Studies in Medieval Astronomy and Optics

In this selection of studies, J.L. Mancha explores aspects of the development of medieval optics and astronomy, including some medieval antecedents of the work of early modern astronomers.

Author: J. L. Mancha

Publisher: Ashgate Publishing, Ltd.

ISBN: 9780860789963

Category: History

Page: 182

View: 709

In this selection of studies, J.L. Mancha explores aspects of the development of medieval optics and astronomy, including some medieval antecedents of the work of early modern astronomers. The articles deal with Latin, Hebrew and Arabic texts, and the process of translation and transmission of knowledge, and focus on three main themes: the theory and astronomical use of the pinhole camera in the 12th and 13th centuries; the characteristics of the Latin and Provençal versions of Levi ben Gerson's astronomical work; and different aspects of the survival of homocentric astronomy in the Middle Ages, especially al-Bitruji's model for trepidation and the technique for calculating the hippopede resulting from Eudoxan couples.

Studies in the History of Culture and Science

Briefly, Gersonides' answer to Maimonides is thatquiademonstrations in
astronomy can proceed far beyond the initial cosmographical sections of the
Almagest—or, in other ... and in Mancha, Studies in Medieval Astronomy and
Optics, p. ix.

Author: Resianne Fontaine

Publisher: BRILL

ISBN: 9004191232

Category: Social Science

Page: 489

View: 687

An hommage to Gad Freudenthal, this volume offers studies on the history of science and on the role of science in medieval and early-modern Jewish cultures, investigating various aspects of processes of knowledge transfer and scientific cross-cultural contacts,

Mathematical Reviews

Author:

Publisher:

ISBN:

Category: Mathematics

Page:

View: 605


The British National Bibliography

Author: Arthur James Wells

Publisher:

ISBN:

Category: Bibliography, National

Page:

View: 635


Stars and Numbers

Astronomy and Mathematics in the Medieval Arab and Western Worlds Paul
Kunitzsch ... BRUCE S . EASTWOOD Astronomy and Optics from Pliny to
Descartes : Texts , Diagrams and Conceptual Studies EDWARD S . KENNEDY
Astronomy ...

Author: Paul Kunitzsch

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN:

Category: Science

Page: 360

View: 478

The studies brought together in this second collection of articles by Paul Kunitzsch continue the lines of research evident in his previous volume (The Arabs and the Stars). The Arabic materials discussed stem mostly from the early period of the development of Arabic-Islamic astronomy, up to about 1000AD, while the Latin materials belong to the first stage of Western contact with Arabic science at the end of the 10th century and to the peak of Arabic-Latin translation activity in Spain in the 12th century. The first set of articles focuses upon Ptolemy in the Arabic-Latin tradition, followed by further ones on Arabic astronomy and its reception in the West; the final group looks at details of the transmission of Euclid's Elements.

Astronomy and Optics from Pliny to Descartes

Other titles in the Collected Studies Series : DAVID A. KING Islamic Astronomical
Instruments BERNARD R. GOLDSTEIN Theory and Observation in Ancient and
Medieval Astronomy DAVID C. LINDBERG Studies in the History of Medieval ...

Author: Bruce Eastwood

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN:

Category: Science

Page: 312

View: 235

A principal concern of the author in writing these articles has been to elucidate the conceptual structures that underlie the scientific thought of the Middle Ages - the philosophical and cultural assumptions, presuppositions and motivations that determine the way concepts are formed and questions are answered. In the first group of articles Professor Eastwood focuses on astronomy in Latin Europe in the 5th-11th centuries, looking especially at the use, development and interpretation of diagrams in works on planetary motion. The following studies turn to optics and visual theory. They examine Robert Grosseteste's views on the rainbow, refraction and empirical knowledge, and study specific instances of how medieval thinkers, both in the Latin and Islamic worlds, reinterpreted and reformulated the concepts they had inherited.

Arabic Mathematical Sciences

... Philosophy and Religion in Ancient China Researches and Reflections ANNE
TIHON Etudes d ' astronomie byzantine JULIO SAMSÓ Islamic Astronomy and
Medieval Spain A . I . SABRA Optics , Astronomy and Logic Studies in Arabic ...

Author: Richard Lorch

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN:

Category: Mathematics

Page: 354

View: 474

This volume focuses on the mathematical sciences in mediaeval Islam - astronomical instruments, the geometry of the sphere and the translation of texts (from Greek into Arabic and from Arabic into Latin). Four of the articles contain texts in Arabic or Latin, with commentary.

Optics Astronomy and Logic

After presenting the historiography of this process, the volume focuses on Ibn al-Haytham, one of the most influential figures of the 11th century, and on his contribution to the science of optics and the psychology of vision.

Author: A. I. Sabra

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN:

Category: Science

Page: 337

View: 690

These articles discuss the appropriation of Greek science by scholars in the world of medieval Islam. After presenting the historiography of this process, the volume focuses on Ibn al-Haytham, one of the most influential figures of the 11th century, and on his contribution to the science of optics and the psychology of vision. The work then analyzes how Greek thought was developed in the Islamic world, based on studies of Euclid's geomotry and critiques of Ptolemaic astronomy. Finally, some articles consider the history of logic - Aristotelian syllogism and Avicenna's views on the subject matter of logic.

American Book Publishing Record

I. Szu , Harold H. II . Society of Photooptical Instrumentation Engineers . III . ...
International series in operations research & management science ; v . ... Series .
MANCHA , J. L. 520.9'02 Studies in medieval astronomy and optics / J. L.
Mancha .

Author:

Publisher:

ISBN:

Category: American literature

Page:

View: 241


Aleph

Author:

Publisher:

ISBN:

Category: Judaism and science

Page:

View: 719


Astronomy in the Service of Islam

Also in the Varioum Collected Studies Series : DAVID A . KING Islamic
Mathematical Astronomy DAVID A . KING ... in Medieval Europe CURTIS
WILSON Astronomy From Kepler to Newton BRUCE S . EASTWOOD Astronomy
and Optics From ...

Author: David A. King

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN:

Category: Science

Page: 352

View: 384

Delineates the two very different traditions of astronomy in medieval Islam: legal scholars watched the crescent moon to keep the calendar, and used shadows to keep the hours and direction of prayer, while astronomers constructed elaborate theories and mathematical tables to approach ever more precision in times and directions. The articles are reproduced from their original publication in various journals, 1982-91.

Studies in the History of Medieval Optics

16 Moreover , he argues that certain sciences , such as astronomy , optics , and
harmonics , are subordinate to mathematics ; and in them mathematics supplies
the reason for the fact : But there is another way too in which the fact and the ...

Author: David C. Lindberg

Publisher: Variorum Publishing

ISBN:

Category: Optics

Page: 302

View: 408


Texts and Studies on the Development and History of Kal m Philosophy theology and mysticism in medieval Islam

1 1 00 MICHAEL LECKER People, Tribes and Society in Arabia Around the Time
of Muhammad MOSHEGIL Related Worlds - Studies in Jewish and Arab Ancient
and Early Medieval History A.I. SABRA Optics, Astronomy and Logic Studies in ...

Author: Richard M. Frank

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN:

Category: History

Page: 400

View: 945

The first volume of the collected major articles of Richard M. Frank, pioneering student of Islamic theology (kalam), contains fifteen essays. It includes his early studies, classic but inaccessible for many in their original publication, on the text and terminology of Graeco-Arabic translations and the terminology of early kalam. Other articles deal with Islamic theology and its early development, especially in its relation to philosophy. The collection is prefaced by a autobiographical memoir which traces the intellectual development of the author.

Optics and Astronomy

Author: Gérard Simon

Publisher: Brepols Pub

ISBN:

Category: Science

Page: 238

View: 734


Astronomy from Kepler to Newton

Other titles in the Collected Studies Series : DAVID A. KING Islamic Astronomical
Instruments 1 BERNARD R. ... and Observation in Ancient and Medieval
Astronomy DAVID C. LINDBERG Studies in the History of Medieval Optics
BRUCES .

Author: Curtis Wilson

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN:

Category: Astronomy

Page: 302

View: 477

For long it has been accepted that Kepler 'proved' three empirical laws of planetary motion, and that Newton depended upon these in 'establishing' his law of universal gravitation. As Professor Wilson demonstrates, the truth is more complicated - but more interesting. The question of observational evidence therefore forms the theme of this volume. The first articles trace the evolution of Kepler's ideas and reconstruct the steps in his journey. Their conclusion is that observational error inevitably prevented any satisfactory direct verification of Kepler's first law so, as Kepler himself recognised, his results rested upon hypothesis. The final articles present a similar study of Newton's thoughts on gravitation and planetary motion: again, as Newton left it, the theory he propounded can be considered no more or less than a hypothesis. In between Professor Wilson examines the attitudes of mid-17th-century astronomers to Kepler's ideas, and in particular, the achievements of Jeremiah Horrocks: he died in 1640, at the age of only twenty-two, but his improvements in Keplerian astronomy were of great importance for Newton's future work.

Optometry the Profession

... the invention of spectacles and the other great contributions to optical research
and learning by medieval monks and ... And these , too , enter largely into
astronomy , which goes back to prehistoric times and is said to be the oldest of
the ...

Author: Maurice Edward Cox

Publisher:

ISBN:

Category: Optometry

Page: 72

View: 974


Galileo the Jesuits and the Medieval Aristotle

... Astronomy From Kepler to Newton BRUCE S. EASTWOOD Astronomy and
Optics From Pliny to Descartes ALLEN G. DEBUS Chemistry , Alchemy and the
New Philosophy , 1550-1700 VIVIAN NUTTON From Democedes to Harvey :
Studies ...

Author: William A. Wallace

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN:

Category: Science

Page: 336

View: 724

The conventional opposition of scholastic Aristotelianism and humanistic science has been increasingly questioned in recent years, and in these articles William Wallace aims to demonstrate that a progressive Aristotelianism in fact provided the foundation for Galileo's scientific discoveries. The first series of articles supply much of the documentary evidence that has led the author to the sources for Galileo's early notebooks: they show how Galileo, while teaching or preparing to teach at Pisa, actually appropriated much of his material from Jesuit lectures given at the Collegio Romano in 1598-90. The next articles then trace a number of key elements in Galileo's later work, mainly relating to logical methodology and natural philosophy, back to sources in medieval Aristotelian thought, notably in the writings of Albert the Great and Thomas Aquinas. La mise en opposition conventionnelle entre l'aristotélisme scolastique et la science humaniste a été de plus en plus remise en question durant les dernières années. Tout au long de ces articles, William Wallace tente de démontrer que l'aristotélisme progressif a en fait pourvu le fondement des découvertes scientifiques de Galilée. Le premier groupe d'articles fournit la plupart des preuves documentées qui ont mené l'auteur aux sources des premiers cahiers de notes de Galilée; on y voit comment celui-ci, alors qu'il enseignait, ou s'apprÃatait à enseigner à Pise, s'était en fait approprié quantité de donneés issues de cours magistraux jésuites qui avaient été donnés au Collegio Romano entre 1588 et 90. Les études suivantes retracent à leur tour un certain nombre d'elements-clef des travaux ultérieurs de Galilée, se rapportant plus particulièrement à la méthodologie logique et a la philosophie naturelle, jusqu'à leurs sources dans la pensée aristotélicienne du Moyen Age, notamment dans les écrits d'Albert le Grand et de Thomas d'Aquin.

Studies in ancient and medieval science

The astrolabe occupies a key position in medieval astronomy , and although a
discussion of its merits is outside the scope of ... Outside optics and mechanics
the medieval world achieved little in physics , the other branches of the subject
not ...

Author: Robert Palter

Publisher:

ISBN:

Category: Science

Page:

View: 334


Journal of Glass Studies

LINDBERG , David C. Studies in the History of Medieval Optics London :
Variorum Reprints , 1983 , 302 pp . , ill . cannette per ... LEARNER , RICHARD
Astronomy Through the Telescope MORETTI , Emilio “ Lavorazione del vetro a
mano : le ...

Author:

Publisher:

ISBN:

Category: Glass manufacture

Page:

View: 293


Magic and Divination in the Middle Ages

Also in the Variorum Collected Studies Series : RICHARD LORCH Arabic
Mathematical Sciences Instruments , Texts and ... I . SABRA Optics , Astronomy
and Logic Studies in Arabic Scienceand Philosophy NATHAN SIVIN Science in
Ancient ...

Author: Charles Burnett

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN:

Category: Body, Mind & Spirit

Page: 370

View: 228

After discussing the terminology of talismanic magic (or necromancy) and its position in divisions of science in the Middle Ages, this book traces the history of talismanic texts from the Classical period through the Arabic world to the Latin Middle Ages. The principal authorities are Hermes and Aristotle, and the search for the 'secret knowledge' of these ancient sages is shown to have been a catalyst for the translating activity from Arabic into Latin in 12th-century Spain. The second half of the volume is devoted to examples of the kinds of divination prevalent in Arabic and Latin-reading societies: chiromancy, onomancy, scapulimancy, geomancy and fortune-telling. The book ends with advice on when to practice alchemy and a prophetic letter of supposed Arabic provenance, warning of the coming of the Mongols. Several editions of previously unedited texts are included, with translations.