Surveillance as Social Sorting proposes that surveillance is not simply a contemporary threat to individual freedom, but that, more insidiously, it is a powerful means of creating and reinforcing long-term social differences.
Author: David Lyon
Surveillance happens to all of us, everyday, as we walk beneath street cameras, swipe cards, surf the net. Agencies are using increasingly sophisticated computer systems - especially searchable databases - to keep tabs on us at home, work and play. Once the word surveillance was reserved for police activities and intelligence gathering, now it is an unavoidable feature of everyday life. Surveillance as Social Sorting proposes that surveillance is not simply a contemporary threat to individual freedom, but that, more insidiously, it is a powerful means of creating and reinforcing long-term social differences. As practiced today, it is actually a form of social sorting - a means of verifying identities but also of assessing risks and assigning worth. Questions of how categories are constructed therefore become significant ethical and political questions. Bringing together contributions from North America and Europe, Surveillance as Social Sorting offers an innovative approach to the interaction between societies and their technologies. It looks at a number of examples in depth and will be an appropriate source of reference for a wide variety of courses.
This book examines the constant computer-based scrutiny of ordinary daily life for citizens and consumers as they participate in contemporary societies.
Author: David Lyon
Category: Social Science
In what ways does contemporary surveillance reinforce social divisions?How are police and consumer surveillance becoming more similar as they are automated?Are we forced to choose between classical and poststructuralist approaches in explaining surveillance?Why is surveillance both expanding globally and focusing more on the human body?"Surveillance Society "takes a post-privacy approach to surveillance with a fresh look at the relations between technology and society. Personal data is collected from us all the time, whether we know it or not, through identity numbers, camera images, or increasingly by other means such as fingerprint and retinal scans. This book examines the constant computer-based scrutiny of ordinary daily life for citizens and consumers as they participate in contemporary societies. It argues that to understand what is happening we have to go beyond Orwellian alarms and cries for more privacy to see how such surveillance also reinforces divisions by sorting people into social categories. The issues spill over narrow policy and legal boundaries to generate responses at several levels including local consumer groups, internet activism, and international social movements. In this fascinating study, sociologies of new technology and social theories of surveillance are illustrated with examples from North America, Europe, and Pacific Asia. David Lyon provides an invaluable text for undergraduate and postgraduate sociology courses both in social theory and in science, technology and society. It will also appeal much more widely, for example to those with an interest in politics, social control, human geography and public administration.
The study of surveillance is more relevant than ever before. This is the most accessible and up to date introduction to the topic available. written by one of the pioneers of Surveillance Studies.
Author: David Lyon
Category: Business & Economics
This Starter Kit serves as an entry–level introduction centered around prebuilt projects that developers can easily deploy and customize for their own sites Explains how to build good basic Web sites, including design and architecture, for users who plan to build more complex sites in the future Details the key site features that beginners like to implement, including catalogs, shopping carts, images, and secure site sections The authors use very little code, but where coding is needed, they feature the simple Visual Basic language The CD–ROM includes Visual Web Developer 2005 Express Edition
This publication presents the work of sixteen artists who address the social, psychological, political and aesthetic dimensions of surveillance systems.
Author: Jan Allen
Information-gathering systems increasingly affect our lives, tracking our movement and consumer preferences. Such sorting daemons subtly reinforce existing streams of influence and create new ones. This publication presents the work of sixteen artists who address the social, psychological, political and aesthetic dimensions of surveillance systems. Writings on the artists and their works are accompanied by critical essays on the culture of surveillance, social sorting, data-aesthetics and our evolving understandings of and participation in surveillance regimes. Participating artists include Antonia Hirsch, Tran T. Kim-Trang, Germaine Koh and Ian Verchere, Michael Lewis, Walid Raad, David Rokeby and Cheryl Sourkes.
The best way of deflecting attention from a singular focus on privacy , in my view ,
is to consider surveillance as " social sorting . " One might say that “ to classify is
human ” but in modern times classification became a major industry .
Author: Gerfried Stocker
Publisher: Hatje Cantz Pub
This is the catalogue for the 2007 Ars Electronic Festival, held in Linz, Austria. It presents theoretical reflections by participating artists and scholars, along with descriptions of exhibited art projects in a current survey of the fields of interaction between art, technology, and society.
The broad thesis of the second book , Surveillance as Social Sorting , edited by
David Lyon , is that surveillance systems , as a powerful means of gathering ,
storing , retrieving , and analysing personal data , are being primarily deployed
Category: Architectural design
Journal of urban planning and design. Publishes research in the application of formal methods, methods models, and theories to spatial problems involving the built environment and the spatial structure of cities and regions. Includes the application of computers to planning and design, in particular the use of shape grammars, artificial intelligence, and morphological methods to buildings and towns, the use of multimedia and GIS in urban and regional planning, and the development of ideas concerning the virtual city.
The Electronic Monitoring of Offenders : Symposium Papers , Second Series .
Leicester . De Montfort University Law School Monographs . Lyon , D. ( 2003 ) '
Surveillance as social sorting : Computer codes and mobile bodies ' , in D. Lyon (
ed ) ...
Author: Chris Hale
Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA
"Criminology is the ideal textbook for undergraduate and postgraduate students coming to the subject for the first time. Written by a team of leading criminologists, the book covers a wide range of topics including: historical and contemporary understandings of crime and criminal justice; different forms of crime - from street crime to state crime; who commits crime and who are the victims of crime; and how society and state agencies respond to crime and disorder. The contributions to the book offer clear, accessible introductions to the main issues in criminology, and the book includes questions, summaries, further reading, a comprehensive glossary, and tables and diagrams throughout."--BOOK JACKET.
The work of a multidisciplinary research team, Transparent Lives explains why and how surveillance is expanding—mostly unchecked—into every facet of our lives.
Author: Colin J. Bennett
Publisher: Athabasca University Press
Category: Political Science
Although most Canadians are familiar with surveillance cameras and airport security, relatively few are aware of the extent to which the potential for surveillance is now embedded in virtually every aspect of our lives. We cannot walk down a city street, register for a class, pay with a credit card, hop on an airplane, or make a telephone call without data being captured and processed. Where does such information go? Who makes use of it, and for what purpose? Is the loss of control over our personal information merely the price we pay for using social media and other forms of electronic communication, or should we be wary of systems that make us visible—and thus vulnerable—to others as never before? The work of a multidisciplinary research team, Transparent Lives explains why and how surveillance is expanding—mostly unchecked—into every facet of our lives. Through an investigation of the major ways in which both government and private sector organizations gather, monitor, analyze, and share information about ordinary citizens, the volume identifies nine key trends in the processing of personal data that together raise urgent questions of privacy and social justice. Intended not only to inform but to make a difference, the volume is deliberately aimed at a broad audience, including legislators and policymakers, journalists, civil liberties groups, educators, and, above all, the reading public. http://surveillanceincanada.org/
Lyon , D. 2007a . National ID Cards : Crime - control , Citizenship and Social
Sorting . Policing 1 , no . 1 : 111-18 . Lyon , D. 2007b . Sociological Perspectives
and Surveillance Studies : “ Slow Journalism and the Critique of Social Sorting .
Lyon , D. ( 2003 ) “ Surveillance as social sorting : Computer codes and mobile
bodies ' , in D. Lyon ( ed . ) Surveillance as Social Sorting : Privacy , Risk , and
Digital Discrimination , London , Routledge , pp . 13–31 . McGregor , K. ( 2009 ) ...
Author: Lindsay O'Dell
Publisher: Red Globe Press
Category: Political Science
A timely reader of interest to a wide academic discipline base, providing a critical account and new theoretical perspectives on practical issues arising in working with children of all ages and their families. Uniquely, it brings together discussion of early years with later childhood, including adolescence and transitions into adulthood.
This innovative Handbook explores the empirical, theoretical and ethical issues around surveillance and its use in daily life.
Author: Kirstie Ball
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
Surveillance is a central organizing practice. Gathering personal data and processing them in searchable databases drives administrative efficiency but also raises questions about security, governance, civil liberties and privacy. Surveillance is both globalized in cooperative schemes, such as sharing biometric data, and localized in the daily minutiae of social life. This innovative Handbook explores the empirical, theoretical and ethical issues around surveillance and its use in daily life. With a collection of over forty essays from the leading names in surveillance studies, the Handbook takes a truly multi-disciplinary approach to critically question issues of: surveillance and population control policing, intelligence and war production and consumption new media security identification regulation and resistance. The Routledge Handbook of Surveillance Studies is an international, accessible, definitive and comprehensive overview of the rapidly growing multi-disciplinary field of surveillance studies. The Handbook’s direct, authoritative style will appeal to a wide range of scholars and students in the social sciences, arts and humanities.
This book examines the several layers of surveillance that control the Palestinian population in Israel and the Occupied Territories, showing how they operate, how well they work, how they are augmented, and how in the end their chief ...
Author: Elia Zureik
Surveillance is always a means to an end, whether that end is influence, management or entitlement. This book examines the several layers of surveillance that control the Palestinian population in Israel and the Occupied Territories, showing how they operate, how well they work, how they are augmented, and how in the end their chief purpose is population control. Showing how what might be regarded as exceptional elsewhere is here regarded as the norm, the book looks not only at the political economy of surveillance and its technological and military dimensions, but also at the ordinary ways that Palestinians in Israel and the occupied territories are affected in their everyday lives. Written in a clear and accessible style by experts in the field, this book will have large appeal for academic faculty as well as graduate and senior undergraduate students in sociology, political science, international relations, surveillance studies and Middle East studies.
... Electronic Eye : The Rise of the Surveillance Society ( Polity Press , Cambridge
) Lyon D , 2001 Surveillance Society : Monitoring Everyday Life ( Open University
Press , Milton Keynes , Bucks ) Lyon D , 2002a Surveillance as Social Sorting ...
Category: City Planning
The ability of the citizenry and legislatures in democratic nations to oppose , alter
, and eliminate surveillance regimes should not be underestimated . Despite ...
Surveillance as social sorting : Privacy , risk , and digital discrimination . London
Author: Hamid R. Nemati
Category: Computer security
"This compilation serves as the ultimate source on all theories and models associated with information privacy and safeguard practices to help anchor and guide the development of technologies, standards, and best practices to meet these challenges."--Provided by publisher.
Both databases share the simplification of form and semantic content of particular
components: their relations and the principles governing their " David Lyon, “
Surveillance as Social Sorting: Computer Code and Mobile Bodies,” in
Author: Outi Remes
Publisher: Cambridge Scholars Pub
'Conspiracy Dwellings' brings together nine illustrated essays of theorists and art practitioners about artworks made in the midst of conflict or from the position of commentary in topics that span from the 70s to the present day. These essays also consider artworks that address conflict and resistance as a lived experience.
Author: William G. Staples
Category: Privacy, Right of
Writing in their famous Harvard Law Review article of 1890, Louis Brandeis and Samuel Warren asserted what many have considered one of the most cherished American values: the "right to be let alone." Yet in this post-9/11 world, it seems that personal privacy is under siege. New threats to privacy have arisen in the face of competing social, political, and economic demands, rapid technological change, and an intrusive and voyeuristic mass media. Citizens are barraged on a daily basis with stories of corporate data mining, government surveillance programs, identity theft, and computer hacking of personal information. As a result, citizens are becoming increasingly concerned about their personal privacy as well as their privacy rights. This encyclopedia, the first of its kind, comprehensively overviews various aspects of privacy throughout U.S. history, including significant legal cases, events, laws, organizations, individuals, technology, and terms. With some 225 alphabetically arranged entries written by more than 100 leading scholars and experts in the field, this work will appeal to those interested in both historical and contemporary notions of privacy in the United States. Readers will learn of the significance of technology in today's society, its helpful and harmful effects on citizens' privacy, and what to expect in the future. Entries Include: Abortion, Anti-Wire Tap Statutes, Biometric Identifiers, Carnivore, Data Brokers, DNA and DNA Banking, Freedom of Information Act, Global Positioning Satellites, Identity Fraud, Library Records, National Identification Card, Open Meeting Laws, Privacy Torts, Right to Be Let Alone, Search Warrant, Social Security Number, Telecommunications Act of 1996, Telemarketing, United States Postal Service, USA Patriot Act, Workplace Privacy, and many more. Entries cite print and electronic resources, and the Encyclopedia closes with a listing of books, organizations, websites, films, and other sources of information. Supports the social studies curriculum by helping students understand the evolution of the right to privacy, the threats to privacy in contemporary America, and the ethical issues surrounding technology in the modern world.
While all these are understandable attitudes ( and ones that invite their own
theoretical and practical responses ) , none really touches one of the key aspects
of contemporary surveillance : “ social sorting . ” 47 It is hard to get an adequate ...
Author: David Lyon
Category: Political Science
Prominent among the quests for post 9/11 security are developments in surveillance. This book assesses post 9/11 surveillance trends, showing how existing surveillance activities have been extended, and that some qualitative changes in the security climate are taking place.
Surveillance Studies : Understanding Visibility , Mobility and the Phenetic Fix . ”
Surveillance & Society 1 ( 1 ) , 1 - 7 . Lyon , D . ( Ed . ) . 2003a . Surveillance as
Social Sorting : Privacy , Risk , and Automated Discrimination . London :
Author: David J. Phillips
Publisher: Peter Lang Pub Incorporated
Original Scholarly Monograph
... and combinations of these ” ( Irma van der Ploeg , “ Biometrics and the Body as
Information : Normative Issues of the Socio - technical Coding of the Body , " in
Surveillance as Social Sorting : Privacy , Risk , and Digital Discrimination , ed .
In Surveillance as Social Sorting : Privacy , Risk , and Digital Discrimination , ed .
D . Lyon . London : Routledge . Privacy International . 2004 . Mistaken Identity :
Exploring the Relationship between National Identity Cards and the Prevention of
Author: Deborah G. Johnson
Publisher: Mit Press
An anthology of writings by thinkers ranging from Freeman Dyson to Bruno Latour thatfocuses on the interconnections of technology, society, and values and how these may affect thefuture.