Some Questions about Language

Can ordinary language really do what it appears to do , or is this an illusion ? Dr .
Adler maintains that these fundamental questions are not satisfactorily treated in
the two main philosophies of language that have dominated twentieth - century ...

Author: Mortimer Jerome Adler

Publisher: Open Court Publishing

ISBN: 9780812691788

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 189

View: 772

How do meaningless marks and sounds become the meaningful words of a natural language? To what do words having referential significance refer? What is the meaning of the words that do not have referential significance? Can ordinary language really do what it appears to do, or is this an illusion? Dr. Adler maintains that these fundamental questions are not satisfactorily treated in the two main philosophies of language that have dominated twentieth-century thinking on the subject - the syntactical and 'ordinary language' approaches. Drawing upon the tradition of Aristotle, Aquinas, Poinsot, and Husserl, Dr. Adler's own discussion exemplifies the third approach, which he describes as "semantic and lexical." In this now -classic work, the fruit of more than 50 years' concern with the philosophy of language, Dr. Adler advances a powerful theory of meaning and applies it to some outstanding philosophical problems. In unpretentious and uncluttered prose, he provides a limpid introduction to a number of knotty philosophical issues and at the same time issues a challenge to some of the most tenacious doctrines of the modern world.

Questions About Language

Laurie Bauer and Andreea S. Calude In this book, internationally recognized
language professionals respond to questions that they have considered in their
professional capacity. As the chapter titles indicate (e.g. Can you tell someone's ...

Author: Laurie Bauer

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1000043371

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 186

View: 624

Questions About Language sets out to answer, in a readable yet insightful format, a series of vital questions about language, some of which language specialists are regularly asked, and some of which are so surprising that only the specialists think about them. In this handy guide, sixteen language experts answer challenging questions about language, from What makes a language a language? to Do people swear because they don’t know enough words? Illustrating the complexity of human language, and the way in which we use it, the twelve chapters each end with a section on further reading for anyone interested in following up on the topic. Covering core questions about language, this is essential reading for both students new to language and linguistics and the interested general reader.

Key Questions in Language Teaching

L2 learners use output processing procedures to access the information in the
internal language system for speech production. ... Language. Teaching. Method.
or. Approach. Better. Than. Others? There is not a direct answer to this question.

Author: Alessandro G. Benati

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1108425240

Category: Foreign Language Study

Page: 238

View: 443

A concise introduction to the key concepts, principles and recurring issues in language teaching.

The Role of Elicitation Questions in Language Learning A Function Based Framework

Classification of Questions 4.1 Introduction Natural languages divide main
sentences according to their conventional use into declarative ... So questions
may be a crucial input feature fostering development of second language abilities

Author: Janin Jafari

Publisher: Anchor Academic Publishing (aap_verlag)

ISBN: 3954896745

Category: Literary Collections

Page: 106

View: 990

This book presents a theoretical framework of Elicitation Questions. Elicitation questions are the most important aspect of second language learning ability. Understanding the purposes and the conditions in which questions work best will help one master their use. Questioning is not only one of the most important skills in language learning, but also one of the main objectives of learning English in our schools. Although there are a number of definitions, it seems that the term ‘question’ has never been clearly defined. With the changes occurring within the linguistic theories, the term has been characterized in different ways. ‘Questioning’ here refers to the act of asking or putting or using questions through which a good number of functions can be served. The manuscript examines a framework in discourse characterization both in English and Persian, and shed some light on the theoretical description of Elicitations in the two languages. The result has significant implications for those involving in pragmatics, discourse analysis, contrastive analysis, pedagogy and translation.

Language Matters

Do women and men speak differently? Will computers ever really learn human language? Does offensive language harm children? These are only a few of the issues surrounding language that crop up every day.

Author: Donna Jo Napoli

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780199750672

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 256

View: 821

Is Ebonics really a dialect or simply bad English? Do women and men speak differently? Will computers ever really learn human language? Does offensive language harm children? These are only a few of the issues surrounding language that crop up every day. Most of us have very definite opinions on these questions one way or another. Yet as linguists Donna Jo Napoli and Vera Lee-Schoenfeld point out in this short and thoroughly readable volume, many of our most deeply held ideas about the nature of language and its role in our lives are either misconceived or influenced by myths and stereotypes. Language Matters provides a highly informative tour of the world of language, examining these and other vexing and controversial language-related questions. Throughout, Napoli and Lee-Schoenfeld encourage and lead the reader to use common-sense and everyday experience rather than preconceived notions or technical linguistic expertise. Both their questions and their conclusions are surprising, sometimes provocative, and always entertaining. This thoroughly revised second edition updates the book with a new co-author, and includes new chapters on language and power, language extinction, and what it is linguists actually do. Language Matters is sure to engage both general readers and students of language and linguistics at any level.

Japanese Questions Discourse Context and Language

This book fills this gap. Through detailed analyses of formal and informal interactions, this book demonstrates that the inherent multi-functional and polysemous aspect of language can also be observed in the use of questions.

Author: Lidia Tanaka

Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing

ISBN: 1472577620

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 264

View: 328

Questions and interrogatives in Japanese discourse have attracted considerable interest from grammarians, but the communicative aspect has received little attention. This book fills this gap. Through detailed analyses of formal and informal interactions, this book demonstrates that the inherent multi-functional and polysemous aspect of language can also be observed in the use of questions. What emerges is a sense of the considerable variety of question forms and also an understanding of how questions are used to perform a wide range of social actions. The importance of context is stressed throughout the book; both in guiding the speakers' choices of question types and in helping to create the particular stance that characterizes those interactions. The data used in this book shows that speakers prefer questions that are not canonical. When speakers do use canonical questions, these are overwhelmingly accompanied by some mollifiers. This phenomenon suggests that in Japanese communication the illocutionary force of canonical questions is too strong. To soften the interaction, speakers tend to use other types of interrogative forms such as statements with rising intonation or, at least, to leave questions grammatically unfinished. The findings in this book contribute to the understanding of how Japanese speakers use questions in different communicative interactions and provide new evidence of the gap between prescriptive grammar and actual communication.

Knowledge Language and Logic Questions for Quine

(Graduate students who have been so unfortunate as to have had their foreign
language proficiency exams graded by Prof. Quine may question the depth of his
commitment to this principle, but let us eschew ad hominems.) Quine has offered

Author: A. Orenstein

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9780792359869

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 435

View: 348

Quine is one of the twentieth century's most important and influential philosophers. The essays in this collection are by some of the leading figures in their fields and they touch on the most recent turnings in Quine's work. The book also features an essay by Quine himself, and his replies to each of the papers. Questions are raised concerning Quine's views on knowledge: observation, holism, truth, naturalized epistemology; about language: meaning, the indeterminacy of translation, conjecture; and about the philosophy of logic: ontology, singular terms, vagueness, identity, and intensional contexts. Given Quine's preeminent position, this book must be of interest to students of philosophy in general, Quine aficionados, and most particularly to those working in the areas of epistemology, ontology, philosophies of language, of logic, and of science.

English Language Teaching Study Questions Analyzed

Needs analysis is the assessment of needs for which a learner or group of
learners may require a language. As a research area, it started in the early 1970s
along with the development of the communicative approach and has gone
through ...

Author: Rahman Mostafiz

Publisher: BookRix

ISBN: 3736833881

Category: Foreign Language Study

Page: 28

View: 305

The purpose of this book is to build up a general knowledge about designing a syllabus considering its various types and to highlight the issues relevant to teachers and students considering creating their own syllabus with specific references to those based in some third world countries. The later part of this book contains some important methodologies and approaches regarding Foreign Language Teaching. It will hopefully help both teachers and students better evaluate their own programs and courses. It is therefore concerned with linguistic theory and theories of language learning and how they are applied to the classroom.

English Say What Questions of Literacy in a Foreign Language

By the same token , the separation of ' Literature ' as a progressively autonomous
corpus or quality of language from those ... How that class will be constituted is ,
famously , one of the crucial political questions fought out until the Glorious ...


Publisher: UC Biblioteca Geral 1




View: 865

Language Conventions Finish the Questions Practice

+ = logs logs logs Add Som e Logs Bright & Brainy: Kindergarten Practice
provides practice pages for a broad range of Common Core language arts and
mathematics standards. Language arts topics are designed to provide students
practice ...

Author: Suzanne Barchers

Publisher: Teacher Created Materials

ISBN: 1480761095


Page: 5

View: 414

This resource is designed to be robust and relevant to the real world, helping students prepare themselves for life beyond school. Students will gain regular practice through these quick activities. Perfect for additional practice in the classroom or at h

Mosby s Review Questions for the Speech Language Pathology PRAXIS Examination E Book

This clinician probably subscribes to which of the following theories of child
language development? a. Nativist b. Social interactionist c. Universal grammar d
. Behaviorist e. Cognitivist 4. Chomsky's (Owens, 2007) views on language ...

Author: Dennis M. Ruscello

Publisher: Elsevier Health Sciences

ISBN: 0323081207

Category: Medical

Page: 376

View: 118

With approximately 1,400 practice questions – more than any other exam review – this book provides the most complete, reliable preparation available for the PRAXIS II subject assessment examination. Review questions can be selected to match the style and question distribution of the real exam to familiarize you with the examination experience and help you build test-taking confidence. This title includes additional digital media when purchased in print format. For this digital book edition, media content is not included.

Use Body Language to Enhance Your Questions

... be applied to help your nonverbal questioning handsignal language that can
help your verbal questioning skills: • Check your hand and arm positions to see
whether they match your words. Open arms and open hands for open questions.

Author: Terry J. Fadem

Publisher: Pearson Education

ISBN: 9780132542340

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 10

View: 707

This is the eBook version of the printed book. This Element is an excerpt from The Art of Asking: Ask Better Questions, Get Better Answers (9780137144242) by Terry J. Fadem. Available in print and digital formats. Improve your questioning skills by making sure your body language aligns with your words. Body language, hand gestures, and facial expressions are all signals. The signals you send are as important as your words. Hands–open palms up, palms down, fist pounding, prayerful, folded–play a major role;–just be sure your hand signals are consistent with your questions. Don’t send mixed signals. Here are five ways managers misuse hand signals….

The Language Question in Europe and Diverse Societies

s there a language question in 'diverse societies'? This book suggests that there
may be more than one, and that the nature of the questions raised by language
use in such societies is both complex and multifaceted. The particular angle from

Author: Dario Castiglione

Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing

ISBN: 1847313566

Category: Law

Page: 300

View: 598

Recent developments in the European integration process have raised, amongst many other things, the issue of linguistic diversity, for some a stumbling block to the creation of a European democratic polity and its legal and social institutions. The solution to the 'question of language', involves an understanding of the role played by natural languages and the consequent design of policies and institutional mechanisms to facilitate inter-linguistic and intercultural communication. This is not an exclusively European problem, and nor is it entirely new, for it is also the problem of linguistic majorities and minorities within unitary nation-states. However, the effects of globalization and the diffusion of multiculturalism within nation-states have given renewed emphasis to the question of language in diverse societies. Facing the question anew involves reconsidering traditional ideas about social communication and the public sphere, about opinion-formation and diffusion, about the protection of cultural and linguistic minorities, and about the role that language plays in the process of formation of political and legal cultures. This volume is intended as a multidisciplinary contribution towards studying and assessing the range of problems that form the 'language question' in Europe and diverse societies.

Fifty Key Thinkers on Language and Linguistics

These fifty people have asked such questions as: 'What was the first language,
and where did it come from?'; 'What are the constituent parts of a language?'; '
Which languages are related to each other?'; 'Do all languages have properties
in ...

Author: Margaret Thomas

Publisher: Taylor & Francis

ISBN: 1136707492

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 328

View: 833

What was the first language, and where did it come from? Do all languages have properties in common? What is the relationship of language to thought? Fifty Key Thinkers on Language and Linguistics explores how fifty of the most influential figures in the field have asked and have responded to classic questions about language. Each entry includes a discussion of the person’s life, work and ideas as well as the historical context and an analysis of his or her lasting contributions. Thinkers include: Aristotle Samuel Johnson Friedrich Max Müller Ferdinand de Saussure Joseph H. Greenberg Noam Chomsky Fully cross-referenced and with useful guides to further reading, this is an ideal introduction to the thinkers who have had a significant impact on the subject of Language and Linguistics.

Linguistics of American Sign Language

The five basic sentence types we will look at are questions , negations ,
commands , topicalization , and conditionals . ASL also has declarative
sentences ( that is , sentences that convey referential information ) . As a group ,
declarative ...

Author: Clayton Valli

Publisher: Gallaudet University Press

ISBN: 9781563680977

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 493

View: 771

New 4th Edition completely revised and updated with new DVD now available; ISBN 1-56368-283-4

Toward A Genetics of Language

genetic research in the area of language? What are some of the unique
questions that traditional experimental designs are unable to answer? These are

Author: Mabel L. Rice

Publisher: Psychology Press

ISBN: 1134789254

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 432

View: 142

The past decade has brought important new advances in the fields of genetics, behavioral genetics, linguistics, language acquisition, studies of language impairment, and brain imaging. Although these advances are each highly relevant to the determination of what a child is innately prepared to bring to language acquisition, the contributing fields of endeavor have traditionally been relatively self-contained, with little cross communication. This volume was developed with the belief that there is considerable value to be gained in the creation of a shared platform for a dialogue across the disciplines. Leading experts in genetics, linguistics, language acquisition, language impairment, and brain imaging are brought together for the purpose of exploring the current evidence, theoretical issues, and research challenges in a way that bridges disciplinary boundaries and points toward future developments in the search for the genetic and environmental bases of language acquisition and impairments. This collection provides discussions and summaries of: *breakthrough findings of the genetic underpinnings of dyslexia; *theoretical and empirical developments in the specification of a phenotype of language acquisition and impairment; *evidence of familiarity and twin concordances of specific language impairment; and *new evidence from brain imaging. It concludes with a critical response from an advocate of rational empiricism.

African Language Structures

Unless the question word is the subject , such questions require an auxiliary or a
modal , and the order of the subject and the auxiliary or modal in a ... Learners of
an African language , having learned an equivalent of ' What did he do ?

Author: William E. Welmers

Publisher: Univ of California Press

ISBN: 9780520022102

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 488

View: 238

Retells the Cheyenne legend in which a girl and her seven chosen brothers become the Big Dipper.

Language Change and Functional Explanations

Indirectness in speech acts from a diachronic perspective: some evolutionary
aspects of rhetorical questions in Spanish dialogue Henk Haverkate 1.
Introduction Studies in language change have been almost exclusively devoted
to traditional ...

Author: Jadranka Gvozdanović

Publisher: Walter de Gruyter

ISBN: 9783110149135

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 307

View: 761

TRENDS IN LINGUISTICS is a series of books that open new perspectives in our understanding of language. The series publishes state-of-the-art work on core areas of linguistics across theoretical frameworks, as well as studies that provide new insights by approaching language from an interdisciplinary perspective. TRENDS IN LINGUISTICS considers itself a forum for cutting-edge research based on solid empirical data on language in its various manifestations, including sign languages. It regards linguistic variation in its synchronic and diachronic dimensions as well as in its social contexts as important sources of insight for a better understanding of the design of linguistic systems and the ecology and evolution of language. TRENDS IN LINGUISTICS publishes monographs and outstanding dissertations as well as edited volumes, which provide the opportunity to address controversial topics from different empirical and theoretical viewpoints. High quality standards are ensured through anonymous reviewing.

Key Topics in Second Language Acquisition

Instrumental orientation, on the other hand, is seen as characterised by the
desire to obtain something practical from studying a second language. It is typical
of second language acquisition where there is little or no question of the learner ...

Author: Vivian Cook

Publisher: Multilingual Matters

ISBN: 1783091800

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 168

View: 928

This textbook offers an introductory overview of eight hotly-debated topics in second language acquisition research. It offers a glimpse of how SLA researchers have tried to answer common questions about second language acquisition rather than being a comprehensive introduction to SLA research. Each chapter comprises an introductory discussion of the issues involved and suggestions for further reading and study. The reader is asked to consider the issues based on their own experiences, thus allowing them to compare their own intuitions and experiences with established research findings and gain an understanding of methodology. The topics are treated independently so that they can be read in any order that interests the reader.

Language Politics and Social Interaction in an Inuit Community

The language survey of Kuujjuarapik The language survey consisted of a written
questionnaire, with 23 questions, to which respondents provided short answers
or answered on a scale of l to 10. It could be answered in English, French, ...

Author: Donna Patrick

Publisher: Walter de Gruyter

ISBN: 3110897709

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 281

View: 415

Since the early 1970s, the Inuit of Arctic Quebec have struggled to survive economically and culturally in a rapidly changing northern environment. The promotion and maintenance of Inuktitut, their native language, through language policy and Inuit control over institutions, have played a major role in this struggle. Language, Politics, and Social Interaction in an Inuit Community is a study of indigenous language maintenance in an Arctic Quebec community where four languages - Inuktitut, Cree, French, and English - are spoken. It examines the role that dominant and minority languages play in the social life of this community, linking historical analysis with an ethnographic study of face-to-face interaction and attitudes towards learning and speaking second and third languages in everyday life.