therefore , future molecular breeding will marker - assisted breeding , transgenic
breeding , and genomics - aided breeding . Plant genomics and molecular
breeding are going to play the pivotal role in the fields of agriculture , medicine ...

Author: C Kole

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN:

Category: Science

Page: 517

View: 778

"The three volumes in this series ... containing 41 chapters contributed by over [one] hundred globally reputed scientists, provide lucid deliberations on the concepts, strategies, tools, methodologies and achievements of plant genomics presented in a typical class-room approach."--Back cover.

Plant Genome Diversity Volume 1

1 1.1 Introduction The genome of Arabidopsis thaliana, the first completed plant
genome sequence, was published in December of 2000 (The Arabidopsis
Genome Initiative 2000). This event marked the beginning of the plant genomics
era.

Author: Jonathan Wendel

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3709111293

Category: Science

Page: 282

View: 316

In this timely new 2-volume treatise, experts from around the world have banded together to produce a first-of-its-kind synopsis of the exciting and fast moving field of plant evolutionary genomics. In Volume I of Plant Genome Diversity, an update is provided on what we have learned from plant genome sequencing projects. This is followed by more focused chapters on the various genomic “residents” of plant genomes, including transposable elements, centromeres, small RNAs, and the evolutionary dynamics of genes and non-coding sequences. Attention is drawn to advances in our understanding of plant mitochondrial and plastid genomes, as well as the significance of duplication in genic evolution and the non-independent evolution among sequences in plant genomes. Finally, Volume I provides an introduction to the vibrant new frontier of plant epigenomics, describing the current state of our knowledge and the evolutionary implications of the epigenomic landscape.

Principles and Practices of Plant Genomics Vol 1

Recent developments in functional genomics , transgenics and bioinformatics
have vastly enriched the resources of today's plant breeding . Information on a
large number of genes handled simultaneously by genomics and thereby genetic
 ...

Author: C Kole

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN:

Category: Science

Page: 415

View: 176

"The three volumes in this series ... containing 41 chapters contributed by over [one] hundred globally reputed scientists, provide lucid deliberations on the concepts, strategies, tools, methodologies and achievements of plant genomics presented in a typical class-room approach."--Back cover.

Plant Genomics and Microarray Technology for the Classroom

Plant Genomics and Microarray Technology for the Classroom I .
INTRODUCTION L . A . Background In the last decade , genomics tools such as
microarrays have revolutionized the way biologists think and work . Having tools
to analyze an ...

Author: Betsy Barnard

Publisher:

ISBN:

Category:

Page: 118

View: 235


Genomics Assisted Crop Improvement

Vol 1: Genomics Approaches and Platforms R.K. Varshney, Roberto Tuberosa ...
for Plant Genomics and Department of Plant Molecular Biology, University of
Delhi South Campus, Benito Juarez Road, New Delhi-110021, India Abstract:
Plant ...

Author: R.K. Varshney

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1402062958

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 386

View: 910

This superb volume provides a critical assessment of genomics tools and approaches for crop breeding. Volume 1 presents the status and availability of genomic resources and platforms, and also devises strategies and approaches for effectively exploiting genomics research. Volume 2 goes into detail on a number of case studies of several important crop and plant species that summarize both the achievements and limitations of genomics research for crop improvement.

Plant Genotyping II

Introduction. Plant genomics has developed rapidly and as a result many high-
throughput analytical methods are available. The increase in the adoption of
these genomic platforms has seen the storage of DNA and associated by-
products of ...

Author: Robert J. Henry

Publisher: CABI

ISBN: 1845933834

Category: Science

Page: 285

View: 522

Describes some of the developments in the field of Plant Genotyping, focusing on single nucleotide polymorphism (SNPs). This book covers the discovery, analysis and uses of SNPs, and examines other approaches to plant genotyping.

Genetics and Genomics of Rosaceae

... Albert G. Abbott 1 Plant Genome Sequencing Overview and History The long-
term goal of plant genomics is to identify, isolate and determine the function of
plant genes that are associated with both vegetative and reproductive phe-
notypes.

Author: Kevin M. Folta

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9780387774916

Category: Science

Page: 636

View: 620

This is the first book on Rosaceae genomics. It covers progress in recent genomic research among the Rosaceae, grounding this firmly in the historical context of genetic studies and in the application of genomics technologies for crop development.

Plant Functional Genomics

The completion in 2000 of the genome sequence of Arabidopsis thaliana has
created a number of new and exciting challenges in plant functional genomics.
The immediate task for the plant biology community is to establish the functions of
the ...

Author: Erich Grotewold

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1592594131

Category: Science

Page: 449

View: 417

Erich Grotewold has assembled a team of leading plant scientists to describe in detail the most commonly used methods for investigating plant gene function in a wide variety of plants, during plant pathogen interactions, and even in algae. These readily reproducible protocols include computational, molecular, and genetic methodologies designed for both general and specific problems. Here the reader will learn about powerful computational and statistical tools to help predict gene function either on the basis of comparative genomics, or from the analysis of complex genome sequences. Numerous loss-of-function and gain-of-function techniques for discovering gene function are presented in step-by-step detail. Cutting-edge computational, molecular, and genetic protocols for establishing plant gene function Powerful combination of experimental and computer-based methods Loss-of-function and gain-of-function mutant analyses Comprehensive analysis of the bioinformatic tools available to interpret results Comprehensive bibliography.

Introduction to Plant Biotechnology

25 Genomics Genomics is a rapidly emerging area of research , wheat , maize ,
Arabidopsis , and potato , we can and in ... Plant genomics the expression of the
genome as a whole rather is a part of this larger field and embraces the than an ...

Author: H. S. Chawla

Publisher: Science Publishers

ISBN: 9781578082285

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 538

View: 526

Plant biotechnology has created unprecedented opportunities for the manipulation of biological systems of plants. To understand biotechnology, it is essential to know the basic aspects of genes and their organization in the genome of plant cells. This text on the subject is aimed at students.

Plant Nutritional Genomics

A 'textbook' plant typically comprises about 85% water and 13.5% carbohydrates.
The remaining fraction contains at least 14 mineral elements, without which
plants would be unable to complete their life cycles. These essential mineral ...

Author: Martin R. Broadley

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1405143762

Category: Science

Page: 344

View: 476

A ‘textbook’ plant typically comprises about 85% waterand 13.5% carbohydrates. The remaining fraction contains at least14 mineral elements, without which plants would be unable tocomplete their life cycles. Understanding plant nutrition and applying this knowledge topractical use is important for several reasons. First, anunderstanding of plant nutrition allows fertilisers to be used morewisely. Second, the nutritional composition of crops must betailored to meet the health of humans and livestock. Third, manyregions of the world are currently unsuitable for crop production,and an understanding of plant nutrition can be used to developstrategies either for the remediation of this land or for thecultivation of novel crops. That application of knowledge of plant nutrition can be achievedthrough genotypic or agronomic approaches. Genotypic approaches,based on crop selection and / or breeding (conventional or GM),have recently begun to benefit from technological advances,including the completion of plant genome sequencing projects. Thisbook provides an overview of how plant nutritional genomics,defined as the interaction between a plant's genome and itsnutritional characteristics, has developed in the light ofthese technological advances, and how this new knowledge mightusefully be applied. This is a book for researchers and professionals in plantmolecular genetics, biochemistry and physiology, in both theacademic and industrial sectors.