The Black Book of Quantum Chromodynamics

The Black Book of Quantum Chromodynamics is an in-depth introduction to the particle physics of current and future experiments at particle accelerators.

Author: John Campbell

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0191014990

Category: Science

Page: 768

View: 961

The Black Book of Quantum Chromodynamics is an in-depth introduction to the particle physics of current and future experiments at particle accelerators. The book offers the reader an overview of practically all aspects of the strong interaction necessary to understand and appreciate modern particle phenomenology at the energy frontier. It assumes a working knowledge of quantum field theory at the level of introductory textbooks used for advanced undergraduate or in standard postgraduate lectures. The book expands this knowledge with an intuitive understanding of relevant physical concepts, an introduction to modern techniques, and their application to the phenomenology of the strong interaction at the highest energies. Aimed at graduate students and researchers, it also serves as a comprehensive reference for LHC experimenters and theorists. This book offers an exhaustive presentation of the technologies developed and used by practitioners in the field of fixed-order perturbation theory and an overview of results relevant for the ongoing research programme at the LHC. It includes an in-depth description of various analytic resummation techniques, which form the basis for our understanding of the QCD radiation pattern and how strong production processes manifest themselves in data, and a concise discussion of numerical resummation through parton showers, which form the basis of event generators for the simulation of LHC physics, and their matching and merging with fixed-order matrix elements. It also gives a detailed presentation of the physics behind the parton distribution functions, which are a necessary ingredient for every calculation relevant for physics at hadron colliders such as the LHC, and an introduction to non-perturbative aspects of the strong interaction, including inclusive observables such as total and elastic cross sections, and non-trivial effects such as multiple parton interactions and hadronization. The book concludes with a useful overview contextualising data from previous experiments such as the Tevatron and the Run I of the LHC which have shaped our understanding of QCD at hadron colliders.

GRIBOV 80 Memorial Volume

The book is a collection of the presentations made at the workshop.

Author: Yu L. Dokshitzer

Publisher: World Scientific

ISBN: 9814350184

Category: Science

Page: 582

View: 602

Vladimir Naumovich Gribov was one of the most outstanding theoretical physicists, a key figure in the development of modern elementary particle physics. His insights into the physics of quantum anomalies and the origin of classical solutions (instantons), the notion of parton systems and their evolution in soft and hard hadron interactions, the first theory of neutrino oscillations and conceptual problems of quantization of non-Abelian fields uncovered by him, have left a lasting impact on the theoretical physics of the 21st century. Gribov-80 the fourth in a series of memorial workshops for V N Gribov was organized on the occasion of his 80th birthday in May 2010, at the Abdus Salam International Centre for Theoretical Physics. The workshop paid tribute to Gribov's great achievements and brought close colleagues, younger researchers and leading experts together to display the new angles of the Gribov heritage at the new energy frontier opened up by the Large Hadron Collider. The book is a collection of the presentations made at the workshop.

The Little Book of String Theory

branes (continued) chromodynamics (QCD) and, 112–14; solitons and, 96–97,
100–3, 132; string dualities and, 3–4, 101–4 (see also string dualities);
supersymmetry and, 89, 128; tachyons and, 59–62, 70, 74, 85–87; of various
dimensions, ...

Author: Steven S. Gubser

Publisher: Princeton University Press

ISBN: 1400834430

Category: Science

Page: 184

View: 434

The essential beginner's guide to string theory The Little Book of String Theory offers a short, accessible, and entertaining introduction to one of the most talked-about areas of physics today. String theory has been called the "theory of everything." It seeks to describe all the fundamental forces of nature. It encompasses gravity and quantum mechanics in one unifying theory. But it is unproven and fraught with controversy. After reading this book, you'll be able to draw your own conclusions about string theory. Steve Gubser begins by explaining Einstein's famous equation E = mc2, quantum mechanics, and black holes. He then gives readers a crash course in string theory and the core ideas behind it. In plain English and with a minimum of mathematics, Gubser covers strings, branes, string dualities, extra dimensions, curved spacetime, quantum fluctuations, symmetry, and supersymmetry. He describes efforts to link string theory to experimental physics and uses analogies that nonscientists can understand. How does Chopin's Fantasie-Impromptu relate to quantum mechanics? What would it be like to fall into a black hole? Why is dancing a waltz similar to contemplating a string duality? Find out in the pages of this book. The Little Book of String Theory is the essential, most up-to-date beginner's guide to this elegant, multidimensional field of physics.

Gauge Theories in Particle Physics Volume II

This is the second volume of the third edition of a successful text, now substantially enlarged and updated to reflect developments over the last decade in the curricula of university courses and in particle physics research.

Author: I.J.R. Aitchison

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9780849387760

Category: Science

Page: 466

View: 121

This is the second volume of the third edition of a successful text, now substantially enlarged and updated to reflect developments over the last decade in the curricula of university courses and in particle physics research. Volume I covered relativistic quantum mechanics, electromagnetism as a gauge theory, and introductory quantum field theory, and ended with the formulation and application of quantum electrodynamics (QED), including renormalization. Building on these foundations, this second volume provides a complete, accessible, and self-contained introduction to the remaining two gauge theories of the standard model of particle physics: quantum chromodynamics (QCD) and the electroweak theory. The treatment significantly extends that of the second edition in several important respects. Simple ideas of group theory are now incorporated into the discussion of non-Abelian symmetries. Two new chapters have been added on QCD, one devoted to the renormalization group and scaling violations in deep inelastic scattering and the other to non-perturbative aspects of QCD using the lattice (path-integral) formulation of quantum field theory; the latter is also used to illuminate various aspects of renormalization theory, via analogies with condensed matter systems. Three chapters treat the fundamental topic of spontaneous symmetry breaking: the (Bogoliubov) superfluid and the (BCS) superconductor are studied in some detail; one chapter is devoted to the implications of global chiral symmetry breaking in QCD; and one to the breaking of local SU(2)xU(1) symmetry in the electroweak theory. Weak interaction phenomenology is extended to include discussion of discrete symmetries and of the possibility that neutrinos are Majorana (rather than Dirac) particles. Most of these topics are normally found only in more advanced texts, and this is the first book to treat them in a manner accessible to the wide readership that the previous editions have attracted.

Quantum Field Theory

Assuming only an undergraduate knowledge of quantum mechanics and special relativity, this book is ideal for graduate students beginning the study of elementary particles.

Author: Mark Srednicki

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1139462768

Category: Science

Page:

View: 800

Quantum field theory is the basic mathematical framework that is used to describe elementary particles. This textbook provides a complete and essential introduction to the subject. Assuming only an undergraduate knowledge of quantum mechanics and special relativity, this book is ideal for graduate students beginning the study of elementary particles. The step-by-step presentation begins with basic concepts illustrated by simple examples, and proceeds through historically important results to thorough treatments of modern topics such as the renormalization group, spinor-helicity methods for quark and gluon scattering, magnetic monopoles, instantons, supersymmetry, and the unification of forces. The book is written in a modular format, with each chapter as self-contained as possible, and with the necessary prerequisite material clearly identified. It is based on a year-long course given by the author and contains extensive problems, with password protected solutions available to lecturers at www.cambridge.org/9780521864497.

Finite Temperature Field Theory

Finite-Temperature Field Theory develops the basic formalism and theoretical techniques for studying relativistic quantum field theory at high temperature and density.

Author: Joseph I. Kapusta

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521449458

Category: Science

Page: 219

View: 798

Finite-Temperature Field Theory develops the basic formalism and theoretical techniques for studying relativistic quantum field theory at high temperature and density.

String Theory in a Nutshell

About 10 years have passed since the publication of the first edition of this book.
... from applications to Yang-Mills and quantum chromodynamics, to general
quantum field theory (QFT) renormalization ... A section has also been added at
the end of Chapter 13 (black-hole physics) on firewalls and the modern
formulation of ...

Author: Elias Kiritsis

Publisher: Princeton University Press

ISBN: 0691155798

Category: Science

Page: 888

View: 734

The essential introduction to modern string theory—now fully expanded and revised String Theory in a Nutshell is the definitive introduction to modern string theory. Written by one of the world’s leading authorities on the subject, this concise and accessible book starts with basic definitions and guides readers from classic topics to the most exciting frontiers of research today. It covers perturbative string theory, the unity of string interactions, black holes and their microscopic entropy, the AdS/CFT correspondence and its applications, matrix model tools for string theory, and more. It also includes 600 exercises and serves as a self-contained guide to the literature. This fully updated edition features an entirely new chapter on flux compactifications in string theory, and the chapter on AdS/CFT has been substantially expanded by adding many applications to diverse topics. In addition, the discussion of conformal field theory has been extensively revised to make it more student-friendly. The essential one-volume reference for students and researchers in theoretical high-energy physics Now fully expanded and revised Provides expanded coverage of AdS/CFT and its applications, namely the holographic renormalization group, holographic theories for Yang-Mills and QCD, nonequilibrium thermal physics, finite density physics, and entanglement entropy Ideal for mathematicians and physicists specializing in theoretical cosmology, QCD, and novel approaches to condensed matter systems An online illustration package is available to professors

Black Hole Gravitohydromagnetics

This book unfortunately compromises on the review of background material for
the sake of cogency. ... black hole. The discovery of asymptotic freedom in
Quantum Chromodynamics showed that as baryonic matter becomes more
compressed, ...

Author: Brian Punsly

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3540769579

Category: Science

Page: 399

View: 867

Black hole gravitohydromagnetics (GHM) is developed from the rudiments to the frontiers of research in this book. GHM describes plasma interactions that combine the effects of gravity and a strong magnetic field, in the vicinity (ergosphere) of a rapidly rotating black hole. This topic was created in response to the astrophysical quest to understand the central engines of radio loud extragalactic radio sources. The theory describes a "torsional tug of war" between rotating ergospheric plasma and the distant asymptotic plasma that extracts the rotational inertia of the black hole. The recoil from the struggle between electromagnetic and gravitational forces near the event horizon is manifested as a powerful pair of magnetized particle beams (jets) that are ejected at nearly the speed of light. This second edition of the book is updated throughout and contains a completely new chapter discussing state of the art and results of numerical simulations of ergospheric disk jets occurring in magnetohydrodynamic accretion flows.

High Energy Physics Index

Author:

Publisher:

ISBN:

Category: Particles (Nuclear physics)

Page:

View: 118


Soviet Physics Uspekhi

The last seventh chapter presents the foundations of quantum field theory and
relativistic quantum mechanics ... The bookBlack Holes : The Membane
Paradigm ” edited by K . Thorne , R . Price , and D . Macdonald presents in detail
a new ...

Author:

Publisher:

ISBN:

Category: Physics

Page:

View: 620


Gauge String Duality Hot QCD and Heavy Ion Collisions

Introduction to gauge/string duality and its applications to quark-gluon plasma for researchers in string theory and quantum field theory.

Author: Jorge Casalderrey-Solana

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1107022460

Category: Science

Page: 465

View: 465

Introduction to gauge/string duality and its applications to quark-gluon plasma for researchers in string theory and quantum field theory.

Gauge Theories in Particle Physics Third Edition 2 volume set

The second volume is devoted to the non-Abelian gauge theories of QCD and the electroweak theory. As in the first two editions, emphasis is placed throughout on developing realistic calculations from a secure physical and conceptual basis.

Author: Ian J.R. Aitchison

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9780750309820

Category: Science

Page: 639

View: 360

This two-volume set provides an accessible, practical, and comprehensive introduction to the three gauge theories of the standard model of particle physics: quantum electrodynamics (QED), quantum chromodynamics (QCD), and the electroweak theory. For each of them, the authors provide a thorough discussion of the main conceptual points, a detailed exposition of many practical calculations of physical quantities, and a comparison of these quantitative predictions with experimental results. For this third edition, much has been rewritten to reflect developments over the last decade, both in the curricula of university courses and in particle physics research. On the one hand, substantial new material has been introduced that is intended for use in undergraduate physics courses. New introductory chapters provide a precise historical account of the properties of quarks and leptons and a qualitative overview of the quantum field description of their interactions, at a level appropriate to third year courses. The chapter on relativistic quantum mechanics has been enlarged and is supplemented by additional sections on scattering theory and Green functions, in a form appropriate to fourth-year courses. On the other hand, since precision experiments now test the theories beyond lowest order in perturbation theory, an understanding of the data requires a more sophisticated knowledge of quantum field theory, including ideas of renormalization. The treatment of quantum field theory has therefore been considerably extended to provide a uniquely accessible and self-contained introduction to quantum field dynamics as described by Feynman graphs. The level is suitable for advanced fourth-year undergraduates and first-year graduates. These developments are all contained in the first volume, which ends with a discussion of higher order corrections in QED. The second volume is devoted to the non-Abelian gauge theories of QCD and the electroweak theory. As in the first two editions, emphasis is placed throughout on developing realistic calculations from a secure physical and conceptual basis.

The World of Particles

Written for readers who would like to explore the world of particles and understand the ultimate theory of the universe with minimal mathematical understanding, this book describes the building blocks of our universe and the associated ...

Author: Pradyumn

Publisher: Notion Press

ISBN: 1648999506

Category: Science

Page: 90

View: 910

Written for readers who would like to explore the world of particles and understand the ultimate theory of the universe with minimal mathematical understanding, this book describes the building blocks of our universe and the associated theories. The book welcomes technical as well as non-technical readers to enjoy and explore the world of particles. The World of Particles provides the recipe to build our universe. It describes the contemporary efforts by the scientists to unveil Physics beyond the Standard Model. It describes the Classical Field Theory and Quantum Field Theory (QFT), which are the modern developments in Particle Physics. It builds a strong base of various field theories like Quantum Electrodynamics (QED), Quantum Chromodynamics (QCD), Quantum Flavordynamics (QFD) and Quantum Gravity. It introduces the reader with Feynman diagrams, CPT-symmetry, Higgs mechanism, String Theory, Loop Quantum Gravity and helps to build a foundation to understand the unification of forces and the ultimate theory of the universe i.e. the Theory of Everything.

Quantum Non linear Sigma Models

From Quantum Field Theory to Supersymmetry, Conformal Field Theory, Black
Holes and Strings Sergei V. Ketov. Preface. The idea for this book came to me
after visiting DESY and CERN in 1996 and 1997. For a long time, two-
dimensional ...

Author: Sergei V. Ketov

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9783540674610

Category: Science

Page: 420

View: 334

Offers a systematic presentation of the modern quantum field theory of non-linear sigma-models. These models are very popular in theoretical high energy physics, string theory, and statistical physics. The geometric and quantum renormalization properties of the most general non-linear sigma-models are considered in detail within the framework of quantum perturbation theory. The main applications to be considered in the book can be found in string theory, conformal field theory, and general relativity.

The Poetry of Physics and the Physics of Poetry

This is a textbook for a survey course in physics taught without mathematics, that also takes into account the social impact and influences from the arts and society.

Author: Robert K. Logan

Publisher: World Scientific

ISBN: 9814295949

Category: Science

Page: 340

View: 373

This is a textbook for a survey course in physics taught without mathematics, that also takes into account the social impact and influences from the arts and society. It combines physics, literature, history and philosophy from the dawn of human life to the 21st century. It will also be of interest to the general reader.

The 1982 World Book Year Book

quantum/chromodynamics ... U.S. Informal, a parapVofessional : The paras —
predominantly black and Hispanic women . . . became paras even though the
pay they received at the time was less than what they were getting on welfare, ...

Author: Nault H. William

Publisher:

ISBN: 9780716604822

Category: Encyclopaedias And Dictionaries

Page: 608

View: 835


Manorama Year Book

Author:

Publisher:

ISBN:

Category: India

Page:

View: 692


Understanding the Universe

This book is accessible to all introductory undergraduate students interested in the physical sciences.

Author: Andrew Norton

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1000383954

Category: Science

Page: 252

View: 894

Understanding the Universe: The Physics of the Cosmos from Quasars to Quarks explores how all areas of physics, from the very smallest scales to the very largest, come together to form our current understanding of the Universe. It takes readers on a fascinating journey, from the Big Bang and how the Universe has evolved, to how it appears now, and the possibilities for how it will continue to evolve in the future. It also explores the latest exciting developments in the area and how they impact our understanding of the Universe, such as quantum chromodynamics, black holes, dark energy, and gravitational waves. Equally importantly, it explains how we have come to know all of this about the Universe and details the limitations of our current understanding. This book is accessible to all introductory undergraduate students interested in the physical sciences. It prioritises a non-mathematical approach so it can be understood by all students, with only two algebraic equations in the book and any numerical calculations shown are limited to simple arithmetic. Key Features: Combines current understanding of quantum physics and cosmology, and includes the latest exciting developments from the field. Provides an accessible introduction to the topic, focusing on a non-mathematical presentation. Presents a comprehensive narrative on the subject and a coherent story.

India Book of the Year

He has worked extensively in the field of general relativity and is famous for his
theories on black holes . tracheotomy ... Although quantum chromodynamics was
soon accepted as the correct theory of the strong force , string theory was given ...

Author:

Publisher:

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Category: India

Page:

View: 688

Comprises major events of India, in India and around the world.

The Cumulative Book Index

Author:

Publisher:

ISBN:

Category: American literature

Page:

View: 506

A world list of books in the English language.