The Avestan Hymn to Mithra

Author: Ilya Gershevitch

Publisher:

ISBN:

Category: Avesta

Page: 356

View: 270


The Avestan Hymn to Mithra

The text is faced by the English translation, and is followed by Dr Gershevitch's exhaustive commentary.

Author:

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521052269

Category: Literary Criticism

Page: 376

View: 905

The Avestan Hymn to Mithra, written in the fifth century BC, is the one extensive, ancient literary record of the attributes, companions and cult of the Iranian god whose worship spread, five or six centuries later, as far as Britain. Dr Gershevitch here reproduces Geldner's text and critical apparatus of the Hymn, adding his own introduction, translation and commentary. The introduction offers an orientation on the main problems concerning Mithra: how the god came to be included in the Zoroastrian religious system, his relation to Zarathustra's god Ahura Mazdah, his functions, his development from the stage at which the Indian Mitra is found in the Rig Veda, and the extent to which the Western Mithras has preserved the characteristics of the Avestan Mithra. The text is faced by the English translation, and is followed by Dr Gershevitch's exhaustive commentary.

The Avestan Hymn to Mithra With an Introduction Translation and Commen Tary by Ilya Gershevitch Zend Eng

Author: Ilya Gershevitch

Publisher:

ISBN:

Category:

Page: 356

View: 223


The Avestan Hymn to Mithra with an Introd Translation and Commentary by Ilya Gershevitch

Author: Karl Friedrich Geldner

Publisher:

ISBN:

Category:

Page: 356

View: 136


The Mysteries of Mithras

37 The Avestan Hymn to Mithras ( Mithras Yasht ) devotes an entire chapter ( the
19th ) to treaties , pacts or alliances which were protected by Mithras . In India ,
Mitra shared several features of the Iranian tradition . In the Rigveda Mitra is in ...

Author: Attilio Mastrocinque

Publisher: Mohr Siebeck

ISBN: 9783161551123

Category: Religion

Page: 384

View: 783

Attilio Mastrocinque explains the mysteries of Mithras in a new way, as a transformation of Mazdean elements into an ideological and religious reading of Augustus' story. The author shows that the character of Mithras played the role of Apollo in favoring Augustus' victory and the birth of the Roman Empire.

The Mysteries of Mithras

Mithra by reciting all or part of the AvestanHymn to Mithra.” The entire text of this
hymn appears in appendix A but it is a very long script, and memorizing it is not
easy. If you would rather recite a shortened version, I have transliterated the first ...

Author: Payam Nabarz

Publisher: Simon and Schuster

ISBN: 1594776326

Category: Religion

Page: 240

View: 527

An overview of Mithraism, the ancient Roman mystery religion popular in the Roman Legions • Provides a comprehensive history of Mithraism, including its influence on Christianity and Islam • Includes rituals, meditations, and teaching tales for readers who wish to follow the Mithraic path • Studies the evolution and divergence of the Eastern (Persian) and Western (Roman) forms of Mithraism The Mysteries of Mithras presents a revival of the magical practices and initiatory system of Mithraism, the ancient Roman mystery religion that was immensely popular in the Roman Legions from the late second century B.C. until A.D. 400 and was taken to every corner of the Roman Empire. As the last pagan state religion in Europe, it was the most important competitor to early Christianity and heavily influenced Christian doctrine and symbolism. The parallels between Christianity and ancient Mithraism are striking--for example, the god Mithra was born of a virgin in a cave on December 25. Payam Nabarz reveals the history, origins, and spiritual and philosophical tenets of Mithraism and its connections to Christianity, Islam, and Freemasonry. He also describes the modern neo-pagan practice of Mithraism in evidence today and for readers who wish to adopt the Mithraic path, he includes seven of its initiatory rituals and meditations, as well as orations and teaching tales, that open the door to the seven Mithraic grades of passage.

The Origins of the Mithraic Mysteries

On the question of the Avesta, see the discussion by Ilya Gershevitch, The
Avestan Hymn to Mithra (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1959), pp. 35-
44. Mithra is identified with the san in an inscription in the temple at Nemrud
Dagh ...

Author: David Ulansey

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

ISBN: 9780195067880

Category: Religion

Page: 154

View: 531

This volume sets forth a new explanation of the meaning of the cult of Mithraism, tracing its origins not, as commonly held, to the ancient Persian religion, but to ancient astronomy and cosmology.

Kratylos

L'Avesta, s'il ne s'est enrichi d'aucun texte nouveau, a, en beau- coup de ses
parties, fait l'objet d'e^ditions critiques et ... 10 par Hertel, IIQF 9, 1927, par
Herzfeld, Zoroaster, 1947 et enfin par Gershevitch, The Avestan Hymn to Mithra,
1959 (er.

Author:

Publisher:

ISBN:

Category: Indo-European philology

Page:

View: 130


Eschatology in the Indo Iranian Traditions

The entire Avestan hymn of Yašt 10 is dedicated to the praise of Mithra . In the
hymn , Mithra is described as sweeping away the crumbling dwellings , dwellings
that are no longer inhabitable , in which the owners of Falsehood used to live , i ...

Author: Mitra Ara

Publisher: Peter Lang

ISBN: 9781433102509

Category: Religion

Page: 258

View: 146

Eschatology in the Indo-Iranian Traditions traces the roots of the belief in life after death from the earliest religious beliefs of the Indo-European people, through its first textual emergence among the Indo-Iranians. Tracing the Indo-Iranian concepts of the nature and constitution of man, with special reference to the doctrine of the Soul and its transmigration, the book demonstrates the profound nature of the physical, ethical, spiritual, and psychological ideals embodied in these thought systems as preserved in the Indian and Iranian scriptures. The central issue was death and the journey to the afterlife. Exploring the characteristic features of Indo-Iranian religions provides a better understanding of the development of eschatological beliefs in later religions in the same way that the Zoroastrian apocalyptic beliefs point to genetic historical relations among Judaism, Zoroastrianism, Christianity, and Islam. This comparative study enriches our understanding of the antecedents of afterlife beliefs and creates enthusiasm for further in-depth research into the Indo-Iranian religion as a system, acknowledging its genetic historical connections with both earlier and subsequent traditions. Eschatology in the Indo-Iranian Traditions has wide-ranging appeal to upper undergraduate and graduate courses in comparative religion, Asian studies, philosophy, and Indian and Iranian studies.

Indogermanica

MICHAEL JANDA WANKEN UND FALL DER FEINDE MITHRAS :
JUNGAVESTISCH viu iš - ALS ELEMENT ... GERSHEVITCH , The Avestan Hymn
to Mithra with an Introduction , Translation and Commentary , Cambridge 1959 ,
110f . , 229f .

Author: Günter Schweiger

Publisher:

ISBN:

Category: Indo-European languages

Page: 782

View: 620


Mithras

The Mysteries of Mithra. 2nd rev. ed. ... A thorough look at the organization and
mystique of the freemasons, suitable for comparison with the Mithrasian religion.
Dietrerich, Erlautert Von ... The Avestan Hymn to Mithra. London: Cambridge ...

Author: D. Jason Cooper

Publisher: Weiser Books

ISBN: 9781609257132

Category: Body, Mind & Spirit

Page: 192

View: 739

Known as Mitra to the Indians, Mithra and Zarathustra (Zoroaster in Greek) to the Iranians, and Mithras to the Romans, this is the oldest of all living deities. Mithras was recognized as the greatest rival of Christianity, a greater threat even than the religion of Isis. If Rome had not become Christian, it would have become Mithrasian. Mithraisians had a sacrament that included wine as a symbol of sacrificial blood. Bread in wafers, or small loaves marked with a cross, was used to symbolize flesh. The priestly symbols were a staff, a ring, a hat, and a hooked sword/ members were called brothers, and priests were called "Father." Mithras was born on December 25th. He offered salvation based on faith, compassion, knowledge, and valor. He appealed to the poor, the slave and the freeman, as well as to the Roman aristocracy, the militia, and even to some emperors. The Christians sacked his temples, burned his books, and attacked his followers--they desecrated his temples, and built their own churches on the same foundations as the old Mithraic temples. Cooper examines Mithras and his religion in the most complete study ever done. He explores the various forms of this godworshiped from Lisbon to modrn Bangladesh, from the Scottish border to the Russian Steppesand investigates the worship. This is an exciting journey into living mythology, the history of a living god, and will fascinate modern Western readers who want to know more about the spiritual pathwhether they want to better understand contemporary Christianity, the basis of many contemporary ideaologies, mythology, or the Western Mystery Tradition.

Word

The Avestan Hymn to Mithra . Sigrún ' s curses have a strict parallel in stanzas 20
and 21 of the yašt 10 , the Avestan Hymn to Mithra . A first set of curses is directed
against the horses of the ' Antimithra ' ( transl . by Gershevitch 1956 : 82 f . ) ...

Author:

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Category: Language and languages

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View: 276


A Mithraic Catechism from Egypt

However , the apppearance of the verb Covvout in the Berlin Mithraic catechism
gives support to the theory that at some ... Hymn 10 Mithras , Cambridge
University Press 1967 , 26–35 ; F. B. J. Kuiper , Remarks on the Avestan Hymn to
Mithra ...

Author: William M. Brashear

Publisher:

ISBN:

Category: Catechisms

Page: 70

View: 763


University of Ceylon Review

The Avestan Hymn to Mithra . By Ilya Gershevitch . Cambridge University Press ,
1959. 75s net . A study of the Avestan Hymn to Mithra should have an interest not
only for the Iranist and the Indologist but also for the Western student of ...

Author:

Publisher:

ISBN:

Category: Humanities

Page:

View: 887


DNP

... 1956 , 1960 2 I . GERSHEVITCH , The Avestan Hymn to Mithra , 1959 3 M .
BOYCE , A History of Zoroastrianism , Bd ... Studies in Mithraism , 1994 , 173 -
182 8 F . CUMONT , Die Mysterien des Mithra , ' 1923 9 M . Clauss , Sol Invictus
M .

Author: Hubert Cancik

Publisher:

ISBN: 9783476014788

Category: Civilization, Classical

Page: 11

View: 177


gypten und Nubien in sp tantiker und christlicher Zeit Schriftun Sprache und Gedankenwelt

This process is easily recognizable in the hymn to Mithra known by the Middle -
Persian name Mihr Yašt , of which the stereotypical formulas and additions in the
( imperfect ) young - Avestan language betray an adaptive Zoroastrian redaction
 ...

Author: Stephen Emmel

Publisher:

ISBN:

Category: Coptic art

Page: 1132

View: 742


Memoirs of the Research Department

Therefore Surya , the Sun God popular in the Vedic pantheon , was
overshadowed by Mithra . In order to portray Mithra , descriptive passages from
the “ Hymn to Mithra ” from the Avesta were followed . According to these
quotations , Mithra ...

Author: Tōyō Bunko (Japan)

Publisher:

ISBN:

Category:

Page:

View: 845


Memoirs of the Research Department of the Toyo Bunko the Oriental Library

Therefore Surya , the Sun God popular in the Vedic pantheon , was
overshadowed by Mithra . In order to portray Mithra , descriptive passages from
the “ Hymn to Mithra " from the Avesta were followed . According to these
quotations , Mithra ...

Author:

Publisher:

ISBN:

Category: Asia

Page:

View: 803


Die Sprache

Geldner , K . ( 1881 ) : Übersetzungen aus dem Avesta IV , KZ 25 , 465 – 490 .
Gershevitch , I . ( 1959 ) : The Avestan hymn to Mithra , Cambridge . - ( 1971 ) :
Iranian words containing - än - , in : Iran and Islam , in the memory of the late
Vladimir ...

Author: Wilhelm Havers

Publisher:

ISBN:

Category: Philology

Page:

View: 227

"Festschrift für Prof. W. Havers": v. 1.

Iran und iranisch gepr gte Kulturen

Also the description of Mithra ' s itinerary through mountain peaks in his Avestan
hymn ( Yt . X 13 - 16 ) seems to be that of the sun itself . ' Biruni in his Chronology
does not describe this method directly , although a series of strange beliefs ...

Author: Markus Ritter

Publisher: Reichert Verlag

ISBN:

Category: History

Page: 435

View: 923

English description: From ancient times, 'Iranianate' cultures and the Persian language had a significant role beyond the borders of Iran: in the lands of the Near & Middle East, Central Asia as far as China and India. The book collects novel contributions within five chapters focussed on the Islamic periods. Creating a unique multi-disciplinary panorama, 39 scholars from twelve countries deal with individual themes from history and historiography, the history of literature and language, cultural and religious history, art history and the history of culinary culture. German description: Iranisch gepragte Kulturen und die persische Sprache waren seit alters her uber Iran hinaus fur Vorderasien und Zentralasien bis China und Indien von Bedeutung. Das Buch bundelt in funf Kapiteln, deren Schwerpunkt die islamische Zeit bildet, neue Beitrage zu einem multidisziplinaren Panorama. 39 Wissenschaftler aus zwolf Landern widmen sich unterschiedlichen Themen der Geschichte und Historiographie, Literatur- und Sprachgeschichte, Kultur- und Religionsgeschichte, Kunstgeschichte und Geschichte der Kulinarik.