Stochastic Foundations in Movement Ecology

This book presents the fundamental theory for non-standard diffusion problems in movement ecology.

Author: Vicenç Méndez

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3642390102

Category: Science

Page: 310

View: 274

This book presents the fundamental theory for non-standard diffusion problems in movement ecology. Lévy processes and anomalous diffusion have shown to be both powerful and useful tools for qualitatively and quantitatively describing a wide variety of spatial population ecological phenomena and dynamics, such as invasion fronts and search strategies. Adopting a self-contained, textbook-style approach, the authors provide the elements of statistical physics and stochastic processes on which the modeling of movement ecology is based and systematically introduce the physical characterization of ecological processes at the microscopic, mesoscopic and macroscopic levels. The explicit definition of these levels and their interrelations is particularly suitable to coping with the broad spectrum of space and time scales involved in bio-ecological problems. Including numerous exercises (with solutions), this text is aimed at graduate students and newcomers in this field at the interface of theoretical ecology, mathematical biology and physics.

Theory of the Spread of Epidemics and Movement Ecology of Animals

Stochastic Foundations in Movement Ecology. Berlin: Springer. Méndez, V., and
Campos, D. 2008. Population extinction and survival in a hostile environment.
Physical Review E, 77(2), 022901. Mermin, N. D. 1968. Crystalline order in two ...

Author: V. M. (Nitant) Kenkre

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1108841406

Category: Mathematics

Page: 400

View: 820

Powerful analytical tools from statistical physics, guided by field observations are applied to spread of epidemics and movement ecology.

Eye Movement Research

Stochastic foundations in movement ecology: Anomalous diffusion. Front
propagation and random searches. Springer series in synergetics. Berlin,
Heidelberg: Springer. Meyer, P. A. (2009). Stochastic processes from 1950 to the
present.

Author: Christoph Klein

Publisher: Springer Nature

ISBN: 303020085X

Category: Psychology

Page: 1015

View: 565

This edited volume presents fundamentals as well as applications of oculomotor methods in industrial and clinical settings. The topical spectrum covers 1.) basics and background material, 2.) methods such as recording techniques, markov models, Lévy flights, pupillometry and many more, as well as 3.) a broad range of applications in clinical and industrial settings. The target audience primarily comprises research experts and practitioners, but the book may also be beneficial for graduate students.

Anomalous Transport Applications Mathematical Perspectives and Big Data

Méndez V, Campos D, Bartumeus F. Stochastic Foundations in Movement
Ecology. Berlin; Heidelberg: ... Schütz GM, Trimper S. Elephants can always
remember: exact long-range memory effects in a non-Markovian random walk.
Phys Rev E.

Author: Ralf Metzler

Publisher: Frontiers Media SA

ISBN: 2889663655

Category: Science

Page:

View: 797


ANIMAL SPACE USE

Habitat selection during ungulate dispersal and exploratory movement at broad
and fine scale with implications for conservation ... Movement Ecology 2:1-13. ...
Stochastic Foundations in Movement Ecology: Springer Series in Synergetics.

Author: Arild O. Gautestad

Publisher: Dog Ear Publishing

ISBN: 1457541807

Category: Science

Page: 336

View: 993

Animal space use is complex, both from the individual and the population perspective. Spatial memory leads to site fidelity, emergence of home ranges, and multi-scaled use of the environment, and attraction to conspecifics—another memory-dependent property—contributes to population survival by counteracting decline in local abundance from unconstrained dispersal. However, memory effects, multi-scaled space use, and intra-specific cohesion present deep theoretical challenges for biophysical modelling. Animal Space Use presents a range of system descriptors, model designs, and simulations; intrinsic properties from memory and scaling are illustrated in detail, and classical models are scrutinized with respect to compliance with real data. The presentations of concepts are geared towards a broad audience of researchers and students with interest in animal space use. A joint effort between biologists, physicists, and statisticians is now on track to provide a more coherent theory for ecological inference—with a potential for stronger predictive power of ecological models than from more classical approaches. In Animal Space Use, Dr. Arild Gautestad advocates that an extension of the biophysical frame of reference may be needed to understand systems that express intrinsic complexity from the combined effects of scaling and memory. Any scientist in the field of animal ecology should stay abreast of the rapidly developing theory and applications of complex biophysics. This bold, provocative book provides an overview, a critical evaluation of existing concepts, and a wide range of theoretical proposals to resolve present challenges.

Fractional Dynamics in Comb like Structures

Springer, Berlin (1974). V. Méndez, D. Campos and F. Bartumeus, Stochastic
Foundations in Movement Ecology: Anomalous Diffusion, Front Propagation and
Random Searches. Springer, Berlin (2014), http://link.springer.com/book/10.

Author: Iomin Alexander

Publisher: World Scientific

ISBN: 9813273453

Category: Science

Page: 248

View: 868

Random walks often provide the underlying mesoscopic mechanism for transport phenomena in physics, chemistry and biology. In particular, anomalous transport in branched structures has attracted considerable attention. Combs are simple caricatures of various types of natural branched structures that belong to the category of loopless graphs. The comb model was introduced to understand anomalous transport in percolation clusters. Comb-like models have been widely adopted to describe kinetic processes in various experimental applications in medical physics and biophysics, chemistry of polymers, semiconductors, and many other interdisciplinary applications. The authors present a random walk description of the transport in specific comb geometries, ranging from simple random walks on comb structures, which provide a geometrical explanation of anomalous diffusion, to more complex types of random walks, such as non-Markovian continuous-time random walks. The simplicity of comb models allows to perform a rigorous analysis and to obtain exact analytical results for various types of random walks and reaction-transport processes.

Stochastic Population Dynamics in Ecology and Conservation

Russell Lande, Professor of Biostatistics Steinar Engen, Steinar Engen, Bernt-
Erik Sæther, Professor of Population Ecology Bernt-Erik Saether ... but not e
tectonic area I recently active crustal movement social importance , such as
Tokyo . of intensified and special observation ... Mounting the foundations of a on
rubber mounts allows the ground to move u building , effectively isolating it from
the tremors .

Author: Russell Lande

Publisher: Oxford University Press on Demand

ISBN: 9780198525257

Category: Philosophy

Page: 212

View: 484

1. Demographic and environmental stochasticity -- 2. Extinction dynamics -- 3. Age structure -- 4. Spatial structure -- 5. Population viability analysis -- 6. Sustainable harvesting -- 7. Species diversity -- 8. Community dynamics.

Ecology

The Paria contains dense populations of M. movement . carcinus and M.
crenulatum , which , as noted above ... re Recent emphases on abiotic stochastic
influences on production and a new source of migrants between trib temperate ...
Our work was supported by grants from the National rivers were located
immediately below the barrier Science Foundation ( DEB 9208102 and DEB
9221788 ) . falls ) .

Author:

Publisher:

ISBN:

Category: Ecology

Page:

View: 213


Selected Water Resources Abstracts

Ecological Modelling , Vol . ... 3/4 , p 168-178 , GROWTH , MOVEMENT , AND
SURVIVAL IN 1983. ... In the summer of 1979 , water mercial fishing , Stochastic
studies , Model studies . temperatures varied 1-2 C about the seasonal norm A
stochastic ... of the opening and closMENT PORE WATER , ing of the open
seasons for the food shrimp fishery , Harbor Branch Foundation , Inc. , Ft . Pierce ,
Flori( 3 ) a ...

Author:

Publisher:

ISBN:

Category: Water

Page:

View: 440


Encyclopedia of Environmetrics

Author: Abdel H. El-Shaarawi

Publisher: Wiley

ISBN: 9780471899976

Category: Mathematics

Page: 2672

View: 778

A comprehensive overview of environmetric research and its applications... Environmetrics covers the development and application of quantitative methods in the environmental sciences. It provides essential tools for understanding, predicting, and controlling the impacts of agents, both man-made and natural, which affect the environment. Basic and applied research in this area covers a broad range of topics. Primary among these are the quantitative sciences, such as statistics, probability and applied mathematics, chemometrics, and econometrics. Applications are also important, for example in, ecology and environmental biology, public health, atmospheric science, geology, engineering, risk management, and regulatory/governmental policy amongst others. * Divided into 12 sections, the Encyclopedia brings together over 600 detailed articles which have been carefully selected and reviewed through the collaborative efforts of the Editors-in-Chief and the appropriate Section Editor * Presented in alphabetical order all the articles will include an explanatory introduction, extensive cross-referencing and an up-to-date bibliography providing literature references for further reading. Presenting state of the art information in a readable, highly accessible style, the scope and coverage provided by the Encyclopedia of Environmetrics will ensure its place as the landmark reference for the many scientists, educators, and decision-makers working across this multidisciplinary field. An essential reference tool for university libraries, research laboratories, government institutions and consultancies concerned with the environmental sciences, the Encyclopedia of Environmetrics brings together for the first time, comprehensive coverage of the full range of topics, techniques and applications covered by this multidisciplinary field. There is currently no central reference source which addresses the needs of this multidisciplinary community. This new Encyclopedia will fill this gap by providing a comprehensive source of relevant fundamental concepts in environmetric research, development and applications for statisticians, mathematicians, economists, environmentalists, ecologist, government officials and policy makers.

Disease Evolution

... among pathogen strains and hosts with regard to the processes of
transmission , movement , recovery , and pathobiology . ... The overview is
completed with a presentation of basic branching process theory as a stochastic
generation - based model for ... the Grants to the first author from the NSF / NIH
Ecology of Infectious Disease Program ( DEB0090323 ) , NIH - NIDA ( R01 -
DA10135 ) , and the James S. McDonnell Foundation 21st Century Science
Initiative supported various ...

Author: Zhilan Feng

Publisher: American Mathematical Soc.

ISBN: 9780821885857

Category: Mathematics

Page: 237

View: 496

Infectious diseases are continuing to threaten humankind. While some diseases have been controlled, new diseases are constantly appearing. Others are now reappearing in forms that are resistant to drug treatments. A capacity for continual re-adaptation furnishes pathogens with the power to escape our control efforts through evolution. This makes it imperative to understand the complex selection pressures that are shaping and reshaping diseases. Modern models of evolutionaryepidemiology provide powerful tools for creating, expressing, and testing such understanding. Bringing together international leaders in the field, this volume offers a panoramic tour of topical developments in understanding the mechanisms of disease evolution. The volume's first part elucidates the generalconcepts underlying models of disease evolution. Methodological challenges addressed include those posed by spatial structure, stochastic dynamics, disease phases and classes, single- and multi-drug resistance, the heterogeneity of host populations and tissues, and the intricate coupling of disease evolution with between-host and within-host dynamics. The book's second part shows how these methods are utilized for investigating the dynamics and evolution of specific diseases, includingHIV/AIDS, tuberculosis, SARS, malaria, and human rhinovirus infections. This volume is particularly suited for introducing young scientists and established researchers with backgrounds in mathematics, computer science, or biology to the current techniques and challenges of mathematical evolutionaryepidemiology.

Encyclopedia of Ecology

Deterministic models do not consider random variables and for each unique set
of input data they produce fixed ... and have been developed and are used for
simulating erosion and sediment movement , pollutant loads , crop and forest
growth ... The foundation of the model is in equations that describe the input to
output ...

Author:

Publisher: Elsevier Science

ISBN: 9780444520333

Category: Science

Page: 3120

View: 309

The groundbreaking Encyclopedia of Ecology provides an authoritative and comprehensive coverage of the complete field of ecology, from general to applied. It includes over 500 detailed entries, structured to provide the user with complete coverage of the core knowledge, accessed as intuitively as possible, and heavily cross-referenced. Written by an international team of leading experts, this revolutionary encyclopedia will serve as a one-stop-shop to concise, stand-alone articles to be used as a point of entry for undergraduate students, or as a tool for active researchers looking for the latest information in the field. Entries cover a range of topics, including: Behavioral Ecology Ecological Processes Ecological Modeling Ecological Engineering Ecological Indicators Ecological Informatics Ecosystems Ecotoxicology Evolutionary Ecology General Ecology Global Ecology Human Ecology System Ecology The first reference work to cover all aspects of ecology, from basic to applied Over 500 concise, stand-alone articles are written by prominent leaders in the field Article text is supported by full-color photos, drawings, tables, and other visual material Fully indexed and cross referenced with detailed references for further study Writing level is suited to both the expert and non-expert Available electronically on ScienceDirect shortly upon publication

Time Series and Ecological Processes

S ce ran Suppose now that the process is subject to independent random
fluctuations dz , ( t ) and dz , ( t ) , each with variance o2dt . The random
movement ( az , , dz , ) can be decomposed into components dy , and dyn ,
respectively ...

Author: Herman Henry Shugart

Publisher:

ISBN:

Category: Ecology

Page: 303

View: 945

Probe in depth selected societal fields in light of their susceptibility to mathematical analysis and their concern to society -- Preface.

Physiological Zoology

Foundations of stochastic development . ... Hunger , movement and predation of
Coccinella californica on pea aphids in the laboratory and in the field . ... The
population ecology of a natural population of the pierid butterfly Colias alexandra
.

Author: Charles Manning Child

Publisher:

ISBN:

Category: Physiology

Page:

View: 111


The American Naturalist

Ecological networks : linking structure to dynamics in food webs . Oxford
University Press , New York . ... Non - random foraging by hummingbirds :
patterns of movement between Ipomopsis aggregata inflorescences . Functional
Ecology 4 ...

Author:

Publisher:

ISBN:

Category: Natural history

Page:

View: 440


Biotic Crises in Ecological and Evolutionary Time

Field Museum of Natural History, National Science Foundation (U.S.) Matthew H.
Nitecki. Earth movements, 233 Earthquake, 10, 232,233,235,252 Ecological
crisis, 274 laws, 275 opportunities, 145 ... heavy, 25 stochastic, 2 Emergent
property, 57,287 Energy, source of, 15 Environments, anoxic, 96 Environmental
variables, ...

Author: Field Museum of Natural History

Publisher:

ISBN:

Category: Disasters

Page: 301

View: 401

Biotic Crises in Ecological and Evolutionary Time ...

Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences

The evolutionary ecology of animal migration . Hodder and ... The use of potential
functions in modelling animal movement . In Data analysis from statistical
foundations . ... Modelling animal movements using stochastic differential
equations .

Author:

Publisher:

ISBN:

Category: Aquatic sciences

Page:

View: 900


Water Resources Research Catalog

0309 MOVEMENT OF CONTAMINANTS IN GROUND WATER AT
KEYPORTNAVAL TRAINING STATION . ... 0184 LIMNOLOGY -
INTERELLATIONS OF AQUATIC ECOLOGY AND WATER QUALITY . ... 0145 A
NEW STOCHASTIC APPROACH TO THE FOUNDATION OF DETERMINISTIC
TRANSPORT EQUATIONS FOR ...

Author: United States. Office of Water Research and Technology

Publisher:

ISBN:

Category: Hydrology

Page:

View: 250

Beginning with vol. 9, only new and continuing but modified projects are listed. Vols. 8- should be kept as a record of continuing but unchanged projects.

Population Dynamics and Oviposition of the Northern Corn Rootworm Diabrotica Barberi

The pattern of movements of adults of the northern corn rootworm inside and
outside of corn fields . J . Econ . ... Lessons for ecological policy design : a case
study of ecosystem management . Ecol . ... Foundations of stochastic
development .

Author: Steven Edward Naranjo

Publisher:

ISBN:

Category: Insect populations

Page: 548

View: 251


Foundations of Forest Ecosystems

... parasites , pathogens ) or intraspecific controls and a more complex field of
stochastic effects exist a different set of vital statistics and a different fitness
emerge . This is the ' realized ' or ecological fitness of a population under some
degree of restraint in nature ( Istock 1970 ) . 7 . ... 1968 ) : ( 1 ) compensating
adjustments in the responses of the population to the other forces ; ( 2 )
movement of the ...

Author: Egolfs Voldemars Bakuzis

Publisher:

ISBN:

Category: Forest ecology

Page:

View: 331