It develops a social group utility maximization (SGUM) framework that captures diverse social ties of mobile users and diverse physical coupling of mobile devices.
Author: Xiaowen Gong
This SpringerBrief explains how to leverage mobile users' social relationships to improve the interactions of mobile devices in mobile networks. It develops a social group utility maximization (SGUM) framework that captures diverse social ties of mobile users and diverse physical coupling of mobile devices. Key topics include random access control, power control, spectrum access, and location privacy. This brief also investigates SGUM-based power control game and random access control game, for which it establishes the socially-aware Nash equilibrium (SNE). It then examines the critical SGUM-based spectrum access game, and pseudonym change game for personalized location privacy. The authors propose future work on extending the SGUM framework to negative social ties, to demonstrate relevance to security applications and span the continuum between zero-sum game (ZSG) and non-cooperative game (NCG). Social Group Utility Maximization targets researchers and professionals working on mobile networks and social networks. Advanced-level students in electrical engineering and computer science will also find this material useful for their related courses.
The Sgi their utility, denotes the status of group gi utility-maximizing choices of
which includes the term and the voters dgi the ... Shayo's 2009 model
distinguishes three social groups: the lower class, the upper class, and the
Author: Roger D. Congleton
Publisher: Oxford Handbooks
Category: Business & Economics
"This two-volume collection provides a comprehensive overview of the past seventy years of public choice research, written by experts in the fields surveyed. The individual chapters are more than simple surveys, but provide readers with both a sense of the progress made and puzzles that remain. Most are written with upper level undergraduate and graduate students in economics and political science in mind, but many are completely accessible to non-expert readers who are interested in Public Choice research. The two-volume set will be of broad interest to social scientists, policy analysts, and historians"--
Essays in Social and Political Philosophy Axel Honneth, Professor of Philosophy
and Director of the Institut F Axel ... of utility maximization , Bourdieu proceeds
from the idea that the contingently located utility calculus of social groups are ...
Author: Axel Honneth
Publisher: Suny Press
The essays in this book weave together insights and arguments from such diverse traditions as German critical theory, French philosophy and social theory, and recent Anglo-American moral and political theory, offering a unique approach to the political and theoretical consequences of the modernism/postmodernism discussion. Through an analysis of central themes in classical Marxism and early critical theory, the author shows how recent work in a variety of traditions converges on the need to question familiar distinctions between material production and culture, the public and the private, and the political and the social, and to reconsider the conceptions of agency and power that have informed them.
What we refer to here as decision-theoretic models are a class of models that
cannot be attributed to either social choice or game theory, yet generate a
deterministic prediction of an actor's choice. In decision theory, utility
maximization leads ...
Author: Carol Mershon
Publisher: University of Michigan Press
Category: Political Science
A formal model in the social sciences builds explanations when it structures the reasoning underlying a theoretical argument, opens venues for controlled experimentation, and can lead to hypotheses. Yet more importantly, models evaluate theory, build theory, and enhance conjectures. Formal Modeling in Social Science addresses the varied helpful roles of formal models and goes further to take up more fundamental considerations of epistemology and methodology. The authors integrate the exposition of the epistemology and the methodology of modeling and argue that these two reinforce each other. They illustrate the process of designing an original model suited to the puzzle at hand, using multiple methods in diverse substantive areas of inquiry. The authors also emphasize the crucial, though underappreciated, role of a narrative in the progression from theory to model. Transparency of assumptions and steps in a model means that any analyst will reach equivalent predictions whenever she replicates the argument. Hence, models enable theoretical replication, essential in the accumulation of knowledge. Formal Modeling in Social Science speaks to scholars in different career stages and disciplines and with varying expertise in modeling.
Can we make unbiased comparative judgments within preselected superior and
inferior local groups, without being ... of not only being able to identify what is
good (vs. what is not so good) but to maximize the good (e.g., utility maximization
Author: Jerry Suls
Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA
Comparison with other people, a core element of social life, influences self-concept, attitudes, conformity, psychological and physical well-being, achievement, educational outcomes, and social movements. Social comparison has become particularly salient as social and income inequalities have been increasingly recognized in the United States and elsewhere globally. This volume presents classic and state-of-the-science chapters by leading experts that survey the major areas of social comparison theory and research. Authored by noted experts, the volume is divided into three sections: Basic Comparison Processes, Neighboring Fields, and Applications. The first section is comprised of chapters that update classic theories and present contemporary advances, such as the dominating effect of local versus global comparisons, an analysis of the psychology of competition, how comparisons across different domains influence self-concept and achievement, and the integral connections between stereotyping and comparison. The second section introduces perspectives from related fields, such as the decision and network sciences, that shed new light on social comparison. The third section focuses on practical applications of comparison, including relative deprivation, health psychology, the effects of income inequality on well-being, and the relationship of power to comparison. This volume is a must-read for anyone interested in the field of social comparison and its implications for everyday life.
History is replete with endless examples of intra - group social norms that were
irrational and welfare - destroying , from ... that a particular social norm must be
welfare - maximizing or else it would not have been adopted by utility maximizers
Category: Culture and law
The group of investors that actively screens is limiting their portfolio diversification
potential and does not hold portfolios with ... By reformulating the investorspecific
first-order condition resulting from the expected utility maximization problem, ...
Author: Abagail McWilliams
Corporate social responsibility (CSR) continues to grow as an area of interest in academia and business. Encompassing broad topics such as the relationship between business, society, and government, environmental issues, globalization, and the social and ethical dimensions of management andcorporate operation, CSR has become an increasingly interdisciplinary subject relevant to areas of economics, sociology, and psychology, among others.New directions in CSR research include advanced 'micro' based investigations in organizational behaviour and human resource management, additional studies of environmental social responsibility and sustainability, further research on "strategic" CSR, connections between social responsibility andentrepreneurship, and improvements in methods and data analysis as the field matures. Through authoritative contributions from international scholars across the social sciences, this Handbook provides a cohesive overview of this recent expansion. It introduces new perspectives, new methodologies,and new evidence from a range of disciplines to encourage and facilitate interdisciplinary research and global implementation of corporate social responsibility.
The point we now face is that , if there is some competition between different
motivations — maximization of own utility , philia , work performance , social
compliance — given that the other motivations also have direct or indirect effects
Author: Sabina Alkire
Category: Economic man
As such , social expectations serves as another ' bind ' in the bounded rationality
of instrumental pursuits and prevent conflicts that would arise from unrestricted
utility maximization among group members . In this sense , it shares with social ...
Author: Brian Hugh Colwell
Author: Leo P. Chall
CSA Sociological Abstracts abstracts and indexes the international literature in sociology and related disciplines in the social and behavioral sciences. The database provides abstracts of journal articles and citations to book reviews drawn from over 1,800+ serials publications, and also provides abstracts of books, book chapters, dissertations, and conference papers.
Here, other researchers look at social segregation from the point of view of how
social groups use space rather than how they ... Nonetheless, these sociological
studies are salutary in comparison to the economic models of utility maximization.
Author: Trudi E. Bunting
Publisher: Don Mills, Ont. : Oxford University Press
Category: Social Science
This third edition of Canadian Cities in Transition has been completely revised and updated. Examining the uneven development and uncertain future of Canadian cities, 41 specialists in the field - urban geographers, political scientists, urban planners, civil engineers - offer state-of-the-art understanding of everything from the evolution of the Canadian urban system to site-specific design, problems of transportation and infrastructure, the containment of urban sprawl, the impacts of immigration and gentrification, and the sustainability of cities - both environmentally and economically.
... works , a utility maximizing model drawing on the theories of Simon ( 1985 )
that seeks to explain and predict AfricanAmerican group behavior and group
consciousness . Elster ( 1986 ) describes three core elements of social choice
Author: William J. Crotty
Category: Comparative government
In this volume, the study of legislatures has traditionally been a central preoccupation of political scientists. Legislatures provide good laboratories for testing theories and methodologies of significance in the discipline and, more broadly, for contributing to an understanding of how representative government works.
First , we argue that the reason why we keep our promises might be more a
function of our group or collectivity than about maximizing our individual utility or
happiness . Because human beings are social animals , we have social instincts
Category: Law reviews
... different cohort groups , rather than an individual's utility - maximizing problem .
Unlike traditional economic theories , the last approach asserts that individual
preferences vary with socioeconomic factors such as culture and social group
Category: Electronic journals
The public - interest theory is a description , rather than an economic theory , of
the political process because it does not show how utility maximizing by
individuals results in governmental action that promotes the interest of such
diffuse groups ...
Author: Charles K. Rowley
Publisher: Edward Elgar Pub
Category: Social Science
This major reference collection presents in three volumes the key articles and papers on social choice theory.Volume One centres attention on key aspects of the debate on Arrow's impossibility theorem, carefully counter-poising differing viewpoints and embracing competing methodologies. In a field prone to the excessive use of mathematics and of arcane high theory, Charles Rowley skilfully presents a literature which is accessible to non-mathematicians and yet which offers full coverage of all the major debates. Volumes two and three extend the coverage of social choice theory to review the attempts of leading scholars to resolve the ageless problems of determining social goals and reconciling apparent inconsistencies among such goals. Professor Rowley carefully guides the reader through a litany of approaches, both methodological individualist and social engineering, ends-related and process-related in nature. Volume two reprints leading contributions to the utilitarian and contractarian ethics while volume three completes this exercise with material on the social justice and contractarian ethics. Professor Rowley's own introductory essay exposes the social choice research programme to his own Virginian critique, while integrating a large, diffuse literature into a unified whole.
... would not be the maximin principle but would rather be the expected - utility
maximization principle of Bayesian theory . ... personal in - terests ( and perhaps
on the interests of his family , his friends , his occupational group , his social class
Author: Charles Kershaw Rowley
Category: Social choice
However , rationality on the part of each capitalist brings the death of the
capitalist class ( i . e . , to moderate his efforts ... From the Marxist point of view ,
Elster ' s concept of rationality as individual ( or group utility maximization ) is the
Category: Social sciences
Ego's membership in a particular relatively non - deprived category provides
utility to him only when he is able to identify alter as belonging to a relatively
deprived category . ... utility maximization consumer theory , or the household
production function theory as proposed by Becker . ... For the purposes of this
paper I will use Albert Reiss ' concept of Social Class ( Reiss , 1961 ) that is
centered on the ...
Author: American Council on Consumer Interests. Conference
Category: Consumer education
That is their theory of utility maximization . In other words , they invoke the
fundamental premises of Japanese social exchange ( e.g. , reciprocity ,
cooperation , and pole enactment ) in organizing their interfirm relations ,
Consequently , these ...
Author: Mariko Suzuki
Category: Corporate culture
Another idea is to choose rights that maximize social welfare based on individual
utility maximization . ... A demand for a new right , or for the extension of
established rights to a new social group , is an innovation in the social order ; it
Author: Paulo Vieira da Cunha
Category: Community development
Once a shout from the radical fringe, the call for participation has resurfaced as a dominant voice in development thinking. But the new truth may be flawed. The goal of economic development is to increase growth and eliminate poverty. Recently, the goal has been broadened to include promoting participatory governance. Arguably, participation-for example, in community water committees-produces two desirable outcomes: democratic processes and better-targeted, more efficiently delivered public services. Participation is desirable as an end in itself, as a means of sharing resources, control, and responsibility within the social group. Yet participation is not always related to democracy. Fascism was a participatory, grassroots political movement. Participation is as much a problem as it is a solution, as much a goal as a tool. It is a problem when it is disorderly and if it is assumed to be a substitute for democratic representation. It is a solution when it changes conflict into negotiated losses. Participation can make development assistance more effective, but it works best for groups that are already participatory; for groups that can already help themselves. The recent literature on the effectiveness of foreign aid to developing countries presents an interesting analogy. Most foreign aid is useless. The only part that really helps development is that which follows rather than precedes policy change. Similarly, participation seems to work well only when the institutions of participation are in place before the need they address arises and when the institutions are compatible with the needÕs objectives. These conditions are not easily met. Discussions of participation cannot ignore issues of political power, local power, populism, and representation. They cannot ignore issues of moral pluralism (the variety of ways in which people value their lives) or cultural diversity. They cannot dismiss the ways in which people can be blocked from better lives by the beliefs of their cultures. They cannot avoid the pressure that a dominant group may exert to forge solutions that are morally unacceptable. These problems are not irrelevant or unimportant. Efforts to promote participation would seem strikingly banal were the history of development efforts not replete with failures to achieve participation where it would have made a difference. It has typically been assumed that people, especially poor people, lack the competence to decide for themselves. Similarly, the failures of participation would seem strikingly banal if people, especially those we are interested in, behaved the way we expected them to. But people do not behave as expected. Their interests may not be in the collective interest, and their goals may not coincide with broader social goals. This paper is a product of the Office of the Senior Vice President and Chief Economist, Development Economics.