Tactile Internet

We thus arrive at the following future research perspectives for tactile traces: ... Future research on low-latency network transport and processing of Tactile Internet data should further enhance these approaches and protocols to ...

Author: Frank H.P. Fitzek

Publisher: Academic Press

ISBN: 0128213558

Category: Computers

Page: 508

View: 633

Tactile Internet: with Human-in-the-Loop describes the change from the current Internet, which focuses on the democratization of information independent of location of time, to the Tactile Internet, which democratizes skills to promote equity that is independent of age, gender, socio-cultural background or physical limitations. The book introduces promotes the concept of the tactile Tactile Internet for remote closed-loop human-machine interaction and describes the main challenges and key technologies. Current standardization activities in the field for IEEE and IETF are described, making this text book an ideal resource for researchers, graduate students, and industry R&D engineers in communications engineering, electronic engineering computing, and computer engineering. Provides a comprehensive reference that addresses all aspects of the Tactile Internet – technologies, engineering challenges, use cases and standards Written by leading researchers in the field Presents current standardizations surrounding the IETF and the IEEE Contains use cases that illustrate practical applications

5G Enabled Internet of Things

The Tactile Internet, which is driven by recent advances in computerization, automation, and robotization, is expected to significantly augment human-machine interaction, thereby converting today's content delivery networks into ...

Author: Yulei Wu

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 0429578393

Category: Computers

Page: 396

View: 617

How the enabling technologies in 5G as an integral or as a part can seamlessly fuel the IoT revolution is still very challenging. This book presents the state-of-the-art solutions to the theoretical and practical challenges stemming from the integration of 5G enabling technologies into IoTs in support of a smart 5G-enabled IoT paradigm, in terms of network design, operation, management, optimization, privacy and security, and applications. In particular, the technical focus covers a comprehensive understanding of 5G-enabled IoT architectures, converged access networks, privacy and security, and emerging applications of 5G-eabled IoT.

Next Generation Internet of Things

Tactile IoT/IIoT which are distributed over distances larger than about 200 km will require a low-latency IoT core network [50]. Tactile Internet has to meet a number of design requirements such as very low end-to-end latency of 1 ms, ...

Author: Vermesan, Ovidiu

Publisher: River Publishers

ISBN: 8770220085

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 352

View: 406

This book provides an overview of the next generation Internet of Things (IoT), ranging from research, innovation, development priorities, to enabling technologies in a global context. It is intended as a standalone in a series covering the activities of the Internet of Things European Research Cluster (IERC), including research, technological innovation, validation, and deployment. The text builds on the ideas put forward by the European Research Cluster, the IoT European Platform Initiative (IoT-EPI), the IoT European Large-Scale Pilots Programme and the IoT European Security and Privacy Projects, presenting global views and state-of-the-art results regarding the next generation of IoT research, innovation, development, and deployment. The IoT and Industrial Internet of Things (IIoT) are evolving towards the next generation of Tactile IoT/IIoT, bringing together hyperconnectivity (5G and beyond), edge computing, Distributed Ledger Technologies (DLTs), virtual and augmented reality (VR/AR), and AI transformation. Following the wider adoption of consumer IoT, the next generation of IoT/IIoT innovation for business is driven by industries, addressing interoperability issues and providing new end-to-end security solutions to face continuous treats. The advances of AI technology in vision, speech recognition, natural language processing and dialog are enabling the development of end-to-end intelligent systems encapsulating multiple technologies, delivering services in real-time using limited resources. These developments are focusing on designing and delivering embedded and hierarchical AI solutions in IoT/IIoT, edge computing, using distributed architectures, DLTs platforms and distributed end-to-end security, which provide real-time decisions using less data and computational resources, while accessing each type of resource in a way that enhances the accuracy and performance of models in the various IoT/IIoT applications. The convergence and combination of IoT, AI and other related technologies to derive insights, decisions and revenue from sensor data provide new business models and sources of monetization. Meanwhile, scalable, IoT-enabled applications have become part of larger business objectives, enabling digital transformation with a focus on new services and applications. Serving the next generation of Tactile IoT/IIoT real-time use cases over 5G and Network Slicing technology is essential for consumer and industrial applications and support reducing operational costs, increasing efficiency and leveraging additional capabilities for real-time autonomous systems. New IoT distributed architectures, combined with system-level architectures for edge/fog computing, are evolving IoT platforms, including AI and DLTs, with embedded intelligence into the hyperconnectivity infrastructure. The next generation of IoT/IIoT technologies are highly transformational, enabling innovation at scale, and autonomous decision-making in various application domains such as healthcare, smart homes, smart buildings, smart cities, energy, agriculture, transportation and autonomous vehicles, the military, logistics and supply chain, retail and wholesale, manufacturing, mining and oil and gas.

Software Networks

Figure 14.1 describes some complementary applications for the tactile internet according to latency time and data rate. ... Response time 1 ms Vehicular network 10 ms 5G access Augmented reality Virtual reality Tactile internet ...

Author: Guy Pujolle

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1786304589

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 308

View: 498

Software Networks describe new concepts for the Internets next generation. This architecture is based on virtual networking using Cloud and datacenter facilities. The main problems to be dealt with are the placement of virtual resources for opening a new network on the fly, and the urbanization of virtual resources implemented on physical network equipment. The digital architecture also deals with mechanisms capable of automatically controlling the placement of all virtual resources within the physical network. This book describes how to create and delete virtual networks on the fly. Indeed, the system is able to create any new network with any kind of virtual resource (e.g. switches, routers, LSRs, optical paths, firewalls, SIP-based servers, devices, servers, access points, etc.). Software Networks shows how this architecture is compatible with new advances in SDN (Software Defined Networking), new high-speed transport protocols such as TRILL (Transparent Interconnection of Lots of Links) and LISP (Locator/Identifier Separation Protocol), NGN, IMS, new generation Wi-Fi, and 4G/5G networks. Finally, the author introduces Clouds of security and the virtualization of secure elements (smartcards) that could certainly transform how to secure the Internet. For this second edition, the author addresses in five new chapters the importance of open source software for networks, mobile edge computing, fog networking, tactile internet – a network environment allowing remote access, and security – the use of Cloud of security, secure elements and the emergence of the blockchain.

Blockchain enabled Fog and Edge Computing Concepts Architectures and Applications

to boost access networks' redundancy and diversity to meet the stringent latency as well as carrier-grade reliability requirements of Tactile Internet applications [22]. The Tactile Internet provides a medium for remote physical ...

Author: Muhammad Maaz Rehan

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1000096025

Category: Computers

Page: 302

View: 423

This comprehensive book unveils the working relationship of blockchain and the fog/edge computing. The contents of the book have been designed in such a way that the reader will not only understand blockchain and fog/edge computing but will also understand their co-existence and their collaborative power to solve a range of versatile problems. The first part of the book covers fundamental concepts and the applications of blockchain-enabled fog and edge computing. These include: Internet of Things, Tactile Internet, Smart City; and E-challan in the Internet of Vehicles. The second part of the book covers security and privacy related issues of blockchain-enabled fog and edge computing. These include, hardware primitive based Physical Unclonable Functions; Secure Management Systems; security of Edge and Cloud in the presence of blockchain; secure storage in fog using blockchain; and using differential privacy for edge-based Smart Grid over blockchain. This book is written for students, computer scientists, researchers and developers, who wish to work in the domain of blockchain and fog/edge computing. One of the unique features of this book is highlighting the issues, challenges, and future research directions associated with Blockchain-enabled fog and edge computing paradigm. We hope the readers will consider this book a valuable addition in the domain of Blockchain and fog/edge computing.

Sensors and Actuators in Smart Cities

Network. for. Tactile. Internet. and. Future. Smart. Systems. Abdelhamied A. Ateya 1,2, Ammar Muthanna 1,*, Irina Gudkova3, Abdelrahman Abuarqoub 4, Anastasia Vybornova1 and Andrey Koucheryavy1 1 Telecommunication Networks and Data ...

Author: Mohammad Hammoudeh

Publisher: MDPI

ISBN: 3038428736

Category: Computers

Page: 192

View: 423

This book is a printed edition of the Special Issue "Sensors and Actuators in Smart Cities" that was published in JSAN

Smart Multimedia

Ontology Based Framework for Tactile Internet Applications Hikmat Adhami( B ), Mohammad Al Ja'afreh, ... With the emergence of the 5G mobile networks and the Tactile Internet, the haptic modality will be part of our daily usage and thus ...

Author: Troy McDaniel

Publisher: Springer Nature

ISBN: 3030544079

Category: Computers

Page: 540

View: 835

This book constitutes the proceedings of the Second International Conference on Smart Multimedia, ICSM 2019, which was held in San Diego, CA, USA, in December 2019. The 45 papers presented were selected from about 100 submissions and are grouped in sections on 3D mesh and depth image processing; image understanding; miscellaneous; smart multimedia for citizen-centered smart living; 3D perception and applications; video applications; multimedia in medicine; haptics and applications; smart multimedia beyond the visible spectrum; machine learning for multimedia; image segmentation and processing; biometrics; 3D and image processing; and smart social and connected household products.

Handbook of Research on the IoT Cloud Computing and Wireless Network Optimization

These distinctive exemplifications of the Internet will be overshadowed by the development of the Tactile Internet which we acceptis a genuine change in outlook, in which adequately responsive, dependable system availability will ...

Author: Singh, Surjit

Publisher: IGI Global

ISBN: 1522573364

Category: Computers

Page: 563

View: 738

ICT technologies have contributed to the advances in wireless systems, which provide seamless connectivity for worldwide communication. The growth of interconnected devices and the need to store, manage, and process the data from them has led to increased research on the intersection of the internet of things and cloud computing. The Handbook of Research on the IoT, Cloud Computing, and Wireless Network Optimization is a pivotal reference source that provides the latest research findings and solutions for the design and augmentation of wireless systems and cloud computing. The content within this publication examines data mining, machine learning, and software engineering, and is designed for IT specialists, software engineers, researchers, academicians, industry professionals, and students.

Toward 6G

k k Beside conventional audiovisual and data traffic, the emerging Tactile Internet envisions the real-time transmission of haptic information (i.e. touch and actuation) for the remote control of physical and/or virtual objects through ...

Author: Martin Maier

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1119658020

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 240

View: 158

The latest developments and recent progress on the key technologies enabling next-generation 6G mobile networks Toward 6G: A New Era of Convergence offers an up-to-date guide to the emerging 6G vision by describing new human-centric services made possible by combinations of mobile robots, avatars, and smartphones, which will be increasingly replaced with wearable displays and haptic interfaces that provide immersive extended reality (XR) experiences. The authors—noted experts on the topic—include a review of their work and information on the recent progress on the Tactile Internet and multi-sensory haptic communications. The book highlights decentralized edge computing in particular via Ethereum blockchain technologies, most notably the so-called decentralized autonomous organization (DAO) for crowdsourcing of human skills to solve problems that machines (such as autonomous artificial intelligence agents and robots) alone cannot solve well. The book also contains a review of the most recent and ongoing work on XR (including virtual/augmented/mixed reality). Specifically, the book describes the implications of the transition from the current gadgets-based Internet to a future Internet that is evolving from bearables (such as smartphones), moves towards wearables (for example Amazon's recently launched voice-controlled Echo Loop ring, glasses, and earbuds), and then finally progresses to nearables with embedded computing technologies and intelligent provisioning mechanisms for the delivery of human-intended services, including sixth-sense perceptions, in a 6G post-smartphone era. This important text: Offers a review of the 6G network architectures and key enabling technologies Explains why 6G should not be a mere exploration of more spectrum at high-frequency bands, but rather a convergence of upcoming technological trends Describes the Tactile Internet's human-in-the-loop centric design principles and haptic communications models Includes analytical frameworks to estimate the fluid orchestration of human + machine co-activities across unified communication network infrastructures Explores the performance gains of cooperative computation offloading with communications and computation limitations in both fronthaul and backhaul Written for students, network researchers, professionals, engineers, and practitioners, Toward 6G: A New Era of Convergence explores the most recent advances on the key technologies enabling next-generation 6G mobile networks, with an emphasis on their seamless convergence.

IoT Security

1.4.11 Tactile Internet The IoT networks started from the mobile Internet which interconnects billions of smart phones, portable devices and laptops. Mobile Internet plays a vital role in many domains such as health ...

Author: Madhusanka Liyanage

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1119527961

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 320

View: 670

An up-to-date guide to an overview of authentication in the Internet of Things (IoT) The Internet of things (IoT) is the network of the countless physical devices that have the possibility to connect and exchange data. Among the various security requirements, authentication to the IoT is the first step to prevent the impact of attackers. IoT Security offers an important guide into the development of the many authentication mechanisms that provide IoT authentication at various levels such as user level, device level and network level. The book covers a wide range of topics including an overview of IoT and addresses in detail the security challenges at every layer by considering both the technologies and the architecture used. The authors—noted experts on the topic—provide solutions for remediation of compromised security, as well as methods for risk mitigation, and offer suggestions for prevention and improvement. In addition, IoT Security offers a variety of illustrative use cases. This important book: Offers an authoritative reference designed for use by all IoT stakeholders Includes information for securing devices at the user, device, and network levels Contains a classification of existing vulnerabilities Written by an international group of experts on the topic Provides a guide to the most current information available on IoT security Written for network operators, cloud operators, IoT device manufacturers, IoT device users, wireless users, IoT standardization organizations, and security solution developers, IoT Security is an essential guide that contains information on security features, including underlying networks, architectures, and security requirements.

Intelligent Environments 2017

Recently, Tactile Internet has been proposed as a promising technology to innovate the human communication within a very short delay. But now it still cannot solve the problem of high delay, which leads to Tactile Internet cannot be ...

Author: C. Analide

Publisher: IOS Press

ISBN: 1614997969

Category: Computers

Page: 208

View: 248

The term Intelligent Environments (IEs) refers to the physical spaces in which IT and other pervasive computing technologies are integrated and used to achieve specific goals for the user, the environment or both. The ultimate objectives of IEs are enriching user experience, enabling better management and increasing user awareness of that environment. This book presents the proceedings of the 13th International Conference on Intelligent Environments, held in Seoul, Korea, in August 2017. The conference provides a multidisciplinary collaborative forum for researchers and practitioners from computer science, electronic engineering, building architecture, art and design, sociology, government and education to present theoretical and practical results related to the development and applications of Intelligent Environments. IE’17 focuses on the development of advanced Intelligent Environments, as well as other newly emerging and rapidly evolving topics. The book also includes the proceedings of the following associated workshops, held during the first 2 days of the conference, which emphasize the multi-disciplinary and transversal aspects of IEs: the 6th International Workshop on the Reliability of Intelligent Environments (WoRIE'17); the 1st International Workshop on Intelligent Systems for Agricultural Production and Environmental Protection (ISAPEP’17); the 1st Workshop on Citizen Centric Smart Cities Solutions (CCSCS'17); and the 1st International Workshop on Advanced Multiple Access in Mobile Telecommunications (AMAMT'17). Providing a state-of-the-art overview of the discipline, this book will be of interest to professionals from a diversity of fields whose work involves the development or application of Intelligent Environments.

Big Data and Smart Digital Environment

Tactile Internet: New Challenges and Emerging Solutions Omaima Khalil(&) and Anas Abou El Kalam(&) TIM Laboratory Cadi Ayyad ... Accordingly, this article will present the global aspect of Tactile Internet (definition, requirement, ...

Author: Yousef Farhaoui

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3030120481

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 406

View: 265

This book reviews the state of the art of big data analysis and smart city. It includes issues which pertain to signal processing, probability models, machine learning, data mining, database, data engineering, pattern recognition, visualisation, predictive analytics, data warehousing, data compression, computer programming, smart city, etc. Data is becoming an increasingly decisive resource in modern societies, economies, and governmental organizations. Data science inspires novel techniques and theories drawn from mathematics, statistics, information theory, computer science, and social science. Papers in this book were the outcome of research conducted in this field of study. The latter makes use of applications and techniques related to data analysis in general and big data and smart city in particular. The book appeals to advanced undergraduate and graduate students, postdoctoral researchers, lecturers and industrial researchers, as well as anyone interested in big data analysis and smart city.

Future Access Enablers for Ubiquitous and Intelligent Infrastructures

2.1 Mission Critical IoT and Tactile Internet The Tactile Internet coined by Professor Fettweis can enable precise haptic interaction not only machine-to-machine but also human-to-machine relying on 1 ms round-trip latency combining ...

Author: Vladimir Atanasovski

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319270729

Category: Computers

Page: 316

View: 667

This book constitutes the proceedings of the First International Conference on Future Access Enablers for Ubiquitous and Intelligent Infrastructures, FABULOUS 2015, held in Ohrid, Republic of Macedonia, in September 2015. The 39 revised papers cover the broad areas of future wireless networks, ambient and assisted living, smart infrastructures and security and reflect the fast developing and vibrant penetration of IoT technologies in diverse areas of human live.

Internet of Things Smart Spaces and Next Generation Networks and Systems

IEEE Network. 32(2), pp. 16–23 (2018) 14. Fettweis, G.P.: The tactile internet: Applications and challenges. IEEE Veh. Technol. Magaz. 9(1), 64–70 (2014) 15. Koucheryavy, A.E., Makolkina, M.A., Kirichek, R.V.: Tactile internet ...

Author: Olga Galinina

Publisher: Springer Nature

ISBN: 3030657264

Category: Computers

Page: 451

View: 851

This book constitutes the joint refereed proceedings of the 20th International Conference on Next Generation Teletraffic and Wired/Wireless Advanced Networks and Systems, NEW2AN 2020, and the 13th Conference on Internet of Things and Smart Spaces, ruSMART 2020. The conference was held virtually due to the COVID-19 pandemic. The 79 revised full papers presented were carefully reviewed and selected from 225 submissions. The papers of NEW2AN address various aspects of next-generation data networks, with special attention to advanced wireless networking and applications. In particular, they deal with novel and innovative approaches to performance and efficiency analysis of 5G and beyond systems, employed game-theoretical formulations, advanced queuing theory, and stochastic geometry, while also covering the Internet of Things, cyber security, optics, signal processing, as well as business aspects. ruSMART 2020, provides a forum for academic and industrial researchers to discuss new ideas and trends in the emerging areas.

5G Mobile Communications

These use cases have stringent requirements which were not in the focus of former mobile network generations. Hence, 5G is expected to cope ... The Tactile Internet opens whole new areas of technology to the Internet, based on very low ...

Author: Wei Xiang

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319342088

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 691

View: 118

This book provides a comprehensive overview of the emerging technologies for next-generation 5G mobile communications, with insights into the long-term future of 5G. Written by international leading experts on the subject, this contributed volume covers a wide range of technologies, research results, and networking methods. Key enabling technologies for 5G systems include, but are not limited to, millimeter-wave communications, massive MIMO technology and non-orthogonal multiple access. 5G will herald an even greater rise in the prominence of mobile access based upon both human-centric and machine-centric networks. Compared with existing 4G communications systems, unprecedented numbers of smart and heterogeneous wireless devices will be accessing future 5G mobile systems. As a result, a new paradigm shift is required to deal with challenges on explosively growing requirements in mobile data traffic volume (1000x), number of connected devices (10–100x), typical end-user data rate (10–100x), and device/network lifetime (10x). Achieving these ambitious goals calls for revolutionary candidate technologies in future 5G mobile systems. Designed for researchers and professionals involved with networks and communication systems, 5G Mobile Communications is a straightforward, easy-to-read analysis of the possibilities of 5G systems.

Intelligent Technologies for Interactive Entertainment

Plug-and-Play Haptic Interaction for Tactile Internet Based on WebRTC Ken Iiyoshi1 , Ruth Gebremedhin1 B , ) Vineet Gokhale2 , and Mohamad Eid1( 1 New York University Abu Dhabi, Abu Dhabi, UAE {ki573,rgg282 ...

Author: Navid Shaghaghi

Publisher: Springer Nature

ISBN: 3030764265



View: 406

Encyclopedia of Information Science and Technology Fifth Edition

At the nexus of computerization, automation, and robotization lies the emerging Tactile Internet, which will be centered around human-to-machine/robot (H2M/R) communications by providing the medium for transporting haptic (i.e., ...

Author: Khosrow-Pour D.B.A., Mehdi

Publisher: IGI Global

ISBN: 1799834808

Category: Computers

Page: 1966

View: 289

The rise of intelligence and computation within technology has created an eruption of potential applications in numerous professional industries. Techniques such as data analysis, cloud computing, machine learning, and others have altered the traditional processes of various disciplines including healthcare, economics, transportation, and politics. Information technology in today’s world is beginning to uncover opportunities for experts in these fields that they are not yet aware of. The exposure of specific instances in which these devices are being implemented will assist other specialists in how to successfully utilize these transformative tools with the appropriate amount of discretion, safety, and awareness. Considering the level of diverse uses and practices throughout the globe, the fifth edition of the Encyclopedia of Information Science and Technology series continues the enduring legacy set forth by its predecessors as a premier reference that contributes the most cutting-edge concepts and methodologies to the research community. The Encyclopedia of Information Science and Technology, Fifth Edition is a three-volume set that includes 136 original and previously unpublished research chapters that present multidisciplinary research and expert insights into new methods and processes for understanding modern technological tools and their applications as well as emerging theories and ethical controversies surrounding the field of information science. Highlighting a wide range of topics such as natural language processing, decision support systems, and electronic government, this book offers strategies for implementing smart devices and analytics into various professional disciplines. The techniques discussed in this publication are ideal for IT professionals, developers, computer scientists, practitioners, managers, policymakers, engineers, data analysts, and programmers seeking to understand the latest developments within this field and who are looking to apply new tools and policies in their practice. Additionally, academicians, researchers, and students in fields that include but are not limited to software engineering, cybersecurity, information technology, media and communications, urban planning, computer science, healthcare, economics, environmental science, data management, and political science will benefit from the extensive knowledge compiled within this publication.

Emerging 2D Materials and Devices for the Internet of Things

Liu used the 5G network to remotely control the robotic arm for surgery. It is reported that the remote ... Under the circumstances that real-time data communication can be realized, the concept of the tactile Internet is also possible.

Author: Li Tao

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 012818387X

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 348

View: 107

Emerging 2D Materials and Devices for the Internet of Things: Information, Sensing and Energy Applications summarizes state-of-the-art technologies in applying 2D layered materials, discusses energy and sensing device applications as essential infrastructure solutions, and explores designs that will make internet-of-things devices faster, more reliable and more accessible for the creation of mass-market products. The book focuses on information, energy and sensing applications, showing how different types of 2D materials are being used to create a new generation of products and devices that harness the capabilities of wireless technology in an eco-efficient, reliable way. This book is an important resource for both materials scientists and engineers, who are designing new wireless products in a variety of industry sectors. Explores how 2D materials are being used to create faster and more reliable wireless network solutions Discusses how graphene-based nanocomposites are being used for energy harvesting and storage applications Outlines the major challenges for integrating 2D materials in electronic sensing devices

Communication Networks Economy

Types of Internet connection Four types of Internet connection can be identified: fixed Internet, mobile Internet, the IoT and Tactile Internet. Fixed Internet Fixed Internet allows users to exchange voice services, ...

Author: Daniel Battu

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1119361427

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 312

View: 720

In an increasingly interconnected world, "Communication Networks Economy" provides the rational understanding necessary to provide universal access to communication means in an efficient way. This book presents the principal elements of the economics of a network as it stands today, taking into account experiences of technicians in the field. The author gives a simplified picture of the current situation in terms of structures and architecture of a network, bearing in mind the necessary quality of service and the profitability of investments, accompanied by references to recent economic works. An overview is given on the general themes of regulation and tariff principles, and the relations between supply and demand, from the perspectives of professional and residential users and network operators. Different aspects of the present situations of networks and the incidence of the Internet on the economy are also presented. In conclusion, the reader will obtain an overview of the most significant issues likely to influence the economics of communications networks as they are today.

Optical and Wireless Convergence for 5G Networks

222 10 The Tactile Internet over 5G FiWi Architectures Maurice Bertram Priestley. Spectral Analysis and Time Series. ... Mobile-Edge Computing Versus Centralized Cloud Computing Over a Converged FiWi Access Network.

Author: Abdelgader M. Abdalla

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1119491584

Category: Science

Page: 352

View: 897

The mobile market has experienced unprecedented growth over the last few decades. Consumer trends have shifted towards mobile internet services supported by 3G and 4G networks worldwide. Inherent to existing networks are problems such as lack of spectrum, high energy consumption, and inter-cell interference. These limitations have led to the emergence of 5G technology. It is clear that any 5G system will integrate optical communications, which is already a mainstay of wide area networks. Using an optical core to route 5G data raises significant questions of how wireless and optical can coexist in synergy to provide smooth, end-to-end communication pathways. Optical and Wireless Convergence for 5G Networks explores new emerging technologies, concepts, and approaches for seamlessly integrating optical-wireless for 5G and beyond. Considering both fronthaul and backhaul perspectives, this timely book provides insights on managing an ecosystem of mixed and multiple access network communications focused on optical-wireless convergence. Topics include Fiber–Wireless (FiWi), Hybrid Fiber-Wireless (HFW), Visible Light Communication (VLC), 5G optical sensing technologies, approaches to real-time IoT applications, Tactile Internet, Fog Computing (FC), Network Functions Virtualization (NFV), Software-Defined Networking (SDN), and many others. This book aims to provide an inclusive survey of 5G optical-wireless requirements, architecture developments, and technological solutions.