Practical Psychology in Construction Management

Author: Tom Melvin

Publisher: Van Nostrand Reinhold Company

ISBN:

Category: Construction industry

Page: 407

View: 296


The Psychological Construction of Emotion

This volume presents cutting-edge theory and research on emotions as constructed events rather than fixed, essential entities.

Author: Lisa Feldman Barrett

Publisher: Guilford Publications

ISBN: 1462516971

Category: Psychology

Page: 479

View: 247

This volume presents cutting-edge theory and research on emotions as constructed events rather than fixed, essential entities. It provides a thorough introduction to the assumptions, hypotheses, and scientific methods that embody psychological constructionist approaches. Leading scholars examine the neurobiological, cognitive/perceptual, and social processes that give rise to the experiences Western cultures call sadness, anger, fear, and so on. The book explores such compelling questions as how the brain creates emotional experiences, whether the "ingredients" of emotions also give rise to other mental states, and how to define what is or is not an emotion. Introductory and concluding chapters by the editors identify key themes and controversies and compare psychological construction to other theories of emotion.

Making a Difference

Drawing on postmodernist scepticism about what we know and how we know it and on recent developments in the philosophy of science and feminist theory, this book offers a new perspective on the meaning of gender, one that is not determined ...

Author: Rachel T. Hare-Mustin

Publisher: Yale University Press

ISBN: 9780300052220

Category: Psychology

Page: 212

View: 625

Drawing on postmodernist scepticism about what we know and how we know it and on recent developments in the philosophy of science and feminist theory, this book offers a new perspective on the meaning of gender, one that is not determined by the traditional focus on male-female differences.

Scale Construction and Psychometrics for Social and Personality Psychology

Providing conceptual and practical foundations in scale construction and psychometrics for producers and consumers of social/personality research, this guide covers basic principles, practices, and processes in scale construction, scale ...

Author: Mike Furr

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 1446209482

Category: Psychology

Page: 160

View: 196

Electronic Inspection Copy available for instructors here Providing conceptual and practical foundations in scale construction and psychometrics for producers and consumers of social/personality research, this guide covers basic principles, practices, and processes in scale construction, scale evaluation, scale use, and interpretation of research results in the context of psychological measurement. It explains fundamental concepts and methods related to dimensionality, reliability, and validity. In addition, it provides relatively non-technical introductions to special topics and advanced psychometric perspectives such as Confirmatory Factor Analysis, Generalizability Theory, and Item Response Theory. The SAGE Library in Social and Personality Psychology Methods provides students and researchers with an understanding of the methods and techniques essential to conducting cutting-edge research. Each volume within the Library explains a specific topic and has been written by an active scholar (or scholars) with expertise in that particular methodological domain. Assuming no prior knowledge of the topic, the volumes are clear and accessible for all readers. In each volume, a topic is introduced, applications are discussed, and readers are led step by step through worked examples. In addition, advice about how to interpret and prepare results for publication are presented.

A Handbook of Test Construction Psychology Revivals

Originally published in 1986, this handbook by an internationally acknowledged expert provided an introductory and comprehensive treatment of the business of constructing good tests.

Author: Paul Kline

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317444590

Category: Psychology

Page: 260

View: 262

Psychological tests provide reliable and objective standards by which individuals can be evaluated in education and employment. Therefore accurate judgements must depend on the reliability and quality of the tests themselves. Originally published in 1986, this handbook by an internationally acknowledged expert provided an introductory and comprehensive treatment of the business of constructing good tests. Paul Kline shows how to construct a test and then to check that it is working well. Covering most kinds of tests, including computer presented tests of the time, Rasch scaling and tailored testing, this title offers: a clear introduction to this complex field; a glossary of specialist terms; an explanation of the objective of reliability; step-by-step guidance through the statistical procedures; a description of the techniques used in constructing and standardizing tests; guidelines with examples for writing the test items; computer programs for many of the techniques. Although the computer testing will inevitably have moved on, students on courses in occupational, educational and clinical psychology, as well as in psychological testing itself, would still find this a valuable source of information, guidance and clear explanation.

Health and the Construction of the Individual

Using social constructionism, this text presents a social study of social science.

Author: Jane Ogden

Publisher: Psychology Press

ISBN: 9780415233064

Category: Psychology

Page: 130

View: 195

Using social constructionism, this text presents a social study of social science. Focusing on constructions of the individual in health-related psychological and sociological texts, it explores how social science constructs facts using methodology, measurement, theory and boundaries.

The Construction of Personality

Originally published in 1988, this second edition of The Construction of Personality has been substantially revised and updated.

Author: Sarah E. Hampson

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 0429659032

Category: Psychology

Page: 326

View: 109

Originally published in 1988, this second edition of The Construction of Personality has been substantially revised and updated. The author provides an introduction to current theory and research in the psychology of personality at the time and examines this work from the perspective of constructivism. As a consequence of this constructivist approach, the book covers topics from social psychology (e.g. person perception, impression formation) as well as more conventional areas of personality. In this new edition the constructivist perspective is emphasized by the addition of a new chapter in which the constructivist approach to personality is presented, and the chapters on the lay and self perspectives have been extensively re-written. All the other chapters have been revised to include recent material.

The Construction Zone

A description of several years of painstaking classroom observations and caregully crafted experimental interventions.

Author: Denis Newman

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521389426

Category: Education

Page: 169

View: 781

A description of several years of painstaking classroom observations and caregully crafted experimental interventions.

Theory Construction and Testing in Physics and Psychology

Author: Altan Löker

Publisher:

ISBN: 142511704X

Category: Hypothesis

Page: 262

View: 333

Only in this book the physicists' method of constructing and testing theories, which are based on but are not deduced from empirical data, is explained in full and is applied to psychology.

Principles and Methods of Test Construction

This latest volume in the series Psychological Assessment – Science and Practice describes the current state-of-the-art in test development and construction.

Author: Karl Schweizer

Publisher: Hogrefe Publishing

ISBN: 161334449X

Category: Psychology

Page: 337

View: 107

This latest volume in the series Psychological Assessment – Science and Practice describes the current state-of-the-art in test development and construction. The past 10-20 years have seen substantial advances in the methods used to develop and administer tests. In this volume many of the world’s leading authorities collate these advances and provide information about current practices, thus equipping researchers and students to successfully construct new tests using the best modern standards and techniques. The first section explains the benefits of considering the underlying theory when designing tests, such as factor analysis and item response theory. The second section looks at item format and test presentation. The third discusses model testing and selection, while the fourth goes into statistical methods that can find group-specific bias. The final section discusses topics of special relevance such as multi-trait multi-state analyses and development of screening instruments.

Introducing Narrative Psychology

This introductory textbook presents a coherent overview of the theory, methodology and potential application of narrative psychological approaches.

Author: Crossley, Michele

Publisher: McGraw-Hill Education (UK)

ISBN: 033520290X

Category: Psychology

Page: 200

View: 881

This introductory textbook presents a coherent overview of the theory, methodology and potential application of narrative psychological approaches. It compares narrative psychology with other social constructionist approaches and argues that the experience of self only takes on meaning through specific linguistic, historical and social structures.

The Construction of Reality in the Child

"The organization of reality occurs, as we shall see, to the extent that the self is freed from itself by finding itself and so assigns itself a place as a thing among things, an event among events.The transition from chaos to cosmos, which ...

Author: Jean Piaget

Publisher: Psychology Press

ISBN: 9780415210003

Category: Psychology

Page: 386

View: 853

"The organization of reality occurs, as we shall see, to the extent that the self is freed from itself by finding itself and so assigns itself a place as a thing among things, an event among events.The transition from chaos to cosmos, which we shall study in the perception and representation of the world in the first two years, is brought about through an elimination of egocentrism comparable to that which we have described on the plane of the child's reflective thought and logic."--P. xiii.

The Remembering Self

Ecological/cognitive approach applied to self-narrative.

Author: University Ulric Neisser, PhD

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521431941

Category: Psychology

Page: 301

View: 508

This book brings a surprisingly wide range of intellectual disciplines to bear on the self-narrative and the self. The same ecological/cognitive approach that successfully organized Ulric Neisserts earlier volume on The Perceived Self, now relates ideas from the experimental, developmental, and clinical study of memory to insights from post-modernism and literature. Although auto- biographical remembering is an essential way of giving meaning to our lives, the memories we construct are never fully consistent and often simply wrong. In the first chapter, Neisser considers the so- called false memory syndrome in this context; other contributors discuss the effects of amnesia, the development of remembering in childhood, the social construction of memory and its allege self- servingness, and the contrast between literary and psychological models of the self. Jerome Bruner, Peggy Miller, Alan Baddeley, Kenneth Gergen and Daniel Albright are among the contributors to this unusual synthesis.

Women and the Psychosocial Construction of Madness

Spanning disciplines like mad studies, psychoanalysis, sociology, and critical theory, this collection explores the interaction between the social and the psyche as it relates to marginalized women’s mental health.

Author: Marie Brown

Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield

ISBN: 1498591957

Category: Psychology

Page: 246

View: 393

Women and the Psychosocial Construction of Madness focuses on the gendered experience of madness within patriarchal power structures. Spanning disciplines like mad studies, psychoanalysis, sociology, and critical theory, this collection explores the interaction between the social and the psyche as it relates to marginalized women’s mental health.

Introduction to Test Construction in the Social and Behavioral Sciences

This book offers beginning researchers in psychology and education with limited statistics backgrounds a practical, hands-on guide to the preparation, assessment, and development of quantitative research instruments.

Author: Joshua A. Fishman

Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield

ISBN: 9780742525207

Category: Education

Page: 167

View: 158

This book offers beginning researchers in psychology and education with limited statistics backgrounds a practical, hands-on guide to the preparation, assessment, and development of quantitative research instruments. With the explicit goal in mind of making the text accessible to readers with only a beginning level of statistical expertise, the authors include numerous examples and figures to illustrate necessary concepts and procedures, while minimizing jargon. The book includes an appendix with directions for the required statistical analyses for readers with access to SPSS. The organization of the book into two sections, theoretical and practical, with complementary chapters in each section, results in a practical and versatile resource to have in a variety of contexts. Because of its versatility, the book may be used either as a textbook for courses on test construction and instrument design or quantitative research methods in psychology and education, as a reference for researchers using and constructing quantitative instruments, or as background reading for professionals in related fields.

The Social Mind

In this book, first published in 2000, the authors elaborate on their notion of intellectual interdependency in the development of scientific ideas.

Author: Jaan Valsiner

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521589734

Category: Psychology

Page: 488

View: 793

In this book, first published in 2000, the authors elaborate on their notion of intellectual interdependency in the development of scientific ideas.

Social Construction

This reader introduces a number of important viewpoints central to social constructionism and charts the development of social constructionist thought.

Author: Kenneth J Gergen

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 9780761972297

Category: Psychology

Page: 262

View: 436

This reader introduces a number of important viewpoints central to social constructionism and charts the development of social constructionist thought.

The Construction of Mental Representations During Reading

This volume presents in-depth investigations of the processes of meaning-making during reading at both local (discourse) and global (general knowledge) levels.

Author: Herre van Oostendorp

Publisher: Psychology Press

ISBN: 1135688397

Category: Psychology

Page: 408

View: 205

This volume presents in-depth investigations of the processes of meaning-making during reading at both local (discourse) and global (general knowledge) levels. It considerably extends our knowledge of how mental representations are constructed and updated during reading. The book also provides insight into the process of representation construction by using online measures and relating this process with final memory representations; provides detailed models of these processes; pays attention to the coordination of multiple representations constructed; focuses on the monitoring and updating of mental representations; and applies all this knowledge to richer and more complicated texts than are often used in laboratories.

Bertrand Russell s Construction of the External World

First published in 2000. Routledge is an imprint of Taylor & Francis, an informa company.

Author: Charles Andrew Fritz

Publisher: Psychology Press

ISBN: 9780415225380

Category: Philosophy

Page: 243

View: 808

First published in 2000. Routledge is an imprint of Taylor & Francis, an informa company.

Beyond Behavior

Walters outlines an overarching theory in which the proper focus of psychological study is how a person interacts with the environment.

Author: Glenn D. Walters

Publisher: Greenwood Publishing Group

ISBN: 9780275969929

Category: Psychology

Page: 229

View: 918

Walters outlines an overarching theory in which the proper focus of psychological study is how a person interacts with the environment. Confronted with the threats posed by a continuously changing environment, the person can either adapt to a change or enact patterned interactions known as lifestyles, the structure and function of which are examined in detail.