The Explainer

From Deja Vu to Why the Sky Is Blue, and Other Conundrums CSIRO Publishing.
The explainer From Déjà Vu to Why the Sky Is Blue, and Other Conundrums The
explainer From Déjà Vu to Why the Sky Is. Cover.

Author: CSIRO Publishing


ISBN: 1486300510

Category: Medical

Page: 352

View: 142

A collection of The Conversation's 'Monday's Medical Myths' and 'The Explainer' articles, answering the questions on everyone’s mind.

The Explainer

Library of Congress Cataloging-in-Publication Data The explainer/the writers at
Slate magazine; edited by Bryan Curtis; introduction by Michael Kinsley. p. cm.
From the Explainer column of the online magazine Slate. I. Questions and

Author: Slate Magazine

Publisher: Anchor

ISBN: 9781400076420

Category: Reference

Page: 272

View: 984

What happens to recalled meat? What’s the difference between a serial killer and a spree killer? How do you stop a lava flow? Does homeowner’s insurance cover murder? And what is Ovaltine anyway? Answers to these and other fascinating questions you never thought to ask, from the writers at Slate Magazine An entertaining and genuinely informative compilation of answers to some of life's most improbable questions, from the writers of the online magazine Slate. Often inspired by events in the news, the “Explainer” column asks the questions we never think to ask, or that we’re too embarrassed to admit we don’t know how to answer. Filling in these overlooked blanks of our daily lives, the book provides memorable tidbits for conversations, further rumination, or important context as we follow current events from day to day. Full of fascinating information about unlikely but important subjects, The Explainer will entertain and inform anyone who has ever stopped to wonder who runs Antarctica, how cell phones can reveal your location, or whether one can live off lizard meat.

Zero Variable Theories and the Psychology of the Explainer

Instead, the reader is invited to consider the psychological side of the explainer.
What brings individuals, whether they carry the label scientist in psychology or
not, to neglect the psychological perspective of those who are being explained?

Author: Robert A. Wicklund

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1461233445

Category: Psychology

Page: 156

View: 310

In Zero-Variable Theories, Dr. Robert Wicklund invites the reader to consider the psychological perspective of the "explainer". In examining the over-simplifications that have become dominant in modern psychology, the author points to such factors as competition with other explainers and pressure to offer and promulgate a unique explanation. The explainer is characterized as equating theory with simple, fixed categories, and as defending those categories as one would defend a personal territory, fending off competing explainers through mis-use of statistical devices. The end result is the formulation of theories that neglect the perspectives of those whose behaviors are to be explained, and which simultaneously exclude psychological variables.

Virtual Environments for Teaching and Learning

We call a set of the learners “explainer set.” On the other hand, there exist plural
private agents, who want each of the pertinent learners to acquire a new
knowledge. We call a set of the private agents “questioner set.” Except for the
special ...

Author: L. C. Jain

Publisher: World Scientific

ISBN: 9812381678

Category: Education

Page: 405

View: 319

This book deals with virtual environments for teaching and learning. The selection of chapters provides different and diverse views of e-learning approaches in various countries and educational contexts. [p.xxviii, ed].

Child Psychology and Pedagogy

CHILD PSYCHOLOGY AND PEDAGOGY ofa machine (e.g., a faucet or syringe)
to the first child (called the “explainer”). The explainer transmits it to a second
child (called the “reproducer”), who must reproduce for the adult all he has heard.

Author: Maurice Merleau-Ponty

Publisher: Northwestern University Press

ISBN: 0810126141

Category: Philosophy

Page: 505

View: 927

Maurice Merleau-Ponty is one of the few major phenomenologists to engage extensively with empirical research in the sciences, and the only one to examine child psychology with rigor and in such depth. His writings have recently become increasingly influential, as the findings of psychology and cognitive science inform and are informed by phenomenological inquiry. Merleau-Ponty’ s Sorbonne lectures of 1949 to 1952 are a broad investigation into child psychology, psychoanalysis, pedagogy, phenomenology, sociology, and anthropology. They argue that the subject of child psychology is critical for any philosophical attempt to understand individual and intersubjective existence. Talia Welsh’ s new translation provides Merleau-Ponty’ s complete lectures on the seminal engagement of phenomenology and psychology.

Argumentation Methods for Artificial Intelligence in Law

The given is the presupposition or presumption in the question asked by the party
who requested the explanation. Let us call the two parties the explainer and an
explainee. The ex- plainee asks a question that is a request for an explanation.

Author: Douglas Walton

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9783540251873

Category: Law

Page: 270

View: 439

Use of argumentation methods applied to legal reasoning is a relatively new field of study. The book provides a survey of the leading problems, and outlines how future research using argumentation-based methods show great promise of leading to useful solutions. The problems studied include not only these of argument evaluation and argument invention, but also analysis of specific kinds of evidence commonly used in law, like witness testimony, circumstantial evidence, forensic evidence and character evidence. New tools for analyzing these kinds of evidence are introduced.

Flaming Zeppelins

“It's a bloomin' octopus,” said the explainer. In fact, a tentacle, reminiscent of an
octopus, was waving out of the opening, as if hoping to snag something floating
in the air. “They've got a bloomin' octopus in that tube,” said the explainer.

Author: Joe R Lansdale

Publisher: Tachyon Publications

ISBN: 161696040X

Category: Fiction

Page: 285

View: 315

What do the disembodied head of Buffalo Bill Cody, Annie Oakley, Frankenstein, the Tin Man, Captain Nemo, the Flying Dutchman, and the inestimable Ned the Seal have in common? Find out as they embark upon a spectacular set of nonstop steampunk adventures. For the first time, two epic chronicles, Zeppelins West and Flaming London, inscribed by a courageous young seal on his trusty notepad, are collected together in one volume. Leap from a flaming zeppelin with the stars of the Wild West Show in a desperate escape from an imperial Japanese enclave. Wash up upon the island of Doctor Moreau, in mortal danger from his unnatural experiments (and ignorant that Dracula approaches by sea). Unite with Jules Verne, Passpartout, and Mark Twain on a desperate voyage to the burning streets of London, which are infested with killer squid from outer space courtesy of H. G. Wells’s time machine. It’s a raucous steam-powered locomotive of shoot-’em-up Westerns, dime novels, comic books, and pulp fiction, as only Lansdale, the high-priest of Texan weirdness, could tell.

Children s Language

Sincerity conditions, which refer to the speaker's honesty in relation to a speech
act: The explainer must consider himself/herself competent to give an
explanation on a certain matter, and this subjectively-felt authoritativeness gives
him/her the ...

Author: Gina Conti-Ramsden

Publisher: Psychology Press

ISBN: 1317784243

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 352

View: 858

This volume presents current research findings on vital issues in language development compiled by an international group of leading researchers. The data are drawn from studies of the acquisition of Swedish, Polish, Serbo-Croatian, Hungarian, Portuguese, Italian, and English. Themes emphasized in all the chapters include the importance of the social context of acquisition, the existence of interconnections among various domains of language development, and the impossibility of understanding acquisition using a simple theory or a single methodological approach.

Kafka Goes to the Movies

THE EXPLAINER The eye experiences sensual pleasure like the ear , and
writing , which is then a matter for the rationally thinking mind , becomes
separated from the work of the nerves . Rudolf Borchardt , 1898 11 The
widespread ...

Author: Hanns Zischler

Publisher: University of Chicago Press

ISBN: 9780226986715

Category: Fiction

Page: 143

View: 458

Retracing a profound influence on one of Europe's great modern literary artists, the author fully explores the role of film in Kafka's imagination for the first time. (Literature)

The Psychology of Learning and Motivation

In a pair of studies, Kang,Tver- sky, and Black (2012; submitted) have found that
explainers use gestures to convey action and that learners can acquire
information about actions from gestures. In the study of explaining (Kang, et al,
submitted), ...


Publisher: Academic Press

ISBN: 0124072496

Category: Psychology

Page: 296

View: 111

The Psychology of Learning and Motivation series publishes empirical and theoretical contributions in cognitive and experimental psychology, ranging from classical and instrumental conditioning to complex learning and problem solving. Volume 58 of the highly regarded Psychology of Learning and Motivation series An essential reference for researchers and academics in cognitive science Relevant to both applied concerns and basic research

Interaction Communication and Development

On P2's map,there isnosuch routeandP1 (the explainer) isassigned the
roleofexplaining the route toP2 in such a way thatP2 (the follower) canfindhis
waytothe predetermined destination. Thus the map is part of theprivate world of
P1 but has to ...

Author: Charis Psaltis

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1136162658

Category: Psychology

Page: 207

View: 948

For decades there has been considerable interest in the ways that interactions between children can provide a beneficial context for the study of cognitive and social development. In this book Psaltis and Zapiti use both theoretical and empirical research to build on the perspectives of Piaget, Vygotsky, Moscovici, and others including the legacy of Gerard Duveen, to offer a state of the art account of research on the themes of social interaction and cognitive development. Interaction Communication and Development discusses the significance of social identities for social interaction and cognitive development. The empirical set of studies presented and discussed focus on patterns of communication between children as they work together to solve problems. Communications are examined in detail with a focus on: Socio-cognitive conflict, conversational moves and conversation types The way the different forms of the interactions relate to different sources of asymmetry in the classroom The way social representations and social identities of gender are negotiated in the interaction This book provides an important account of how children develop through different kinds of social interactions. It will have considerable appeal for researchers in the fields of developmental psychology, socio-cultural psychology, social representations theory and education who wish to gain a deeper understanding of development and its relation to socio-cultural processes.

A Theory of Social Action

An explainee queries by putting a suitably explanatory question to the explainer.
The explainer gives a relevant scientific explanatory answer which, as we saw,
relies on the agent's (or agents') operative conduct plan. Such conduct plans can,

Author: R. Tuomela

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9400963173

Category: Philosophy

Page: 534

View: 354

It is somewhat surprising to find out how little serious theorizing there is in philosophy (and in social psychology as well as sociology) on the nature of social actions or joint act. hons in the sense of actions performed together by several agents. Actions performed by single agents have been extensively discussed both in philosophy and in psycho~ogy. There is, ac cordingly, a booming field called action theory in philosophy but it has so far strongly concentrated on actions performed by single agents only. We of course should not forget game theory, a discipline that systematically studies the strategic interac tion between several rational agents. Yet this important theory, besides being restricted to strongly rational acting, fails to study properly several central problems related to the concep tual nature of social action. Thus, it does not adequately clarify and classify the various types of joint action (except perhaps from the point of view of the agents' utilities). This book presents a systematic theory of social action. Because of its reliance on so-called purposive causation and generation it is called the purposive-causal theory. This work also discusses several problems related to the topic of social action, for instance that of how to create from this perspective the most central concepts needed by social psychology and soci ology. While quite a lot of ground is covered in the book, many important questions have been left unanswered and many others unasked as well.

How the Mind Explains Behavior

By adding or omitting belief markers, explainers can convey an evaluative
attitude toward the cited belief reason (Malle et al. 2000; see also chapter 6). That
is, by omitting a belief marker the explainer embraces the agent's belief whereas
by ...

Author: Bertram F. Malle

Publisher: MIT Press

ISBN: 9780262250351

Category: Psychology

Page: 324

View: 879

In this provocative monograph, Bertram Malle describes behavior explanations as having a dual nature—as being both cognitive and social acts—and proposes a comprehensive theoretical model that integrates the two aspects. When people try to understand puzzling human behavior, they construct behavior explanations, which are a fundamental tool of social cognition. But, Malle argues, behavior explanations exist not only in the mind; they are also overt verbal actions used for social purposes. When people explain their own behavior or the behavior of others, they are using the explanation to manage a social interaction—by offering clarification, trying to save face, or casting blame. Malle's account makes clear why these two aspects of behavior explanation exist and why they are closely linked; along the way, he illustrates the astonishingly sophisticated and subtle patterns of folk behavior explanations. Malle begins by reviewing traditional attribution theories and their simplified portrayal of behavior explanation. A more realistic portrayal, he argues, must be grounded in the nature, function, and origins of the folk theory of mind—the conceptual framework underlying people's grasp of human behavior and its connection to the mind. Malle then presents a theory of behavior explanations, focusing first on their conceptual structure and then on their psychological construction. He applies this folk-conceptual theory to a number of questions, including the communicative functions of behavior explanations, and the differences in explanations given for self and others as well as for individuals and groups. Finally, he highlights the strengths of the folk-conceptual theory of explanation over traditional attribution theory and points to future research applications.

Seek Ye First the Kingdom of God

This is an appropriate comparison between the old and new covenants. The new
covenant is the better covenant, the only covenant which can fulfill the plans of
God (the kingdom of God). Just as Moses was the explainer and mediator of the ...

Author: Nathaniel Max Rock

Publisher: Team Rock Press

ISBN: 0974939277

Category: Religion

Page: 80

View: 901

The recurring theme of God emerges in the form of the Kingdom of God. In thispoignant work, Rock delves into this issues which modern-day Christianity hasabandoned. (Christianity)

Program of the Twelfth Annual Conference of the Cognitive Science Society 25 28 July 1990 Cambridge Massachusetts

But the usefulness of knowable causes depends on a both knowability, and a
third property, their timeliness: they need to happen far enough in advance for the
explainer to benefit from revising his predictions. For example, it would not help ...

Author: Cognitive Science Society (U.S.). Conference

Publisher: Psychology Press

ISBN: 9780805809381

Category: Psychology

Page: 1074

View: 170

First published in 1990. Routledge is an imprint of Taylor & Francis, an informa company.

Alberta Journal of Educational Research

Since 8 is almost unity , the explainer tried to tell his twin all the story and what he
told was well comprehended . The a ratio , while still lower than the other ratios ,
is much higher than for the other subjects showing that communication between ...




Category: Education


View: 723


I was in the North Korean People's Army and I held a rank higher than yours . I
will tell you some things you do not know . ” He proceeded to , until the explainer
waved desperately to the guards , who motioned the P.Il ' . back to his compound






View: 762

Social Skills in Interpersonal Communication

On the one hand, explaining can be used synonymously with describing, telling
or instructing, where the explainer is mainly concerned with providing information
of either a descriptive or prescriptive nature. On the other hand, 'to explain' goes ...

Author: Owen Hargie

Publisher: Psychology Press

ISBN: 9780415081375

Category: Communication

Page: 369

View: 319

Following the success of editions one and two, this revised, updated and extended edition of Social Skills in Interpersonal Communication will continue as the core textbook for students of interpersonal communication. The professional groups for whom these skills are most important include counsellors, psychiatrists, doctors, nurses, social workers, psychologists, teachers, occupational and speech therapists, physioptherapists and industrial personnel. New chapters in the third edition include the increasingly popular area of interpersonal influence and there is a chapter on the theoretical basis of the authors' approach.

Readings in Social Psychology

You explainer and $ = .5 for the reproducer . understand ? You must listen well ,
and It will not be io = .4 for the latter , bethen tell the same thing ... ” etc. Repeat
cause no account is taken of the two the instructions as often as necessary , and

Author: Society for the Psychological Study of Social Issues



Category: Social psychology

Page: 680

View: 973

Instructional Explanations in the Disciplines

... allowing the explainer to draw on the recipient's resources and building on
them to construct a shared understanding that is coherent and useful in their
current activity. In order to demonstrate how this merging between perspectival

Author: Mary Kay Stein

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9781441905949

Category: Education

Page: 237

View: 809

In today’s climate of accountability and standards, increasing attention is focused on teacher "quality," with less emphasis on what teachers actually do to interest and engage students in learning. This path-breaking volume addresses this research problem with a clear definition and a content-specific analysis of the most essential teaching moment—the instructional explanation—for vital new perspectives on educational method and process. Rich in examples from science, mathematics, and the humanities, Instructional Explanations in the Disciplines explores a variety of interactive contexts for teaching and learning, which may be collaborative between teachers, students, and others, performed in non-classroom settings, or assisted by technology. The book’s subject-matter-specific framework reveals key elements in the process, such as carefully examining the question to be answered, making connections with what is already known, and developing examples conducive to further understanding. Instructional Explanations in the Disciplines is a valuable addition to the education library, giving researchers new methods of unpacking educational process as few books before it.