The End of the Bronze Age

In his attempt to account for this destruction, Robert Drews rejects the traditional explanations and proposes a military one instead.

Author: Robert Drews

Publisher: Princeton University Press

ISBN: 0691209979

Category: History

Page:

View: 151

The Bronze Age came to a close early in the twelfth century b.c. with one of the worst calamities in history: over a period of several decades, destruction descended upon key cities throughout the Eastern Mediterranean, bringing to an end the Levantine, Hittite, Trojan, and Mycenaean kingdoms and plunging some lands into a dark age that would last more than four hundred years. In his attempt to account for this destruction, Robert Drews rejects the traditional explanations and proposes a military one instead.

European Societies in the Bronze Age

A survey of the Bronze Age in Europe, c. 2500 to 750 BC, for students and specialists.

Author: A. F. Harding

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521367295

Category: Social Science

Page: 552

View: 542

A survey of the Bronze Age in Europe, c. 2500 to 750 BC, for students and specialists.

The Oxford Handbook of the Bronze Age Aegean

This Oxford handbook provides a comprehensive overview of our current understanding of the Bronze Age Aegean (ca. 3000-1000 BC) and describes the most important debates and discussions within the discipline. 66 articles in 4 sections cover ...

Author: Eric H. Cline

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199873607

Category: History

Page: 976

View: 620

The Oxford Handbook of the Bronze Age Aegean provides a comprehensive overview of our current understanding of the Bronze Age Aegean (ca. 3000-1000 BC) and describes the most important debates and discussions within the discipline. Presented in four separate sections within the Handbook, the sixty-six commissioned articles cover topics ranging from chronological and geographical to thematic to site-specific. The volume will be indispensable for scholars and advanced students alike.

The Aegean from Bronze Age to Iron Age

This highly informative text focuses on: the reasons for the Bronze Age collapse which brought about the Dark Ages the processes that enabled Greece to emerge from the Dark Ages the degree of continuity from the Dark Ages to later times.

Author: Oliver Dickinson

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134778716

Category: History

Page: 320

View: 829

Following Oliver Dickinson’s successful The Aegean Bronze Age, this textbook is a synthesis of the period between the collapse of the Bronze Age civilization in the thirteenth and twelfth centuries BC, and the rise of the Greek civilization in the eighth century BC. With chapter bibliographies, distribution maps and illustrations, Dickinson’s detailed examination of material and archaeological evidence argues that many characteristics of Ancient Greece developed in the Dark Ages. He also includes up-to-date coverage of the 'Homeric question'. This highly informative text focuses on: the reasons for the Bronze Age collapse which brought about the Dark Ages the processes that enabled Greece to emerge from the Dark Ages the degree of continuity from the Dark Ages to later times. Dickinson has provided an invaluable survey of this period that will not only be useful to specialists and undergraduates in the field, but that will also prove highly popular with the interested general reader.

Seagoing Ships Seamanship in the Bronze Age Levant

Introduction -- The Ships Review of the Evidence -- Chapter 2 -- Chapter 3 -- Chapter 4 -- Chapter 5 -- Chapter 6 -- Chapter 7 -- Appendix: The Pylos Rower Tablets -- Chapter 8 -- Appendix -- Appendix: Additional Evidence -- Chapter 9 ...

Author: Shelley Wachsmann

Publisher: Texas A&M University Press

ISBN: 9781603440806

Category: Social Science

Page: 417

View: 554

Intro -- Contents -- Foreword -- Acknowledgments -- Chapter 1. Introduction -- The Ships Review of the Evidence -- Chapter 2 -- Chapter 3 -- Chapter 4 -- Chapter 5 -- Chapter 6 -- Chapter 7 -- Appendix: The Pylos Rower Tablets -- Chapter 8 -- Appendix -- Appendix: Additional Evidence -- Chapter 9 Shipwrecks -- Aspects of Maritime Activity -- Chapter 10 -- Appendix: Did Hatshepsut's Punt Ships Have Keels? -- Chapter 11 -- Chapter 12 -- Chapter 13 -- Chapter 14 -- Chapter 15 -- Chapter 16 -- Chapter 17 -- Appendix: Texts from Ugarit Pertaining to Seafaring -- Notes -- Glossary of Nautical Terms -- Bibliography -- Index

The Bronze Age

Originally published in 1930, this book provides a detailed account of the Bronze Age, and includes illustrative figures and a comprehensive bibliography.

Author: V. Gordon Childe

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1107626927

Category: History

Page: 272

View: 285

Originally published in 1930, this book provides a detailed account of the Bronze Age, and includes illustrative figures and a comprehensive bibliography.

The Bronze Age

According to archaeological evidence, cultures in Mesopotamia (cuneiform) and Egypt (hieroglyphs) developed the earliest viable writing systems.This book discusses the latest information on the bronze age.

Author: Paul F. Kisak

Publisher: Createspace Independent Publishing Platform

ISBN: 9781519665119

Category:

Page: 216

View: 786

The Bronze Age is a time period characterized by the use of bronze, proto-writing, and other early features of urban civilization. The Bronze Age is the second principal period of the three-age Stone-Bronze-Iron system, as proposed in modern times by Christian Jurgensen Thomsen, for classifying and studying ancient societies. An ancient civilization is defined to be in the Bronze Age either by smelting its own copper and alloying with tin, arsenic, or other metals, or by trading for bronze from production areas elsewhere. Copper-tin ores are rare, as reflected in the fact that there were no tin bronzes in western Asia before trading in bronze began in the third millennium BC. Worldwide, the Bronze Age generally followed the Neolithic period, but in some parts of the world, the Copper Age served as a transition from the Neolithic to the Bronze Age. Although the Iron Age generally followed the Bronze Age, in some areas, the Iron Age intruded directly on the Neolithic from outside the region. Bronze Age cultures differed in their development of the first writing. According to archaeological evidence, cultures in Mesopotamia (cuneiform) and Egypt (hieroglyphs) developed the earliest viable writing systems. This book discusses the latest information on the bronze age."

The Oxford Handbook of the European Bronze Age

The Oxford Handbook of the European Bronze Age is a wide-ranging survey of a crucial period in prehistory during which many social, economic, and technological changes took place.

Author: Harry Fokkens

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199572860

Category: History

Page: 979

View: 979

The Oxford Handbook of the European Bronze Age is a wide-ranging survey of a crucial period in prehistory during which many social, economic, and technological changes took place. Written by expert specialists in the field, the book provides coverage both of the themes that characterize the period, and of the specific developments that took place in the various countries of Europe. After an introduction and a discussion of chronology, successive chapters deal with settlement studies, burial analysis, hoards and hoarding, monumentality, rock art, cosmology, gender, and trade, as well as a series of articles on specific technologies and crafts (such as transport, metals, glass, salt, textiles, and weighing). The second half of the book covers each country in turn. From Ireland to Russia, Scandinavia to Sicily, every area is considered, and up to date information on important recent finds is discussed in detail. The book is the first to consider the whole of the European Bronze Age in both geographical and thematic terms, and will be the standard book on the subject for the foreseeable future.

The Bronze Age Begins

This book focuses on economic and social changes, particularly during the opening phase of the Minoan civilization on the island of Crete.

Author: Philip P. Betancourt

Publisher: INSTAP Academic Press (Institute for Aegean Prehistory)

ISBN: 1623030099

Category: Art

Page: 162

View: 891

This book focuses on economic and social changes, particularly during the opening phase of the Minoan civilization on the island of Crete. New developments in ceramics that reached Crete at the end of the Neolithic period greatly contributed to the creation of economic, technological, social, and religious advancements we call the Early Bronze Age. The arguments are two-fold: a detailed explanation of the ceramics we call Early Minoan I and the differences that set it apart from its predecessors, and an explanation of how these new and highly superior containers changed the storage, transport, and accumulation of a new form of wealth consisting primarily of processed agricultural and animal products like wine, olive oil, and various foods preserved in wine, vinegar, honey, and other liquids. The increased stability and security provided by an improved ability to store food from one year to the next would have a profound effect on the society. Contents: Part I: 1. Introduction, 2. The Change in Ceramic Technology in EM I, 3. The Clays and the Fired Fabrics, 4. The Pottery Shapes, 5. EM I Surface Treatments and Decoration and their Relation to Fabrics, Shapes, and Methods of Manufacture, 6. Comments and Conclusions on the Pottery; Part II: 7. The Transformation of Cretan Society; References; Index.

From Bronze to Iron

Author: Jane C. Waldbaum

Publisher: Coronet Books Incorporated

ISBN:

Category: History

Page: 106

View: 436


The Bronze Age Civilization of Central Asia

The Bronze Age Civilization of Central Asia edited by Philip L. Kohl collates translated articles from soviet findings of Bronze Age and Aenolithic remains in Central Asia.

Author: Philip L. Kohl

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317282248

Category: History

Page: 444

View: 349

The Bronze Age Civilization of Central Asia edited by Philip L. Kohl collates translated articles from soviet findings of Bronze Age and Aenolithic remains in Central Asia. Originally published in 1981, these articles include the latest discoveries at the time of publication such as the Murghab Delta sites to build a clearer picture of civilizations and settlements in Bronze Age Southern Central Asia and their history and evolution for new English audiences. This title will be of interest to students of history, archaeology and anthropology.

Bronze and the Bronze Age

The authors explains how and why metal objects were made and used during the 1500 years of the Bronze age and shows their significance for the people who used them.

Author: Martyn Barber

Publisher: Tempus Pub Limited

ISBN:

Category: History

Page: 191

View: 701

The authors explains how and why metal objects were made and used during the 1500 years of the Bronze age and shows their significance for the people who used them.

Materiality and Consumption in the Bronze Age Mediterranean

This book addresses that gap and integrates anthropological discourse on contact, examining exchange systems, the gift, notions of geographical distance and power, colonization, and hybridization.

Author: Louise Steel

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1136274812

Category: History

Page: 264

View: 696

The importance of cultural contacts in the East Mediterranean has long been recognized and is the focus of ongoing international research. Fieldwork in the Aegean, Egypt, Cyprus, and the Levant continues to add to our understanding of the nature of this contact and its social and economic significance, particularly to the cultures of the Aegean. Despite sophisticated discussion of the archaeological evidence, in particular on the part of Aegean and Mediterranean archaeologists, there has been little systematic attempt to incorporate anthropological perspectives on materiality and exchange into archaeological narratives of this material. This book addresses that gap and integrates anthropological discourse on contact, examining exchange systems, the gift, notions of geographical distance and power, colonization, and hybridization. Furthermore, it develops a social narrative of culture contact in the Mediterranean context, illustrating the reasons communities chose to engage in international exchange, and how this impacted the construction of identities throughout the region. While traditional archaeologies in the East Mediterranean have tended to be reductive in their approach to material culture and how it was produced, used, and exchanged, this book reviews current research on material culture, focusing on issues such as the biography of objects, inalienable possessions, and hybridization – exploring how these issues can further illuminate the material world of the communities of the Bronze Age Mediterranean.

The Bronze Age in Ireland

Reproduction of the original: The Bronze Age in Ireland by George Coffey

Author: George Coffey

Publisher: BoD – Books on Demand

ISBN: 3734029732

Category: Fiction

Page: 136

View: 856

Reproduction of the original: The Bronze Age in Ireland by George Coffey

Aegean Painting in the Bronze Age

This is the only book to give a synthesis of painting and pictorial art from its beginnings in Prepalatial Crete to the collapse of Bronze Age civilization in the Aegean.

Author: Sara Anderson Immerwahr

Publisher: Penn State University Press

ISBN:

Category: Art

Page: 240

View: 599

Aegean Painting in the Bronze Age is intended as a handbook for the art historian and archaeologist, with a full catalogue of examples (arranged according to site), critical discussion of the problems of chronology, a comprehensive bibliography, maps, drawings of details, and more than 100 photographic plates, 23 in color. This is the only book to give a synthesis of painting and pictorial art from its beginnings in Prepalatial Crete to the collapse of Bronze Age civilization in the Aegean. Immerwahr traces the development of Aegean painting from its origins in Crete through its spread to the Cycladic islands and to the Greek mainland, where it gave rise to the specific Mycenaean style. She studies primarily wall painting but refers also to painting on pottery and the pictorial art of seal engraving. The question of foreign influence from Egypt and Mesopotamia is discussed in connection with the origins of Minoan painting, and the new frescoes from Akrotiri on Thera are used to supplement the much more fragmentary paintings from Sir Arthur Evan's excavations at Knossos. Immerwahr also explores the interrelationship of the Minoan Cretans, the Cycladic islanders with their Minoanized enclaves on Thera and Melos, and the early Greek Mycenean mainlanders.

Thera in the Bronze Age

"Thera in the Bronze Age" presents a detailed study of the geography, history, and culture of a vibrant society that met its end in a catastrophic volcanic eruption which, ironically, preserved the city at Akrotiri just as it was in its ...

Author: Phyllis Young Forsyth

Publisher: Peter Lang Pub Incorporated

ISBN: 9780820448893

Category: History

Page: 201

View: 925

The modern excavations at Akrotiri, on the Greek island of Thera (also known as Santorini), have provided students of antiquity with a unique opportunity to examine the civilization of the Aegean Bronze Age (3000-1100 BC) and the role of Thera within it. "Thera in the Bronze Age" presents a detailed study of the geography, history, and culture of a vibrant society that met its end in a catastrophic volcanic eruption which, ironically, preserved the city at Akrotiri just as it was in its final moments.

The Archaeology of Late Bronze Age Interaction and Mobility at the Gates of Europe

Critically assessing some of the most widespread views on interaction and its social impact, this book proposes an innovative perspective which combines radical social theory and currently burgeoning network methodologies.

Author: Francesco Iacono

Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing

ISBN: 1350036161

Category: Social Science

Page: 304

View: 206

Interaction and mobility have attracted much interest in research within scholarly fields as different as archaeology, history, and more broadly the humanities. Critically assessing some of the most widespread views on interaction and its social impact, this book proposes an innovative perspective which combines radical social theory and currently burgeoning network methodologies. Through an in-depth analysis of a wealth of data often difficult to access, and illustrated by many diagrams and maps, the book highlights connections and their social implications at different scales ranging from the individual settlement to the Mediterranean. The resulting diachronic narrative explores social and economic trajectories over some seven centuries and sheds new light on the broad historical trends affecting the life of people living around the Middle Sea. The Bronze Age is the first period of intense interaction between early state societies of the Eastern Mediterranean and the small-scale communities to the west of Greece, with people and goods moving at a scale previously unprecedented. This encounter is explored from the vantage point of one of its main foci: Apulia, located in the southern Adriatic, at the junction between East and West and the entryway of one of the major routes for the resource-rich European continent.

The Ionian Islands in the Bronze Age and Early Iron Age 3000 800 BC

Souyoudzoglou-Haywood (department of Classics and research curator of the Classical Museum, U. College Dublin) examines the closest-knit group of Ionian Islands (Lefkada, Kefalonia, Ithaki, Zakynthos) first as a geographically bounded ...

Author: Christina Souyoudzoglou-Haywood

Publisher: Liverpool University Press

ISBN: 0853236542

Category: History

Page: 217

View: 233

The cultural identity of the Ionian Islands during the Bronze Age and Early Iron Age was shaped by a variety of factors, not least by their geographical position at the north-western fringes of the Aegean world. Through the scrutiny of all the categories of archaeological evidence – tombs and cemeteries, settlements and artifacts – the author succeeds in reconstructing the archaeological profile of this fascinating region. Spanning the chronological period from 3000 to 800BC, this study will be of interest to archaeologists and students of Greek prehistory as a whole as well as to those studying regions and island groups. "The descriptions of sites are clear and detailed, the parallels thoroughly researched and the analysis of connections and implications lucid, objective and impressively well-informed... a gigantic step forward in the archaeology of the Ionian Islands."—Mediterranean Prehistory Online

The Iranian Plateau during the Bronze Age

This volume is the product of an international community from Iranian, European, and American institutions, consisting of recognised specialists in the archaeology of the Iranian Bronze Age.

Author: Jan-Waalke Meyer

Publisher: MOM Éditions

ISBN: 2356681779

Category: Social Science

Page: 356

View: 794

The book compiles a portion of the contributions presented during the symposium “Urbanisation, commerce, subsistence and production during the third millennium BC on the Iranian Plateau”, which took place at the Maison de l’Orient et de la Méditerranée in Lyon, the 29-30 of April, 2014. The twenty papers assembled provide an overview of the recent archaeological research on this region of the Middle East during the Bronze Age. The socio-economic transformation from rural villages to towns and nations has prompted many questions into this evolution of urbanisation. What was the impact of interactions between cultures in the Iranian Plateau and the surrounding regions (Mesopotamia, the South Caucasus, Central Asia, Indus Valley)? What was the overall context during the Bronze Age on the Iranian Plateau? What was the extent and means of the expansion of the Kuro-Araxe culture? How did the Elamite Kingdom become established? What new knowledge has been contributed by the recent excavations and studies undertaken in the east of Iran? What was the influence of the Indus Valley culture, known as an epicentre of urbanisation in South Asia? What are the unique characteristics of the ancient cultures in Iran? While the urbanisation of early Mesopotamia has been the subject of much debate for several decades, this topic has only recently been raised in respect to the Iranian Plateau. This volume is the product of an international community from Iranian, European, and American institutions, consisting of recognised specialists in the archaeology of the Iranian Bronze Age. It provides an overview of the latest research, including abundant results from current on-going excavations. The current state of archaeological research in Iran, comprising many dynamic questions and perspectives, is presented here in the form of original contributions on the first emergence of towns in the Near and Middle East.

Treasures from the Bronze Age of China

Describes and interprets the spectacular works of art presented in the exhibition lent to 5 American museums by China.

Author: Metropolitan Museum of Art (New York, N.Y.)

Publisher: Metropolitan Museum of Art

ISBN: 0870992309

Category: Archaeology

Page: 192

View: 354

Describes and interprets the spectacular works of art presented in the exhibition lent to 5 American museums by China. Not only describes some of the most important recent archaeological discoveries in China, but provides information about 1500 year Chinese.