Shaping Technology building Society

Building on the influential book The Social Construction of TechnologicalSystems, this volume carries forward the project of creating a theory of technological developmentand implementation that is strongly grounded in both sociology and ...

Author: Wiebe E. Bijker

Publisher: The MIT Press

ISBN: 9780262521949

Category: Science

Page: 341

View: 488

Technology is everywhere, yet a theory of technology and its social dimension remainsto be fully developed. Building on the influential book The Social Construction of TechnologicalSystems, this volume carries forward the project of creating a theory of technological developmentand implementation that is strongly grounded in both sociology and history. The 12 essays addressthe central question of how technologies become stabilized, how they attain a final form and usethat is generally accepted. The essays are tied together by a general introduction, partintroductions, and a theoretical conclusion.The first part of the book examines and criticizes theidea that technologies have common life cycles; three case studies cover the history of a successfulbut never produced British jet fighter, the manipulation of patents by a French R&D company togain a market foothold, and the managed development of high-intensity fluorescent lighting to servethe interests of electricity suppliers as well as the producing company.The second part looks atbroader interactions shaping technology and its social context: the question of who was to define"steel," the determination of what constitutes radioactive waste and its proper disposal, and thesocial construction of motion pictures as exemplified by Thomas Edison's successful development ofthe medium and its commercial failure.The last part offers theoretical studies suggestingalternative approaches to sociotechnologies; two studies argue for a strong sociotechnology in whichartifact and social context are viewed as a single seamless web, while the third looks at the waysin which a social program is a technology.Wiebe E. Bijker is Associate Professor at the Universityof Limburg, The Netherlands. John Law is Professor in Sociology at the University of Keele,Staffordshire, England.

Shaping Technology Building Society

Shaping Technology / Building Society Studies in Sociotechnical Change edited by Wiebe E. Bijker and John Law Building on the influential book The Social Construction of Technological Systems , Shaping Technology / Building Society ...

Author: Wiebe E. Bijker

Publisher: MIT Press

ISBN: 9780262260435

Category: Science

Page: 352

View: 398

Building on the influential book The Social Construction of Technological Systems, this volume carries forward the project of creating a theory of technological development and implementation that is strongly grounded in both sociology and history. Technology is everywhere, yet a theory of technology and its social dimension remains to be fully developed. Building on the influential book The Social Construction of Technological Systems, this volume carries forward the project of creating a theory of technological development and implementation that is strongly grounded in both sociology and history. The 12 essays address the central question of how technologies become stabilized, how they attain a final form and use that is generally accepted. The essays are tied together by a general introduction, part introductions, and a theoretical conclusion. The first part of the book examines and criticizes the idea that technologies have common life cycles; three case studies cover the history of a successful but never produced British jet fighter, the manipulation of patents by a French R&D company to gain a market foothold, and the managed development of high-intensity fluorescent lighting to serve the interests of electricity suppliers as well as the producing company. The second part looks at broader interactions shaping technology and its social context: the question of who was to define "steel," the determination of what constitutes radioactive waste and its proper disposal, and the social construction of motion pictures as exemplified by Thomas Edison's successful development of the medium and its commercial failure. The last part offers theoretical studies suggesting alternative approaches to sociotechnologies; two studies argue for a strong sociotechnology in which artifact and social context are viewed as a single seamless web, while the third looks at the ways in which a social program is a technology.

Vision Assessment Shaping Technology in 21st Century Society

Towards a Repertoire for Technology Assessment John Grin, Armin Grunwald. deliberately and more actively than until ... References Bijker W, Law J (1994, eds) Shaping Technology Building Society. MIT Press. Brauch HG, van de Graaf H, ...

Author: John Grin

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3642597025

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 192

View: 152

One way to shape technology and its embedding in society in the 21st century is through the visions that guide their development, especially concerning the long-term societal perspective. A critical discussion and assessment of these visions is a prerequisite for influencing the course of development. Technology assessment, therefore, has to provide a methodological repertoire for assessing and constructing visions, taking into account the requirements for long-term orientation as well as the need for public legitimation. This volume draws upon insights from technology assessment, political sciences, epistemology, sociology and ethics. It is to contribute to the recent literature in on "shaping technology", taking into account the "co-evolution of technology and society". It connects to that technology assessment literature that emphasises TA's pro-active role and its contribution to political judgement.

Synchronizing Science and Technology with Human Behaviour

... pp75–102 Bijker, W. and Law, J. (1992a) 'Do technologies have trajectories?' in Bijker W. and Law, J. (eds) Shaping Technology/Building Society: Studies in Sociotechnical Change, MIT Press, Cambridge, MA, pp17–19 Bijker,W. and Law, ...

Author: Ralf Brand

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1136535861

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 184

View: 171

A rare achievement, one of the first books to link technological and behavioural change to the sustainability agenda Charles Landry, author of The Creative City Any course interested in sustainable development in practice would benefit from the case studies here Dr Adrian Smith, SPRU Science and Technology Policy Research Unit, University of Sussex, UK Two disjointed voices can be identified in the prevailing sustainability discourse: one technology-focused, the other favouring behavioural solutions. This new, practical text bridges the gap in a 'co-evolutionary' framework, enabling more sustainable policies and projects to be developed. Arguing that technical and social realms are much more connected than most people concerned with sustainability tend to admit, the author has developed an innovative and integrated strategy that encourages planners, architects and politicians to work with end-users in 'co-designing' technologies and infrastructures that make socially desired behaviours more attractive. Having explained the nature of the problem, the author outlines key concepts and shared characteristics of co-evolutionary projects and anticipates possible criticisms. Through detailed analysis and diverse case studies, the reader is presented with a clear picture of a more holistic approach to planning sustainable cities and regions, which will be invaluable for students and professionals alike. This will be an invaluable textbook and planning tool suitable for students of science and technology studies (STS), regional policy and planning, and practitioners including city and regional planners, policy makers and consultants.

Punched Card Systems and the Early Information Explosion 1880 1945

The Sociology of a Few Mundane Artifacts,” in Shaping Technology/ Building Society, ed. Wiebe E. Bijker and John Law (Cambridge, MA: MIT Press, 1992), 225–258; Madeline Akrich and Bruno Latour, “A Summary of a Convenient Vocabulary for ...

Author: Lars Heide

Publisher: JHU Press

ISBN: 0801891434

Category: Computers

Page: 369

View: 223

At a time when Internet use is closely tracked and social networking sites supply data for targeted advertising, Lars Heide presents the first academic study of the invention that fueled today’s information revolution: the punched card. Early punched cards helped to process the United States census in 1890. They soon proved useful in calculating invoices and issuing pay slips. As demand for more sophisticated systems and reading machines increased in both the United States and Europe, punched cards served ever-larger data-processing purposes. Insurance companies, public utilities, businesses, and governments all used them to keep detailed records of their customers, competitors, employees, citizens, and enemies. The United States used punched-card registers in the late 1930s to pay roughly 21 million Americans their Social Security pensions, Vichy France used similar technologies in an attempt to mobilize an army against the occupying German forces, and the Germans in 1941 developed several punched-card registers to make the war effort—and surveillance of minorities—more effective. Heide’s analysis of these three major punched-card systems, as well as the impact of the invention on Great Britain, illustrates how different cultures collected personal and financial data and how they adapted to new technologies. This comparative study will interest students and scholars from a wide range of disciplines, including the history of technology, computer science, business history, and management and organizational studies.

Social Influences on Information and Communication Technology Innovations

In W. E. Bijker & J. Law (Eds.), Shaping technology / building society: studies in sociotechnical change (pp. 205-224). Cambridge Ma: The MIT Press. Akrich, M., & Latour, B. (1992). A summary of a convenient vocabulary for the semiotics ...

Author: Tatnall, Arthur

Publisher: IGI Global

ISBN: 1466615605

Category: Computers

Page: 281

View: 335

It has been over twenty years since developments in actor-network theory were first written on paper. Since then, the Information and Communication Technologies (ICT) community has begun to discover the power of using actor-network theory as an explanatory framework for much of its research. This research community has come to an understanding that information systems are, of necessity, socio-technical in nature and require a socio-technical approach to their investigation. Thanks to developments in actor-network theory, researchers can now approach people and technology as one single entity that gives support to social influences on technological innovations. Social Influences on Information and Communication Technology Innovations discusses in great detail the use of actor-network theory in offering explanations for socio-technical phenomena, focusing greatly on information communication technologies. Implementation and use of information and communication technologies inevitably involves the interactions of both technology and people. This publication facilitates international growth in the body of research investigating the value of using actor-network theory as a means of understanding socio-technical phenomena and technological innovation.

Materiality And Society

The sociology of a few mundane artifacts, in W. Bijker and J. Law (eds) Shaping Technology, Building Society: Studies in Sociotechnical Change. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press. Latour, B. (1992b) Sociology of a few mundane artifacts, ...

Author: Dant, Tim

Publisher: McGraw-Hill Education (UK)

ISBN: 033520855X

Category: Social Science

Page: 170

View: 152

This book examines the relationships between society and material culture: the interaction between people and things. Tim Dant argues that the traditional approach to material culture has focused on the symbolic meanings of objects, largely overlooking the material impact that objects have on everyday life in late modernity.

Methodologies for Developing and Managing Emerging Technology Based Information Systems

The Sociology of a Few Mundane Artifacts” In: Bijker, W.E., Law J. (eds) Shaping Technology / Building Society MIT Press, Cambridge Ma, 1992 Akrich M., Latour B. (1992) "A Summary of a Convenient Vocabulary for the Semiotics of Human ...

Author: Trevor Wood-Harper

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1447136292

Category: Computers

Page: 404

View: 444

This volume contains the proceedings of the 6th International Conference of the BCS Specialist Group on Information Systems Methodologies. The conference brought together papers on methodology issues related to the development and management of emerging technology based information systems. As usual there was a good range of papers addressing the 'soft' and 'hard' aspects of IS development and management. Methodologies for Developing and Managing Emerging Technology-based Information Systems will be of interest to practitioners who are engaged in systems development and modifying or aligning existing methodologies to practice.

Technology and Social Theory

Bijker, W.E. (1992) 'The Social Construction of Fluorescent Lighting, or How an Artifact was Invented in its Diffusion Stage' in W.E. Bijker and J. Law (eds) Shaping Technology/Building Society: Studies in Sociotechnical Change ...

Author: Steve Matthewman

Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing

ISBN: 0230343953

Category: Social Science

Page: 224

View: 728

From the everyday and unnoticed to the newsworthy and cutting edge, technology is undoubtedly a fundamental element of our daily lives. While saving us time and effort, it can also shape our environment, mediate our relationships, and simultaneously solve problems and create new ones. In studying technology we gain an insight into how society is constructed, maintained and transformed. Unravelling and explaining the complex connections between technology and the social contexts in which it is used, Technology and Social Theory guides the reader through 150 years of thinking in this ever evolving field. The chapters critically evaluate a broad range of theorists, from Marx to Foucault, Orwell to Elias, alongside empirical examples which show theory in action. The significance of technology is assessed within both public spheres and intimate spaces, shedding light on its integral role in society. Showing how theory maps the way for further research, and in turn how new advances in research can inform theory, this book is invaluable reading for students and researchers in Sociology, Social theory, Science and Technology Studies and the Media.

Designing Technology Work Organizations and Vice Versa

Akrich, M. (1992), “The de-scription of technical objects”, in Bijker, W.E., Law, J. (eds.), Shaping technology - building society. Studies in sociotechnical change. Cambridge: MIT Press, pp. 205–224. Akrich, M., Latour, B. (1992), ...

Author: Enrico Attila Bruni

Publisher: Vernon Press

ISBN: 1622730283

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 284

View: 667

The concept of design has been defined in a multitude of ways and used in a variety of academic fields, ranging from the classics of organizational and system design to studies on corporate culture, aesthetics and consumption. However, in mainstream organization and management studies, the concept of design has been ‘black-boxed’ and easily implied as an updated (and more fashionable) version of the traditional idea of structuring organizational processes. At the same time, working and organizing seem to be embedded nowadays in increasingly complex and situated technologies and practices. If the spreading of information and communication technologies (ICTs) has changed workplaces (and even the very meaning of 'workplace' as an area marked by the physical presence of different human actors), working and organizing mobilizes the joint action of humans, technologies and knowledges. The aim of the book is thus to discuss the relations among technologies, work and organisations from multiple theoretical perspectives and to engage with questions about design as well as the sociomaterial foundations of working and organising. The book focuses on the close study of practices and processes that inextricably link work and organisation to the use of artefacts and technological systems (and vice versa), exploring by means of different cases of organizational and design research articulations and disarticulations of daily work and design; the doing of objects and technologies in everyday organizational life; the reconstruction of organizational processes through technological and design practices; the relation between learning, innovations and technologies in organizational settings. The book is addressed to graduate students, PhDs, scholars and researchers interested in the fields of Organization Studies, Science and Technology Studies, Sociology and Design, as well as to professionals and practitioners interested in new methodological approaches towards the relations between technology, work and organization.